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Work and Jobs in Parma, Ohio (OH) Detailed Stats
Occupations, Industries, Unemployment, Workers, Commute


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Based on 2000-2013 data
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Latest news about work in Parma, OH collected exclusively by city-data.com from local newspapers, TV, and radio stations


Based on the data from 2000 / 2015 when the population of Parma, Ohio was 85,655 / 79,943

Most common industries

Most common industries (%)

Most common industries for males (%)

Most common industries for females (%)

Most common industries

Industry

All

Males

Females

Health care10.2%
(4,248)
3.9%
(866)
17.4%
(3,382)
Accommodation and food services6.6%
(2,744)
5.3%
(1,177)
8.1%
(1,567)
Finance and insurance6.6%
(2,720)
4.0%
(890)
9.4%
(1,830)
Educational services6.1%
(2,512)
3.3%
(721)
9.2%
(1,791)
Professional, scientific, and technical services5.8%
(2,408)
5.0%
(1,105)
6.7%
(1,303)
Construction5.2%
(2,142)
8.4%
(1,857)
1.5%
(285)
Metal and metal products4.7%
(1,931)
7.4%
(1,635)
1.5%
(296)
Public administration3.7%
(1,545)
4.3%
(952)
3.0%
(593)
Administrative and support and waste management services3.5%
(1,433)
3.5%
(772)
3.4%
(661)
Food and beverage stores2.4%
(1,008)
2.3%
(511)
2.6%
(497)
Department and other general merchandise stores2.2%
(910)
1.1%
(237)
3.5%
(673)
Repair and maintenance2.0%
(826)
3.2%
(713)
0.6%
(113)
Machinery1.9%
(796)
3.1%
(689)
0.6%
(107)
Transportation equipment1.9%
(788)
3.0%
(667)
0.6%
(121)
Printing and related support activities1.8%
(730)
2.4%
(524)
1.1%
(206)
Miscellaneous manufacturing1.6%
(681)
1.8%
(396)
1.5%
(285)
Motor vehicle and parts dealers1.6%
(668)
2.4%
(532)
0.7%
(136)
Broadcasting and telecommunications1.6%
(646)
1.7%
(373)
1.4%
(273)
Real estate and rental and leasing1.5%
(627)
1.7%
(379)
1.3%
(248)
Other transportation, and support activities, and couriers1.5%
(623)
2.1%
(453)
0.9%
(170)
Personal and laundry services1.5%
(621)
0.7%
(146)
2.4%
(475)
Social assistance1.3%
(551)
0.3%
(57)
2.5%
(494)
Chemicals1.3%
(537)
1.6%
(351)
1.0%
(186)
Truck transportation1.3%
(535)
2.1%
(456)
0.4%
(79)
Publishing, and motion picture and sound recording industries1.2%
(481)
1.0%
(225)
1.3%
(256)
Building material and garden equipment and supplies dealers1.1%
(436)
1.5%
(323)
0.6%
(113)
Arts, entertainment, and recreation1.0%
(421)
0.8%
(187)
1.2%
(234)
Religious, grantmaking, civic, professional, and similar organizations1.0%
(407)
0.8%
(166)
1.2%
(241)
Radio, TV, and computer stores1.0%
(396)
1.1%
(247)
0.8%
(149)
Machinery, equipment, and supplies merchant wholesalers0.9%
(379)
1.3%
(283)
0.5%
(96)
Used merchandise, gift, novelty, and souvenir, and other miscellaneous stores0.8%
(330)
0.5%
(113)
1.1%
(217)
Pharmacies and drug stores0.8%
(312)
0.7%
(158)
0.8%
(154)
Electrical equipment, appliances, and components0.7%
(308)
1.0%
(211)
0.5%
(97)
Furniture and home furnishings, and household appliance stores0.7%
(306)
1.0%
(213)
0.5%
(93)
Clothing and accessories, including shoe, stores0.7%
(297)
0.4%
(88)
1.1%
(209)
Utilities0.7%
(279)
1.1%
(252)
0.1%
(27)
U. S. Postal service0.6%
(267)
1.1%
(233)
0.2%
(34)
Computer and electronic products0.6%
(263)
0.9%
(202)
0.3%
(61)
Air transportation0.6%
(242)
0.7%
(159)
0.4%
(83)
Groceries and related products merchant wholesalers0.6%
(238)
0.8%
(177)
0.3%
(61)
Data processing, libraries, and other information services0.6%
(231)
0.3%
(61)
0.9%
(170)
Food0.5%
(223)
0.5%
(100)
0.6%
(123)
Plastics and rubber products0.5%
(211)
0.7%
(149)
0.3%
(62)
Electrical and electronic goods merchant wholesalers0.5%
(207)
0.6%
(129)
0.4%
(78)
Paper0.4%
(183)
0.6%
(142)
0.2%
(41)
Gasoline stations0.4%
(183)
0.7%
(148)
0.2%
(35)
Professional and commercial equipment and supplies merchant wholesalers0.4%
(162)
0.5%
(100)
0.3%
(62)
Office supplies and stationery stores0.4%
(159)
0.6%
(125)
0.2%
(34)
Nonmetallic mineral products0.4%
(150)
0.6%
(126)
0.1%
(24)
Miscellaneous nondurable goods merchant wholesalers0.4%
(150)
0.4%
(83)
0.3%
(67)
Hardware, plumbing and heating equipment, and supplies merchant wholesalers0.3%
(134)
0.5%
(115)
0.1%
(19)
Other direct selling establishments0.3%
(130)
0.2%
(41)
0.5%
(89)
Sporting goods, camera, and hobby and toy stores0.3%
(121)
0.3%
(69)
0.3%
(52)
Warehousing and storage0.3%
(112)
0.4%
(88)
0.1%
(24)
Apparel0.3%
(110)
0.2%
(41)
0.4%
(69)
Furniture and related product manufacturing0.2%
(101)
0.3%
(73)
0.1%
(28)
Jewelry, luggage, and leather goods stores0.2%
(86)
0.0%
(8)
0.4%
(78)
Miscellaneous durable goods merchant wholesalers0.2%
(84)
0.2%
(41)
0.2%
(43)
Private households0.2%
(81)
0.0%
(4)
0.4%
(77)
Paper and paper products merchant wholesalers0.2%
(72)
0.2%
(38)
0.2%
(34)
Alcoholic beverages merchant wholesalers0.2%
(70)
0.3%
(70)
0.0%
(0)
Metals and minerals, except petroleum, merchant wholesalers0.2%
(66)
0.1%
(25)
0.2%
(41)
Electronic shopping and mail-order houses0.2%
(64)
0.1%
(19)
0.2%
(45)
Petroleum and coal products0.1%
(61)
0.2%
(47)
0.1%
(14)
Music stores0.1%
(60)
0.1%
(33)
0.1%
(27)
Motor vehicles, parts and supplies merchant wholesalers0.1%
(54)
0.1%
(33)
0.1%
(21)
Management of companies and enterprises0.1%
(54)
0.0%
(8)
0.2%
(46)
Rail transportation0.1%
(50)
0.2%
(47)
0.0%
(3)
Health and personal care, except drug, stores0.1%
(49)
0.1%
(25)
0.1%
(24)
Recyclable material merchant wholesalers0.1%
(46)
0.2%
(37)
0.0%
(9)
Beverage and tobacco products0.1%
(46)
0.2%
(46)
0.0%
(0)
Furniture and home furnishing merchant wholesalers0.1%
(45)
0.1%
(24)
0.1%
(21)
Wood products0.1%
(41)
0.1%
(27)
0.1%
(14)
Lumber and other construction materials merchant wholesalers0.1%
(40)
0.1%
(30)
0.1%
(10)
Petroleum and petroleum products merchant wholesalers0.1%
(36)
0.1%
(27)
0.0%
(9)
Drugs, sundries, and chemical and allied products merchant wholesalers0.1%
(29)
0.1%
(29)
0.0%
(0)
Vending machine operators0.1%
(24)
0.1%
(24)
0.0%
(0)

