State of New York
ORIGIN OF STATE NAME: Named for the Duke of York (later King James II) in 1664. NICKNAME: The Empire State. CAPITAL: Albany. ENTERED UNION: 26 July 1788 (11th). SONG: "I Love New York" (unofficial). MOTTO: Excelsior (Ever upward). COAT OF ARMS: Liberty and Justice stand on either side of a shield showing a mountain sunrise; surmounted on the shield is an eagle on a globe. In the foreground are a three-masted ship and a Hudson River sloop, both representing commerce. Liberty's left foot has kicked aside a royal crown. Beneath the shield is the state motto. FLAG: Dark blue with the coat of arms in the center. OFFICIAL SEAL: The coat of arms surrounded by the words "The Great Seal of the State of New York." ANIMAL: Beaver. BIRD: Bluebird. FISH: Brook or speckled trout. FLOWER: Rose. TREE: Sugar maple. FRUIT: Apple. BEVERAGE: Milk. GEM: Garnet. FOSSIL: Sea scorpion (Eurypterus remipes). LEGAL HOLIDAYS: New Year's Day, 1 January; Birthday of Martin Luther King, Jr., 3rd Monday in January; Lincoln's Birthday, 12 February; Washington's Birthday, 3rd Monday in February; Memorial Day, last Monday in May; Flag Day, 2nd Sunday in June; Independence Day, 4 July; Labor Day, 1st Monday in September; Columbus Day, 2nd Monday in October; General Election Day, 1st Tuesday after the 1st Monday in November; Veterans Day, 11 November; Thanksgiving Day, 4th Thursday in November; Christmas Day, 25 December. TIME: 7 AM EST = noon GMT.