To address the continuing threat of terrorism and to work with the federal Department of Homeland Security (created in 2002 following the terrorist attacks of 11 September 2001), homeland security in Iowa in 2003 operated under state statute; the emergency management director was designated as the state homeland security advisor.
The Department of Education is responsible for educational services in Iowa. It assists local school boards in supplying special educational programs and administers local education agencies.
Transportation services are directed by the Department of Transportation, which is responsible for the safe and efficient operation of highways, motor vehicles, airports, railroads, public transit, and river transportation. The department's motor vehicle division licenses drivers, road vehicles, and car dealers. Other departments include those for corrections, cultural affairs, economic development, human services, justice, and revenue and finance. Iowa 2010 and IowAccess provide Internet gateways to the state.
Health and welfare services are provided by the Department of Public Health, the Iowa Mental Health Authority, and the Department of Social Services. Public protection is the responsibility of the Departments of Public Defense and of Public Safety. Housing programs are supported by the Iowa Housing Finance Authority.