State of Maine
ORIGIN OF STATE NAME: Either from the French for a historical district of France or from the early use of "main" to distinguish coast from islands. NICKNAME: The Pine Tree State. CAPITAL: Augusta. ENTERED UNION: 15 March 1820 (23rd). SONG: "State of Maine Song." MOTTO: Dirigo ("I direct" or "I lead"). COAT OF ARMS: A farmer and sailor support a shield on which are depicted a pine tree, a moose, and water. Under the shield is the name of the state; above it, the state motto and the North Star. FLAG: The coat of arms on a blue field, with a yellow fringed border surrounding three sides. OFFICIAL SEAL: Same as the coat of arms. ANIMAL: Moose. BIRD: Chickadee. FISH: Landlocked salmon. INSECT: Honeybee. FLOWER: White pine cone and tassel. TREE: white pine. MINERAL: Tourmaline. STATE HERB: Wintergreen. LEGAL HOLIDAYS: New Year's Day, 1 January; Birthday of Martin Luther King, Jr., 3rd Monday in January; Washington's Birthday, 3rd Monday in February; Patriots' Day, 3rd Monday in April; Memorial Day, last Monday in May; Independence Day, 4 July; Labor Day, 1st Monday in September; Columbus Day, 2nd Monday in October; Veterans Day, 11 November; Thanksgiving Day, 4th Thursday in November and day following; Christmas Day, 25 December. TIME: 7 AM EST = noon GMT.
Alampi, Gary, ed. Gale State Rankings Reporter. Detroit: Gale Research, Inc., 1994.
Bearse, Ray, ed. Maine: A Guide to the Vacation State. 2nd ed., rev. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1969.
Beem, Edgar Allen. Maine: the Spirit of America. New York: Harry N. Abrams, 2000.
Churchill, Edwin A., Joel W. Eastman, and Richard W. Judd, eds. Maine: The Pine Tree State from Prehistory to the Present. Orono: University of Maine Press, 1995.
Clark, Charles E. Maine: A Bicentennial History. New York: Norton, 1977.
Council of State Governments. The Book of the States, 1994–1995 Edition. Vol. 30. Lexington, Kentucky: The Council of State Governments, 1994.
FDIC, Division of Research and Statistics. Statistics on Banking: A Statistical Profile of the United States Banking Industry. Washington, D.C.: Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation, 1993.
Gould, John. Maine's Golden Road: A Memoir. New York: Norton, 1995.
Isaacson, Dorris, ed. Maine: A Guide "Down East." 2nd ed. Rockland: Courier-Gazette, Inc., for the Maine League of Historical Societies and Museums, 1970 (orig. 1937).
McAuliffe, Emily. Maine Facts and Symbols. New York: Hilltop Books, 2000.
Maine, State of. State Development Office. Maine: A Statistical Summary. Augusta, 1984.
Morris, Gerald E., ed. The Maine Bicentennial Atlas. Portland: Maine Historical Society, 1976.
Osborn, William C. The Paper Plantation. New York: Grossman, 1974.
Palmer, Kenneth T. Maine Politics & Government. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 1992.
Rich, Louise Dickinson. State O' Maine. New York: Harper & Row, 1964.
Rowe, William H. The Maritime History of Maine. New York: Norton, 1948.
Schmittroth, Linda, ed. Cities of the United States. 3rd ed. Detroit: Gale Research, Inc., 1997.
Smith, David C. Studies in the Land: The Northeast Corner. New York: Routledge, 2002.
U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics. Office of Educational Research and Improvement. Digest of Education Statistics, 1993. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1993.
U.S. Department of the Interior, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. Endangered and Threatened Species Recovery Program. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1990.