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Jefferson County, Alabama (AL)

County population in 2014: 660,793 (90% urban, 10% rural); it was 662,047 in 2000
County owner-occupied with a mortgage or a loan houses and condos in 2010: 120,593
County owner-occupied free and clear houses and condos in 2010: 50,565
County owner-occupied houses and condos in 2000: 174,982
Renter-occupied apartments: 92,410 (it was 88,283 in 2000)
% of renters here:

34%
State:

30%

Land area: 1113 sq. mi.

Water area: 11.2 sq. mi.

Population density: 594 people per square mile   (high).

Mar. 2016 cost of living index in Jefferson County: 89.2 (less than average, U.S. average is 100)

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Industries providing employment: Professional, scientific, management, administrative, and waste management services (28.4%), Educational, health and social services (13.3%), Finance, insurance, real estate, and rental and leasing (11.7%).

Type of workers:

  • Private wage or salary: 65%
  • Government: 8%
  • Self-employed, not incorporated: 25%
  • Unpaid family work: 1%
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Based on 2000-2013 data
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Jefferson County races chart

Races in Jefferson County, Alabama:

  • White Non-Hispanic Alone (51.7%)
  • Black Non-Hispanic Alone (41.8%)
  • Hispanic or Latino (3.9%)
  • Asian alone (1.4%)
  • Two or more races (0.9%)
Median resident age:  37.0 years
Alabama median age:  37.0 years
Males: 312,914  (47.4%)
Females: 347,879  (52.6%)
Jefferson County, AL forum
Recent posts about Jefferson County, Alabama on our local forum with over 2,000,000 registered users. Jefferson County is mentioned 511 times on our forum:
Cool News  (327 replies)
Jefferson County's shining star?  (20 replies)
The many voices of Jefferson County.  (2 replies)
Unincorporated Jefferson County  (14 replies)
Police departments hiring around Jefferson County  (4 replies)
UPDATED: New and Upcoming Projects.  (1075 replies)

Jefferson County,AL real estate house value trend

Average household size:
Jefferson County:

2.0 people
Alabama:

2 people
Estimated median household income in 2015: $48,492 ($36,868 in 1999)

This county:

$48,492
Alabama:

$44,765

Median contract rent in 2015 for apartments: $614 (lower quartile is $420, upper quartile is $805)
This county:

$614
State:

$536


Estimated median house or condo value in 2015: $155,000 (it was $88,100 in 2000)
Jefferson:

$155,000
Alabama:

$134,100
Lower value quartile - upper value quartile: $88,500 - $259,700

Mean price in 2015:

Detached houses: $219,212
Here:

$219,212
State:

$189,058

Townhouses or other attached units: $144,504
Here:

$144,504
State:

$173,290

In 2-unit structures: $233,908
Here:

$233,908
State:

$302,407

In 3-to-4-unit structures: $142,380
Here:

$142,380
State:

$154,413

In 5-or-more-unit structures: $228,654
Here:

$228,654
State:

$211,744

Mobile homes: $65,244
Here:

$65,244
State:

$57,629
Median monthly housing costs for homes and condos with a mortgage: $1,279
Median monthly housing costs for units without a mortgage: $403

Institutionalized population: 7,005

Crime in 2005 (reported by the sheriff's office or county police, not the county total):

  • Murders: 4
  • Rapes: 43
  • Robberies: 149
  • Assaults: 261
  • Burglaries: 1833
  • Thefts: 2927
  • Auto thefts: 518

Crime in 2004 (reported by the sheriff's office or county police, not the county total):

  • Murders: 0
  • Rapes: 42
  • Robberies: 116
  • Assaults: 169
  • Burglaries: 1214
  • Thefts: 2277
  • Auto thefts: 356
Jefferson County, AL map from a distance

Health of residents in Jefferson County based on CDC Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System Survey Questionnaires from 2003 to 2012:

General health status score of residents in this county from 1 (poor) to 5 (excellent) is 3.3. This is worse than average.
69.1% of residents exercised in the past month. This is less than average.
44.2% of residents smoked 100+ cigarettes in their lives. This is about average.
59.7% of adult residents drank alcohol in the past 30 days. This is less than average.
63.4% of residents visited a dentist within the past year. This is less than average.
Average weight of males is 198 pounds. This is about average.
Average weight of females is 171 pounds. This is more than average.
39.4% of residents keep firearms around their homes. This is more than average.

Single-family new house construction building permits:

  • 2004: 3269 buildings, average cost: $179,400
  • 2005: 3396 buildings, average cost: $182,100
  • 2006: 3300 buildings, average cost: $181,500
  • 2007: 2589 buildings, average cost: $187,600
  • 2008: 1393 buildings, average cost: $183,700
  • 2009: 972 buildings, average cost: $174,100
  • 2010: 926 buildings, average cost: $190,000
  • 2011: 1151 buildings, average cost: $211,400
  • 2012: 1116 buildings, average cost: $241,200
  • 2013: 1119 buildings, average cost: $264,500
  • 2014: 1298 buildings, average cost: $257,600

Number of permits per 10,000 residents

Average cost (in $1000s)

Presidential Elections Results

1996 2000 2004 2008 2012 2016

1996 Presidential Elections Results

2000 Presidential Elections Results

2004 Presidential Elections Results

2008 Presidential Elections Results

2012 Presidential Elections Results

2016 Presidential Elections Results

Graphs represent county-level data. Detailed 2008 Election Results

Median real estate property taxes paid for housing units with mortgages in 2015: $1,060 (0.6%)
Median real estate property taxes paid for housing units with no mortgage in 2015: $805 (0.7%)

Jefferson County household income distribution in 2009 Jefferson County home values distribution Jefferson County contract rent distribution in 2009
Percentage of residents living in poverty in 2015: 17.7%
(8.0% for White Non-Hispanic residents, 28.3% for Black residents, 36.3% for Hispanic or Latino residents, 16.3% for American Indian residents, 14.4% for Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander residents, 45.4% for other race residents, 21.2% for two or more races residents)

