Set on a narrow isthmus of land between Lake Mendota and Lake Monona, Madison is surrounded by a network of lakes and rivers. The topography is rolling. The continental climate is consistent with the city's location in interior North America; the temperature range is wide, with an extreme winter low of minus 40 degrees and an extreme summer high of 110 degrees. Tornadoes can be prevalent during spring, summer, and fall; moderate temperatures and humidity prevail during a generally pleasant summer. Annual average snowfall is 37 inches; the growing season is approximately 175 days.
Area: 68.7 square miles (2000)
Elevation: 845.6 feet above sea level (average)
Average Temperatures: January, 19.4° F; July, 68.6° F; annual average, 45.2° F
Average Annual Precipitation: 30.16 inches of rain; 37 inches of snow