Oklahoma - Languages



Once the open hunting ground of the Osage, Commanche, and Apache Indians, what is now Oklahoma later welcomed the deported Cherokee and other transferred eastern tribes. The diversity of tribal and linguistic backgrounds is reflected in numerous place-names such as Oklahoma itself, Kiamichi, and Muskogee. Almost equally diverse is Oklahoma English, with its uneven blending of features of North Midland, South Midland, and Southern dialects.

In 2000, 2,977,187 Oklahomans—92.6% of the resident population five years or older—spoke only English at home, down from 95% in 1990. The following table gives selected statistics from the 2000 census for language spoken at home by persons five years old and over. The category "Other Native North American languages" includes Apache, Cherokee, Choctaw, Dakota, Keres, Pima, and Yupik. The category "Other Asian languages" includes Dravidian languages, Malayalam, Telugu, Tamil, and Turkish. The category "African languages" includes Amharic, Ibo, Twi, Yoruba, Bantu, Swahili, and Somali.

Oklahoma

LANGUAGE NUMBER PERCENT
Population 5 years and over 3,215,719 100.0
Speak only English 2,977,187 92.6
Speak a language other than English 238,532 7.4
Speak a language other than English 238,532 7.4
Spanish or Spanish Creole 141,060 4.4
Other Native North American languages 18,871 0.6
German 13,445 0.4
Vietnamese 11,330 0.4
French (incl. Patois, Cajun) 8,258 0.3
Chinese 6,413 0.2
Korean 3,948 0.1
Arabic 3,265 0.1
Other Asian languages 3,134 0.1
Tagalog 2,888 0.1
Japanese 2,546 0.1
African languages 2,546 0.1

Oklahoma