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Old 01-29-2013, 12:04 PM
 
29 posts, read 29,935 times
Reputation: 17

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Given that water fluoridation doesn't appear to work, why do it? Isn't it a waste of money? See below information found on PubMed.

On PubMed.gov
Caries frequency in permanent ... [Community Dent Oral Epidemiol. 1998] - PubMed - NCBI

"Caries frequency before and after discontinuation of water fluoridation in Kuopio, Finland"

"In spite of discontinued water fluoridation, no indication of an increasing trend of caries could be found in Kuopio. The mean numbers of fluoride varnish and sealant applications decreased sharply in both towns between 1992 and 1995. In spite of that caries declined."
PMID: 9758426

On PubMed.gov
Patterns of dental caries foll... [Community Dent Oral Epidemiol. 2001] - PubMed - NCBI

"Patterns of dental caries following the cessation of water fluoridation" [Canada]

"The prevalence of caries (assessed in 5,927 children, grades 2, 3, 8, 9) decreased over time in the fluoridation-ended community while remaining unchanged in the fluoridated community."
PMID: 11153562

On PubMed.gov
Caries prevalence after cessation of wate... [Caries Res. 2000 Jan-Feb] - PubMed - NCBI

"Caries prevalence after cessation of water fluoridation La Salud, Cuba"

"In the past, caries has usually increased after cessation of water fluoridation. More recently an opposite trend could be observed: following the cessation of drinking water fluoridation, in contrast to an expected rise in caries prevalence, DMFT and DMFS values remained at a low level for 6-9-year-olds and to decrease for 10/11-year-olds. In the 12/13-year-olds, there was a significant decrease."
PMID: 10601780

On PubMed.gov
Decline of caries prevalence a... [Community Dent Oral Epidemiol. 2000] - PubMed - NCBI

Decline of caries prevalence after the cessation of water fluoridation in the former East Germany"

"In contrast to the anticipated increase in dental caries following the cessation of water fluoridation in the cities Chemnitz and Plauen, a significant fall in caries prevalence was observed. This corresponded to the national caries decline and appears to be a new population-wide phenomenon. There is still no explanation for the pattern."
PMID: 11014515

On PubMed.gov
[An epidemiological profile of den... [Cad Saude Publica. 2002 Sep-Oct] - PubMed - NCBI

"...dental caries in 12-year-old children residing in cities with and without fluoridated water supply..." [São Paulo, Brazil]

"There was no statistically significant difference between DMFT in municipalities of the same size, regardless of the presence or absence of fluoride in the water supply... Prevalence of caries in the region was 'high', with a DMFT of 4.82, thus failing to reach the goals set for the year 2000."
PMID: 12244360

On PubMed.gov
The fluoride content of drinking water and... [Afr J Med Med Sci. 2008] - PubMed - NCBI

"The fluoride content of drinking water and caries experience in 15-19 year old school children in Ibadan, Nigeria"

"955 students aged 15-19 years randomly selected from eleven secondary schools in Ibadan metropolis were examined for dental caries. The fluoride level of the different water sources was between 0.02 and 0.03 ppm. [only] Forty-four (4.6%) of the children had dental caries. In conclusion, both the fluoride level and caries prevalence were low."
PMID: 18756850

On PubMed.gov
Prevalence and severity of dental carie... [J Public Health Dent. 2007] - PubMed - NCBI

"Prevalence and severity of dental caries in adolescents..." [Mexico]

"In an analysis of caries severity, both adolescents with very mild/mild and moderate/severe dental fluorosis have higher caries severity. Fluoride exposure (measured through fluorosis presence) does not appear to be reducing the caries prevalence or caries severity in these high-altitude communities."
PMID: 17436973

On PubMed.gov
The effects of a break in water fluoridation on t... [J Dent Res. 2000] - PubMed - NCBI

"The effects of a break in water fluoridation [11 months] on the development of dental caries and fluorosis" [Durham, North Carolina]

"It was concluded that while the break had little effect on caries, dental fluorosis is sensitive to even small changes in fluoride exposure from drinking water, and this sensitivity is greater at 1 to 3 years of age than at 4 or 5 years."
PMID: 10728978

On PubMed.gov
New evidence on fluoridation. [Aust N Z J Public Health. 1997] - PubMed - NCBI

"New evidence on fluoridation"

"A review of recent scientific literature reveals a consistent pattern of evidence-- hip fractures, skeletal fluorosis, the effect of fluoride on bone structure, fluoride levels in bones and osteosarcomas-- pointing to the existence of causal mechanisms by which fluoride damages bones. In addition, there is evidence, accepted by some eminent dental researchers... that there is negligible benefit from ingesting fluoride..."
PMID: 9161076
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Old 01-29-2013, 12:42 PM
 
29 posts, read 29,935 times
Reputation: 17
Also on PubMed.gov
Is there a need of extra fluoride in children? [Indian Pediatr. 2009] - PubMed - NCBI

"Is there a need of extra fluoride in children?"

