Buffalo County, South Dakota (SD)

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County population in 2012: 2,020 (all rural); it was 2,032 in 2000
County owner-occupied with a mortgage or a loan houses and condos in 2010: 56
County owner-occupied free and clear houses and condos in 2010: 195
County owner-occupied houses and condos in 2000: 227
Renter-occupied apartments: 281 (it was 299 in 2000)
% of renters here:

57%
State:

32%

Land area: 471 sq. mi.

Water area: 16.8 sq. mi.

Population density: 4 people per square mile   (very low).

Mar. 2013 cost of living index in Buffalo County: 77.5 (low, U.S. average is 100)

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Industries providing employment: Agriculture,forestry,fishing and hunting, and mining (90.0%).

Type of workers:

  • Private wage or salary: 90%
  • Government: 0%
  • Self-employed, not incorporated: 10%
  • Unpaid family work: 0%
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Buffalo County races chart

Races in Buffalo County, South Dakota:

  • American Indian and Alaska Native alone (82.4%)
  • White Non-Hispanic Alone (14.8%)
  • Hispanic or Latino (1.8%)
  • Two or more races (0.7%)
Median resident age:  25.0 years
South Dakota median age:  36.0 years
Males: 937  (54.6%)
Females: 975  (45.4%)
Buffalo County, SD forum
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Average household size:
Buffalo County:

3.0 people
South Dakota:

2 people
Estimated median household income in 2013: $30,619 ($12,692 in 1999)

This county:

$30619
South Dakota:

$48947

Median contract rent in 2013 for apartments: $216 (lower quartile is $153, upper quartile is $274)
This county:

$216
State:

$529


Estimated median house or condo value in 2013: $40,558 (it was $30,900 in 2000)
Buffalo:

$40,558
South Dakota:

$138,400
Lower value quartile - upper value quartile: $25,572 - $90,639

Mean price in 2013:

Detached houses: $80,046
Here:

$80,046
State:

$182,593

Mobile homes: $97,134
Here:

$97,134
State:

$45,405
Median monthly housing costs for homes and condos with a mortgage: $798
Median monthly housing costs for units without a mortgage: $357

Institutionalized population: 0
Buffalo County, SD map from a distance

Presidential Elections Results

1996 2000 2004 2008 2012

1996 Presidential Elections Results

2000 Presidential Elections Results

2004 Presidential Elections Results

2008 Presidential Elections Results

2012 Presidential Elections Results


Graphs represent county-level data. Detailed 2008 Election Results

Median real estate property taxes paid for housing units with mortgages in 2013: $632 (0.6%)
Median real estate property taxes paid for housing units with no mortgage in 2013: $857 (2.2%)

Buffalo County household income distribution in 2009 Buffalo County home values distribution Buffalo County contract rent distribution in 2009
Percentage of residents living in poverty in 2013: 35.6%
(14.3% for White Non-Hispanic residents, 39.8% for American Indian residents, 50.7% for two or more races residents)

Percentage of residents living in poverty in 2013: 35.8%
Buffalo County:

35.8%
South Dakota:

14.2%
(14.4% for White Non-Hispanic residents, 38.7% for American Indian residents, 69.3% for two or more races residents)

Median age of residents in 2013: 24 years old
(Males: 24 years old, Females: 25 years old)
(Median age for: White residents: 28 years old, American Indian residents: 25 years old, Hispanic or Latino residents: 15 years old)

Fair market rent in 2006 for a 1-bedroom apartment in Buffalo County is $368 a month.
Fair market rent for a 2-bedroom apartment is $484 a month.
Fair market rent for a 3-bedroom apartment is $620 a month.

Cities in this county include: Fort Thompson, Gann Valley.

Buffalo County has a predicted average indoor radon screening level greater than 4 pCi/L (pico curies per liter) - Highest Potential

Click to draw/clear Buffalo County borders

Notable locations in this county outside city limits:

Notable location: Knippling Ranch (A). Display/hide its location on the map

Churches in Buffalo County include: Saint Johns Church (A), Saint Peters Mission (B), Crow Creek Church (C), Christ Church (D), Duncan Church (E). Display/hide their locations on the map

Cemeteries: Crow Creek Cemetery (1), Spring Hill Cemetery (2), Saint Joseph Cemetery (3). Display/hide their locations on the map

Reservoirs: Bedashosha Lake (A), Voneye Slough (B). Display/hide their locations on the map

Streams, rivers, and creeks: Campbell Creek (A), Crow Creek (B), Dry Run (C), Elm Creek (D), Smith Creek (E), Wolf Creek (F). Display/hide their locations on the map

Park in Buffalo County: North Shore Recreation Area (1). Display/hide its location on the map

Neighboring counties: Brule County , Hand County , Hyde County , Jerauld County , Lyman County .

