County population in 2012: 1,424 (all rural); it was 1,547 in 2000 County owner-occupied with a mortgage or a loan houses and condos in 2010: 169 County owner-occupied free and clear houses and condos in 2010: 264 County owner-occupied houses and condos in 2000: 471 Renter-occupied apartments: 218 (it was 182 in 2000)
% of renters here:
Land area: 1715 sq. mi. Water area: 0.5 sq. mi.
Population density: 1 people per square mile
Mar. 2012 cost of living index in Wheeler County: 86.7 (less than average, U.S. average is 100)
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Industries providing employment: Agriculture,forestry,fishing and hunting, and mining (25.8%), Educational,health and social services (14.8%), Construction (13.0%).
Median real estate property taxes paid for housing units with mortgages in 2009: $1,298 (1.2%) Median real estate property taxes paid for housing units with no mortgage in 2009: $885 (1.1%)
Percentage of residents living in poverty in 2009: 15.2%
(15.4% for White Non-Hispanic residents, 0.0% for Hispanic or Latino residents, 14.3% for American Indian residents, 0.0% for two or more races residents) Median age of residents in 2010: 53 years old
(Males: 51 years old, Females: 53 years old)
(Median age for: White residents: 54 years old, American Indian residents: 27 years old, Asian residents: 34 years old, Hispanic or Latino residents: 22 years old, Other race residents: 23 years old)
Residents with income below the poverty level in 2009:
Residents with income below 50% of the poverty level in 2009:
Fair market rent in 2006 for a 1-bedroom apartment in Wheeler County is $483 a month. Fair market rent for a 2-bedroom apartment is $583 a month. Fair market rent for a 3-bedroom apartment is $790 a month.
Notable locations in this county outside city limits:
Notable locations in Wheeler County: Tri-Creek Ranch (A), Hudspeth Mill (B), Humphrey Camp (C), Knox Ranch (D), Old Stephenson Ranch (E), Happy Jack Camp (F), Mitchell Guard Station (G), Beaver Forest Service Station (H), Ihrig Ranch (I), Howard Ranch (J), Crystal Springs Organization Camp (K), Mossy Rock Camp (L), Ochoco Divide Research Area (M), Barnhouse Recreation Site (N), West Wolf Lookout (O), East Wolf Lookout (P), Mossy Rock Camp (Q), Fitzgerald Ranch (R), Wineburger Camp (S), Gage Ranch (T). Display/hide their locations on the map
Cemeteries: Richmond Cemetery (1), Camp Watson Cemetery (2), Mary Waterman Grave (3), Caleb Cemetery (4), Fossil IOOF Cemetery (5), Spray Cemetery (6), Spanish Gulch Cemetery (7). Display/hide their locations on the map
Lakes, reservoirs, and swamps: Fred Creek Lake (A), Hubbel Lake (B), Wineland Lake (C), Slide Lake (D), Dry Lake (E), Clark Lake (F), Maxwell Reservoir (G), Nelson Reservoir (H). Display/hide their locations on the map
Streams, rivers, and creeks: Kitty Creek (A), Ives Creek (B), Keeton Creek (C), Kahler Creek (D), Johnson Creek (E), Joe Creek (F), Clover Creek (G), Double Corral Creek (H), Honeymoon Creek (I). Display/hide their locations on the map
Parks in Wheeler County include: Spray Riverfront Park (1), Wheeler Court House Park (2), Shelton Wayside County Park (3), Fossil Park (4), Bear Hollow County Park (5), Julia A Henderson Pioneer Park (6), H H Wheeler Historical Marker (7), Pioneer Park (8). Display/hide their locations on the map
Average size of farms: 4501 acres Average value of agricultural products sold per farm: $38,152 Average value of crops sold per acre for harvested cropland: $48.17 The value of livestock, poultry, and their products as a percentage of the total market value of agricultural products sold: 90.09% Average total farm production expenses per farm: $43,371 Harvested cropland as a percentage of land in farms: 1.74% Irrigated harvested cropland as a percentage of land in farms: 63.87% Average market value of all machinery and equipment per farm: $54,371 The percentage of farms operated by a family or individual: 87.20% Average age of principal farm operators: 60 years Average number of cattle and calves per 100 acres of all land in farms: 2.78 Milk cows as a percentage of all cattle and calves: 0.06% Vegetables: 8 harvested acres Land in orchards: 25 acres
Wheeler County-area historical earthquake activity is significantly below Oregon state average. It is 35% smaller than the overall U.S. average.
