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Old 02-12-2012, 11:34 PM
 
Location: The western periphery of Terra Australis
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e countries...

They all tend to be in the East of the country. For instance:

United States - Washington D.C.

Japan - Tokyo

Germany - Berlin

UK - London

Canada - Ottawa

Australia - Canberra

Brazil - Brasilia


Weirdly enough I could find few MAJOR countries where the capital is in the west of the country. Of the other major European powers, they tended to be more central like Madrid/Spain or Warsaw/Poland.

Russia is the biggest to have a western capital, but it's no longer an economic power. The only other economy of note with a capital in the western part of the country is Seoul.

Is this just a weird a coincidence or what? I think it could actually have to do with the fact that in many countries the more fertile, lowland river valleys are in the east.
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Old 02-13-2012, 05:40 AM
 
Location: Viña del Mar, Chile
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Your question and statement don't really go together. If you are asking about the location of a capital and why it was choosen, there is no reason to omit the other countries of the world who have their capitals on the west side of the state.
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Old 02-13-2012, 06:38 AM
 
Location: East Coast of the United States
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Quote:
Originally Posted by Trimac20 View Post
United States - Washington D.C.
Well, in the U.S.'s case, there's one very good reason for this: it's because the east coast RULES. haha.
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Old 02-13-2012, 06:42 AM
 
Location: Fortaleza, Northeast of Brazil
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Brasilia is in the center of Brazil.

In fact, the official name of the Census region where it's located is Center-West (Centro-Oeste).

But the previous capital city until 1960, Rio de Janeiro, is the in the east coast...
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Old 02-13-2012, 07:16 AM
 
Location: Umbrosa Regio
1,334 posts, read 1,808,991 times
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Quote:
Originally Posted by Trimac20 View Post
e countries...

They all tend to be in the East of the country. For instance:

United States - Washington D.C.
Washington is in the east because at the time it became the capital, the vast bulk of the US population lived along the eastern shore, which is where all the English colonies were located.

Quote:
Japan - Tokyo
I don't know why Tokyo is where it is, beyond the harbor, but the older capitals of Kyoto and Nara are more centrally located (in southern Honshu, of course)

Quote:
Germany - Berlin
Berlin became the German capital by way of it being the capital of Prussia for centuries, which had a significant amount of territory to the east, all the way to what is now the Kaliningrad Oblast. Therefore, the location in Germany was much more central when the country was unified in 1871. But, due to the losses in two world wars, most of that old Prussian territory is now in Poland with a bit in Russia, so Berlin is much closer to the eastern border than it previously had been.

Quote:
UK - London
There is probably no geographic reason why the capital was put in London is in the SE of Britain, beyond the existence of the Thames, with the outlet being much closer to continental Europe than the Severn or any river to the west, but I have no idea if that was a conscious decision or not. Alfred the Great's capital of Winchester was much more centrally (and southerly) located.

Quote:
Canada - Ottawa
This is similar to the US in the vast majority of the Canadian population was in the eastern part of the country at the time Ottawa was selected as the capital. As Ontario and Quebec were the two large and rivaling provinces, a capital was chosen that was on the border between the two.

Quote:
Australia - Canberra
Most of Australia's population is on the eastern or southeastern coasts with Perth being the only major western city. Canberra was chosen, much like Ottawa and Washington, so as to split the difference between Melbourne and Sydney, and both are in the east.

Quote:
Brazil - Brasilia
Brasilia was constructed as the capital to fulfill a constitutional requirement to move the capital to a more central location. The previous capital was Rio de Janeiro, which is much farther east that Brasilia, and as Brazil's main settlements were on the east coast (and especially as there is no Brazillian west coast), the capital was bound to be there naturally. Brasilia probably couldn't be placed too much farther west or north because of the Amazon, but on the whole, I wouldn't describe it as an "eastern" capital.

