State of Maryland
ORIGIN OF STATE NAME: Named for Henrietta Maria, queen consort of King Charles I of England. NICKNAME: The Old Line State and the Free State. CAPITAL: Annapolis. ENTERED UNION: 28 April 1788 (7th). SONG: "Maryland, My Maryland." MOTTO: Fatti maschii, parole femine (Manly deeds, womanly words). FLAG: Bears the quartered arms of the Calvert and Crossland families (the paternal and maternal families of the founders of Maryland). OFFICIAL SEAL: reverse: A shield bearing the arms of the Calverts and Crosslands is surmounted by an earl's coronet and a helmet and supported by a farmer and fisherman. The state motto (originally that of the Calverts) appears on a scroll below. The circle is surrounded by the Latin legend Scuto bon voluntatis tu coronasti nos, meaning "With the shield of thy favor hast thou compassed us," and "1632," the date of Maryland's first charter. obverse: Lord Baltimore is seen as a knight in armor on a charger. The surrounding inscription, in Latin, means "Cecilius, Absolute Lord of Maryland and Avalon New Foundland, Baron of Baltimore." BIRD: Baltimore oriole. FISH: Rockfish. REPTILE: Diamondback terrapin. CRUSTACEAN: Blue crab. DOG: Chesapeake Bay retriever. INSECT: Baltimore checkerspot butterfly. FLOWER: Black-eyed Susan. TREE: White oak. BEVERAGE: Milk. SPORT: Jousting. BOAT: The skipjack. LEGAL HOLIDAYS: New Year's Day, 1 January; Birthday of Martin Luther King, Jr., 3rd Monday in January; Lincoln's Birthday, 12 February; Washington's Birthday, 3rd Monday in February; Maryland Day, 25 March; Good Friday, March or April; Memorial Day, 30 May; Independence Day, 4 July; Labor Day, 1st Monday in September; Defenders' Day, 12 September; Columbus Day, 12 October; Election Day, 1st Tuesday after 1st Monday in November, even-numbered years; Veterans Day, 11 November; Thanksgiving Day, 4th Thursday in November; Christmas Day, 25 December. TIME: 7 AM EST = noon GMT.