Percentage of residents living in poverty in 2015: 17.7%
Jefferson County:

17.7%
Alabama:

18.5%
(8.0% for White Non-Hispanic residents, 28.3% for Black residents, 34.5% for Hispanic or Latino residents, 16.3% for American Indian residents, 14.4% for Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander residents, 42.4% for other race residents, 17.1% for two or more races residents)

Median age of residents in 2015: 37 years old
(Males: 35 years old, Females: 38 years old)
(Median age for: White residents: 42 years old, Black residents: 35 years old, American Indian residents: 54 years old, Asian residents: 33 years old, Hispanic or Latino residents: 25 years old, Other race residents: 20 years old)

Area name: Birmingham-Hoover, AL HUD Metro FMR Area
Fair market rent in 2006 for a 1-bedroom apartment in Jefferson County is $521 a month.
Fair market rent for a 2-bedroom apartment is $581 a month.
Fair market rent for a 3-bedroom apartment is $737 a month.

Cities in this county include: Birmingham, Hoover, Bessemer, Homewood, Vestavia Hills, Center Point, Mountain Brook, Hueytown, Greenwood, Trussville.

Jefferson County has a predicted average indoor radon screening level between 2 and 4 pCi/L (pico curies per liter) - Moderate Potential

2012 air pollution in Jefferson County:

Carbon Monoxide: 0.404 ppm (standard limit: 9 ppm). Near U.S. average.
Ozone (1-hour): 0.028 ppm (standard limit: 0.12 ppm). Near U.S. average.
Particulate Matter (PM10) Annual: 18.3 µg/m3. Near U.S. average.
Particulate Matter (PM2.5) Annual: 10.6 µg/m3(standard limit: 15.0 µg/m3). Near U.S. average.
Sulfur Oxides Annual: 0.002 ppm (standard limit: 0.03 ppm). Near U.S. average.

Click to draw/clear Jefferson County borders

Neighboring counties: Bryan County, Oklahoma , Itawamba County, Mississippi , Dickens County, Texas , Hancock County, Georgia , Foard County, Texas , Haskell County, Texas , Titus County, Texas .

Unemployment in September 2015:
Here:

5.7%
Alabama:

5.9%

Unemployment by year (%)

County total employment by year

County average yearly wages by year ($)

Current college students: 38,365
People 25 years of age or older with a high school degree or higher: 80.9%
People 25 years of age or older with a bachelor's degree or higher: 24.6%

Number of foreign born residents: 15,492 (32% naturalized citizens)

Jefferson County:

2.3%
Whole state:

2.0%

Year of entry for the foreign-born population

  • 1995 to March 2000: 6,756
  • 1990 to 1994: 2,628
  • 1985 to 1989: 1,744
  • 1980 to 1984: 1,083
  • 1975 to 1979: 941
  • 1970 to 1974: 689
  • 1970 to 1974: 377
  • 1965 to 1969: 1,274
Note: State values scaled to Jefferson County population

Mean travel time to work (commute): 24.3 minutes

Percentage of county residents living and working in this county: 90.7%

Jefferson County marital status for males Jefferson County marital status for females

Housing units in structures:

  • One, detached: 195,437
  • One, attached: 8,466
  • Two: 5,631
  • 3 or 4: 10,555
  • 5 to 9: 18,333
  • 10 to 19: 17,833
  • 20 or more: 20,844
  • Mobile homes: 10,891
  • Boats, RVs, vans, etc.: 172

Housing units in Jefferson County with a mortgage: 105,604 (11,339 second mortgage, 13,339 home equity loan, 416 both second mortgage and home equity loan)
Houses without a mortgage: 51,765

Here:

67.1% with mortgage
State:

64.0% with mortgage

Religion statistics for Jefferson County

ReligionAdherentsCongregations
Evangelical Protestant308,984710
Black Protestant106,653257
Mainline Protestant67,037150
Catholic55,08332
Other13,07345
Orthodox1,4244
None106,212-
Jefferson County Religion Details
Source: Clifford Grammich, Kirk Hadaway, Richard Houseal, Dale E.Jones, Alexei Krindatch, Richie Stanley and Richard H.Taylor. 2012. 2010 U.S.Religion Census: Religious Congregations & Membership Study. Association of Statisticians of American Religious Bodies. Jones, Dale E., et al. 2002. Congregations and Membership in the United States 2000. Nashville, TN: Glenmary Research Center.

Food Environment Statistics:

Number of grocery stores: 135
Jefferson County:

2.05 / 10,000 pop.
State:

1.89 / 10,000 pop.

Number of supercenters and club stores: 12
Here:

0.18 / 10,000 pop.
Alabama:

0.20 / 10,000 pop.

Number of convenience stores (no gas): 65
This county:

0.99 / 10,000 pop.
Alabama:

0.65 / 10,000 pop.

Number of convenience stores (with gas): 380
Jefferson County:

5.77 / 10,000 pop.
Alabama:

6.32 / 10,000 pop.

Number of full-service restaurants: 357
This county:

5.42 / 10,000 pop.
State:

5.75 / 10,000 pop.