Most common occupations

Most common occupations (%)

Most common occupations for males (%)

Most common occupations for females (%)

Most common occupations

Occupation

All

Males

Females

Other office and administrative support workers, including supervisors4.6%
(1,917)
1.9%
(413)
7.7%
(1,504)
Other sales and related occupations, including supervisors4.0%
(1,646)
4.3%
(957)
3.5%
(689)
Secretaries and administrative assistants3.9%
(1,624)
0.1%
(30)
8.2%
(1,594)
Material recording, scheduling, dispatching, and distributing workers3.7%
(1,532)
4.8%
(1,065)
2.4%
(467)
Other production occupations, including supervisors3.4%
(1,429)
4.9%
(1,088)
1.8%
(341)
Metal workers and plastic workers3.2%
(1,345)
5.6%
(1,229)
0.6%
(116)
Retail sales workers, except cashiers3.2%
(1,320)
3.1%
(693)
3.2%
(627)
Other management occupations, except farmers and farm managers3.0%
(1,250)
3.5%
(764)
2.5%
(486)
Electrical equipment mechanics and other installation, maintenance, and repair workers, including supervisors2.9%
(1,214)
5.2%
(1,155)
0.3%
(59)
Computer specialists2.8%
(1,164)
4.1%
(904)
1.3%
(260)
Driver/sales workers and truck drivers2.8%
(1,140)
4.8%
(1,061)
0.4%
(79)
Sales representatives, services, wholesale and manufacturing2.7%
(1,136)
3.5%
(767)
1.9%
(369)
Building and grounds cleaning and maintenance occupations2.7%
(1,119)
3.1%
(682)
2.2%
(437)
Information and record clerks, except customer service representatives2.4%
(994)
0.7%
(165)
4.3%
(829)
Customer service representatives2.2%
(907)
1.4%
(309)
3.1%
(598)
Cashiers2.2%
(905)
0.9%
(195)
3.7%
(710)
Laborers and material movers, hand2.1%
(871)
3.1%
(674)
1.0%
(197)
Health technologists and technicians2.0%
(837)
0.9%
(193)
3.3%
(644)
Teachers, preschool, kindergarten, elementary, and middle school2.0%
(836)
0.6%
(137)
3.6%
(699)
Registered nurses2.0%
(827)
0.3%
(76)
3.9%
(751)
Accountants and auditors1.9%
(779)
1.8%
(404)
1.9%
(375)
Vehicle and mobile equipment mechanics, installers, and repairers1.7%
(702)
3.2%
(694)
0.0%
(8)
Waiters and waitresses1.6%
(678)
0.6%
(140)
2.8%
(538)
Cooks and food preparation workers1.5%
(606)
1.4%
(304)
1.6%
(302)
Bookkeeping, accounting, and auditing clerks1.4%
(588)
0.3%
(70)
2.7%
(518)
Financial clerks, except bookkeeping, accounting and auditing clerks1.4%
(585)
0.5%
(102)
2.5%
(483)
Operations specialties managers, except financial managers1.4%
(564)
1.7%
(382)
0.9%
(182)
Other financial specialists1.2%
(516)
1.1%
(232)
1.5%
(284)
Engineers1.2%
(513)
2.2%
(495)
0.1%
(18)
Other food preparation and serving workers, including supervisors1.2%
(505)
1.5%
(322)
0.9%
(183)
Top executives1.2%
(496)
1.9%
(409)
0.4%
(87)
Nursing, psychiatric, and home health aides1.1%
(462)
0.3%
(56)
2.1%
(406)
Food and beverage serving workers, except waiters and waitresses1.1%
(443)
0.5%
(105)
1.7%
(338)
Construction traders workers except carpenters, electricians, painters, plumbers, and construction laborers0.9%
(366)
1.6%
(353)
0.1%
(13)
Assemblers and fabricators0.8%
(348)
1.0%
(211)
0.7%
(137)
Law enforcement workers, including supervisors0.8%
(347)
1.4%
(302)
0.2%
(45)