Unemployment in July 2013:
Here:

12.8%
South Dakota:

3.5%

Unemployment by year (%)

County total employment by year

County average yearly wages by year ($)

Current college students: 49
People 25 years of age or older with a high school degree or higher: 63.9%
People 25 years of age or older with a bachelor's degree or higher: 5.4%

Number of foreign born residents: 8 (63% naturalized citizens)

Buffalo County:

0.4%
Whole state:

1.8%

Year of entry for the foreign-born population

  • 1995 to March 2000: 0
  • 1990 to 1994: 3
  • 1985 to 1989: 0
  • 1980 to 1984: 0
  • 1975 to 1979: 0
  • 1970 to 1974: 0
  • 1970 to 1974: 5
  • 1965 to 1969: 0

Mean travel time to work (commute): 16.0 minutes

Percentage of county residents living and working in this county: 77.7%

Buffalo County marital status for males Buffalo County marital status for females

Housing units in structures:


Housing units in Buffalo County with a mortgage: 48 (0 second mortgage, 0 home equity loan, 0 both second mortgage and home equity loan)
Houses without a mortgage: 77

Here:

0.0% with mortgage
State:

60.6% with mortgage

Religion statistics for Buffalo County

ReligionAdherentsCongregations
Catholic7872
Mainline Protestant1772
Other1621
None786-
Buffalo County Religion Details
Source: Clifford Grammich, Kirk Hadaway, Richard Houseal, Dale E.Jones, Alexei Krindatch, Richie Stanley and Richard H.Taylor. 2012. 2010 U.S.Religion Census: Religious Congregations & Membership Study. Association of Statisticians of American Religious Bodies. Jones, Dale E., et al. 2002. Congregations and Membership in the United States 2000. Nashville, TN: Glenmary Research Center.

Food Environment Statistics:




Number of convenience stores (with gas): 2
Buffalo County:

9.55 / 10,000 pop.
South Dakota:

6.68 / 10,000 pop.


Adult diabetes rate:
Buffalo County:

13.5%
South Dakota:

7.7%

Adult obesity rate:
Buffalo County:

38.6%
State:

27.7%

Low-income preschool obesity rate:
Here:

27.0%
State:

14.9%

Agriculture in Buffalo County:

Average size of farms: 3903 acres
Average value of agricultural products sold per farm: $181,073
Average value of crops sold per acre for harvested cropland: $65.02
The value of nursery, greenhouse, floriculture, and sod as a percentage of the total market value of agricultural products sold: 0.00%
The value of livestock, poultry, and their products as a percentage of the total market value of agricultural products sold: 84.70%
Average total farm production expenses per farm: $199,327
Harvested cropland as a percentage of land in farms: 10.92%
Irrigated harvested cropland as a percentage of land in farms: 4.97%
Average market value of all machinery and equipment per farm: $146,393
The percentage of farms operated by a family or individual: 78.08%
Average age of principal farm operators: 54 years
Average number of cattle and calves per 100 acres of all land in farms: 7.77
Corn for grain: 2711 harvested acres
All wheat for grain: 3271 harvested acres
Soybeans for beans: 3369 harvested acres

Tornado activity:

Buffalo County historical area-adjusted tornado activity is significantly below South Dakota state average. It is 8045573.4 times below overall U.S. average.
Tornadoes in this county have caused 10 injuries recorded between 1950 and 2004.
On 6/16/1992, a category 3 (max. wind speeds 158-206 mph) tornado injured 8 people and caused between $5,000,000 and $50,000,000 in damages.

Earthquake activity:

Buffalo County-area historical earthquake activity is near South Dakota state average. It is 58% smaller than the overall U.S. average.