Adult diabetes rate:
Jefferson County:

12.4%
Alabama:

11.8%

Adult obesity rate:
Jefferson County:

31.1%
State:

31.7%

Low-income preschool obesity rate:
Here:

12.0%
State:

13.5%

Agriculture in Jefferson County:

Average size of farms: 91 acres
Average value of agricultural products sold per farm: $31,182
Average value of crops sold per acre for harvested cropland: $216.24
The value of nursery, greenhouse, floriculture, and sod as a percentage of the total market value of agricultural products sold: 8.19%
The value of livestock, poultry, and their products as a percentage of the total market value of agricultural products sold: 87.81%
Average total farm production expenses per farm: $33,371
Harvested cropland as a percentage of land in farms: 19.36%
Average market value of all machinery and equipment per farm: $27,980
The percentage of farms operated by a family or individual: 95.25%
Average age of principal farm operators: 57 years
Average number of cattle and calves per 100 acres of all land in farms: 12.59
Milk cows as a percentage of all cattle and calves: 0.06%
Corn for grain: 40 harvested acres
Vegetables: 37 harvested acres
Land in orchards: 23 acres

Earthquake activity:

Jefferson County-area historical earthquake activity is near Alabama state average. It is 79% smaller than the overall U.S. average.

On 1/18/1999 at 07:00:53, a magnitude 4.8 (4.8 MB, 4.0 LG, Depth: 0.6 mi, Class: Light, Intensity: IV - V) earthquake occurred 26.1 miles away from Jefferson County center
On 4/29/2003 at 08:59:39, a magnitude 4.9 (4.4 MB, 4.6 MW, 4.9 LG, Depth: 12.2 mi) earthquake occurred 95.9 miles away from the county center
On 6/24/1975 at 11:11:36, a magnitude 4.5 (4.5 MB) earthquake occurred 59.8 miles away from the county center
On 10/24/1997 at 08:35:17, a magnitude 4.9 (4.8 MB, 4.2 MS, 4.9 LG, Depth: 6.2 mi) earthquake occurred 168.3 miles away from the county center
On 11/7/2004 at 11:20:21, a magnitude 4.4 (4.4 MB, 4.3 MW, 4.0 LG, Depth: 3.1 mi) earthquake occurred 88.3 miles away from Jefferson County center
On 12/12/1997 at 08:42:20, a magnitude 4.0 (3.9 MB, 4.0 LG, Depth: 0.6 mi) earthquake occurred 27.9 miles away from the county center
Magnitude types: regional Lg-wave magnitude (LG), body-wave magnitude (MB), surface-wave magnitude (MS), moment magnitude (MW)

Most recent natural disasters:

  • Alabama Severe Storms, Tornadoes, Straight-line Winds, and Flooding, Incident Period: April 28, 2014 to May 05, 2014, Major Disaster (Presidential) Declared DR-4176: May 02, 2014, FEMA Id: 4176, Natural disaster type: Storm, Tornado, Flood, Wind
  • Alabama Severe Storms, Tornadoes, Straight-Line Winds, and Flooding, Incident Period: January 22, 2012 to January 23, 2012, Major Disaster (Presidential) Declared DR-4052: February 01, 2012, FEMA Id: 4052, Natural disaster type: Storm, Tornado, Flood, Wind
  • Alabama Severe Storms, Tornadoes, and Straight-line Winds, Incident Period: April 27, 2011 to May 31, 2011, Emergency Declared EM-3319: April 27, 2011, FEMA Id: 3319, Natural disaster type: Storm, Tornado, Wind
  • Alabama Severe Storms, Tornadoes, Straight-line Winds, and Flooding, Incident Period: April 15, 2011 to May 31, 2011, Major Disaster (Presidential) Declared DR-1971: April 28, 2011, FEMA Id: 1971, Natural disaster type: Storm, Tornado, Flood, Wind
  • Alabama Severe Storms, Flooding, Tornadoes, and Straight-line Winds, Incident Period: April 10, 2009 to April 13, 2009, Major Disaster (Presidential) Declared DR-1836: May 08, 2009, FEMA Id: 1836, Natural disaster type: Storm, Tornado, Flood, Wind
  • Alabama Hurricane Gustav, Incident Period: August 29, 2008 to September 03, 2008, Emergency Declared EM-3292: August 30, 2008, FEMA Id: 3292, Natural disaster type: Hurricane
  • Alabama Severe Storms and Tornadoes, Incident Period: March 01, 2007, Major Disaster (Presidential) Declared DR-1687: March 03, 2007, FEMA Id: 1687, Natural disaster type: Storm, Tornado
  • Alabama Hurricane Katrina, Incident Period: August 29, 2005 to September 26, 2005, Major Disaster (Presidential) Declared DR-1605: August 29, 2005, FEMA Id: 1605, Natural disaster type: Hurricane
  • Alabama Hurricane Katrina Evacuation, Incident Period: August 29, 2005 to October 01, 2005, Emergency Declared EM-3237: September 10, 2005, FEMA Id: 3237, Natural disaster type: Hurricane
  • Alabama Hurricane Dennis, Incident Period: July 10, 2005 to July 16, 2005, Major Disaster (Presidential) Declared DR-1593: July 10, 2005, FEMA Id: 1593, Natural disaster type: Hurricane
  • 21 other natural disasters have been reported since 1953.

The number of natural disasters in Jefferson County (31) is a lot greater than the US average (13).
Major Disasters (Presidential) Declared: 24
Emergencies Declared: 6

Causes of natural disasters: Storms: 18, Tornadoes: 16, Floods: 14, Hurricanes: 6, Winds: 6, Drought: 1, Fire: 1, Heavy Rain: 1, Snowfall: 1, Winter Storm: 1 (Note: Some incidents may be assigned to more than one category).