Financial managers0.8%
(341)
0.8%
(166)
0.9%
(175)
Child care workers0.8%
(336)
0.0%
(10)
1.7%
(326)
Carpenters0.8%
(317)
1.4%
(306)
0.1%
(11)
Drafters, engineering, and mapping technicians0.8%
(315)
1.2%
(270)
0.2%
(45)
Other healthcare support occupations0.8%
(311)
0.1%
(28)
1.5%
(283)
Printing workers0.7%
(302)
1.2%
(271)
0.2%
(31)
Art and design workers0.7%
(300)
0.8%
(175)
0.6%
(125)
Personal appearance workers0.7%
(299)
0.1%
(17)
1.5%
(282)
Other protective service workers, including supervisors0.7%
(284)
0.8%
(175)
0.6%
(109)
Supervisors and other personal care and service workers, except child care workers0.7%
(279)
0.5%
(101)
0.9%
(178)
Advertising, marketing, promotions, public relations, and sales managers0.7%
(277)
0.6%
(136)
0.7%
(141)
Legal support workers0.7%
(276)
0.2%
(43)
1.2%
(233)
Teachers, secondary school0.7%
(274)
0.5%
(114)
0.8%
(160)
Other teachers, instructors, education, training, and library occupations0.6%
(242)
0.3%
(63)
0.9%
(179)
Electricians0.6%
(240)
1.1%
(240)
0.0%
(0)
Counselors, social workers, and other community and social service specialists0.6%
(231)
0.3%
(62)
0.9%
(169)
Media and communications workers0.5%
(220)
0.6%
(123)
0.5%
(97)
Other health diagnosing and treating practitioners and technical occupations0.5%
(215)
0.5%
(121)
0.5%
(94)
Pipelayers, plumbers, pipefitters, and steamfitters0.5%
(203)
0.9%
(203)
0.0%
(0)
Construction laborers0.5%
(190)
0.9%
(190)
0.0%
(0)
Textile, apparel, and furnishings workers0.4%
(158)
0.2%
(39)
0.6%
(119)
Other material moving workers, except laborers0.4%
(149)
0.7%
(149)
0.0%
(0)
Life, physical, and social science technicians0.3%
(143)
0.2%
(52)
0.5%
(91)
Postsecondary teachers0.3%
(137)
0.3%
(74)
0.3%
(63)
Supervisors, construction and extraction workers0.3%
(135)
0.6%
(135)
0.0%
(0)
Food processing workers0.3%
(132)
0.4%
(96)
0.2%
(36)
Therapists0.3%
(121)
0.1%
(31)
0.5%
(90)
Painters and paperhangers0.3%
(114)
0.4%
(91)
0.1%
(23)
Life and physical scientists0.3%
(112)
0.4%
(90)
0.1%
(22)
Librarians, curators, and archivists0.3%
(111)
0.1%
(14)
0.5%
(97)
Lawyers0.2%
(99)
0.4%
(87)
0.1%
(12)
Religious workers0.2%
(99)
0.3%
(69)
0.2%
(30)
Other construction workers and helpers0.2%
(97)
0.4%
(97)
0.0%
(0)
Plant and system operators0.2%
(95)
0.4%
(95)
0.0%
(0)
Other transportation occupations0.2%
(87)
0.4%
(87)
0.0%
(0)
Fire fighting and prevention workers, including supervisors0.2%
(84)
0.4%
(84)
0.0%
(0)
Transportation, tourism, and lodging attendants0.2%
(80)
0.2%
(41)
0.2%
(39)
Supervisors, transportation, and material moving workers0.2%
(76)
0.2%
(51)
0.1%
(25)
Bus drivers0.2%
(70)
0.2%
(53)
0.1%
(17)
Communications equipment operators0.1%
(61)
0.0%
(8)
0.3%
(53)
Teachers, special education0.1%
(59)
0.0%
(6)
0.3%
(53)
Motor vehicle operators, except bus and truck drivers0.1%
(54)
0.2%
(54)
0.0%
(0)
Entertainers and performers, sports, and related workers0.1%
(53)
0.1%
(18)
0.2%
(35)
Social scientists and related workers0.1%
(52)
0.1%
(29)
0.1%
(23)
Woodworkers0.1%
(52)
0.2%
(52)
0.0%
(0)
Rail and water transportation workers0.1%
(36)
0.2%
(36)
0.0%
(0)

