One of Manila's greatest natural resources is the protected harbor upon which it sits, the finest in all of Asia.

Shoppers can choose between traditional open-air markets, or air-conditioned shopping malls with department stores, art galleries, and food courts. ()
The sea provides fish, shells, and salt. Although Manila is now overwhelmingly urban, outlying areas still provide coconuts, hemp for rope making, and rice. Another source of Manila's wealth is its people, with their high literacy rate and facility with languages.