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Commonwealth of Pennsylvania



ORIGIN OF STATE NAME: Named for Admiral William Penn, father of the founder of Pennsylvania. NICKNAME: The Keystone State. CAPITAL: Harrisburg. ENTERED UNION: 12 December 1787 (2nd). SONG: "Pennsylvania." MOTTO: Virtue, Liberty and Independence. COAT OF ARMS: A shield supported by two horses displays a sailing ship, a plow, and three sheaves of wheat; an eagle forms the crest. Beneath the shield an olive branch and a cornstalk are crossed and below them is the state motto. FLAG: The coat of arms appears in the center of a blue field. OFFICIAL SEAL: obverse: A shield displays a sailing ship, a plow, and three sheaves of wheat with a cornstalk to the left, an olive branch to the right, and an eagle above, surrounded by the inscription "Seal of the State of Pennsylvania." reverse: A woman representing Liberty holds a wand topped by a liberty cap in her left hand and a drawn sword in her right as she tramples a lion representing Tyranny; the legend "Both Can't Survive" encircles the design. ANIMAL: White-tailed deer. BIRD: Ruffed grouse. DOG: Great Dane. FISH: Brook trout. INSECT: Firefly. FLOWER: Mountain laurel. TREE: Hemlock. BEAUTIFICATION AND CONSERVATION PLANT: Penngift crownvetch. BEVERAGE: Milk. FOSSIL: Phacops rana. LEGAL HOLIDAYS: New Year's Day, 1 January; Birthday of Martin Luther King, Jr., 3rd Monday in January; Presidents' Day, 3rd Monday in February; Memorial Day, last Monday in May; Flag Day, 14 June; Independence Day, 4 July; Labor Day, 1st Monday in September; Columbus Day, 2nd Monday in October; Veterans Day, 11 November; Thanksgiving Day, 4th Thursday in November; Christmas Day, 25 December. TIME: 7 AM EST = noon GMT.


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