Class of Workers

Most common industries in 2015 (%)
Males Females
  • Health care and social assistance (27%)
  • Educational services (13%)
  • Retail trade (9%)
  • Accommodation and food services (8%)
  • Other services, except public administration (8%)
  • Finance and insurance (7%)
  • Professional, scientific, and technical services (6%)
  • Health care and social assistance (27%)
  • Educational services (13%)
  • Retail trade (10%)
  • Accommodation and food services (8%)
  • Other services, except public administration (8%)
  • Finance and insurance (7%)
  • Professional, scientific, and technical services (6%)
Most common occupations in 2015 (%)
Males Females
  • Management occupations (11%)
  • Sales and related occupations (10%)
  • Construction and extraction occupations (8%)
  • Production occupations (7%)
  • Transportation occupations (7%)
  • Office and administrative support occupations (7%)
  • Installation, maintenance, and repair occupations (7%)
  • Office and administrative support occupations (20%)
  • Sales and related occupations (11%)
  • Health diagnosing and treating practitioners and other technical occupations (10%)
  • Education, training, and library occupations (9%)
  • Management occupations (8%)
  • Personal care and service occupations (6%)
  • Food preparation and serving related occupations (6%)

Most common places of birth for the foreign-born residents (%):

  • Mexico (27%)
  • China, excluding Hong Kong and Taiwan (7%)
  • India (6%)
  • United Kingdom (4%)
  • Germany (4%)
  • Vietnam (4%)
  • Canada (3%)

Most common first ancestries reported in Jefferson County (%):

  • United States or American (14%)
  • English (9%)
  • Irish (6%)
  • German (5%)
  • Scotch-Irish (3%)
  • Italian (2%)
  • Scottish (2%)

Jefferson County mode of transportation to work chart

Means of transportation to work:

  • Drove a car alone: 243,720 (83%)
  • Carpooled: 34,334 (12%)
  • Bus or trolley bus: 2,810 (1%)
  • Streetcar or trolley car: 10 (0%)
  • Subway or elevated: 35 (0%)
  • Railroad: 42 (0%)
  • Ferryboat: 66 (0%)
  • Taxi: 244 (0%)
  • Motorcycle: 206 (0%)
  • Bicycle: 186 (0%)
  • Walked: 3,838 (1%)
  • Other means: 1,528 (1%)
  • Worked at home: 5,430 (2%)

Owners and renters by unit type in %

Breakdown of mean house values by ages of householders ($)


People in group quarters in Jefferson County, Alabama in 2000:

  • 4,360 people in college dormitories (includes college quarters off campus)
  • 4,260 people in nursing homes
  • 1,581 people in local jails and other confinement facilities (including police lockups)
  • 1,571 people in other noninstitutional group quarters
  • 1,484 people in state prisons
  • 569 people in homes or halfway houses for drug/alcohol abuse
  • 351 people in other group homes
  • 334 people in homes for the mentally ill
  • 293 people in halfway houses
  • 289 people in unknown juvenile institutions
  • 263 people in homes for the mentally retarded
  • 228 people in other nonhousehold living situations
  • 119 people in schools, hospitals, or wards for the mentally retarded
  • 116 people in wards in general hospitals for patients who have no usual home elsewhere
  • 86 people in training schools for juvenile delinquents
  • 59 people in mental (psychiatric) hospitals or wards
  • 45 people in other types of correctional institutions
  • 40 people in religious group quarters
  • 26 people in homes for the physically handicapped
  • 18 people in hospitals or wards for drug/alcohol abuse
  • 13 people in hospitals/wards and hospices for chronically ill
  • 13 people in other hospitals or wards for chronically ill
  • 8 people in homes for abused, dependent, and neglected children

People in group quarters in Jefferson County, Alabama in 2010:

  • 5,727 people in college/university student housing
  • 3,555 people in nursing facilities/skilled-nursing facilities
  • 1,814 people in state prisons
  • 1,194 people in local jails and other municipal confinement facilities
  • 850 people in group homes intended for adults
  • 749 people in other noninstitutional facilities
  • 737 people in residential treatment centers for adults
  • 581 people in emergency and transitional shelters (with sleeping facilities) for people experiencing homelessness
  • 157 people in correctional facilities intended for juveniles
  • 145 people in mental (psychiatric) hospitals and psychiatric units in other hospitals
  • 125 people in workers' group living quarters and job corps centers
  • 68 people in residential treatment centers for juveniles (non-correctional)
  • 39 people in hospitals with patients who have no usual home elsewhere
  • 33 people in group homes for juveniles (non-correctional)
Average gross adjusted income of non-migrant taxpayers in this county in 2010 was $57,193.

4.70% of this county's 2011 resident taxpayers lived in other counties in 2010 ($41,960 average adjusted gross income)

Here:

4.70%
Alabama average:

6.02%


0.03% of residents moved from foreign countries ($462 average AGI)
Jefferson County:

0.03%
Alabama average:

0.05%

2.70% relocated from other counties in Alabama ($21,236 average AGI)
1.96% relocated from other states ($20,262 average AGI)
Jefferson County:

1.96%
Alabama average:

2.63%

Percentage of residents relocating from other counties or countries


Top counties from which taxpayers relocated into this county between 2010 and 2011:
from Shelby County, AL  0.81% ($44,611 average AGI)
from St. Clair County, AL  0.26% ($33,204)
from Tuscaloosa County, AL  0.22% ($45,360)
from Blount County, AL  0.14% ($32,947)
from Montgomery County, AL  0.14% ($28,640)
from Madison County, AL  0.12% ($29,314)
from Walker County, AL  0.11% ($32,349)


5.10% of this county's 2010 resident taxpayers moved to other counties in 2011 ($43,166 average adjusted gross income)

Here:

5.10%
Alabama average:

6.06%


0.03% of residents moved to foreign countries ($245 average AGI)
Jefferson County:

0.03%
Alabama average:

0.06%

2.81% relocated to other counties in Alabama ($21,749 average AGI)
2.25% relocated to other states ($21,172 average AGI)
Jefferson County:

2.25%
Alabama average:

2.67%

Percentage of residents relocating to other counties or countries


Top counties to which taxpayers relocated from this county between 2010 and 2011:
to Shelby County, AL  1.01% ($46,368 average AGI)
to St. Clair County, AL  0.31% ($44,212)
to Blount County, AL  0.19% ($35,993)
to Tuscaloosa County, AL  0.18% ($34,947)
to Madison County, AL  0.12% ($33,736)
to Montgomery County, AL  0.11% ($25,591)
to Walker County, AL  0.10% ($33,601)