Unemployment in Parma

Unemployment by year (%)

Unemployment by year (%)

  • Unemployment by race in 2015
  • Unemployment rate for White non-Hispanic residents
  • 8.2%Males
  • 6.2%Females
  • Unemployment rate for Black residents
  • 8.9%Males
  • 10.9%Females
  • Unemployment rate for American Indian and Alaska Native residents
  • 55.0%Females
  • Unemployment rate for Asian residents
  • 2.4%Males
  • 3.2%Females
  • Unemployment rate for other race residents
  • 12.8%Males
  • Unemployment rate for two or more race residents
  • 18.6%Males
  • 23.4%Females
  • Unemployment rate for Hispanic or Latino residents
  • 6.1%Males
  • 25.4%Females
  • Unemployment by race in 2000
  • Unemployment rate for White non-Hispanic residents
  • 3.4%Males
  • 4.2%Females
  • Unemployment rate for Black residents
  • 9.8%Males
  • 10.7%Females
  • Unemployment rate for Asian residents
  • 1.8%Males
  • Unemployment rate for other race residents
  • 9.1%Females
  • Unemployment rate for two or more race residents
  • 4.1%Males
  • 10.5%Females
  • Unemployment rate for Hispanic or Latino residents
  • 5.6%Males
  • 5.2%Females
Unemployment in 2015:
Parma:

4.7%
Ohio:

4.3%
Unemployment in 2014:
Parma:

6.0%
Ohio:

5.7%
Unemployment in 2013:
Parma:

6.7%
Ohio:

7.5%
Unemployment in 2012:
Parma:

6.3%
Ohio:

7.4%
Unemployment in 2011:
Parma:

7.0%
Ohio:

8.8%
Unemployment in 2010:
Parma:

8.3%
Ohio:

10.3%
Unemployment in 2009:
Parma:

9.0%
Ohio:

10.3%
Unemployment in 2008:
Parma:

6.0%
Ohio:

6.4%
Unemployment in 2007:
Parma:

5.5%
Ohio:

5.6%
Unemployment in 2006:
Parma:

4.8%
Ohio:

5.4%
Unemployment in 2005:
Parma:

5.0%
Ohio:

5.9%
Unemployment in 2004:
Parma:

5.0%
Ohio:

6.3%
Unemployment in 2003:
Parma:

5.1%
Ohio:

6.2%
Unemployment in 2002:
Parma:

3.4%
Ohio:

5.7%
Unemployment in 2001:
Parma:

2.4%
Ohio:

4.3%
Unemployment in 2000:
Parma:

1.8%
Ohio:

4.0%
Unemployment in 1999:
Parma:

1.4%
Ohio:

4.3%
Unemployment in 1998:
Parma:

1.2%
Ohio:

4.3%
Unemployment in 1997:
Parma:

1.7%
Ohio:

4.6%
Unemployment in 1996:
Parma:

1.8%
Ohio:

5.0%
Unemployment in 1995:
Parma:

2.1%
Ohio:

4.8%
Unemployment in 1994:
Parma:

2.6%
Ohio:

5.6%
Unemployment in 1993:
Parma:

3.1%
Ohio:

6.6%
Unemployment in 1992:
Parma:

3.5%
Ohio:

7.4%
Unemployment in 1991:
Parma:

2.9%
Ohio:

6.5%
Unemployment in 1990:
Parma:

2.3%
Ohio:

5.6%

Means of transportation to work

Time Leaving Home To Go To Work in 2015 (%)

12:00 a.m. to 4:59 a.m.:
Parma:

4.8% (1,938)
Ohio:

4.2% (218,511)
5:00 a.m. to 5:29 a.m.:
Parma:

3.1% (1,234)
Ohio:

3.6% (186,804)
5:30 a.m. to 5:59 a.m.:
Parma:

6.1% (2,437)
Ohio:

5.1% (264,688)
6:00 a.m. to 6:29 a.m.:
Parma:

10.6% (4,257)
Ohio:

8.4% (437,487)
6:30 a.m. to 6:59 a.m.:
Parma:

11.7% (4,703)
Ohio:

10.4% (537,389)
7:00 a.m. to 7:29 a.m.:
Parma:

14.8% (5,907)
Ohio:

13.5% (700,530)
7:30 a.m. to 7:59 a.m.:
Parma:

13.0% (5,223)
Ohio:

12.8% (661,623)
8:00 a.m. to 8:29 a.m.:
Parma:

10.9% (4,372)
Ohio:

9.8% (509,850)
8:30 a.m. to 8:59 a.m.:
Parma:

3.4% (1,343)
Ohio:

5.2% (269,406)
9:00 a.m. to 9:59 a.m.:
Parma:

5.7% (2,289)
Ohio:

5.7% (292,747)
10:00 a.m. to 10:59 a.m.:
Parma:

3.1% (1,255)
Ohio:

2.7% (141,235)
11:00 a.m. to 11:59 a.m.:
Parma:

0.9% (375)
Ohio:

1.4% (70,833)
12:00 p.m. to 3:59 p.m.:
Parma:

6.9% (2,761)
Ohio:

8.5% (440,753)
4:00 p.m. to 11:59 p.m.:
Parma:

4.9% (1,948)
Ohio:

8.7% (449,159)

Time Leaving Home To Go To Work in 2000 (%)

12:00 a.m. to 4:59 a.m.:
Parma:

3.2% (1,293)
Ohio:

3.1% (165,876)
5:00 a.m. to 5:29 a.m.:
Parma:

2.0% (834)
Ohio:

2.6% (138,561)
5:30 a.m. to 5:59 a.m.:
Parma:

3.9% (1,576)
Ohio:

4.4% (233,427)
6:00 a.m. to 6:29 a.m.:
Parma:

7.9% (3,222)
Ohio:

7.9% (418,394)
6:30 a.m. to 6:59 a.m.:
Parma:

10.8% (4,417)
Ohio:

10.7% (567,735)
7:00 a.m. to 7:29 a.m.:
Parma:

15.7% (6,425)
Ohio:

13.7% (729,122)
7:30 a.m. to 7:59 a.m.:
Parma:

15.1% (6,155)
Ohio:

15.2% (806,468)
8:00 a.m. to 8:29 a.m.:
Parma:

10.1% (4,131)
Ohio:

9.8% (518,682)
8:30 a.m. to 8:59 a.m.:
Parma:

4.8% (1,980)
Ohio:

5.1% (271,364)
9:00 a.m. to 9:59 a.m.:
Parma:

5.7% (2,343)
Ohio:

5.0% (262,742)
10:00 a.m. to 10:59 a.m.:
Parma:

2.2% (914)
Ohio:

2.1% (114,110)
11:00 a.m. to 11:59 a.m.:
Parma:

1.1% (466)
Ohio:

1.1% (57,549)
12:00 p.m. to 3:59 p.m.:
Parma:

7.2% (2,946)
Ohio:

8.2% (433,530)
4:00 p.m. to 11:59 p.m.:
Parma:

8.6% (3,523)
Ohio:

8.4% (443,689)

Time Leaving Home To Go To Work in 2015 (%) - Males

    12:00 a.m. to 4:59 a.m. - Males:
    Parma:

    6.3% (1,341)
    Ohio:

    5.6% (151,921)
    5:00 a.m. to 5:29 a.m. - Males:
    Parma:

    3.6% (761)
    Ohio:

    4.8% (128,354)
    5:30 a.m. to 5:59 a.m. - Males:
    Parma:

    7.8% (1,664)
    Ohio:

    6.0% (162,391)
    6:00 a.m. to 6:29 a.m. - Males:
    Parma:

    15.2% (3,245)
    Ohio:

    9.9% (268,102)
    6:30 a.m. to 6:59 a.m. - Males:
    Parma:

    9.6% (2,034)
    Ohio:

    11.1% (298,340)
    7:00 a.m. to 7:29 a.m. - Males:
    Parma:

    16.4% (3,484)
    Ohio:

    13.1% (353,583)
    7:30 a.m. to 7:59 a.m. - Males:
    Parma:

    8.8% (1,873)
    Ohio:

    10.9% (295,171)
    8:00 a.m. to 8:29 a.m. - Males:
    Parma:

    6.8% (1,442)
    Ohio:

    8.6% (232,439)
    8:30 a.m. to 8:59 a.m. - Males:
    Parma:

    3.6% (760)
    Ohio:

    4.2% (114,468)
    9:00 a.m. to 9:59 a.m. - Males:
    Parma:

    6.9% (1,464)
    Ohio:

    5.1% (136,763)
    10:00 a.m. to 10:59 a.m. - Males:
    Parma:

    3.3% (697)
    Ohio:

    2.3% (62,503)
    11:00 a.m. to 11:59 a.m. - Males:
    Parma:

    0.9% (199)
    Ohio:

    1.2% (31,998)
    12:00 p.m. to 3:59 p.m. - Males:
    Parma:

    5.2% (1,105)
    Ohio:

    8.5% (230,054)
    4:00 p.m. to 11:59 p.m. - Males:
    Parma:

    5.7% (1,224)
    Ohio:

    8.6% (231,742)

Time Leaving Home To Go To Work in 2015 (%) - Females

    12:00 a.m. to 4:59 a.m. - Females:
    Parma:

    3.2% (597)
    Ohio:

    2.7% (66,590)
    5:00 a.m. to 5:29 a.m. - Females:
    Parma:

    2.5% (473)
    Ohio:

    2.4% (58,450)
    5:30 a.m. to 5:59 a.m. - Females:
    Parma:

    4.1% (773)
    Ohio:

    4.1% (102,297)
    6:00 a.m. to 6:29 a.m. - Females:
    Parma:

