Otto Hahn (1879–1968), physical chemist, discovered the radioactive protactinium in Berlin with Lisa Meitner.
Alexander von Humboldt (1769–1859), baron, naturalist, and traveler.
Karl Wilhelm von Humboldt (1767–1835), statesman and philologist, founder of the Friedrich Wilhelm (now Humboldt) University of Berlin.
Helen Lange (1848–1930), founder of the German Women's Teacher's Association in Berlin in 1889.
Marie-Elizabeth Luders (1888–1966), first woman named as honorary president of the Federal Democratic Party, first woman named as senior member of the Bundestag.
Max Planck (1858–1947), theoretical physicist, formulator of the quantum theory.
Rudolf Schoenheimer (1898–1941), biochemist.
Louise Schroder (1887–1957), committed socialist, first woman to be called "Mother of Berlin" in the late 1940s.