State of Tennessee
ORIGIN OF STATE NAME: Probably from Indian name Tenase, which was the principal village of the Cherokee. NICKNAME: The Volunteer State. CAPITAL: Nashville. ENTERED UNION: 1 June 1796 (16th). SONGS: "When It's Iris Time in Tennessee," "The Tennessee Waltz," "My Homeland, Tennessee," "Rocky Top," and "My Tennessee." POEM: "Oh Tennessee, My Tennessee." FOLK DANCE: Square dance. MOTTO: Agriculture and Commerce. FLAG: On a crimson field separated by a white border from a blue bar at the fly, three white stars on a blue circle edged in white represent the state's three main general divisions—East, Middle, and West Tennessee. OFFICIAL SEAL: The upper half consists of the word "Agriculture," a plow, a sheaf of wheat, a cotton plant, and the roman numeral XVI, signifying the order of entry into the Union; the lower half comprises the word "Commerce" and a boat. The words "The Great Seal of the State of Tennessee 1796" surround the whole. The date commemorates the passage of the state constitution. WILD ANIMAL: Raccoon. BIRD: Mockingbird. AMPHIBIAN: Tennessee cave salamander. REPTILE: Box turtle. INSECTS: Ladybug, firefly, and honeybee. CULTIVATED FLOWER: Iris. WILD FLOWER: Passion flower. TREE: Tulip poplar. GEM: Freshwater pearl. ROCKS: Limestone, agate. LEGAL HOLIDAYS: New Year's Day, 1 January; Birthday of Martin Luther King, Jr., 3rd Monday in January; Washington's Birthday, 3rd Monday in February; Good Friday, March or April; Decoration Day, last Monday in May; Independence Day, 4 July; primary and county elections, 1st Thursday in August in even-numbered years; Labor Day, 1st Monday in September; Columbus Day, 2nd Monday in October; General Election Day, 1st Tuesday after 1st Monday in November in even-numbered years; Veterans Day, 11 November; Thanksgiving Day, 4th Thursday in November; Christmas Day, 25 December. TIME: 7 AM EST = noon GMT; 6 AM CST = noon GMT.
Abernethy, Thomas P. From Frontier to Plantation in Tennessee.
Reprint. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1979 (orig. 1932).
Atkins, Jonathan M. Parties, Politics, and the Sectional Conflict in Tennesee, 1832 – 1861 . Knoxville: University of Tennessee Press, 1997.
Connelly, T. L. Civil War Tennessee: Battles and Leaders.
Knoxville: University of Tennessee Press, 1979.
Corlew, Robert E. Statehood for Tennessee. Nashville: Tennessee Bicentennial Commission, 1976.
——. Tennessee: A Short History. 2nd ed. Knoxville: University of Tennessee Press, 1981.
Dykeman, Wilma. Tennessee: A Bicentennial History. New York:Norton, 1975.
Federal Writers' Project: Tennessee: A Guide to the State. NewYork: Somerset, n.d. (orig. 1939).
Feeney, Kathy. Tennessee Facts and Symbols. Mankato, Minn.:Bridgestone Books, 2000.
Finger, John R. Tennessee Frontiers: Three Regions in Transition.
Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 2001.
Folmsbee, Stanley J., Robert E. Crolew, and Enoch Mitchell.
History of Tennessee. 4 vols. New York: Lewis, 1960.
Goehring, Eleanor E. Tennessee Folk Culture: An Annotated Bibliography. Knoxville: University of Tennessee Press, 1982.
Greene, Lee S., et al. Government in Tennessee. 4th ed.
Knoxville: University of Tennessee Press, 1982.
Hsiung, David C. Two Worlds in the Tennessee Mountains:Exploring the Origins of Appalachian Stereotypes . Lexington: University Press of Kentucky, 1997
Hubbard, Preston. Origins of the TVA. New York: Norton,1968.
Lewis, Thomas M. N., and Madeline Kneberg. Tribes That Slumber: Indians of the Tennessee Region. Knoxville: University of Tennessee Press, 1958.
Mooney, Chase. Slavery in Tennessee. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1957.
Olmstead, Marty. Hidden Tennessee. Berkeley, Calif.: Ulysses Press, 1999.
Patterson, Christine P. Haunting Memories: Echoes and Images of Tennessee's Past. Knoxville: University of Tennessee Press,1996.
Smith, Samuel B., ed. Tennessee History: A Bibliography.
Knoxville: University of Tennessee Press, 1974.
Tennessee, State of. Secretary of State. Tennessee Blue Book 1983/84. Nashville, 1983.
Tennessee, University of. College of Business Administration.
Center for Business and Economic Research. Tennessee Statistical Abstract 1984/85. Knoxville, 1984.