On 8/18/1959 at 06:37:13, a magnitude 7.7 (7.7 UK, Class: Major, Intensity: VIII - XII) earthquake occurred 564.1 miles away from Buffalo County center, causing $26,000,000 total damage
On 3/4/1983 at 06:32:18, a magnitude 4.6 (4.4 MB, 4.6 LG, 4.4 ML, Class: Light, Intensity: IV - V) earthquake occurred 13.4 miles away from the county center
On 11/3/2002 at 20:41:56, a magnitude 4.3 (4.3 MB, 4.3 LG, Depth: 3.1 mi) earthquake occurred 90.5 miles away from the county center
On 10/18/1984 at 15:30:23, a magnitude 5.5 (5.4 MB, 5.1 MS, 5.5 ML, Class: Moderate, Intensity: VI - VII) earthquake occurred 337.2 miles away from the county center
On 10/25/1990 at 06:25:25, a magnitude 3.9 (3.6 MB, 3.9 LG, Depth: 3.1 mi, Class: Light, Intensity: II - III) earthquake occurred 43.5 miles away from Buffalo County center
On 7/9/1975 at 14:54:15, a magnitude 4.6 (4.6 MB) earthquake occurred 194.1 miles away from the county center
Magnitude types: regional Lg-wave magnitude (LG), body-wave magnitude (MB), local magnitude (ML), surface-wave magnitude (MS)

Most recent natural disasters:


The number of natural disasters in Buffalo County (15) is greater than the US average (12).
Major Disasters (Presidential) Declared: 13
Emergencies Declared: 2

Causes of natural disasters: Floods: 8, Storms: 6, Winter Storms: 3, Tornadoes: 2, Blizzard: 1, Drought: 1, Hurricane: 1, Ice Storm: 1 (Note: Some incidents may be assigned to more than one category).

Class of Workers

Most common industries in 2013 (%)
Males Females
Most common occupations in 2013 (%)
Males Females

Most common places of birth for the foreign-born residents (%):

  • Philippines (38%)
  • Canada (38%)
  • Germany (25%)

Most common first ancestries reported in Buffalo County (%):

  • German (9%)
  • United States or American (1%)
  • Irish (1%)
  • English (1%)
  • Norwegian (1%)
  • French (except Basque) (1%)
  • French Canadian (1%)

Buffalo County mode of transportation to work chart

Means of transportation to work:

  • Drove a car alone: 295 (68%)
  • Carpooled: 59 (14%)
  • Bus or trolley bus: 4 (1%)
  • Walked: 19 (4%)
  • Other means: 11 (3%)
  • Worked at home: 47 (11%)

Owners and renters by unit type in %

Breakdown of mean house values by ages of householders

15 people in other noninstitutional group quarters
3 people in other noninstitutional facilities
Average gross adjusted income of non-migrant taxpayers in this county in 2010 was $26,220.

6.77% of this county's 2011 resident taxpayers lived in other counties in 2010 ($20,342 average adjusted gross income)

Here:

6.77%
South Dakota average:

7.96%


10 or fewer of this county's residents moved from foreign countries.
4.99% relocated from other counties in South Dakota ($11,026 average AGI)
1.78% relocated from other states ($9,316 average AGI)
Buffalo County:

1.78%
South Dakota average:

3.76%

Percentage of residents relocating from other counties or countries



6.44% of this county's 2010 resident taxpayers moved to other counties in 2011 ($24,194 average adjusted gross income)

Here:

6.44%
South Dakota average:

7.77%


10 or fewer of this county's residents moved to foreign countries.
10 or fewer of this county's residents relocated to other counties in South Dakota.
10 or fewer of this county's residents relocated to other states.

Percentage of residents relocating to other counties or countries

Births per 1000 population from 1990 to 1999: 21.8
Births per 1000 population from 2000 to 2006: 26.0

Births per 1000 population in Buffalo County

Deaths per 1000 population from 1990 to 1999: 10.4
Deaths per 1000 population from 2000 to 2006: 9.1
Deaths per 1000 population from 2007 to 2013: 3.3

Deaths per 1000 population in Buffalo County

Infant deaths per 1000 live births from 1990 to 1999: 19.6
Infant deaths per 1000 live births from 2000 to 2006: 13.1

