State of New Hampshire
ORIGIN OF STATE NAME: Named for the English county of Hampshire. NICKNAME: The Granite State. CAPITAL: Concord. ENTERED UNION: 21 June 1788 (9th). SONG: "Old New Hampshire." MOTTO: Live Free or Die. FLAG: The state seal, surrounded by laurel leaves with nine stars interspersed, is centered on a blue field. OFFICIAL SEAL: In the center is a broadside view of the frigate Raleigh; in the left foreground is a granite boulder, in the background a rising sun. A laurel wreath and the words "Seal of the State of New Hampshire 1776" surround the whole. STATE EMBLEM: Within an elliptical panel appears a replica of the Old Man of the Mountains, with the state name above and motto below. ANIMAL: White-tailed deer. BIRD: Purple finch. BUTTERFLY: Karner blue. INSECT: Ladybug. FLOWER: Purple lilac. TREE: White birch. GEM: Smoky quartz. SPORT: Skiing. LEGAL HOLIDAYS: New Year's Day, 1 January; Civil Rights Day, 3rd Monday in January; Washington's Birthday, 3rd Monday in February; Memorial Day, 30 May; Independence Day, 4 July; Labor Day, 1st Monday in September; Columbus Day, 2nd Monday in October; Election Day, Tuesday following 1st Monday in November in even-numbered years; Veterans Day, 11 November; Thanksgiving Day, 4th Thursday in November; Christmas Day, 25 December. TIME: 7 AM EST = noon GMT.
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Casanave, Suki. Natural Wonders of New Hampshire: Exploring Wild and Scenic Places. Lincolnwood, Ill.: Country Roads Press, 1998.
Clark, Charles E. The Eastern Frontier: The Settlement of Northern New England, 1610–1763. New York: Knopf, 1970.
Dubois, Muriel L. New Hampshire Facts and Symbols. Mankato, Minn.: Hilltop Books, 2000.
Harris, Patricia. New Hampshire: The Spirit of America. New York: H. N. Abrams, 2000.
Morison, Elizabeth Forbes, and Elting E. Morison. New Hampshire: A Bicentennial History. New York: Norton, 1976.
Smith, Clyde H. New Hampshire: A Scenic Discovery. Dublin, N.H.: Yankee Books, 1985.
Squires, J. Duane. The Granite State of the United States: A History of New Hampshire from 1623 to the Present. 4 vols. New York: American Historical Co., 1956.
Stacker, Ann P., and Nancy C. Hefferman. Short History of New Hampshire. Grantham, N.H.: Thompson and Rutter, 1985.
Taylor, William L., ed. Readings in New Hampshire and New England History. New York: Irvington, 1981.