Births per 1000 population from 1990 to 1999: 14.5
Births per 1000 population from 2000 to 2006: 14.0
Births per 1000 population from 2007 to 2014: 14.1

Births per 1000 population in Jefferson County

Deaths per 1000 population from 1990 to 1999: 10.8
Deaths per 1000 population from 2000 to 2006: 11.0
Deaths per 1000 population from 2007 to 2014: 10.5

Deaths per 1000 population in Jefferson County

Infant deaths per 1000 live births from 1990 to 1999: 11.9
Infant deaths per 1000 live births from 2000 to 2006: 11.5
Infant deaths per 1000 live births from 2007 to 2013: 10.9

Infant deaths per 1000 live births in Jefferson County

Population without health insurance coverage in 2013: 14.7%
Persons under 19 years old without health insurance coverage in 2013: 4.7%
Percentage of population without health insurance coverage in Jefferson County
All 18-64 40-64 50-64 Under 19

Percentage of population without health insurance coverage in Jefferson County


Persons enrolled in hospital insurance and/or supplemental medical insurance (Medicare) in July 1, 2007: 108,170 (83,143 aged, 25,027 disabled)
Children under 18 without health insurance coverage in 2007: 10,187 (6%)

Persons enrolled in hospital insurance and/or supplemental medical insurance (Medicare)

Aged persons enrolled in hospital insurance and/or supplemental medical insurance (Medicare)

Disabled persons enrolled in hospital insurance and/or supplemental medical insurance (Medicare)

Most common underlying causes of death in Jefferson County, Alabama in 1999 - 2014:

  • Bronchus or lung, unspecified - Malignant neoplasms (6,356)
  • Atherosclerotic heart disease (5,292)
  • Acute myocardial infarction, unspecified (5,165)
  • Stroke, not specified as haemorrhage or infarction (4,382)
  • Unspecified dementia (3,870)
  • Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, unspecified (3,819)
  • Congestive heart failure (3,499)
  • Alzheimer's disease, unspecified (3,050)
  • Other ill-defined and unspecified causes of mortality (3,044)
  • Cardiac arrest, unspecified (2,617)

Population without health insurance coverage in 2000: 13%
Children under 18 without health insurance coverage in 2000: 11%

Homicides per 1,000,000 population from 2000 to 2006: 174.9. This is less than state average.

Mechanisms of homicide:

Deaths per 1,000,000 population:
  • Firearm - 137.5
  • Cut/Pierce - 14.7
  • Other - 22.7

Suicides per 1,000,000 population from 2000 to 2006: 117.0. This is less than state average.

Mechanisms of suicide:

Deaths per 1,000,000 population:
  • Firearm - 79.6
  • Suffocation - 17.3
  • Poisoning - 14.5
  • Other - 5.6

Household type by relationship:

Households: 642,692
  • In family households: 531,582 (102,318 male householders, 67,889 female householders)
    110,228 spouses, 188,363 children (174,885 natural, 4,696 adopted, 8,782 stepchildren), 22,240 grandchildren, 8,618 brothers or sisters, 5,612 parents, 10,851 other relatives, 12,092 non-relatives
  • In nonfamily households: 111,110 (41,119 male householders (33,494 living alone)), 52,242 female householders (45,912 living alone)), 17,749 nonrelatives
  • In group quarters: 15,774 (7,005 institutionalized population)

Size of family households: 71,787 2-persons, 42,926 3-persons, 32,472 4-persons, 14,436 5-persons, 5,341 6-persons, 3,245 7-or-more-persons.

Size of nonfamily households: 79,406 1-person, 11,460 2-persons, 1,674 3-persons, 566 4-persons, 145 5-persons, 61 6-persons, 49 7-or-more-persons.

94,260 married couples with children.
48,068 single-parent households (5,574 men, 42,494 women).

95.4% of residents of Jefferson County speak English at home.
2.4% of residents speak Spanish at home (54% speak English very well, 19% speak English well, 19% speak English not well, 8% don't speak English at all).
1.3% of residents speak other Indo-European language at home (74% speak English very well, 18% speak English well, 8% speak English not well).
0.6% of residents speak Asian or Pacific Island language at home (54% speak English very well, 30% speak English well, 15% speak English not well, 2% don't speak English at all).
0.4% of residents speak other language at home (81% speak English very well, 14% speak English well, 4% speak English not well).

In fiscal year 2004:

Federal Government expenditure: $4,987,468,000 ($7,574 per capita)
Department of Defense expenditure: $277,226,000
Federal direct payments to individuals for retirement and disability: $1,890,093,000
Federal other direct payments to individuals: $1,132,230,000
Federal direct payments not to individuals: $36,633,000
Federal grants: $1,084,877,000
Federal procurement contracts: $254,408,000 ($44,358,000 Department of Defense)
Federal salaries and wages: $589,227,000 ($153,124,000 Department of Defense)
Federal Government direct loans: $196,747,000
Federal guaranteed/insured loans: $335,494,000
Federal Government insurance: $340,629,000

Population change from April 1, 2000 to July 1, 2005:

Births: 48,876
Here:

74 per 1000 residents
State:

70 per 1000 residents

Deaths: 38,359
Here:

58 per 1000 residents
State:

53 per 1000 residents

Net international migration: +5,336
Here:

+8 per 1000 residents
State:

+6 per 1000 residents

Net internal migration: -21,642
Here -33 per 1000 residents
State +2 per 1000 residents

Population growth in Jefferson County

Total withdrawal of fresh water for public supply: 59.08 millions of gallons per day (24% from ground, 76% from surface)

Median number of rooms in houses and condos:
Here:

6.3
State:

6.0

Median number of rooms in apartments:
Here:

4.2
State:

4.3

Year house built

  • 2014 or later: 1,232
  • 2010 to 2013: 7,791
  • 2000 to 2009: 39,958
  • 1990 to 1999: 32,966
  • 1980 to 1989: 33,334
  • 1970 to 1979: 55,262
  • 1960 to 1969: 44,387
  • 1950 to 1959: 43,515
  • 1940 to 1949: 19,188
  • 1939 or earlier: 29,050
Note: State values scaled to Jefferson population
Rooms in houses/apartments in Jefferson County, Alabama
Owner-occupied Renter-occupied
Note: State values scaled to Jefferson County population
  • 1 room: 100
  • 2 rooms: 762
  • 3 rooms: 3,732
  • 4 rooms: 11,666
  • 5 rooms: 33,371
  • 6 rooms: 46,674
  • 7 rooms: 34,973
  • 8 rooms: 21,213
  • 9+ rooms: 22,491
  • 1 room: 2,319
  • 2 rooms: 6,492
  • 3 rooms: 15,223
  • 4 rooms: 27,105
  • 5 rooms: 20,038
  • 6 rooms: 10,591
  • 7 rooms: 3,857
  • 8 rooms: 1,689
  • 9+ rooms: 969
Bedrooms in houses/apartments in Jefferson County, Alabama
Owner-occupied Renter-occupied
Note: State values scaled to Jefferson County population
  • no bedroom: 304
  • 1 bedroom: 3,544
  • 2 bedrooms: 35,013
  • 3 bedrooms: 97,384
  • 4 bedrooms: 31,236
  • 5+ bedrooms: 7,501
  • no bedroom: 3,059
  • 1 bedroom: 22,631
  • 2 bedrooms: 41,083
  • 3 bedrooms: 18,299
  • 4 bedrooms: 2,682
  • 5+ bedrooms: 529
Cars and other vehicles available in Jefferson County, Alabama in houses/condos/apartments
Owner-occupied Renter-occupied
Note: State values scaled to Jefferson County population
  • no vehicle: 9,169
  • 1 vehicle: 50,043
  • 2 vehicles: 72,152
  • 3 vehicles: 31,069
  • 4 vehicles: 8,993
  • 5+ vehicles: 3,556
  • no vehicle: 16,979
  • 1 vehicle: 44,993
  • 2 vehicles: 20,680
  • 3 vehicles: 4,599
  • 4 vehicles: 606
  • 5+ vehicles: 426

58% of Jefferson County residents lived in the same house 5 years ago.
   Out of people who lived in different houses, 70% lived in this county.
   Out of people who lived in different counties, 49% lived in Alabama.

Jefferson County:

57.5%
State average:

58.1%

Place of birth for U.S.-born residents:

  • This state: 519,130
  • Northeast: 15,246
  • Midwest: 25,534
  • South: 73,448
  • West: 9,623

Median price asked for vacant for-sale houses in 2000: $70,500


Housing units lacking complete plumbing facilities: 1%

Housing units lacking complete kitchen facilities: 1%

Year Householders Moved Into Unit

Most commonly used house heating fuel in Jefferson County
Houses and condos Apartments
  • Utility gas (73.6%)
  • Electricity (23.3%)
  • Bottled, tank, or LP gas (2.6%)
  • Utility gas (48.9%)
  • Electricity (47.8%)
  • Bottled, tank, or LP gas (2.3%)

Private vs. public school enrollment:


Students in private schools in grades 1 to 8 (elementary and middle school): 6,839
Here:

8.9%
Alabama:

10.2%

Students in private schools in grades 9 to 12 (high school): 3,068
Here:

8.2%
Alabama:

10.0%

Students in private undergraduate colleges: 7,267
Here:

24.0%
Alabama:

14.1%

Educational Attainment (%)

School Enrollment by Level of School (%)

Age and Sex of Sensory-Disabled Residents (Noninstitutionalized)

Age and Sex of Physically-Disabled Residents (Noninstitutionalized)

Age and Sex of Mentally-Disabled Residents (Noninstitutionalized)

Age and Sex of Self-Care Disabled Residents (Noninstitutionalized)

Age and Sex of Go-Outside-Home Disabled Residents (Noninstitutionalized)

Age and Sex of Residents with Employment Disability (Noninstitutionalized)

Jefferson County government finances - Expenditure in 2004:

  • Construction - Sewerage: $326,799,000
    General: $22,548,000
    Regular Highways: $2,367,000
    Solid Waste Management: $2,180,000
    Own Hospitals: $1,036,000
    Fire Protection: $9,000
  • Current Operations - Own Hospitals: $70,907,000
    Sewerage: $42,104,000
    Regular Highways: $34,256,000
    General - Other: $32,241,000
    Police Protection: $31,398,000
    Health Services - Other: $31,055,000
    Corrections - Other: $27,705,000
    Welfare - Other: $25,146,000
    Judicial and Legal Services: $24,425,000
    Financial Administration: $24,128,000
    Parks & Recreation: $16,578,000
    Housing & Community Development: $15,854,000
    Central Staff Services: $4,737,000
    Solid Waste Management: $3,609,000
    Protective Inspection and Regulation, NEC: $2,463,000
    Fire Protection: $2,373,000
    Parking Facilities: $237,000
  • Employee Retirement - Securities - Corporate Bonds (market): $378,566,000
    Securities - Corporate Bonds (market): $135,472,000
    Total Cash & Deposits: $28,630,000
    Benefit Payments: $17,717,000
    Withdrawals: $1,370,000
  • General - Interest on Debt: $171,814,000
  • Intergovernmental to Local NEC - Elementary and Secondary Education: $231,000
  • Other Capital Outlay - General - Other: $2,314,000
    Regular Highways: $1,803,000
    Fire Protection: $440,000
    Housing & Community Development: $71,000
    Welfare - Other: $25,000
    Parking Facilities: $9,000
  • Total Salaries & Wages: $171,917,000

Jefferson County government finances - Revenue in 2004:

  • Charges - Sewerage: $117,661,000
    All Other: $32,479,000
    Hospital Public: $24,075,000
    Solid Waste Management: $5,066,000
    Regular Highways: $3,136,000
    Parks & Recreation: $267,000
  • Employee Retirement - Interest Revenue: $331,227,000
    From Local Government: $8,791,000
    Local Employee Contribution: $8,126,000
  • Federal Intergovernmental - Housing & Community Development: $14,760,000
    All Other: $1,343,000
  • Local Intergovernmental - All Other: $5,097,000
  • Miscellaneous - Interest Earnings: $75,050,000
    General Revenue, NEC: $9,574,000
  • State Intergovernmental - Public Welfare: $27,156,000
    General Support: $19,689,000
    Health & Hospitals: $8,640,000
    All Other: $8,560,000
    Highways: $8,256,000
  • Tax - Property: $77,549,000
    Total General Sales: $63,920,000
    NEC: $61,313,000
    Alcoholic Beverage Sales: $3,948,000
    Other Selective Sales: $3,106,000
    Motor Vehicle License: $2,643,000
    Motor Fuels Sales: $590,000
    Tobacco Sales: $242,000

Jefferson County government finances - Debt in 2004:

  • Long Term Debt Beginning Outstanding, NEC: $2,705,985,000
  • Long Term Debt Issue, Unspecified - Other NEC: $3,658,110,000
  • Long Term Debt Outstanding - Full Faith & Credit - Other, NEC: $297,830,000
  • Long Term Debt Outstanding Nonguaranteed - Other, NEC: $3,271,710,000
  • Long Term Debt Retired Unspecified - Other, NEC: $2,794,555,000

Jefferson County government finances - Cash and Securities in 2004:

  • Bond Fund - Cash & Deposits: $857,169,000
  • Employee Retirement - Total Other Securities: $109,792,000
    Total Federal Securities: $64,445,000
  • Other Funds - Cash & Deposits: $106,486,000
  • Sinking Fund - Cash & Deposits: $162,773,000

Supplemental Security Income (SSI) in 2006:

  • Total number of recipients: 23,052
  • Number of aged recipients: 1,688
  • Number of blind and disabled recipients: 21,364
  • Number of recipients under 18: 5,177
  • Number of recipients between 18 and 64: 14,278
  • Number of recipients older than 64: 3,597
  • Number of recipients also receiving OASDI: 7,748
  • Amount of payments (thousands of dollars): 11,113
Jefferson County Fatal accident statistics for 1975 - 1994
Count Vehicles DUI Fatalities Persons Pedestrians

Fatal accident count (per 100,000 population)

Jefferson County Fatal accident statistics for 1995 - 2014
Count Vehicles DUI Fatalities Persons Pedestrians

Fatal accident count (per 100,000 population)

Home Mortgage Disclosure Act Aggregated Statistics For Year 2009
(Based on 147 full tracts)
A) FHA, FSA/RHS & VA
Home Purchase Loans
B) Conventional
Home Purchase Loans
C) Refinancings
D) Home Improvement Loans
E) Loans on Dwellings For 5+ Families
F) Non-occupant Loans on
< 5 Family Dwellings (A B C & D)
G) Loans On Manufactured
Home Dwelling (A B C & D)
NumberAverage ValueNumberAverage ValueNumberAverage ValueNumberAverage ValueNumberAverage ValueNumberAverage ValueNumberAverage Value
LOANS ORIGINATED2,513$143,8492,586$188,50211,332$187,477545$54,97844$2,719,409777$104,973104$52,231
APPLICATIONS APPROVED, NOT ACCEPTED147$124,211207$165,1841,018$164,14293$48,7742$3,772,50052$92,13543$53,023
APPLICATIONS DENIED723$126,369549$113,7305,026$140,848875$32,8064$301,250353$80,864129$48,512
APPLICATIONS WITHDRAWN390$134,959457$186,9964,138$167,539145$100,4974$1,866,750204$118,74020$69,550
FILES CLOSED FOR INCOMPLETENESS141$118,19986$197,349965$159,69369$82,6961$147,00045$125,8448$65,875
Private Mortgage Insurance Companies Aggregated Statistics For Year 2009
(Based on 116 full tracts)
A) Conventional
Home Purchase Loans
B) Refinancings
C) Non-occupant Loans on
< 5 Family Dwellings (A & B)
NumberAverage ValueNumberAverage ValueNumberAverage Value
LOANS ORIGINATED422$207,021415$204,5578$158,000
APPLICATIONS APPROVED, NOT ACCEPTED128$201,102185$206,93012$128,500
APPLICATIONS DENIED60$201,650112$212,0362$81,000
APPLICATIONS WITHDRAWN32$206,68836$193,8060$0
FILES CLOSED FOR INCOMPLETENESS21$172,57133$167,3646$79,500