On 6/29/2002 at 14:36:04, a magnitude 4.5 (4.0 MB, 4.5 MD, Depth: 3.9 mi, Class: Light, Intensity: IV - V) earthquake occurred 92.8 miles away from the county center On 1/30/2000 at 19:10:23, a magnitude 4.1 (4.1 MD) earthquake occurred 32.9 miles away from the county center On 7/14/2008 at 18:45:55, a magnitude 4.2 (3.8 MB, 3.8 MW, 4.2 MD, Depth: 13.0 mi) earthquake occurred 54.4 miles away from the county center On 3/22/1997 at 06:05:34, a magnitude 3.9 (3.9 MD, Depth: 0.8 mi, Class: Light, Intensity: II - III) earthquake occurred 32.0 miles away from Wheeler County center On 6/14/2007 at 21:57:56, a magnitude 3.9 (3.6 MW, 3.9 MD, Depth: 14.2 mi) earthquake occurred 54.2 miles away from the county center On 8/7/1992 at 17:23:17, a magnitude 3.9 (3.7 ML, 3.9 MD, Depth: 0.4 mi) earthquake occurred 80.5 miles away from the county center Magnitude types: body-wave magnitude (MB), duration magnitude (MD), local magnitude (ML), moment magnitude (MW)
Most recent natural disasters:
Oregon Severe Winter Storm and Flooding, Incident Period: December 14, 2006 to December 15, 2006, Major Disaster (Presidential) Declared (DR-1683): February 22, 2007, FEMA Id: FEMA-DR-1683, Natural disaster type: Winter Storm, Flood
Oregon Severe Storms, Flooding, Landslides, and Mudslides, Incident Period: December 18, 2005 to January 21, 2006, Major Disaster (Presidential) Declared (DR-1632): March 20, 2006, FEMA Id: FEMA-DR-1632, Natural disaster type: Storm, Mudslide, Landslide, Flood
Oregon Hurricane Katrina Evacuation, Incident Period: August 29, 2005 to October 1, 2005, Emergency Declared (EM-3228): September 7, 2005, FEMA Id: FEMA-EM-3228, Natural disaster type: Hurricane
Oregon Severe Winter Storms, Incident Period: December 26, 2003 to January 14, 2004, Major Disaster (Presidential) Declared (DR-1510): February 19, 2004, FEMA Id: FEMA-DR-1510, Natural disaster type: Winter Storm
Oregon Severe Winter Storms/Flooding, Incident Period: December 25, 1996 to January 6, 1997, Major Disaster (Presidential) Declared (DR-1160): January 23, 1997, FEMA Id: FEMA-DR-1160, Natural disaster type: Winter Storm, Flood
Oregon Severe Storms/Flooding, Incident Period: February 4, 1996 to February 21, 1996, Major Disaster (Presidential) Declared (DR-1099): February 9, 1996, FEMA Id: FEMA-DR-1099, Natural disaster type: Storm, Flood
Oregon Drought, Incident Period: April 29, 1977, Emergency Declared (EM-3039): April 29, 1977, FEMA Id: FEMA-EM-3039, Natural disaster type: Drought
Oregon Heavy Rains & Flooding, Incident Period: December 24, 1964, Major Disaster (Presidential) Declared (DR-184): December 24, 1964, FEMA Id: FEMA-DR-184, Natural disaster type: Flood, Heavy Rain
The number of natural disasters in Wheeler County (8) is smaller than the US average (12). Major Disasters (Presidential) Declared: 6 Emergencies Declared: 2
Other management occupations except farmers and farm managers (6%)
Building and grounds cleaning and maintenance occupations (6%)
Electrical equipment mechanics and other installation, maintenance, and repair occupations including supervisors (6%)
Driver/sales workers and truck drivers (5%)
Vehicle and mobile equipment mechanics, installers, and repairers (4%)
Preschool, kindergarten, elementary and middle school teachers (7%)
Other management occupations except farmers and farm managers (7%)
Supervisors and other personal care and service workers except personal appearance, transportation, and child care workers (6%)
Cooks and food preparation workers (5%)
Farmers and farm managers (4%)
Information and record clerks except customer service representatives (4%)
Other teachers and instructors, education, training, and library occupations (4%)
Most common places of birth for the foreign-born residents (%):
United Kingdom (13%)
Most common first ancestries reported in Wheeler County (%):
United States or American (14%)
Means of transportation to work:
Drove a car alone: 332 (55%)
Carpooled: 98 (16%)
Bus or trolley bus: 6 (1%)
Motorcycle: 3 (0%)
Walked: 53 (9%)
Other means: 1 (0%)
Worked at home: 115 (19%)
Owners and renters by unit type in %
Breakdown of mean house values by ages of householders
People in group quarters in Wheeler County, Oregon in 2000:
17 people in other noninstitutional group quarters
8 people in other nonhousehold living situations
6 people in college dormitories (includes college quarters off campus)
17 people in nursing facilities/skilled-nursing facilities
7 people in college/university student housing
Average gross adjusted income of non-migrant taxpayers in this county in 2005 was $36,926.
