Michigan - Ethnic groups



The 2000 census counted about 58,479 American Indians, including Eskimos and Aleuts. Most were scattered across the state, with a small number concentrated on the four federal reservations, comprising 16,635 acres (6,732 hectares). In the 1990s the Ottawa, Ojibwa, and Potawatomi were the principal groups with active tribal organizations.

In 2000, the black population of Michigan totaled an estimated 1,412,742. In 1980, nearly two-thirds lived in Detroit, where they made up 75.7% of the population, the highest percentage in any US city of one million or more. Detroit, which experienced severe race riots in 1943 and 1967, has had a black mayor since 1974.

The 2000 census found that 523,589 state residents (5.3%) were foreign born, up from 355,393 (3.8%) in 1990. There were 323,877 Hispanics and Latinos living in the state in 2000, of whom 220,769 were of Mexican descent. The state's Asian population has been increasing: as of 2000, the total number of Asians was 176,510. The census reported 54,631 Asian Indians (up from 18,100 in 1990), 17,377 Filipinos, 33,189 Chinese (up from 17,100 in 1990), 20,886 Koreans, 11,288 Japanese, and 13,673 Vietnamese (up from 5,229 in 1990). Pacific Islanders numbered 2,692.

Although state residents of first- or second-generation European descent are, almost without exception, decreasing in number and proportion, their influence remains great. Detroit continues to have numerous well-defined ethnic neighborhoods, and Hamtramck, a city surrounded by Detroit, is still dominated

Michigan Counties, County Seats, and County Areas and Populations
Michigan Counties, County Seats, and County Areas and Populations

Michigan Counties, County Seats, and County Areas and Populations

COUNTY COUNTY SEAT LAND AREA (SQ MI) POPULATION (2002 EST.) COUNTY COUNTY SEAT LAND AREA (SQ MI) POPULATION (2002 EST.)
Alcona Harrisville 679 11,455 Lapeer Lapeer 658 90,776
Alger Munising 912 9,796 Leelanau Leland 341 21,722
Allegan Allegan 832 109,336 Lenawee Adrian 753 100,145
Alpena Alpena 568 31,026 Livingston Howell 575 168,862
Antrim Bellaire 480 23,809 Luce Newberry 905 7,027
Arenac Standish 368 17,185 Mackinac St. Ignace 1,025 11,505
Baraga L'Anse 901 8,694 Macomb Mt. Clemens 483 808,529
Barry Hastings 560 57,943 Manistee Manistee 543 25,082
Bay Bay City 447 109,672 Marquette Marquette 1,822 64,342
Benzie Beulah 322 16,818 Mason Ludington 495 28,879
Berrien St. Joseph 576 162,285 Mecosta Big Rapids 560 41,465
Branch Coldwater 508 46,189 Menominee Menominee 1,045 25,109
Calhoun Marshall 712 138,375 Midland Midland 525 84,119
Cass Cassopolis 496 51,284 Missaukee Lake City 565 14,950
Charlevoix Charlevoix 421 26,386 Monroe Monroe 557 149,253
Cheboygan Cheboygan 720 27,072 Montcalm Stanton 713 62,420
Chippewa Sault Ste. Marie 1,590 38,898 Montmorency Atlanta 550 10,560
Clare Harrison 570 31,686 Muskegon Muskegon 507 171,765
Clinton St. Johns 573 66,668 Newaygo White Cloud 847 49,013
Crawford Grayling 559 14,734 Oakland Pontiac 875 1,202,721
Delta Escanaba 1,173 38,336 Oceana Hart 541 27,650
Dickinson Iron Mt. 770 27,325 Ogemaw West Branch 569 21,758
Eaton Charlotte 579 105,590 Ontonagon Ontonagon 1,311 7,703
Emmet Petoskey 468 32,329 Osceola Reed City 569 23,500
Genesee Flint 642 441,423 Oscoda Mio 568 9,449
Gladwin Gladwin 505 26,745        
Gogebic Bessemer 1,105 17,407 Otsego Gaylord 516 24,155
Grand Traverse Traverse City 466 81,263 Ottawa Grand Haven 567 245,913
Gratiot Ithaca 570 42,365 Presque Isle Rogers City 656 14,320
Hillsdale Hillsdale 603 46,980 Roscommon Roscomon 528 25,818
Houghton Houghton 1,014 35,883 Saginaw Saginaw 815 210,087
Huron Bad Axe 830 35,422 St. Clair Port Huron 734 167,712
Ingham Mason 560 281,362 St. Joseph Centreville 503 62,366
Ionia Ionia 577 62,941 Sanilac Sandusky 964 44,535
Iosco Tawas City 546 26,979 Schoolcraft Manistique 1,173 8,778
Iron Crystal Falls 1,163 12,736 Shiawassee Corunna 541 72,122
Isabella Mt. Pleasant 576 64,523 Tuscola Caro 812 58,249
Jackson Mackson 705 160,972 Van Buren Paw Paw 612 77,235
Kalamazoo Kalamazoo 562 241,471 Washtenaw Ann Arbor 710 334,351
Kalkaska Kalkaska 563 17,043 Wayne Detroit 615 2,045,540
Kent Grand Rapids 862 587,951 Wexford Cadillac 566 30,777
Keweenaw Eagle River 544 2,204     ———— ————
Lake Balwin 568 11,623   totals 56,954 10,050,446

by its Polish population. Elsewhere in Michigan, Frankenmuth is the site of an annual German festival, and the city of Holland has an annual tulip festival that attracts about 400,000 people each spring. In the upper peninsula, the Finnish culture dominates in rural areas; in the iron and copper mining regions, descendants of immigrants from Cornwall in England, the original mining work force, and persons of Scandinavian background predominate.



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