    5.4% (1,012)
    Ohio:

    6.8% (169,385)
    6:30 a.m. to 6:59 a.m. - Females:
    Parma:

    14.2% (2,669)
    Ohio:

    9.6% (239,049)
    7:00 a.m. to 7:29 a.m. - Females:
    Parma:

    12.9% (2,423)
    Ohio:

    14.0% (346,947)
    7:30 a.m. to 7:59 a.m. - Females:
    Parma:

    17.9% (3,350)
    Ohio:

    14.8% (366,452)
    8:00 a.m. to 8:29 a.m. - Females:
    Parma:

    15.6% (2,930)
    Ohio:

    11.2% (277,411)
    8:30 a.m. to 8:59 a.m. - Females:
    Parma:

    3.1% (583)
    Ohio:

    6.2% (154,938)
    9:00 a.m. to 9:59 a.m. - Females:
    Parma:

    4.4% (825)
    Ohio:

    6.3% (155,984)
    10:00 a.m. to 10:59 a.m. - Females:
    Parma:

    3.0% (558)
    Ohio:

    3.2% (78,732)
    11:00 a.m. to 11:59 a.m. - Females:
    Parma:

    0.9% (176)
    Ohio:

    1.6% (38,835)
    12:00 p.m. to 3:59 p.m. - Females:
    Parma:

    8.8% (1,656)
    Ohio:

    8.5% (210,699)
    4:00 p.m. to 11:59 p.m. - Females:
    Parma:

    3.9% (724)
    Ohio:

    8.8% (217,417)

Travel time to work

Percentage of workers working in this county: 92.6%
Number of people working at home: 646 (1.6% of all workers)
Daytime population change due to commuting: -12,127 (-14.2%)
Workers who live and work in this city: 7,891 (19.3%)

Travel time to work (in minutes) by means of transportation (%)

Less than 30 minutes - public transportation:
Parma:

18.5% (238)
Ohio:

35.3% (38,933)
Less than 30 minutes - other means:
Parma:

67.5% (26,270)
Ohio:

72.6% (3,664,718)
30 to 44 minutes - public transportation:
Parma:

37.6% (484)
Ohio:

28.4% (31,357)
30 to 44 minutes - other means:
Parma:

23.5% (9,148)
Ohio:

17.6% (887,027)
45 to 59 minutes - public transportation:
Parma:

23.6% (304)
Ohio:

15.4% (16,946)
45 to 59 minutes - other means:
Parma:

5.9% (2,291)
Ohio:

5.3% (269,542)
60 or more minutes - public transportation:
Parma:

20.3% (261)
Ohio:

20.9% (23,038)
60 or more minutes - other means:
Parma:

3.2% (1,229)
Ohio:

4.5% (229,688)

Travel time (in minutes) to work in 2015 (%)

Working at home in 2015 - Parma

Working at home in 2015 - Ohio

Less than 5 minutes:
Parma:

2.2% (529)
Ohio:

3.5% (180,373)
5 to 9 minutes:
Parma:

14.1% (3,391)
Ohio:

11.0% (569,515)
10 to 14 minutes:
Parma:

15.4% (3,693)
Ohio:

14.6% (756,156)
15 to 19 minutes:
Parma:

17.6% (4,235)
Ohio:

16.4% (853,716)
20 to 24 minutes:
Parma:

12.5% (2,990)
Ohio:

15.9% (825,350)
25 to 29 minutes:
Parma:

5.5% (1,324)
Ohio:

8.0% (413,624)
30 to 34 minutes:
Parma:

14.3% (3,428)
Ohio:

12.6% (654,100)
35 to 39 minutes:
Parma:

2.1% (501)
Ohio:

3.3% (171,406)
40 to 44 minutes:
Parma:

3.2% (759)
Ohio:

3.6% (189,496)
45 to 59 minutes:
Parma:

5.7% (1,360)
Ohio:

6.2% (322,203)
60 to 89 minutes:
Parma:

4.8% (1,151)
Ohio:

3.3% (171,737)
90 or more minutes:
Parma:

2.7% (646)
Ohio:

1.7% (85,883)

Travel time (in minutes) to work in 2000 (%)

Working at home in 2000 - Parma

Working at home in 2000 - Ohio

Less than 5 minutes:
Parma:

1.9% (772)
Ohio:

3.5% (187,324)
5 to 9 minutes:
Parma:

7.4% (3,024)
Ohio:

11.5% (611,242)
10 to 14 minutes:
Parma:

13.2% (5,386)
Ohio:

15.4% (816,266)
15 to 19 minutes:
Parma:

15.0% (6,139)
Ohio:

16.3% (867,583)
20 to 24 minutes:
Parma:

19.0% (7,746)
Ohio:

16.0% (851,177)
25 to 29 minutes:
Parma:

8.4% (3,441)
Ohio:

7.0% (370,059)
30 to 34 minutes:
Parma:

15.9% (6,514)
Ohio:

11.9% (630,615)
35 to 39 minutes:
Parma:

3.4% (1,393)
Ohio:

2.6% (137,481)
40 to 44 minutes:
Parma:

4.2% (1,725)
Ohio:

2.8% (150,288)
45 to 59 minutes:
Parma:

6.3% (2,595)
Ohio:

5.4% (286,488)
60 to 89 minutes:
Parma:

2.2% (879)
Ohio:

2.9% (155,240)
90 or more minutes:
Parma:

1.5% (611)
Ohio:

1.8% (97,486)

Travel time (in minutes) to work in 2015 (%) - Males

    Less than 5 minutes - Males:
    Parma:

    2.3% (231)
    Ohio:

    3.4% (92,695)
    5 to 9 minutes - Males:
    Parma:

    9.7% (997)
    Ohio:

    10.0% (269,774)
    10 to 14 minutes - Males:
    Parma:

    13.1% (1,343)
    Ohio:

    13.5% (365,131)
    15 to 19 minutes - Males:
    Parma:

    18.1% (1,857)
    Ohio:

    15.8% (427,206)
    20 to 24 minutes - Males:
    Parma:

    12.9% (1,326)
    Ohio:

    15.5% (419,304)
    25 to 29 minutes - Males:
    Parma:

    6.2% (632)
    Ohio:

    8.3% (224,037)
    30 to 34 minutes - Males:
    Parma:

    18.9% (1,935)
    Ohio:

    13.1% (355,271)
    40 to 44 minutes - Males:
    Parma:

    2.2% (228)
    Ohio:

    3.8% (102,826)
    45 to 59 minutes - Males:
    Parma:

    6.0% (619)
    Ohio:

    6.9% (187,366)
    60 to 89 minutes - Males:
    Parma:

    6.0% (611)
    Ohio:

    4.0% (109,270)
    90 or more minutes - Males:
    Parma:

    4.7% (478)
    Ohio:

    2.1% (58,042)

Travel time (in minutes) to work in 2015 (%) - Females

    Less than 5 minutes - Females:
    Parma:

    2.2% (298)
    Ohio:

    3.5% (87,678)
    5 to 9 minutes - Females:
    Parma:

    17.4% (2,394)
    Ohio:

    12.0% (299,741)
    10 to 14 minutes - Females:
    Parma:

    17.1% (2,350)
    Ohio:

    15.7% (391,025)
    15 to 19 minutes - Females:
    Parma:

    17.3% (2,378)
    Ohio:

    17.1% (426,510)
    20 to 24 minutes - Females:
    Parma:

    12.1% (1,664)
    Ohio:

    16.3% (406,046)
    25 to 29 minutes - Females:
    Parma:

    5.0% (692)
    Ohio:

    7.6% (189,587)
    30 to 34 minutes - Females:
    Parma:

    10.9% (1,493)
    Ohio:

    12.0% (298,829)
    35 to 39 minutes - Females:
    Parma:

    3.6% (501)
    Ohio:

    3.1% (76,748)
    40 to 44 minutes - Females:
    Parma:

    3.9% (531)
    Ohio:

    3.5% (86,670)
    45 to 59 minutes - Females:
    Parma:

    5.4% (741)
    Ohio:

    5.4% (134,837)
    60 to 89 minutes - Females:
    Parma:

    3.9% (540)
    Ohio:

    2.5% (62,467)
    90 or more minutes - Females:
    Parma:

    1.2% (168)
    Ohio:

    1.1% (27,841)

Means of transportation to work

Means of transportation to work in 2015 - Parma

Means of transportation to work in 2015 - Ohio

Drove car alone:
Parma:

84.3% (22,368)
Ohio:

83.3% (4,495,749)
Carpooled:
Parma:

7.3% (1,943)
Ohio:

7.8% (418,407)
Bus or trolley bus:
Parma:

2.4% (626)
Ohio:

1.7% (91,212)
Streetcar or trolley car:
Parma:

0.1% (14)
Ohio:

0.0% (1,064)
Subway or elevated:
Parma:

0.0% (8)
Ohio:

0.0% (1,736)
Ferryboat:
Parma:

0.0% (7)
Ohio:

0.0% (414)
Bicycle:
Parma:

0.3% (74)
Ohio:

0.3% (14,568)
Walked:
Parma:

1.5% (406)
Ohio:

2.3% (126,210)
Other means:
Parma:

0.7% (192)
Ohio:

0.8% (43,559)

Means of transportation to work in 2000 - Parma

Means of transportation to work in 2000 - Ohio

Drove car alone:
Parma:

86.5% (35,346)
Ohio:

82.8% (4,392,059)
Carpooled:
Parma:

6.8% (2,789)
Ohio:

9.3% (494,602)
Bus or trolley bus:
Parma:

2.8% (1,153)
Ohio:

1.9% (99,481)
Streetcar or trolley car:
Parma:

0.0% (11)
Ohio:

0.0% (1,498)
Subway or elevated:
Parma:

0.1% (29)
Ohio:

0.1% (3,351)
Railroad:
Parma:

0.0% (20)
Ohio:

0.0% (870)
Taxicab:
Parma:

0.2% (74)
Ohio:

0.1% (4,815)
Motorcycle:
Parma:

0.0% (6)
Ohio:

0.0% (2,369)
Bicycle:
Parma:

0.1% (29)
Ohio:

0.2% (9,535)
Walked:
Parma:

1.4% (575)
Ohio:

2.4% (125,882)
Other means:
Parma:

0.5% (193)
Ohio:

0.5% (26,528)

Means of transportation to work in 2015 - Parma (Males)