"Fluoride consumption by human beings increases the general cancer death rate, disrupts the synthesis of collagen and leads to the breakdown of collagen in bone, tendon, muscle, skin, cartilage, lungs, kidney and trachea, causing disruptive effect on tissues in the body. It inhibits antibody formation, disturbs immune system and makes the child prone to malignancy. Fluoride has been categorized as a protoplasmic poison..."
PMID:19812419

On PubMed.gov
Regression analysis of cancer incidence rates an... [J Epidemiol. 2001] - PubMed - NCBI

"Regression analysis of cancer incidence rates and water fluoride in the U.S.A. based on WHO data..."

"...cancers of the oral cavity and pharynx, colon and rectum, hepato-biliary and urinary organs were positively associated with Fluoridated Drinking water (FD). This was also the case for bone cancers in male, in line with results of rat experiments. Brain tumors and T-cell system Hodgkin's disease, Non-Hodgkin lymphoma, multiple myeloma, melanoma of the skin and monocytic leukaemia were also correlated with Fluoridated Drinking water."
PMID: 11512573

On PubMed.gov
Age-specific fluoride exposure in drin... [Cancer Causes Control. 2006] - PubMed - NCBI

"Age-specific fluoride exposure in drinking water and osteosarcoma (United States)."

"We explored age-specific and gender-specific effects of fluoride level in drinking water and the incidence of osteosarcoma. ..."

"Our exploratory analysis found an association between fluoride exposure in drinking water during childhood and the incidence of osteosarcoma among males but not consistently among females."
PMID: 16596294

On PubMed.gov
Relationship between fluoride concentration in d... [J Epidemiol. 1996] - PubMed - NCBI

"Relationship between fluoride concentration in drinking water and mortality rate from uterine cancer in Okinawa prefecture, Japan"

"The Okinawa Islands located in the southern-most part of Japan were under U.S. administration from 1945 to 1972. During that time, fluoride was added to the drinking water supplies in most regions. The relationship between fluoride concentration in drinking water and uterine cancer mortality rate was studied in 20 municipalities of Okinawa and the data were analyzed using correlation and multivariate statistics. A significant positive correlation was found between fluoride concentration in drinking water and uterine cancer mortality in 20 municipalities "
PMID: 9002384
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Old 01-29-2013, 01:15 PM
 
29 posts, read 29,935 times
Reputation: 17
CaviStat-toothpaste is better at preventing caries than fluoridated toothpaste. Why isn't it used or promoted?

The inhibitory effect of an arginine bicarbonate... [J Clin Dent. 2005] - PubMed - NCBI

"The inhibitory effect of an arginine bicarbonate/calcium carbonate CaviStat-containing dentifrice on the development of dental caries in Venezuelan school children"

"A CaviStat-containing toothpaste was more effective both clinically and statistically in inhibiting caries initiation and progression than the fluoride toothpaste control, and manifested its effects differently in the already-erupted first molars than in the later-erupting premolars and second molars."
PMID: 16305004
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Old 01-29-2013, 01:33 PM
 
29 posts, read 29,935 times
Reputation: 17
Read PDF article "Water Fluoridation: A Review of Recent Research and Actions". (only 7 pages long).

http://www.jpands.org/vol10no2/kauffman.pdf

It was originally posted in the "Journal of American Physicians and Surgeons", Vol 10, Number 2, Summer 2005.

Among other facts, it states: "Proponents of fluoridation have censored most media, ignored intelligent discussion of fluoridation, slandered most opponents of fluoridation, and overturned legal judgments against fluoridation in a manner that demonstrates their political power. Many published studies that had conclusions favoring fluoridation were later found unsupported by their raw data. There is evidence that fluoridation increases the incidence of cancer, hip fractures, joint problems, and that by causing fluorosis it damages both teeth and bones. Other medical problems may also occur, including neurologic damage."[/SIZE]
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Old 01-29-2013, 01:50 PM
 
29 posts, read 29,935 times
Reputation: 17
At least some countries are researching the link between fluoride and Alzheimer's Disease...

On PubMed.gov

[Current trends in fluorine research]. [Ann Acad Med Stetin. 2006] - PubMed - NCBI

"Current trends in fluorine research"

"...topics in fluorine research are presented on findings by researchers in Szczecin and Poland, as well as in the world. Reports are cited on the distribution of fluorine compounds in the environment, penetration into living organisms, and methods for the determinations of fluorine content in air, water, soil, and foods. ...aluminofluoride complexes (AlFx) as a messenger of false information during protein biosynthesis and their apparent role of Alzheimer's disease."
PMID: 17469507 

[Aluminum and Alzheimer's disease]. [Srp Arh Celok Lek. 1998 Jul-Aug] - PubMed - NCBI

"Aluminum and Alzheimer's disease"

"It is likely that long-term use of drinking water with a high aluminium concentration, with pH about or less than 7.0, and with low fluoride concentration, is associated with the increased relative risk of Alzheimer's disease."
PMID: 9863396

Enhancement of aluminum dige... [Res Commun Mol Pathol Pharmacol. 1996] - PubMed - NCBI

"Enhancement of aluminum digestive absorption by fluoride..."