Conventional Home Purchase Loans

Conventional Home Purchase Loans - Value

Most common first names in Jefferson County, AL among deceased individuals
NameCountLived (average)
James6,85571.4 years
Mary6,31078.6 years
John5,44673.2 years
William5,42773.3 years
Robert3,71770.9 years
Willie3,54772.9 years
Charles2,50470.3 years
Annie2,49279.3 years
George2,42274.3 years
Thomas1,69072.9 years
Most common last names in Jefferson County, AL among deceased individuals
Last nameCountLived (average)
Smith3,52973.6 years
Jones2,85974.2 years
Williams2,82373.2 years
Johnson2,38173.5 years
Brown1,97273.9 years
Davis1,85274.0 years
Thomas1,55973.5 years
Jackson1,52672.6 years
Harris1,42474.7 years
Moore1,32174.1 years
Businesses in Jefferson County, AL
NameCountNameCount
ALDI5Jones New York21
ALDO2Journeys3
AT&T18Justice5
Abercrombie & Fitch1KFC14
Abercrombie Kids2Kincaid2
Academy Sports + Outdoors2Kmart4
Ace Hardware3Kohl's2
Advance Auto Parts17La Quinta3
Aeropostale5La-Z-Boy4
American Eagle Outfitters5Lane Bryant3
Ann Taylor3Lane Furniture9
Apple Store1LensCrafters4
Applebee's6Little Caesars Pizza14
Arby's20Lowe's7
Ascend Collection1Macy's2
Ashley Furniture2Marriott13
Audi1Marshalls1
AutoZone16MasterBrand Cabinets16
BMW1Maurices5
Bakers1Mazda1
Banana Republic4McDonald's45
Barnes & Noble2Men's Wearhouse3
Bath & Body Works7Microtel3
Baymont Inn1Motel 62
Bebe2Motherhood Maternity5
Bed Bath & Beyond3New Balance6
Best Western4New York & Co4
Blockbuster6Nike57
Brooks Brothers2Nissan4
Brookstone2Office Depot4
Budget Car Rental2OfficeMax2
Buffalo Wild Wings2Old Navy3
Burger King16Olive Garden3
Buybuy BABY1Outback3
CVS31Outback Steakhouse3
Cache3Panera Bread3
CarMax1Papa John's Pizza12
Casual Male XL1Payless7
Catherines4Penske7
Charlotte Russe1PetSmart2
Chevrolet5Pier 1 Imports3
Chick-Fil-A15Pizza Hut19
Chico's4Plato's Closet2
Chipotle1Popeyes7
Chuck E. Cheese's1Pottery Barn1
Church's Chicken13Pottery Barn Kids1
Circle K6Publix Super Markets12
Clarion1Qdoba Mexican Grill1
Clarks2Quality3
Cold Stone Creamery1Quiznos5
Coldwater Creek1RadioShack13
Comfort Inn6Red Lobster2
Comfort Suites1Red Robin1
Costco1Rite Aid12
Cracker Barrel5Rooms To Go2
Curves7Ruby Tuesday7
DHL3Rue216
Dairy Queen4Ryan's Grill1
Days Inn5Ryder Rental & Truck Leasing2
Decora Cabinetry4SAS Shoes1
Dennys2SONIC Drive-In11
Domino's Pizza14Saks Fifth Avenue1
DressBarn1Sam's Club4
Dressbarn1Sears7
Dunkin Donuts1Sephora2
Econo Lodge1Sheraton1
Eddie Bauer1Shoe Carnival2
Express3Skechers USA2
Famous Footwear1Sleep Inn1
FedEx152Soma Intimates2
Finish Line3Spencer Gifts1
Firestone Complete Auto Care6Sprint Nextel8
Foot Locker4Staples2
Ford4Starbucks17
Forever 211Studio Plus Deluxe Studios1
GNC15Subaru1
GameStop15Subway57
Gap2Super 82
Goodwill13T-Mobile31
Gymboree3T.J.Maxx3
H&R Block20Taco Bell19
Haagen-Dazs1Talbots2
Hardee's10Target4
Havertys Furniture2The Cheesecake Factory1
Haworth1The Limited1
Hilton14The Room Place3
Hobby Lobby3Toyota3
Holiday Inn8Toys"R"Us3
Hollister Co.1True Value1
Home Depot4U-Haul34
Homestead Studio Suites1UPS170
Honda3Urban Outfitters1
Hot Topic1Vans5
Howard Johnson1Verizon Wireless5
Hyatt1Victoria's Secret3
Hyundai3Volkswagen2
IHOP2Waffle House16
IZOD1Walgreens16
InTown Suites2Walmart14
J. Jill2Wet Seal3
JCPenney4Whole Foods Market1
Jimmy John's1YMCA12
JoS. A. Bank5Z Gallerie1
Johnny Rockets2

Jefferson County on our top lists:

  • #5 on the list of "Top 101 counties with the highest number of infant deaths per 1000 residents 2007-2013 (pop. 50,000+)"
  • #5 on the list of "Top 101 counties with the most Black Protestant adherents"
  • #5 on the list of "Top 101 counties with the most Black Protestant adherents (pop. 50,000+)"
  • #5 on the list of "Top 101 counties with the most Black Protestant congregations"
  • #5 on the list of "Top 101 counties with the most Black Protestant congregations (pop. 50,000+)"
  • #9 on the list of "Top 101 counties with the highest average weight of females"
  • #9 on the list of "Top 101 counties with the most Evangelical Protestant adherents"
  • #9 on the list of "Top 101 counties with the most Evangelical Protestant adherents (pop. 50,000+)"
  • #14 on the list of "Top 101 counties with the most Evangelical Protestant congregations"
  • #14 on the list of "Top 101 counties with the most Evangelical Protestant congregations (pop. 50,000+)"
  • #20 on the list of "Top 101 counties with the lowest percentage of residents relocating to foreign countries in 2011"
  • #25 on the list of "Top 101 counties with the lowest percentage of residents that drank alcohol in the past 30 days"
  • #35 on the list of "Top 101 counties with the largest increase in the number of births per 1000 residents 2000-2006 to 2007-2013 (pop 50,000+)"
  • #48 on the list of "Top 101 counties with the most Mainline Protestant adherents"
  • #48 on the list of "Top 101 counties with the most Mainline Protestant adherents (pop. 50,000+)"
  • #49 on the list of "Top 101 counties with the lowest percentage of residents that visited a dentist within the past year"
  • #49 on the list of "Top 101 counties with the highest percentage of residents that keep firearms around their homes"
  • #51 on the list of "Top 101 counties with the most Mainline Protestant congregations"
  • #51 on the list of "Top 101 counties with the most Mainline Protestant congregations (pop. 50,000+)"
  • #60 on the list of "Top 101 counties with the highest Sulfur Oxides Annual air pollution readings in 2012 (µg/m3)"