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Detroit: Introduction
Detroit: Geography and Climate
Detroit: History
Detroit: Population Profile
Detroit: Municipal Government
Detroit: Economy
Detroit: Education and Research
Detroit: Health Care
Detroit: Recreation
Detroit: Convention Facilities
Detroit: Transportation
Detroit: Communications


The City in Brief

Founded: 1701 (incorporated, 1815)

Head Official: Mayor Kwame Kilpatrick (D) (since 2001)

City Population

1980: 1,203,339

1990: 1,027,974

2000: 951,270

2003 estimate: 879,575

Percent change, 1990–2000: -7.4%

U.S. rank in 1980: 6th

U.S. rank in 1990: 7th

U.S. rank in 2000: 14th

Metropolitan Area Population (CMSA)

1990: 4,266,654

2000: 4,456,428

Percent change, 1990-2000: 5.2%

U.S. rank in 1990: Not reported

U.S. rank in 2000: 7th (CMSA)

Area: 138.7 square miles (2000)

Elevation: 581 feet above sea level at Detroit River

Average Annual Temperature: 48.6° F

Average Annual Precipitation: 30.97 inches of rain, 45 inches of snow

Major Economic Sectors: Services; trade; manufacturing; finance, insurance, and real estate

Unemployment Rate: 8.2% (February 2005)

Per Capita Income: $14,717 (1999)

2002 FBI Crime Index Total: 85,035

Major Colleges and Universities: Wayne State University, University of Detroit-Mercy

Daily Newspapers: Detroit Free Press; Detroit News