Infant deaths per 1000 live births in Buffalo County

Persons enrolled in hospital insurance and/or supplemental medical insurance (Medicare) in July 1, 2003: 139 (103 aged, 36 disabled)
Population without health insurance coverage in 2000: 29%
Children under 18 without health insurance coverage in 2000: 25%

General practice office based MDs per 100,000 population in 2005: 2285.710
Medical specialist MDs per 100,000 population in 2005: 952.380

EPA green book nonattainment status in 2004-2006: 1
Crimes per 100,000 population in 1996: 1

Household type by relationship:

Households: 1,909

Size of family households: 101 2-persons, 64 3-persons, 78 4-persons, 71 5-persons, 36 6-persons, 57 7-or-more-persons.

Size of nonfamily households: 101 1-person, 20 2-persons, 2 4-persons, 2 5-persons.

304 married couples with children.
293 single-parent households (68 men, 225 women).

87.4% of residents of Buffalo County speak English at home.
1.2% of residents speak Spanish at home (100% speak English very well).
0.2% of residents speak other Indo-European language at home (100% speak English very well).
0.1% of residents speak Asian or Pacific Island language at home (100% speak English well).
11.2% of residents speak other language at home (87% speak English very well, 9% speak English well, 4% speak English not well).

In fiscal year 2004:

Federal Government expenditure: $29,566,000 ($14214 per capita)
Department of Defense expenditure: $1,727,000
Federal direct payments to individuals for retirement and disability: $2,324,000
Federal other direct payments to individuals: $1,785,000
Federal direct payments not to individuals: $11,101,000
Federal grants: $7,663,000
Federal procurement contracts: $1,287,000 ($671,000 Department of Defense)
Federal salaries and wages: $5,406,000 ($1,042,000 Department of Defense)
Federal Government direct loans: $3,000
Federal guaranteed/insured loans: $0,000
Federal Government insurance: $6,615,000

Population change from April 1, 2000 to July 1, 2005:

Births: 292
Here:

139 per 1000 residents
State:

72 per 1000 residents

Deaths: 102
Here:

49 per 1000 residents
State:

48 per 1000 residents

Net international migration: 0
Here:

0 per 1000 residents
State:

+5 per 1000 residents

Net internal migration: -117
Here -56 per 1000 residents
State -1 per 1000 residents

Population growth in Buffalo County

Total withdrawal of fresh water for public supply: 0.00 millions of gallons per day (all from surface)

Median number of rooms in houses and condos:
Here:

5.7
State:

6.3

Median number of rooms in apartments:
Here:

5.1
State:

4.1

Year house built

  • 2005 or later: 7
  • 2000 to 2004: 62
  • 1990 to 1999: 118
  • 1980 to 1989: 92
  • 1970 to 1979: 181
  • 1960 to 1969: 60
  • 1950 to 1959: 16
  • 1940 to 1949: 29
  • 1939 or earlier: 50
Rooms in houses/apartments in Buffalo County, South Dakota
Owner-occupied Renter-occupied
  • 1 room: 0
  • 2 rooms: 2
  • 3 rooms: 8
  • 4 rooms: 11
  • 5 rooms: 82
  • 6 rooms: 68
  • 7 rooms: 27
  • 8 rooms: 12
  • 9+ rooms: 17
  • 1 room: 0
  • 2 rooms: 9
  • 3 rooms: 38
  • 4 rooms: 39
  • 5 rooms: 98
  • 6 rooms: 75
  • 7 rooms: 21
  • 8 rooms: 11
  • 9+ rooms: 8
Bedrooms in houses/apartments in Buffalo County, South Dakota
Owner-occupied Renter-occupied
  • no bedroom: 0
  • 1 bedroom: 4
  • 2 bedrooms: 28
  • 3 bedrooms: 117
  • 4 bedrooms: 67
  • 5+ bedrooms: 11
  • no bedroom: 0
  • 1 bedroom: 43
  • 2 bedrooms: 44
  • 3 bedrooms: 148
  • 4 bedrooms: 51
  • 5+ bedrooms: 13
Cars and other vehicles available in Buffalo County, South Dakota in houses/condos/apartments
Owner-occupied Renter-occupied
  • no vehicle: 19
  • 1 vehicle: 71
  • 2 vehicles: 89
  • 3 vehicles: 24
  • 4 vehicles: 15
  • 5+ vehicles: 9
  • no vehicle: 64
  • 1 vehicle: 129
  • 2 vehicles: 79
  • 3 vehicles: 25
  • 4 vehicles: 0
  • 5+ vehicles: 2

69% of Buffalo County residents lived in the same house 5 years ago.
   Out of people who lived in different houses, 49% lived in this county.
   Out of people who lived in different counties, 90% lived in South Dakota.

