Iowa's first newspaper, the Dubuque Visitor, was founded in 1836 but lasted only a year. The following year, the Fort Madison Patriot and the Burlington Territorial Gazette were established; the latter paper, now the Hawk Eye, is the oldest newspaper in the state. In 1860, the Iowa State Register was founded. As the Des Moines Register and Tribune, it grew to be the state's largest newspaper. The Tribune ceased publication in 1982; the Register remains preeminent, with a morning circulation of 152,402 and a Sunday circulation of 244,132 as of 2001. Major newspapers and their estimated circulations at 2001–2002 are listed as follows:
|Cedar Rapids||Gazette 65,954||65,954||79,385|
|Sioux City||Journal 46,064||46,064||44,640|
Overall, Iowa had 37 dailies (21 evening, 16 morning) and 12 Sunday papers in 2002. Also published in Iowa were over 100 periodicals, among them Better Homes and Gardens and Successful Farming, Midwest Today, and The Iowan.