The ecclesiastical districts, called parishes, into which Louisiana was divided in the late 17th century remain the primary political divisions in the state, serving functions similar to those of counties in other states.
In 2002 there were 60 parishes, most of them governed by police jury (governing board). Juries range from 3 to 15 elected members. Other parish officials are the sheriff, clerk of court, assessor, and coroner. Each parish elects a school board whose members generally serve six-year terms; all other officers serve four-year terms. In 2002 there were 66 public school districts in the state.
As of 2002, Louisiana also had 302 municipal governments. Municipalities are classed by the state (based on population) as village, town, or city. Municipal officials include the mayor, chief of police, and council or board of aldermen. In 2002 Louisiana had 45 special districts, established by the legislature.
Louisiana Presidential Vote by Political Parties, 1948–2000
|YEAR||ELECTORAL VOTE||LOUISIANA WINNER||DEMOCRAT||REPUBLICAN||STATES' RIGHTS DEMOCRAT||PROGRESSIVE||AMERICAN INDEPENDENT|
|* Won US presidential election.|
|NAT'L. STATES' RIGHTS|
|IND. (perot)||AMERICA FIRST|
|2000||9||*Bush, G. W. (R)||792,344||927,871||2,951||20,473||14,356|