Here are some other Eastern & Western capitals, just randomly thrown in there regardless of whether or not the country is a major power:

East

China - Beijing
Argentina - Buenos Aires
Ireland - Dublin
Denmark - Copenhagen
Sweden - Stockholm
Norway - Oslo
Lithuania - Vilnius
Austria - Vienna

West

Bolivia (de facto) - La Paz
Ecuador - Quito
Nicaragua - Managua
Cuba - Havana
Portugal - Lisbon
Iceland - Reykjavik
Bulgaria - Sophia
DR Congo - Kinshasa

In many cases above, the capital is where it is because that is where the coast is (or near). Others are where they are for strategic or historic reasons.
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Old 02-13-2012, 07:21 AM
 
Location: Yorkshire, England
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Italy is at least as 'major' a country as Australia if not more, yet Rome is by the west coast. Ditto India and France, Delhi and Paris are in the north. Otherwise though, you have a point - never thought about it before!
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Old 02-13-2012, 11:56 AM
 
Location: Eindhoven, Netherlands
10,647 posts, read 16,055,152 times
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Countries with major city/cities in the West

Latin America:
Cuba
El Salvador
Honduras
Nicaragua
Colombia
Ecuador
Peru
Bolivia

Africa:
Morocco
Libya
Mauritania
Senegal
Gambia
Guinee-Bissau
Guinee
Sierra Leone
Liberia
Mali
Nigeria
Niger
Chad
Cameroon
C.A.R.
Gabon
DR Congo
Angola
Eritrea

Europe:
Netherlands
Portugal
Switzerland
Estonia
Latvia
Russia
Bulgaria

Asia:
Turkey
Lebanon
Syria
Israel
Yemen
U.A.E.
Turkmenistan
Tadzjikistan
India
Bhutan
Malaysia
South Korea
Philippines,
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Old 02-13-2012, 12:18 PM
 
Location: Gatineau, Québec
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At least for many of the "newer" countries, they were colonized from east to west, as the colonial power was located to the east and that is where colonists arrived from and spread across the country. So the east was often settled first and this is where the capital was established.
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Old 02-13-2012, 12:30 PM
 
Location: Umbrosa Regio
1,334 posts, read 1,808,991 times
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Quote:
Originally Posted by Davy-040 View Post
Countries with major city/cities in the West

Latin America:
Cuba
El Salvador
Honduras
Nicaragua
Colombia
Ecuador
Peru
Bolivia

Africa:
Morocco
Libya
Mauritania
Senegal
Gambia
Guinee-Bissau
Guinee
Sierra Leone
Liberia
Mali
Nigeria
Niger
Chad
Cameroon
C.A.R.
Gabon
DR Congo
Angola
Eritrea

Europe:
Netherlands
Portugal
Switzerland
Estonia
Latvia
Russia
Bulgaria

Asia:
Turkey
Lebanon
Syria
Israel
Yemen
U.A.E.
Turkmenistan
Tadzjikistan
India
Bhutan
Malaysia
South Korea
Philippines,
A lot of these depend on your definition of "west". Is it on within a few kilometers of the border? Is it the western tenth, or fifth, or third? Some of these, like Ankara, Turkey and San Salvador, El Salvador, are in the western half of their respective countries but aren't nearly as far west as Vilnius, Lithuania or Washington, USA are east in their countries. Then there is Riga, Latvia, which is certainly in the western half of the country, but not by much.

Also, you left off Liechtenstein!

I also have to mention that though Rome is on the west coast, it's pretty obvious when looking at a map that a majority of Italy's land area is to the west of Rome.

What I find more interesting are the capitals that are truely on or near the periphery of the country, which could describe Washington, but also Kinshasa or Copenhagen, etc.
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Old 02-13-2012, 12:44 PM
 
Location: Eindhoven, Netherlands
10,647 posts, read 16,055,152 times
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Quote:
Originally Posted by LIRefugee View Post
A lot of these depend on your definition of "west". Is it on within a few kilometers of the border? Is it the western tenth, or fifth, or third? Some of these, like Ankara, Turkey and San Salvador, El Salvador, are in the western half of their respective countries but aren't nearly as far west as Vilnius, Lithuania or Washington, USA are east in their countries. Then there is Riga, Latvia, which is certainly in the western half of the country, but not by much.

Also, you left off Liechtenstein!

I also have to mention that though Rome is on the west coast, it's pretty obvious when looking at a map that a majority of Italy's land area is to the west of Rome.

What I find more interesting are the capitals that are truely on or near the periphery of the country, which could describe Washington, but also Kinshasa or Copenhagen, etc.
I thought we were talking about major cities not just capitals.
Because Istanbul is a lot bigger than Ankara.
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