State of Georgia

ORIGIN OF STATE NAME: Named for King George II of England in 1732. NICKNAME: The Empire State of the South; also, the Peach State. CAPITAL: Atlanta. ENTERED UNION: 2 January 1788 (4th). SONG: "Georgia on My Mind." MOTTO: Wisdom, Justice and Moderation. COAT OF ARMS: Three columns support an arch inscribed with the word "Constitution"; intertwined among the columns is a banner bearing the state motto. Right of center stands a soldier with a drawn sword, representing the aid of the military in defending the Constitution. Surrounding the whole are the words "State of Georgia 1776." FLAG: Three red-and-white stripes and the state coat of arms in the upper left corner on a field of blue. OFFICIAL SEAL: OBVERSE : same as the coat of arms. REVERSE : a sailing vessel and a smaller boat are offshore; on land, a man and horse plow a field, and sheep graze in the background. The scene is surrounded by the words "Agriculture and Commerce 1776." BIRD: Brown thrasher. FISH: Largemouth bass. INSECT: Honeybee. FLOWER: Cherokee rose. WILDFLOWER: Azalea. TREE: Live oak. GEM: Quartz. FOSSIL: Shark tooth. LEGAL HOLIDAYS: New Year's Day, 1 January; Robert E. Lee's Birthday, 19 January; Birthday of Martin Luther King, Jr., 3rd Monday in January; Washington's Birthday, 3rd Monday in February; Confederate Memorial Day, 26 April; National Memorial Day, last Monday in May; Jefferson Davis's Birthday, 3 June; Independence Day, 4 July; Labor Day, 1st Monday in September; Columbus Day, 2nd Monday in October; Veterans Day, 11 November; Thanksgiving Day, 4th Thursday in November; Christmas Day, 25 December. TIME: 7 AM EST = noon GMT.


Bartley, Numan V. From Thurmond to Wallace: Political Tendencies in Georgia, 1948–68 . Baltimore: John Hopkins University Press, 1970.

Brown, R. Harold. The Greening of Georgia: The Improvement of the Environment in the Twentieth Century. Macon, Ga.: Mercer University Press, 2002.

Coleman, Kenneth, et al. A History of Georgia . 2nd ed. Athens: University of Georgia Press, 1991.

Grady, Henry W. The New South . Savannah, Ga.: Beehive Press, 1971.

Grant, L. Donald. The Way It Was in the South: The Black Experience in Georgia. Secaucus, N.J.: Carol Publishing Group, 1993.

Hepburn, Lawrence R. The Georgia History Book . Athens: University of Georgia Institute of Government, 1982.

Inscoe, John C., ed. Georgia in Black and White: Explorations in the Race Relations of a Southern State, 1865–1950. Athens: University of Georgia Press, 1994.

King, Coretta Scott. My Life with Martin Luther King . Rev. ed. New York: H. Holt, 1993.

Lane, Mills. The People of Georgia: An Illustrated History . 2nd ed. Savannah: Library of Georgia, 1992.

Lockley, Timothy James. Lines in the Sand: Race and Class in Lowcountry Georgia, 1750–1860. Athens: University of Georgia Press, 2001.

Maguire, Jane. On Shares: Ed Brown's Story . New York: Norton, 1976.

Malone, Henry. Cherokees of the Old South. Athens: University of Georgia Press, 1956.

McAuliffe, Emily. Georgia Facts and Symbols. Mankato, Minn.: Hilltop Books, 1999.

Miles, Jim. To the Sea: A History and Tour Guide of the War in the West, Sherman's March Across Georgia and Through the Carolinas, 1864–1865. Nashville, Tenn.: Cumberland House, 2002.

Olmstead, Marty. Hidden Georgia. Berkeley, CA: Ulysses Press, 2000.

Pearson, Hugh. Under the Knife: How a Wealthy Negro Surgeon Wielded Power in the Jim Crow South. New York: Free Press, 2000.

Reidy, Joseph P. From Slavery to Agrarian Capitalism in the Cotton Plantation South: Central Georgia, 1800–1880. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1992.

Saye, Albert B. Georgia History and Government . Austin: Steck Vaughn, 1973.

Woodward, C. Vann. Tom Watson: Agrarian Rebel . New York: Oxford Press, 1970 (orig. 1938).