Pierre Elliot Trudeau (b. 1919), Prime Minister of Canada, 1968–79 and 1980–84.
Former Mayor Jean Drapeau (1916–1999), architect of the city's urban renewal.
Humorist and economist Stephen Leacock (1869–1944).
Novelist Mordecai Richler (b. 1931).
French-Canadian intellectual Henri Bourassa (1868–1932), founder of the influential newspaper, Le Devoir.
Although not born in Montréal, the first Parti Québecois premier, René Lévesque (1922–87), spent much of his journalistic career in the city before entering politics.