Richmond: Introduction
Richmond: Geography and Climate
Richmond: History
Richmond: Population Profile
Richmond: Municipal Government
Richmond: Economy
Richmond: Education and Research
Richmond: Health Care
Richmond: Recreation
Richmond: Convention Facilities
Richmond: Transportation
Richmond: Communications

The City in Brief

Founded: 1742 (incorporated, 1782)

Head Official: Mayor L. Douglas Wilder (D) (since 2004)

City Population

1980: 219,214

1990: 202,798

2000: 197,790

2003 estimate: 194,729

Percent change, 1990–2000: -2.5%

U.S. rank in 1980: 64th

U.S. rank in 1990: 76th (State rank: 3rd)

U.S. rank in 2000: 105th (State rank: 4th)

Metropolitan Area Population

1980: 761,000

1990: 866,000

2000: 1,096,957

Percent change, 1990–2000: 26.6%

U.S. rank in 1980: 48th (MSA)

U.S. rank in 1990: 49th (MSA)

U.S. rank in 2000: 46th (MSA)

Area: 62.55 total square miles (2000)

Elevation: Ranges from 9 to approximately 312 feet above sea level

Average Annual Temperature: 57.7° F;

Average Annual Precipitation: 43.13 inches of rainfall; 16.9 inches of snowfall

Major Economic Sectors: government; education, health and social services, retail trade

Unemployment rate: 3.6% (December 2004)

Per Capita Personal Income: $20,337 (1999)

2002 FBI Crime Index Total: 18,002

Major Colleges and Universities: Virginia Commonwealth University, University of Richmond, Virginia Union University, J Sargeant Reynolds Community College, ECPI Technical College

Daily Newspaper: Richmond Times-Dispatch