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Work and Jobs in Parma, Ohio (OH) Detailed Stats
Occupations, Industries, Unemployment, Workers, Commute


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Data:
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Based on 2000-2016 data
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Latest news about work in Parma, OH collected exclusively by city-data.com from local newspapers, TV, and radio stations


Based on the data from 2000 / 2016 when the population of Parma, Ohio was 85,655 / 79,423

Most common industries

Most common industries in 2016 (%)

Most common industries in 2000 (%)

Most common industries for males in 2016 (%)

Most common industries for males in 2000 (%)

Most common industries for females in 2016 (%)

Most common industries for females in 2000 (%)

 

Most common industries
(2016 Data)

Most common industries
(2000 Data)

Industry

All

Males

Females

All

Males

Females

Educational services22.4%
(9,210)
8.5%
(1,785)
36.8%
(7,425)
6.1%
(2,512)
3.3%
(721)
9.2%
(1,791)
Health care17.1%
(7,028)
5.9%
(1,244)
28.6%
(5,784)
10.2%
(4,248)
3.9%
(866)
17.4%
(3,382)
Social assistance15.0%
(6,178)
5.3%
(1,110)
25.1%
(5,068)
1.3%
(551)
0.3%
(57)
2.5%
(494)
Motor vehicle and parts dealers12.2%
(5,012)
11.2%
(2,349)
13.2%
(2,663)
1.6%
(668)
2.4%
(532)
0.7%
(136)
Arts, entertainment, and recreation10.5%
(4,311)
9.1%
(1,916)
11.9%
(2,395)
1.0%
(421)
0.8%
(187)
1.2%
(234)
Professional, scientific, and technical services8.7%
(3,598)
10.8%
(2,263)
6.6%
(1,335)
5.8%
(2,408)
5.0%
(1,105)
6.7%
(1,303)
Finance and insurance7.7%
(3,188)
5.9%
(1,243)
9.6%
(1,945)
6.6%
(2,720)
4.0%
(890)
9.4%
(1,830)
Real estate and rental and leasing6.4%
(2,636)
4.0%
(848)
8.9%
(1,788)
1.5%
(627)
1.7%
(379)
1.3%
(248)
Air transportation5.7%
(2,346)
9.3%
(1,949)
2.0%
(397)
0.6%
(242)
0.7%
(159)
0.4%
(83)
Repair and maintenance5.2%
(2,161)
5.6%
(1,172)
4.9%
(989)
2.0%
(826)
3.2%
(713)
0.6%
(113)
Construction4.9%
(2,001)
8.1%
(1,692)
1.5%
(309)
5.2%
(2,142)
8.4%
(1,857)
1.5%
(285)
Management of companies and enterprises4.4%
(1,816)
4.9%
(1,023)
3.9%
(793)
0.1%
(54)
0.0%
(8)
0.2%
(46)
Metal and metal products3.5%
(1,445)
5.6%
(1,176)
1.3%
(269)
4.7%
(1,931)
7.4%
(1,635)
1.5%
(296)
Pharmacies and drug stores2.8%
(1,144)
2.5%
(525)
3.1%
(619)
0.8%
(312)
0.7%
(158)
0.8%
(154)
U. S. Postal service2.4%
(1,000)
4.3%
(901)
0.5%
(99)
0.6%
(267)
1.1%
(233)
0.2%
(34)
Miscellaneous manufacturing2.3%
(941)
2.8%
(595)
1.7%
(346)
1.6%
(681)
1.8%
(396)
1.5%
(285)
Warehousing and storage2.1%
(850)
3.0%
(623)
1.1%
(227)
0.3%
(112)
0.4%
(88)
0.1%
(24)
Transportation equipment2.0%
(821)
2.6%
(554)
1.3%
(267)
1.9%
(788)
3.0%
(667)
0.6%
(121)
Personal and laundry services1.9%
(786)
3.3%
(686)
0.5%
(100)
1.5%
(621)
0.7%
(146)
2.4%
(475)
Accommodation and food services1.9%
(778)
2.2%
(455)
1.6%
(323)
6.6%
(2,744)
5.3%
(1,177)
8.1%
(1,567)
Furniture and home furnishings, and household appliance stores1.8%
(722)
3.0%
(639)
0.4%
(83)
0.7%
(306)
1.0%
(213)
0.5%
(93)
Religious, grantmaking, civic, professional, and similar organizations1.7%
(714)
1.5%
(305)
2.0%
(409)
1.0%
(407)
0.8%
(166)
1.2%
(241)
Machinery1.3%
(546)
2.4%
(495)
0.3%
(51)
1.9%
(796)
3.1%
(689)
0.6%
(107)
Retail florists1.3%
(541)
0.7%
(146)
2.0%
(395)
0.1%
(26)
0.1%
(14)
0.1%
(12)
Publishing, and motion picture and sound recording industries1.3%
(538)
1.1%
(224)
1.6%
(314)
1.2%
(481)
1.0%
(225)
1.3%
(256)
Chemicals1.3%
(529)
1.5%
(309)
1.1%
(220)
1.3%
(537)
1.6%
(351)
1.0%
(186)
Printing and related support activities1.0%
(402)
1.4%
(298)
0.5%
(104)
1.8%
(730)
2.4%
(524)
1.1%
(206)
Private households1.0%
(395)
0.7%
(154)
1.2%
(241)
0.2%
(81)
0.0%
(4)
0.4%
(77)
Food and beverage stores0.9%
(363)
0.9%
(186)
0.9%
(177)
2.4%
(1,008)
2.3%
(511)
2.6%
(497)
Health and personal care, except drug, stores0.8%
(333)
0.6%
(136)
1.0%
(197)
0.1%
(49)
0.1%
(25)
0.1%
(24)
Other transportation, and support activities, and couriers0.7%
(307)
1.4%
(288)
0.1%
(19)
1.5%
(623)
2.1%
(453)
0.9%
(170)
Computer and electronic products0.7%
(301)
1.4%
(287)
0.1%
(14)
0.6%
(263)
0.9%
(202)
0.3%
(61)
Electrical equipment, appliances, and components0.7%
(284)
0.8%
(177)
0.5%
(107)
0.7%
(308)
1.0%
(211)
0.5%
(97)
Public administration0.7%
(269)
0.1%
(20)
1.2%
(249)
3.7%
(1,545)
4.3%
(952)
3.0%
(593)
Machinery, equipment, and supplies merchant wholesalers0.6%
(265)
0.9%
(199)
0.3%
(66)
0.9%
(379)
1.3%
(283)
0.5%
(96)
Clothing and accessories, including shoe, stores0.6%
(253)
0.3%
(65)
0.9%
(188)
0.7%
(297)
0.4%
(88)
1.1%
(209)
Broadcasting and telecommunications0.6%