Means of transportation to work in 2015 - Ohio (Males)

    Drove car alone - Males:
    Parma:

    83.6% (9,718)
    Ohio:

    83.3% (2,334,183)
    Carpooled - Males:
    Parma:

    7.7% (891)
    Ohio:

    7.8% (218,383)
    Bus or trolley bus - Males:
    Parma:

    2.2% (257)
    Ohio:

    1.6% (45,003)
    Subway or elevated - Males:
    Parma:

    0.1% (9)
    Ohio:

    0.0% (1,064)
    Ferryboat - Males:
    Parma:

    0.1% (6)
    Ohio:

    0.0% (225)
    Bicycle - Males:
    Parma:

    0.5% (59)
    Ohio:

    0.4% (10,664)
    Walked - Males:
    Parma:

    1.8% (214)
    Ohio:

    2.4% (68,283)
    Other means - Males:
    Parma:

    0.8% (88)
    Ohio:

    1.0% (27,282)

Means of transportation to work in 2015 - Parma (Females)

Means of transportation to work in 2015Travel time to work - Ohio (Females)

    Drove car alone - Females:
    Parma:

    84.8% (12,658)
    Ohio:

    83.4% (2,161,566)
    Carpooled - Females:
    Parma:

    7.0% (1,050)
    Ohio:

    7.7% (200,024)
    Bus or trolley bus - Females:
    Parma:

    2.5% (369)
    Ohio:

    1.8% (46,209)
    Streetcar or trolley car - Females:
    Parma:

    0.1% (16)
    Ohio:

    0.0% (777)
    Bicycle - Females:
    Parma:

    0.1% (15)
    Ohio:

    0.2% (3,904)
    Walked - Females:
    Parma:

    1.3% (188)
    Ohio:

    2.2% (57,927)
    Other means - Females:
    Parma:

    0.7% (103)
    Ohio:

    0.6% (16,277)

Private vehicle occupancy

Private vehicle occupancy (%)

Drove alone:
Parma:

92.7% (35,346)
Ohio:

89.9% (4,392,059)
In 2 person carpool:
Parma:

6.3% (2,411)
Ohio:

8.4% (410,255)
In 3 person carpool:
Parma:

0.6% (223)
Ohio:

1.1% (54,916)
In 4 person carpool:
Parma:

0.3% (117)
Ohio:

0.4% (17,290)
In 5-6 person carpool:
Parma:

0.1% (24)
Ohio:

0.2% (7,498)
In 7+ person carpool:
Parma:

0.0% (14)
Ohio:

0.1% (4,643)

Class of Workers

Class of Workers (%)

Employee of private company:
Parma:

77.4% (32,071)
Ohio:

71.7% (3,871,510)
Self-employed in own incorporated business:
Parma:

1.9% (782)
Ohio:

2.5% (137,721)
Private not-for-profit wage and salary workers:
Parma:

6.9% (2,870)
Ohio:

7.8% (422,430)
Local government workers:
Parma:

7.1% (2,958)
Ohio:

7.1% (382,502)
State government workers:
Parma:

1.0% (402)
Ohio:

3.3% (176,542)
Federal government workers:
Parma:

2.0% (827)
Ohio:

1.9% (102,527)
Self-employed workers in own not incorporated business:
Parma:

3.5% (1,471)
Ohio:

5.5% (295,088)
Unpaid family workers:
Parma:

0.2% (66)
Ohio:

0.3% (13,855)

Class of Workers (%) - Males

Employee of private company - Males:
Parma:

79.7% (17,532)
Ohio:

74.9% (2,129,758)
Self-employed in own incorporated business - Males:
Parma:

2.8% (615)
Ohio:

3.6% (102,054)
Private not-for-profit wage and salary workers - Males:
Parma:

3.6% (794)
Ohio:

4.4% (125,856)
Local government workers - Males:
Parma:

6.3% (1,387)
Ohio:

5.6% (159,771)
State government workers - Males:
Parma:

0.9% (200)
Ohio:

2.7% (77,710)
Federal government workers - Males:
Parma:

2.4% (518)
Ohio:

1.9% (54,034)
Self-employed workers in own not incorporated business - Males:
Parma:

4.1% (910)
Ohio:

6.7% (189,395)
Unpaid family workers - Males:
Parma:

0.2% (47)
Ohio:

0.2% (6,576)

Class of Workers (%) - Females

Employee of private company - Females:
Parma:

74.8% (14,539)
Ohio:

68.1% (1,741,752)
Self-employed in own incorporated business - Females:
Parma:

0.9% (167)
Ohio:

1.4% (35,667)
Private not-for-profit wage and salary workers - Females:
Parma:

10.7% (2,076)
Ohio:

11.6% (296,574)
Local government workers - Females:
Parma:

8.1% (1,571)
Ohio:

8.7% (222,731)
State government workers - Females:
Parma:

1.0% (202)
Ohio:

3.9% (98,832)
Federal government workers - Females:
Parma:

1.6% (309)
Ohio:

1.9% (48,493)
Self-employed workers in own not incorporated business - Females:
Parma:

2.9% (561)
Ohio:

4.1% (105,693)
Unpaid family workers - Females:
Parma:

0.1% (19)
Ohio:

0.3% (7,279)
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