9.93% of this county's 2006 resident taxpayers lived in other counties in 2005 ($31,442 average adjusted gross income)
10 or fewer of this county's residents moved from foreign countries.
7.39% relocated from other counties in Oregon ($22,744 average AGI)
2.54% relocated from other states ($8,698 average AGI)
Percentage of residents relocating from other counties or countries
8.67% of this county's 2005 resident taxpayers moved to other counties in 2006 ($24,973 average adjusted gross income)
10 or fewer of this county's residents moved to foreign countries.
10 or fewer of this county's residents relocated to other counties in Oregon.
10 or fewer of this county's residents relocated to other states.
Percentage of residents relocating to other counties or countries
Births per 1000 population from 1990 to 1999: 8.5 Births per 1000 population from 2000 to 2006: 5.7
Births per 1000 population in Wheeler County
Deaths per 1000 population from 1990 to 1999: 12.3 Deaths per 1000 population from 2000 to 2006: 13.5
Deaths per 1000 population in Wheeler County
Infant deaths per 1000 live births from 1990 to 1999: 10.0 Infant deaths per 1000 live births from 2000 to 2006: 0.0
Infant deaths per 1000 live births in Wheeler County
Persons enrolled in hospital insurance and/or supplemental medical insurance (Medicare) in July 1, 2003: 384 (350 aged, 34 disabled) Population without health insurance coverage in 2000: 28% Children under 18 without health insurance coverage in 2000: 31%
General practice office based MDs per 100,000 population in 2005: 549.830 Medical specialist MDs per 100,000 population in 2005: 2199.310
Household type by relationship:
In family households: 1,139 (302 male householders, 106 female householders)
338 spouses, 294 children (262 natural, 6 adopted, 26 stepchildren), 30 grandchildren, 5 brothers or sisters, 3 parents, 15 other relatives, 39 non-relatives
In nonfamily households: 277 (108 male householders (93 living alone)), 135 female householders (118 living alone)), 34 nonrelatives
In group quarters: 25 (17 institutionalized population)
Size of family households: 257 2-persons, 60 3-persons, 47 4-persons, 26 5-persons, 12 6-persons, 6 7-or-more-persons.
Size of nonfamily households: 211 1-person, 30 2-persons, 2 3-persons.
95.8% of residents of Wheeler County speak English at home.
3.5% of residents speak Spanish at home (58% speak English very well, 8% speak English well, 29% speak English not well, 6% don't speak English at all).
0.7% of residents speak other Indo-European language at home (40% speak English very well, 60% speak English not well).
In fiscal year 2004:
Federal Government expenditure: $10,566,000 ($7125 per capita) Department of Defense expenditure: $232,000 Federal direct payments to individuals for retirement and disability: $5,469,000 Federal other direct payments to individuals: $2,307,000 Federal direct payments not to individuals: $379,000 Federal grants: $1,796,000 Federal procurement contracts: $155,000 ($0,000 Department of Defense) Federal salaries and wages: $459,000 ($0,000 Department of Defense) Federal Government direct loans: $625,000 Federal guaranteed/insured loans: $88,000 Federal Government insurance: $1,540,000
Population change from April 1, 2000 to July 1, 2005:
30 per 1000 residents
65 per 1000 residents
62 per 1000 residents
44 per 1000 residents
Net international migration: +5
+3 per 1000 residents
+20 per 1000 residents
Net internal migration: -49
-34 per 1000 residents
+21 per 1000 residents
Population growth in Wheeler County
Total withdrawal of fresh water for public supply: 0.36 millions of gallons per day (64% from ground, 36% from surface)
Median number of rooms in houses and condos:
Median number of rooms in apartments:
Year house built
2005 or later: 12
2000 to 2004: 57
1990 to 1999: 109
1980 to 1989: 62
1970 to 1979: 141
1960 to 1969: 46
1950 to 1959: 145
1940 to 1949: 112
1939 or earlier: 194
Rooms in houses/apartments in Wheeler County, Oregon
57% of Wheeler County residents lived in the same house 5 years ago. Out of people who lived in different houses, 28% lived in this county. Out of people who lived in different counties, 66% lived in Oregon.
Place of birth for U.S.-born residents:
This state: 796
Median price asked for vacant for-sale houses in 2000: $56,700
Housing units lacking complete plumbing facilities: 3%
Housing units lacking complete kitchen facilities: 4%
Year Householders Moved Into Unit:
Most commonly used house heating fuel in Wheeler County