(240)
0.4%
(80)
0.8%
(160)
1.6%
(646)
1.7%
(373)
1.4%
(273)
Food0.5%
(223)
0.6%
(131)
0.5%
(92)
0.5%
(223)
0.5%
(100)
0.6%
(123)
Gasoline stations0.5%
(217)
0.1%
(23)
1.0%
(194)
0.4%
(183)
0.7%
(148)
0.2%
(35)
Plastics and rubber products0.5%
(212)
0.8%
(165)
0.2%
(47)
0.5%
(211)
0.7%
(149)
0.3%
(62)
Groceries and related products merchant wholesalers0.5%
(204)
0.6%
(123)
0.4%
(81)
0.6%
(238)
0.8%
(177)
0.3%
(61)
Paper0.4%
(181)
0.6%
(132)
0.2%
(49)
0.4%
(183)
0.6%
(142)
0.2%
(41)
Radio, TV, and computer stores0.4%
(172)
0.7%
(148)
0.1%
(24)
1.0%
(396)
1.1%
(247)
0.8%
(149)
Jewelry, luggage, and leather goods stores0.4%
(164)
0.2%
(32)
0.7%
(132)
0.2%
(86)
0.0%
(8)
0.4%
(78)
Data processing, libraries, and other information services0.4%
(156)
0.5%
(100)
0.3%
(56)
0.6%
(231)
0.3%
(61)
0.9%
(170)
Nonmetallic mineral products0.3%
(137)
0.6%
(129)
0.0%
(8)
0.4%
(150)
0.6%
(126)
0.1%
(24)
Vending machine operators0.3%
(134)
0.3%
(56)
0.4%
(78)
0.1%
(24)
0.1%
(24)
0.0%
(0)
Furniture and related product manufacturing0.3%
(124)
0.5%
(111)
0.1%
(13)
0.2%
(101)
0.3%
(73)
0.1%
(28)
Utilities0.3%
(123)
0.4%
(86)
0.2%
(37)
0.7%
(279)
1.1%
(252)
0.1%
(27)
Motor vehicles, parts and supplies merchant wholesalers0.3%
(113)
0.4%
(86)
0.1%
(27)
0.1%
(54)
0.1%
(33)
0.1%
(21)
Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction0.3%
(112)
0.4%
(88)
0.1%
(24)
0.0%
(0)
0.0%
(0)
0.0%
(0)
Used merchandise, gift, novelty, and souvenir, and other miscellaneous stores0.3%
(107)
0.3%
(56)
0.3%
(51)
0.8%
(330)
0.5%
(113)
1.1%
(217)
Sewing, needlework, and piece goods stores0.3%
(106)
0.2%
(40)
0.3%
(66)
0.0%
(7)
0.0%
(0)
0.0%
(7)
Drugs, sundries, and chemical and allied products merchant wholesalers0.3%
(104)
0.3%
(63)
0.2%
(41)
0.1%
(29)
0.1%
(29)
0.0%
(0)
Building material and garden equipment and supplies dealers0.3%
(103)
0.4%
(94)
0.0%
(9)
1.1%
(436)
1.5%
(323)
0.6%
(113)
Other direct selling establishments0.2%
(102)
0.1%
(22)
0.4%
(80)
0.3%
(130)
0.2%
(41)
0.5%
(89)
Electronic shopping and mail-order houses0.2%
(101)
0.1%
(21)
0.4%
(80)
0.2%
(64)
0.1%
(19)
0.2%
(45)
Miscellaneous nondurable goods merchant wholesalers0.2%
(98)
0.1%
(26)
0.4%
(72)
0.4%
(150)
0.4%
(83)
0.3%
(67)
Rail transportation0.2%
(97)
0.4%
(78)
0.1%
(19)
0.1%
(50)
0.2%
(47)
0.0%
(3)
Sporting goods, camera, and hobby and toy stores0.2%
(90)
0.0%
(10)
0.4%
(80)
0.3%
(121)
0.3%
(69)
0.3%
(52)
Hardware, plumbing and heating equipment, and supplies merchant wholesalers0.2%
(86)
0.4%
(86)
0.0%
(0)
0.3%
(134)
0.5%
(115)
0.1%
(19)
Electrical and electronic goods merchant wholesalers0.2%
(85)
0.3%
(55)
0.1%
(30)
0.5%
(207)
0.6%
(129)
0.4%
(78)
Lumber and other construction materials merchant wholesalers0.2%
(80)
0.2%
(44)
0.2%
(36)
0.1%
(40)
0.1%
(30)
0.1%
(10)
Petroleum and petroleum products merchant wholesalers0.2%
(72)
0.3%
(72)
0.0%
(0)
0.1%
(36)
0.1%
(27)
0.0%
(9)
Office supplies and stationery stores0.2%
(65)
0.0%
(0)
0.3%
(65)
0.4%
(159)
0.6%
(125)
0.2%
(34)
Petroleum and coal products0.2%
(62)
0.3%
(62)
0.0%
(0)
0.1%
(61)
0.2%
(47)
0.1%
(14)
Textile mills and textile products0.1%
(58)
0.2%
(41)
0.1%
(17)
0.1%
(24)
0.1%
(17)
0.0%
(7)
Alcoholic beverages merchant wholesalers0.1%
(56)
0.2%
(49)
0.0%
(7)
0.2%
(70)
0.3%
(70)
0.0%
(0)
Professional and commercial equipment and supplies merchant wholesalers0.1%
(48)
0.1%
(26)
0.1%
(22)
0.4%
(162)
0.5%
(100)
0.3%
(62)
Department and other general merchandise stores0.1%
(47)
0.2%
(36)
0.1%
(11)
2.2%
(910)
1.1%
(237)
3.5%
(673)
Recyclable material merchant wholesalers0.1%
(47)
0.2%
(47)
0.0%
(0)
0.1%
(46)
0.2%
(37)
0.0%
(9)
Paper and paper products merchant wholesalers0.1%
(37)
0.2%
(37)
0.0%
(0)
0.2%
(72)
0.2%
(38)
0.2%
(34)
Metals and minerals, except petroleum, merchant wholesalers0.1%
(33)
0.2%
(33)
0.0%
(0)
0.2%
(66)
0.1%
(25)
0.2%
(41)
Miscellaneous durable goods merchant wholesalers0.1%
(29)
0.1%
(21)
0.0%
(8)
0.2%
(84)
0.2%
(41)
0.2%
(43)
Fuel dealers0.1%
(21)
0.1%
(21)
0.0%
(0)
0.0%
(0)
0.0%
(0)
0.0%
(0)
Wood products0.0%
(17)
0.1%
(17)
0.0%
(0)
0.1%
(41)
0.1%
(27)
0.1%
(14)
Music stores0.0%
(13)
0.0%
(8)
0.0%
(5)
0.1%
(60)
0.1%
(33)
0.1%
(27)
Administrative and support and waste management services0.0%
(6)
0.0%
(6)
0.0%
(0)
3.5%
(1,433)
3.5%
(772)
3.4%
(661)
Apparel0.0%
(0)
0.0%
(0)
0.0%
(0)
0.3%
(110)
0.2%
(41)
0.4%
(69)
Furniture and home furnishing merchant wholesalers0.0%
(0)
0.0%
(0)
0.0%
(0)
0.1%
(45)
0.1%
(24)
0.1%
(21)
Beverage and tobacco products0.0%
(0)
0.0%
(0)
0.0%
(0)
0.1%
(46)
0.2%
(46)
0.0%
(0)
Truck transportation0.0%
(0)
0.0%
(0)
0.0%
(0)
1.3%
(535)
2.1%
(456)
0.4%
(79)