"Aluminum, responsible of dialysis encephalopathy, is suspected to be involved in other neurological disorders such as Alzheimer disease. Absorption of aluminum from the digestive tract can be enhanced by the concommittant intake of substances such as citrate. We studied in rats and mice the interactions between fluoride and aluminum for their digestive absorption and showed that fluoride increased the levels of aluminum in plasma as much as citrate whereas aluminum decreased the absorption of fluoride. This result could be the consequence of the high affinity between aluminum and fluoride which form complexes able to increase the absorption of aluminum and to decrease the absorption of fluoride."
PMID: 8832914
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Old 01-29-2013, 02:14 PM
 
29 posts, read 29,935 times
Reputation: 17
Fluoride is also associated with decreased birth rates.

On PubMed.gov
Exposure to high fluoride concentra... [J Toxicol Environ Health. 1994] - PubMed - NCBI

"Exposure to high fluoride concentrations in drinking water is associated with decreased birth rates"

"A review of fluoride toxicity showed decreased fertility in most animal species studied. The current study was to see whether fluoride would also affect human birth rates. A U.S. database of drinking water systems was used to identify index counties with water systems reporting fluoride levels of at least 3 ppm. These and adjacent counties were grouped in 30 regions spread over 9 states. For each county, two conceptionally different exposure measures were defined, and the annual total fertility rate (TFR) for women in the age range 10-49 yr was calculated for the period 1970-1988. For each region separately, the annual TFR was regressed on the fluoride measure and sociodemographic covariables. Most regions showed an association of decreasing TFR with increasing fluoride levels. Meta-analysis of the region-specific results confirmed that the combined result was a negative TFR/fluoride association with a consensus combined p value of .0002-.0004, depending on the analytical scenario. There is no evidence that this outcome resulted from selection bias, inaccurate data, or improper analytical methods."
PMID: 8169995
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Old 01-29-2013, 02:50 PM
 
29 posts, read 29,935 times
Reputation: 17
Fluoride may even make your future grandchildren stupid.

See PubMed.gov
Fluoride toxicity and status of serum th... [Biol Trace Elem Res. 2011] - PubMed - NCBI

"Fluoride toxicity and status of serum thyroid hormones, brain histopathology, and learning memory in rats: a multigenerational assessment"

"In the T-maze experiments, the fluoride-treated group showed poor acquisition and retention and higher latency when compared with the control. The alterations were more profound in the third generation when compared with the first- and second-generation fluoride-treated group. Changes in the thyroid hormone levels in the present study might have imbalanced the oxidant/antioxidant system, which further led to a reduction in learning memory ability. Hence, presence of generational or cumulative effects of fluoride on the development of the offspring when it is ingested continuously through multiple generations is evident from the present study."
PMID: 21755305

Evaluation of fluoride-induced oxidative... [Biol Trace Elem Res. 2011] - PubMed - NCBI

"Evaluation of fluoride-induced oxidative stress in rat brain: a multigeneration study"

"Decreased feed and water consumption, litter size and organ (brain) somatic index, marginal drop in body growth rate and mortality were observed in all three generations. Decreased antioxidant enzyme activity and increased malondialdehyde levels found in the present study might be related to oxidative damage that occurs variably in discrete regions of the brain. Results of this study can be taken as an index of neurotoxicity in rats exposed to water fluoridation over several generations."
PMID: 20658207

Fluoride may damage the heart muscles of your future children or grandchildren.

Effects of chronic ingestion of sodium fluoride on myocardium in a second generation of rats

"Effects of chronic ingestion of sodium fluoride on myocardium in a second generation..."

"The present results revealed that prolonged ingestion of fluoride through drinking water, particularly with high doses, induced significant histopathological and biochemical changes leading to myocardial tissue damage."

Fluoride may damage the lungs of your future children or grandchildren.

On PubMed.gov
Histopathological and biochemical cha... [J Appl Toxicol. 2003 Nov-Dec] - PubMed - NCBI

"Histopathological and biochemical changes in lung tissues of rats following administration of fluoride over several generations"

"This multigenerational evaluation of the long-term effect of different doses of fluoride intake through drinking water on lung damage shows that the lung tissues were damaged, there was emphysema and inflammation of lung parenchyma associated with loss of alveolar architecture and the degree of lung damage seemed to correlate with the increased dosage of fluoride."
PMID: 14635268
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Old 01-29-2013, 03:05 PM
 
29 posts, read 29,935 times
Reputation: 17
Fluoride is neurotoxic.