Buffalo County:

68.6%
State average:

56.2%

Place of birth for U.S.-born residents:

Median price asked for vacant for-sale houses in 2000: $37,500


Housing units lacking complete plumbing facilities: 4%

Housing units lacking complete kitchen facilities: 3%

Year Householders Moved Into Unit

Most commonly used house heating fuel in Buffalo County
Houses and condos Apartments
  • Bottled, tank, or LP gas (88.5%)
  • Electricity (10.1%)
  • Fuel oil, kerosene, etc. (0.9%)
  • Bottled, tank, or LP gas (77.9%)
  • Electricity (12.7%)
  • Fuel oil, kerosene, etc. (4.3%)
  • No fuel used (2.7%)
  • Utility gas (1.3%)
  • Wood (1.0%)

Private vs. public school enrollment:


Students in private schools in grades 1 to 8 (elementary and middle school): 46
Here:

11.2%
South Dakota:

8.0%

Students in private schools in grades 9 to 12 (high school): 20
Here:

9.8%
South Dakota:

5.6%

Students in private undergraduate colleges: 4
Here:

8.7%
South Dakota:

17.8%

Educational Attainment (%)

School Enrollment by Level of School (%)

Age and Sex of Sensory-Disabled Residents (Noninstitutionalized)

Age and Sex of Physically-Disabled Residents (Noninstitutionalized)

Age and Sex of Mentally-Disabled Residents (Noninstitutionalized)

Age and Sex of Self-Care Disabled Residents (Noninstitutionalized)

Age and Sex of Go-Outside-Home Disabled Residents (Noninstitutionalized)

Age and Sex of Residents with Employment Disability (Noninstitutionalized)

Buffalo County government finances - Expenditure in 2006:

  • Construction - Regular Highways: $40,000
  • Current Operations - Financial Administration: $110,000
    Regular Highways: $73,000
    General - Other: $72,000
    Police Protection: $46,000
    Central Staff Services: $32,000
    Judicial and Legal Services: $17,000
    Public Welfare - Other: $8,000
    General Public Buildings: $7,000
    Natural Resources - Other: $4,000
    Health - Other: $1,000
  • Intergovernmental to Local NEC - Corrections - Other: $2,000
  • Other Capital Outlay - Regular Highways: $169,000
  • Total Salaries and Wages: $231,000

Buffalo County government finances - Revenue in 2006:

  • Charges - All Other: $12,000
  • Local Intergovernmental - Highways: $4,000
  • Miscellaneous - General Revenue, NEC: $29,000
    Interest Earnings: $6,000
    Sale of Property: $2,000
  • State Intergovernmental - Highways: $120,000
    All Other: $1,000
  • Tax - Property: $308,000

Buffalo County government finances - Cash and Securities in 2006:

  • Other Funds - Cash and Securities: $575,000

Supplemental Security Income (SSI) in 2006:

Buffalo County Fatal accident statistics for 1975 - 1993
Count Vehicles DUI Fatalities Persons

Fatal accident count (per 100,000 population)

Buffalo County Fatal accident statistics for 1994 - 2013
Count Vehicles DUI Fatalities Persons

Fatal accident count (per 100,000 population)

Most common first names in Buffalo County, SD among deceased individuals
NameCountLived (average)
William970.0 years
John569.4 years
Joseph469.7 years
Mary469.0 years
Lucille462.2 years
Gilbert466.7 years
Paul468.0 years
Elizabeth472.0 years
Annie475.0 years
Lloyd351.0 years
Most common last names in Buffalo County, SD among deceased individuals
Last nameCountLived (average)
Slow663.5 years
Woundedknee564.6 years
Whitemouse561.2 years
Comesflying569.2 years
Mcbride565.6 years
Thompson581.0 years
St John564.4 years
Fallis451.7 years
Shields460.2 years
Jones473.5 years

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