Unemployment in Parma

Unemployment by year (%)

Unemployment by year (%)

  • Unemployment by race in 2016
  • Unemployment rate for White non-Hispanic residents
  • 6.6%Males
  • 5.7%Females
  • Unemployment rate for Black residents
  • 4.6%Males
  • 8.8%Females
  • Unemployment rate for American Indian and Alaska Native residents
  • 31.5%Females
  • Unemployment rate for Asian residents
  • 2.4%Males
  • Unemployment rate for other race residents
  • 0.9%Males
  • Unemployment rate for two or more race residents
  • 15.4%Males
  • 8.3%Females
  • Unemployment rate for Hispanic or Latino residents
  • 1.9%Males
  • 14.2%Females
  • Unemployment by race in 2000
  • Unemployment rate for White non-Hispanic residents
  • 3.4%Males
  • 4.2%Females
  • Unemployment rate for Black residents
  • 9.8%Males
  • 10.7%Females
  • Unemployment rate for Asian residents
  • 1.8%Males
  • Unemployment rate for other race residents
  • 9.1%Females
  • Unemployment rate for two or more race residents
  • 4.1%Males
  • 10.5%Females
  • Unemployment rate for Hispanic or Latino residents
  • 5.6%Males
  • 5.2%Females
Unemployment in 2015:
Parma:

4.7%
Ohio:

4.3%
Unemployment in 2014:
Parma:

6.0%
Ohio:

5.7%
Unemployment in 2013:
Parma:

6.7%
Ohio:

7.5%
Unemployment in 2012:
Parma:

6.3%
Ohio:

7.4%
Unemployment in 2011:
Parma:

7.0%
Ohio:

8.8%
Unemployment in 2010:
Parma:

8.3%
Ohio:

10.3%
Unemployment in 2009:
Parma:

9.0%
Ohio:

10.3%
Unemployment in 2008:
Parma:

6.0%
Ohio:

6.4%
Unemployment in 2007:
Parma:

5.5%
Ohio:

5.6%
Unemployment in 2006:
Parma:

4.8%
Ohio:

5.4%
Unemployment in 2005:
Parma:

5.0%
Ohio:

5.9%
Unemployment in 2004:
Parma:

5.0%
Ohio:

6.3%
Unemployment in 2003:
Parma:

5.1%
Ohio:

6.2%
Unemployment in 2002:
Parma:

3.4%
Ohio:

5.7%
Unemployment in 2001:
Parma:

2.4%
Ohio:

4.3%
Unemployment in 2000:
Parma:

1.8%
Ohio:

4.0%
Unemployment in 1999:
Parma:

1.4%
Ohio:

4.3%
Unemployment in 1998:
Parma:

1.2%
Ohio:

4.3%
Unemployment in 1997:
Parma:

1.7%
Ohio:

4.6%
Unemployment in 1996:
Parma:

1.8%
Ohio:

5.0%
Unemployment in 1995:
Parma:

2.1%
Ohio:

4.8%
Unemployment in 1994:
Parma:

2.6%
Ohio:

5.6%
Unemployment in 1993:
Parma:

3.1%
Ohio:

6.6%
Unemployment in 1992:
Parma:

3.5%
Ohio:

7.4%
Unemployment in 1991:
Parma:

2.9%
Ohio:

6.5%
Unemployment in 1990:
Parma:

2.3%
Ohio:

5.6%

Time leaving home to go to work

Time Leaving Home To Go To Work in 2016 (%)

12:00 a.m. to 4:59 a.m.:
Parma:

3.6% (1,438)
Ohio:

4.5% (232,977)
5:00 a.m. to 5:29 a.m.:
Parma:

3.4% (1,345)
Ohio:

3.5% (179,912)
5:30 a.m. to 5:59 a.m.:
Parma:

6.1% (2,436)
Ohio:

5.2% (268,228)
6:00 a.m. to 6:29 a.m.:
Parma:

10.7% (4,290)
Ohio:

8.3% (434,080)
6:30 a.m. to 6:59 a.m.:
Parma:

11.0% (4,416)
Ohio:

10.4% (542,742)
7:00 a.m. to 7:29 a.m.:
Parma:

15.0% (6,000)
Ohio:

13.7% (712,362)
7:30 a.m. to 7:59 a.m.:
Parma:

8.2% (3,274)
Ohio:

12.6% (653,380)
8:00 a.m. to 8:29 a.m.:
Parma:

7.3% (2,918)
Ohio:

9.8% (511,265)
8:30 a.m. to 8:59 a.m.:
Parma:

7.2% (2,888)
Ohio:

5.4% (278,297)
9:00 a.m. to 9:59 a.m.:
Parma:

6.9% (2,754)
Ohio:

5.4% (279,426)
10:00 a.m. to 10:59 a.m.:
Parma:

2.6% (1,047)
Ohio:

2.8% (143,531)
11:00 a.m. to 11:59 a.m.:
Parma:

1.0% (405)
Ohio:

1.4% (70,817)
12:00 p.m. to 3:59 p.m.:
Parma:

8.8% (3,527)
Ohio:

8.3% (434,305)
4:00 p.m. to 11:59 p.m.:
Parma:

8.4% (3,360)
Ohio:

8.8% (460,320)

Time Leaving Home To Go To Work in 2000 (%)

12:00 a.m. to 4:59 a.m.:
Parma:

3.2% (1,293)
Ohio:

3.1% (165,876)
5:00 a.m. to 5:29 a.m.:
Parma:

2.0% (834)
Ohio:

2.6% (138,561)
5:30 a.m. to 5:59 a.m.:
Parma:

3.9% (1,576)
Ohio:

4.4% (233,427)
6:00 a.m. to 6:29 a.m.:
Parma:

7.9% (3,222)
Ohio:

7.9% (418,394)
6:30 a.m. to 6:59 a.m.:
Parma:

10.8% (4,417)
Ohio:

10.7% (567,735)
7:00 a.m. to 7:29 a.m.:
Parma:

15.7% (6,425)
Ohio:

13.7% (729,122)
7:30 a.m. to 7:59 a.m.:
Parma:

15.1% (6,155)
Ohio:

15.2% (806,468)
8:00 a.m. to 8:29 a.m.:
Parma:

10.1% (4,131)
Ohio:

9.8% (518,682)
8:30 a.m. to 8:59 a.m.:
Parma:

4.8% (1,980)
Ohio:

5.1% (271,364)
9:00 a.m. to 9:59 a.m.:
Parma:

5.7% (2,343)
Ohio:

5.0% (262,742)
10:00 a.m. to 10:59 a.m.:
Parma:

2.2% (914)
Ohio:

2.1% (114,110)
11:00 a.m. to 11:59 a.m.:
Parma:

1.1% (466)
Ohio:

1.1% (57,549)
12:00 p.m. to 3:59 p.m.:
Parma:

7.2% (2,946)
Ohio:

8.2% (433,530)
4:00 p.m. to 11:59 p.m.:
Parma:

8.6% (3,523)
Ohio:

8.4% (443,689)

Time Leaving Home To Go To Work in 2016 (%) - Males

    12:00 a.m. to 4:59 a.m. - Males:
    Parma:

    6.2% (1,262)
    Ohio:

    6.0% (162,810)
    5:00 a.m. to 5:29 a.m. - Males:
    Parma:

    5.1% (1,037)
    Ohio:

    4.5% (121,516)
    5:30 a.m. to 5:59 a.m. - Males:
    Parma:

    7.1% (1,448)
    Ohio:

    6.1% (166,551)
    6:00 a.m. to 6:29 a.m. - Males:
    Parma:

    10.7% (2,169)
    Ohio:

    9.6% (260,368)
    6:30 a.m. to 6:59 a.m. - Males:
    Parma:

    11.4% (2,319)
    Ohio:

    11.0% (298,753)
    7:00 a.m. to 7:29 a.m. - Males:
    Parma:

    14.8% (2,994)
    Ohio:

    13.2% (357,454)
    7:30 a.m. to 7:59 a.m. - Males:
    Parma:

    7.1% (1,438)
    Ohio:

    11.0% (298,887)
    8:00 a.m. to 8:29 a.m. - Males:
    Parma:

    4.7% (945)
    Ohio:

    8.7% (236,855)
    8:30 a.m. to 8:59 a.m. - Males:
    Parma:

    5.5% (1,124)
    Ohio:

    4.4% (118,781)
    9:00 a.m. to 9:59 a.m. - Males:
    Parma:

    4.6% (936)
    Ohio:

    4.7% (128,688)
    10:00 a.m. to 10:59 a.m. - Males:
    Parma:

    2.6% (520)
    Ohio:

    2.2% (60,188)
    11:00 a.m. to 11:59 a.m. - Males:
    Parma:

    0.7% (139)
    Ohio:

    1.2% (31,862)
    12:00 p.m. to 3:59 p.m. - Males:
    Parma:

    9.4% (1,897)
    Ohio:

    8.3% (224,249)
    4:00 p.m. to 11:59 p.m. - Males:
    Parma:

    10.1% (2,038)
    Ohio:

    9.0% (243,963)

Time Leaving Home To Go To Work in 2016 (%) - Females

    12:00 a.m. to 4:59 a.m. - Females:
    Parma:

    0.9% (176)
    Ohio:

    2.8% (70,167)
    5:00 a.m. to 5:29 a.m. - Females:
    Parma:

    1.6% (308)
    Ohio:

    2.3% (58,396)
    5:30 a.m. to 5:59 a.m. - Females:
    Parma:

    5.0% (988)
    Ohio:

    4.1% (101,677)
    6:00 a.m. to 6:29 a.m. - Females:
    Parma:

    10.7% (2,121)
    Ohio:

    7.0% (173,712)
    6:30 a.m. to 6:59 a.m. - Females:
    Parma:

    10.6% (2,097)
    Ohio:

    9.8% (243,989)
    7:00 a.m. to 7:29 a.m. - Females:
    Parma:

    15.2% (3,006)
    Ohio:

    14.2% (354,908)
    7:30 a.m. to 7:59 a.m. - Females:
    Parma:

    9.3% (1,836)
    Ohio:

    14.2% (354,493)
    8:00 a.m. to 8:29 a.m. - Females:
    Parma:

    9.9% (1,973)
    Ohio:

    11.0% (274,410)
    8:30 a.m. to 8:59 a.m. - Females:
    Parma:

    8.9% (1,764)
    Ohio:

    6.4% (159,516)
    9:00 a.m. to 9:59 a.m. - Females:
    Parma:

    9.2% (1,818)
    Ohio:

    6.1% (150,738)
    10:00 a.m. to 10:59 a.m. - Females:
    Parma:

    2.7% (527)
    Ohio:

    3.3% (83,343)
    11:00 a.m. to 11:59 a.m. - Females:
    Parma:

    1.3% (266)
    Ohio:

    1.6% (38,955)
    12:00 p.m. to 3:59 p.m. - Females:
    Parma:

    8.2% (1,630)
    Ohio:

    8.4% (210,056)
    4:00 p.m. to 11:59 p.m. - Females:
    Parma:

    6.7% (1,322)
    Ohio:

    8.7% (216,357)

Travel time to work

Percentage of workers working in this county: 91.8%
Number of people working at home: 1,178 (2.9% of all workers)
Daytime population change due to commuting: -12,127 (-14.2%)
Workers who live and work in this city: 7,891 (19.3%)

Travel time to work (in minutes) by means of transportation (%)

Less than 30 minutes - public transportation:
Parma:

18.5% (238)
Ohio:

35.3% (38,933)
Less than 30 minutes - other means:
Parma:

67.5% (26,270)
Ohio:

72.6% (3,664,718)
30 to 44 minutes - public transportation:
Parma:

37.6% (484)
Ohio:

28.4% (31,357)
30 to 44 minutes - other means:
Parma:

23.5% (9,148)
Ohio:

17.6% (887,027)
45 to 59 minutes - public transportation:
Parma:

23.6% (304)
Ohio:

15.4% (16,946)
45 to 59 minutes - other means:
Parma:

5.9% (2,291)
Ohio:

5.3% (269,542)
60 or more minutes - public transportation:
Parma:

20.3% (261)
Ohio:

20.9% (23,038)
60 or more minutes - other means:
Parma:

3.2% (1,229)
Ohio:

4.5% (229,688)

Travel time (in minutes) to work in 2016 (%)

Working at home in 2016 - Parma

Working at home in 2016 - Ohio

Less than 5 minutes:
Parma:

3.4% (749)
Ohio:

3.5% (180,777)
5 to 9 minutes:
Parma:

8.0% (1,778)
Ohio:

10.9% (572,843)
10 to 14 minutes:
Parma:

15.5% (3,461)
Ohio:

14.4% (752,345)
15 to 19 minutes:
Parma:

20.3% (4,530)
Ohio:

16.3% (851,454)
20 to 24 minutes:
Parma:

17.4% (3,900)
Ohio:

16.0% (838,363)
25 to 29 minutes:
Parma:

7.2% (1,616)
Ohio:

8.0% (418,910)
30 to 34 minutes:
Parma:

11.7% (2,620)
Ohio:

12.4% (651,019)
35 to 39 minutes:
Parma:

3.4% (754)
Ohio:

3.3% (171,489)
40 to 44 minutes:
Parma:

4.0% (900)
Ohio:

3.6% (187,315)
45 to 59 minutes:
Parma:

5.3% (1,190)
Ohio:

6.4% (334,888)
60 to 89 minutes:
Parma:

2.4% (537)
Ohio:

3.6% (189,193)
90 or more minutes:
Parma:

1.4% (317)
Ohio:

1.6% (83,390)

Travel time (in minutes) to work in 2000 (%)

Working at home in 2000 - Parma

Working at home in 2000 - Ohio

Less than 5 minutes:
Parma:

1.9% (772)
Ohio:

3.5% (187,324)
5 to 9 minutes:
Parma:

7.4% (3,024)
Ohio:

11.5% (611,242)
10 to 14 minutes:
Parma:

13.2% (5,386)
Ohio:

15.4% (816,266)
15 to 19 minutes:
Parma:

15.0% (6,139)
Ohio:

16.3% (867,583)
20 to 24 minutes:
Parma:

19.0% (7,746)
Ohio:

16.0% (851,177)
25 to 29 minutes:
Parma:

8.4% (3,441)
Ohio:

7.0% (370,059)
30 to 34 minutes:
Parma:

15.9% (6,514)
Ohio:

11.9% (630,615)
35 to 39 minutes:
Parma:

3.4% (1,393)
Ohio:

2.6% (137,481)
40 to 44 minutes:
Parma:

4.2% (1,725)
Ohio:

2.8% (150,288)
45 to 59 minutes:
Parma:

6.3% (2,595)
Ohio:

5.4% (286,488)
60 to 89 minutes:
Parma:

2.2% (879)
Ohio:

2.9% (155,240)
90 or more minutes:
Parma:

1.5% (611)
Ohio:

1.8% (97,486)

Travel time (in minutes) to work in 2016 (%) - Males

    Less than 5 minutes - Males:
    Parma:

    1.5% (135)
    Ohio:

    3.4% (91,689)
    5 to 9 minutes - Males:
    Parma:

    6.7% (610)
    Ohio:

    9.9% (269,776)
    10 to 14 minutes - Males:
    Parma:

    12.3% (1,110)
    Ohio:

    13.4% (366,436)
    15 to 19 minutes - Males:
    Parma:

    18.6% (1,681)
    Ohio:

    15.8% (431,298)
    20 to 24 minutes - Males:
    Parma:

    17.5% (1,580)
    Ohio:

    15.7% (426,832)
    25 to 29 minutes - Males:
    Parma:

    9.7% (879)
    Ohio:

    8.2% (223,705)
    30 to 34 minutes - Males:
    Parma:

    14.3% (1,298)
    Ohio:

    13.1% (356,434)
    35 to 39 minutes - Males:
    Parma:

    3.9% (349)
    Ohio:

    3.5% (94,268)
    40 to 44 minutes - Males:
    Parma:

    3.6% (322)
    Ohio:

    3.7% (101,258)
    45 to 59 minutes - Males:
    Parma:

    5.5% (497)
    Ohio:

    7.2% (195,174)
    60 to 89 minutes - Males:
    Parma:

    4.0% (363)
    Ohio:

    4.3% (117,035)
    90 or more minutes - Males:
    Parma:

    2.5% (223)
    Ohio:

    1.9% (52,588)

Travel time (in minutes) to work in 2016 (%) - Females

    Less than 5 minutes - Females:
    Parma:

    4.6% (614)
    Ohio:

    3.6% (89,088)
    5 to 9 minutes - Females:
    Parma:

    8.8% (1,168)
    Ohio:

    12.1% (303,067)
    10 to 14 minutes - Females:
    Parma:

    17.7% (2,351)
    Ohio:

    15.4% (385,909)
    15 to 19 minutes - Females:
    Parma:

    21.4% (2,849)
    Ohio:

    16.8% (420,156)
    20 to 24 minutes - Females:
    Parma:

    17.4% (2,320)
    Ohio:

    16.4% (411,531)
    25 to 29 minutes - Females:
    Parma:

    5.5% (737)
    Ohio:

    7.8% (195,205)
    30 to 34 minutes - Females:
    Parma:

    9.9% (1,322)
    Ohio:

    11.8% (294,585)
    35 to 39 minutes - Females:
    Parma:

    3.0% (405)
    Ohio:

    3.1% (77,221)
    40 to 44 minutes - Females:
    Parma:

    4.3% (578)
    Ohio:

    3.4% (86,057)
    45 to 59 minutes - Females:
    Parma:

    5.2% (693)
    Ohio:

    5.6% (139,714)
    60 to 89 minutes - Females:
    Parma:

    1.3% (174)
    Ohio:

    2.9% (72,158)
    90 or more minutes - Females:
    Parma:

    0.7% (94)
    Ohio:

    1.2% (30,802)

Means of transportation to work

Means of transportation to work in 2016 - Parma

Means of transportation to work in 2016 - Ohio

Drove car alone:
Parma:

82.5% (20,903)
Ohio:

83.1% (4,541,437)
Carpooled:
Parma:

7.6% (1,916)
Ohio:

7.5% (410,759)
Bus or trolley bus:
Parma:

2.0% (519)
Ohio:

1.5% (83,926)
Streetcar or trolley car:
Parma:

0.0% (6)
Ohio:

0.0% (620)
Subway or elevated:
Parma:

0.0% (9)
Ohio:

0.0% (2,473)
Ferryboat:
Parma:

0.0% (4)
Ohio:

0.0% (371)
Bicycle:
Parma:

0.5% (121)
Ohio:

0.3% (17,072)
Walked:
Parma:

2.2% (563)
Ohio:

2.3% (126,720)
Other means:
Parma:

0.7% (175)
Ohio:

0.9% (47,971)

Means of transportation to work in 2000 - Parma

Means of transportation to work in 2000 - Ohio

Drove car alone:
Parma:

86.5% (35,346)
Ohio:

82.8% (4,392,059)
Carpooled:
Parma:

6.8% (2,789)
Ohio:

9.3% (494,602)
Bus or trolley bus:
Parma:

2.8% (1,153)
Ohio:

1.9% (99,481)
Streetcar or trolley car:
Parma:

0.0% (11)
Ohio:

0.0% (1,498)
Subway or elevated:
Parma:

0.1% (29)
Ohio:

0.1% (3,351)
Railroad:
Parma:

0.0% (20)
Ohio:

0.0% (870)
Taxicab:
Parma:

0.2% (74)
Ohio:

0.1% (4,815)
Motorcycle:
Parma:

0.0% (6)
Ohio:

0.0% (2,369)
Bicycle:
Parma:

0.1% (29)
Ohio:

0.2% (9,535)
Walked:
Parma:

1.4% (575)
Ohio:

2.4% (125,882)
Other means:
Parma:

0.5% (193)
Ohio:

0.5% (26,528)

Means of transportation to work in 2016 - Parma (Males)

Means of transportation to work in 2016 - Ohio (Males)

    Drove car alone - Males:
    Parma:

    83.3% (9,420)
    Ohio:

    82.8% (2,356,110)
    Carpooled - Males:
    Parma:

    6.2% (706)
    Ohio:

    7.6% (216,034)
    Bus or trolley bus - Males:
    Parma:

    1.8% (205)
    Ohio:

    1.4% (39,788)
    Subway or elevated - Males:
    Parma:

    0.1% (10)
    Ohio:

    0.1% (1,615)
    Ferryboat - Males:
    Parma:

    0.0% (5)
    Ohio:

    0.0% (185)
    Bicycle - Males:
    Parma:

    0.7% (84)
    Ohio:

    0.4% (11,514)
    Walked - Males:
    Parma:

    2.8% (311)
    Ohio:

    2.5% (70,033)
    Other means - Males:
    Parma:

    0.3% (34)
    Ohio:

    1.1% (30,399)

Means of transportation to work in 2016 - Parma (Females)

Means of transportation to work in 2016Travel time to work - Ohio (Females)

    Drove car alone - Females:
    Parma:

    81.8% (11,443)
    Ohio:

    83.4% (2,185,327)
    Carpooled - Females:
    Parma:

    8.8% (1,236)
    Ohio:

    7.4% (194,725)
    Bus or trolley bus - Females:
    Parma:

    2.2% (314)
    Ohio:

    1.7% (44,138)
    Streetcar or trolley car - Females:
    Parma:

    0.0% (3)
    Ohio:

    0.0% (215)
    Bicycle - Females:
    Parma:

    0.3% (38)
    Ohio:

    0.2% (5,558)
    Walked - Females:
    Parma:

    1.8% (252)
    Ohio:

    2.2% (56,687)
    Other means - Females:
    Parma:

    1.0% (143)
    Ohio:

    0.7% (17,572)

Private vehicle occupancy

Private vehicle occupancy in 2016 (%)

Drove alone:
Parma:

90.9% (34,033)
Ohio:

91.7% (4,515,268)
In 2 person carpool:
Parma:

7.5% (2,792)
Ohio:

6.5% (318,233)
In 3 person carpool:
Parma:

1.1% (420)
Ohio:

1.0% (50,145)
In 4 person carpool:
Parma:

0.1% (51)
Ohio:

0.3% (17,158)
In 5-6 person carpool:
Parma:

0.3% (97)
Ohio:

0.3% (12,722)
In 7+ person carpool:
Parma:

0.2% (70)
Ohio:

0.2% (8,656)

Private vehicle occupancy in 2000 (%)

Drove alone:
Parma:

92.7% (35,346)
Ohio:

89.9% (4,392,059)
In 2 person carpool:
Parma:

6.3% (2,411)
Ohio:

8.4% (410,255)
In 3 person carpool:
Parma:

0.6% (223)
Ohio:

1.1% (54,916)
In 4 person carpool:
Parma:

0.3% (117)
Ohio:

0.4% (17,290)
In 5-6 person carpool:
Parma:

0.1% (24)
Ohio:

0.2% (7,498)
In 7+ person carpool:
Parma:

0.0% (14)
Ohio:

0.1% (4,643)

Class of Workers

Class of Workers (%)

Employee of private company:
Parma:

77.4% (32,071)
Ohio:

71.7% (3,871,510)
Self-employed in own incorporated business:
Parma:

1.9% (782)
Ohio:

2.5% (137,721)
Private not-for-profit wage and salary workers:
Parma:

6.9% (2,870)
Ohio:

7.8% (422,430)
Local government workers:
Parma:

7.1% (2,958)
Ohio:

7.1% (382,502)
State government workers:
Parma:

1.0% (402)
Ohio:

3.3% (176,542)
Federal government workers:
Parma:

2.0% (827)
Ohio:

1.9% (102,527)
Self-employed workers in own not incorporated business:
Parma:

3.5% (1,471)
Ohio:

5.5% (295,088)
Unpaid family workers:
Parma:

0.2% (66)
Ohio:

0.3% (13,855)

Class of Workers (%) - Males

Employee of private company - Males:
Parma:

79.7% (17,532)
Ohio:

74.9% (2,129,758)
Self-employed in own incorporated business - Males:
Parma:

2.8% (615)
Ohio:

3.6% (102,054)
Private not-for-profit wage and salary workers - Males:
Parma:

3.6% (794)
Ohio:

4.4% (125,856)
Local government workers - Males:
Parma:

6.3% (1,387)
Ohio:

5.6% (159,771)
State government workers - Males:
Parma:

0.9% (200)
Ohio:

2.7% (77,710)
Federal government workers - Males:
Parma:

2.4% (518)
Ohio:

1.9% (54,034)
Self-employed workers in own not incorporated business - Males:
Parma:

4.1% (910)
Ohio:

6.7% (189,395)
Unpaid family workers - Males:
Parma:

0.2% (47)
Ohio:

0.2% (6,576)

Class of Workers (%) - Females

Employee of private company - Females:
Parma:

74.8% (14,539)
Ohio:

68.1% (1,741,752)
Self-employed in own incorporated business - Females:
Parma:

0.9% (167)
Ohio:

1.4% (35,667)
Private not-for-profit wage and salary workers - Females:
Parma:

10.7% (2,076)
Ohio:

11.6% (296,574)
Local government workers - Females:
Parma:

8.1% (1,571)
Ohio:

8.7% (222,731)
State government workers - Females:
Parma:

1.0% (202)
Ohio:

3.9% (98,832)
Federal government workers - Females:
Parma:

1.6% (309)
Ohio:

1.9% (48,493)
Self-employed workers in own not incorporated business - Females:
Parma:

2.9% (561)
Ohio:

4.1% (105,693)
Unpaid family workers - Females:
Parma:

0.1% (19)
Ohio:

0.3% (7,279)
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