See PubMed.gov
Developmental fluoride neurotoxicity... [Environ Health Perspect. 2012] - PubMed - NCBI

"Developmental fluoride neurotoxicity: a systematic review and meta-analysis"

"Although fluoride may cause neurotoxicity in animal models and acute fluoride poisoning causes neurotoxicity in adults, very little is known of its effects on children's neurodevelopment. We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis of published studies to investigate the effects of increased fluoride exposure and delayed neurobehavioral development. We searched the MEDLINE, EMBASE, Water Resources Abstracts, and TOXNET databases through 2011 for eligible studies. We also searched the China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI) database, because many studies on fluoride neurotoxicity have been published in Chinese journals only. In total, we identified 27 eligible epidemiological studies with high and reference exposures, end points of IQ scores, or related cognitive function measures with means and variances for the two exposure groups. Using random-effects models, we estimated the standardized mean difference between exposed and reference groups across all studies. We conducted sensitivity analyses restricted to studies using the same outcome assessment and having drinking-water fluoride as the only exposure. Thus, children in high-fluoride areas had significantly lower IQ scores than those who lived in low-fluoride areas. Subgroup and sensitivity analyses also indicated inverse associations, although the substantial heterogeneity did not appear to decrease.Conclusions: The results support the possibility of an adverse effect of high fluoride exposure on children's neurodevelopment. Future research should include detailed individual-level information on prenatal exposure, neurobehavioral performance, and covariates for adjustment."
PMID: 22820538

Per Harvard School of Public Health - (July 25, 2012)--

"Some studies suggested that even slightly increased fluoride exposure could be toxic to the brain."...

"Fluoride seems to fit in with LEAD, MERCURY, and other POISONS that cause chemical brain drain," Grandjean says. "The effect of each toxicant may seem small, but the combined damage on a population scale can be serious, especially because the brain power of the next generation is crucial to all of us."

Harvard School of Public Health » HSPH News » Impact of fluoride on neurological development in children

Note that Harvard School of Public Health compares fluoride to LEAD, MERCURY and other POISONS.

They did not compare fluoride to nutrients such as calcium, magnesium or iodine.

Why would parents with common sense want to force their children to drink or bathe in a POISON such as LEAD or MERCURY every single day? It is beyond reason. Alarm bells should be going off. Normal people try to AVOID poisons such as lead and mercury.
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Old 01-29-2013, 03:34 PM
 
29 posts, read 29,935 times
Reputation: 17
On PubMed.gov
Effects of the fluoride on the central nervous sy... [Neurologia. 2011] - PubMed - NCBI

"Effects of the fluoride on the central nervous system"

"INTRODUCTION: Fluoride (F) is a toxic and reactive element, and exposure to it passes almost unnoticed, with the consumption of tea, fish, meat, fruits, etcetera and articles of common use such as: toothpaste additives; dental gels, non-stick pans and razor blades as Teflon. It has also been used with the intention of reducing the dental cares.

DEVELOPMENT: Fluoride can accumulate in the body, and it has been shown that continuous exposure to it causes damaging effects on body tissues, particularly the nervous system directly without any previous physical malformations.

BACKGROUND: Several clinical and experimental studies have reported that the F induces changes in cerebral morphology and biochemistry that affect the neurological development of individuals as well as cognitive processes, such as learning and memory. F can be toxic by ingesting one part per million (ppm), and the effects they are not immediate, as they can take 20 years or more to become evident.

CONCLUSION: The prolonged ingestion of F may cause significant damage to health and particularly to the nervous system. Therefore, it is important to be aware of this serious problem and avoid the use of toothpaste and items that contain F, particularly in children as they are more susceptible to the toxic effects of Fluoride."
PMID: 21255877
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Old 01-29-2013, 03:37 PM
 
29 posts, read 29,935 times
Reputation: 17
On PubMed;gov
Association of silicofluoride treated water ... [Neurotoxicology. 2000] - PubMed - NCBI

"Association of silicofluoride treated water with elevated blood lead"

"Chronic, low-level dosage of silicofluoride (SiF) has never been adequately tested for health effects in humans. We report here on a statistical study of 151,225 venous blood lead (VBL) tests taken from children ages 0-6 inclusive, living in 105 communities of populations from 15,000 to 75,000. For every age/race group, there was a consistently significant association of SiF treated community water and elevated blood lead. The highest likelihood of children having VBL> 10 microg/dL occurs when they are exposed to SiF treated water and subject to another risk factor known to be associated with high blood lead (e.g., old housing)."
PMID: 11233755
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