Wheeler County, Oregon (OR)

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County population in 2012: 1,424 (all rural); it was 1,547 in 2000
County owner-occupied with a mortgage or a loan houses and condos in 2010: 169
County owner-occupied free and clear houses and condos in 2010: 264
County owner-occupied houses and condos in 2000: 471
Renter-occupied apartments: 218 (it was 182 in 2000)
% of renters here:

28%
State:

38%

Land area: 1715 sq. mi.

Water area: 0.5 sq. mi.

Population density: 1 people per square mile   (very low).

Mar. 2013 cost of living index in Wheeler County: 85.7 (less than average, U.S. average is 100)

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Industries providing employment: Agriculture,forestry,fishing and hunting, and mining (66.0%).

Type of workers:

  • Private wage or salary: 61%
  • Government: 2%
  • Self-employed, not incorporated: 38%
  • Unpaid family work: 0%
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Wheeler County races chart

Races in Wheeler County, Oregon:

  • White Non-Hispanic Alone (90.7%)
  • Hispanic or Latino (4.3%)
  • Two or more races (2.8%)
  • American Indian and Alaska Native alone (1.1%)
  • Asian alone (0.6%)
Median resident age:  53.0 years
Oregon median age:  38.0 years
Males: 718  (54.3%)
Females: 723  (45.7%)
Wheeler County, OR forum
Recent posts about Wheeler County, Oregon on our local forum with over 1,800,000 registered users. Wheeler County is mentioned 22 times on our forum:
Summer 2014 official thread  (123 replies)
Questions about racial issues in Portland  (208 replies)
question what conservative means  (28 replies)
Preppers, Permies & Off griders - Need advice.  (68 replies)
If You Could Live Anywhere In Oregon  (81 replies)
New Census county population estimates for Oregon [released March 2014]  (5 replies)
Average household size:
Wheeler County:

2.0 people
Oregon:

2 people
Estimated median household income in 2013: $37,990 ($28,750 in 1999)

This county:

$37990
Oregon:

$50251

Median contract rent in 2013 for apartments: $430 (lower quartile is $359, upper quartile is $514)
This county:

$430
State:

$769


Estimated median house or condo value in 2013: $119,386 (it was $82,100 in 2000)
Wheeler:

$119,386
Oregon:

$229,700
Lower value quartile - upper value quartile: $70,758 - $216,096
Median monthly housing costs for homes and condos with a mortgage: $964
Median monthly housing costs for units without a mortgage: $329

Institutionalized population: 17

Crime in 2005 (reported by the sheriff's office or county police, not the county total):


Crime in 2004 (reported by the sheriff's office or county police, not the county total):

Wheeler County, OR map from a distance

Single-family new house construction building permits:

  • 2000: 4 buildings, average cost: $134,000
  • 2001: 1 building, cost: $134,000
  • 2002: 2 buildings, average cost: $134,000

Presidential Elections Results

2000 2004 2008 2012

2000 Presidential Elections Results

2004 Presidential Elections Results

2008 Presidential Elections Results

2012 Presidential Elections Results


Graphs represent county-level data. Detailed 2008 Election Results

Median real estate property taxes paid for housing units with mortgages in 2013: $1,261 (0.8%)
Median real estate property taxes paid for housing units with no mortgage in 2013: $1,071 (1.0%)

Wheeler County household income distribution in 2009 Wheeler County home values distribution Wheeler County contract rent distribution in 2009
Percentage of residents living in poverty in 2013: 15.6%
(16.4% for White Non-Hispanic residents)

Percentage of residents living in poverty in 2013: 16.0%
Wheeler County:

16.0%
Oregon:

16.7%
(17.0% for White Non-Hispanic residents)

Median age of residents in 2013: 56 years old
(Males: 57 years old, Females: 55 years old)
(Median age for: White residents: 56 years old, American Indian residents: 65 years old, Hispanic or Latino residents: 26 years old, Other race residents: 12 years old)

Fair market rent in 2006 for a 1-bedroom apartment in Wheeler County is $483 a month.
Fair market rent for a 2-bedroom apartment is $583 a month.
Fair market rent for a 3-bedroom apartment is $790 a month.

Cities in this county include: Fossil, Mitchell, Spray.

Wheeler County has a predicted average indoor radon screening level between 2 and 4 pCi/L (pico curies per liter) - Moderate Potential

Click to draw/clear Wheeler County borders

Notable locations in this county outside city limits:

Notable locations in Wheeler County: Tri-Creek Ranch (A), Hudspeth Mill (B), Humphrey Camp (C), Knox Ranch (D), Old Stephenson Ranch (E), Happy Jack Camp (F), Mitchell Guard Station (G), Beaver Forest Service Station (H), Ihrig Ranch (I), Howard Ranch (J), Crystal Springs Organization Camp (K), Mossy Rock Camp (L), Ochoco Divide Research Area (M), Barnhouse Recreation Site (N), West Wolf Lookout (O), East Wolf Lookout (P), Mossy Rock Camp (Q), Fitzgerald Ranch (R), Wineburger Camp (S), Gage Ranch (T). Display/hide their locations on the map

Cemeteries: Richmond Cemetery (1), Camp Watson Cemetery (2), Mary Waterman Grave (3), Caleb Cemetery (4), Fossil IOOF Cemetery (5), Spray Cemetery (6), Spanish Gulch Cemetery (7). Display/hide their locations on the map

Lakes, reservoirs, and swamps: Fred Creek Lake (A), Hubbel Lake (B), Wineland Lake (C), Slide Lake (D), Dry Lake (E), Clark Lake (F), Maxwell Reservoir (G), Nelson Reservoir (H). Display/hide their locations on the map

Streams, rivers, and creeks: Kitty Creek (A), Ives Creek (B), Keeton Creek (C), Kahler Creek (D), Johnson Creek (E), Joe Creek (F), Clover Creek (G), Double Corral Creek (H), Honeymoon Creek (I). Display/hide their locations on the map

Parks in Wheeler County include: Spray Riverfront Park (1), Wheeler Court House Park (2), Shelton Wayside County Park (3), Fossil Park (4), Bear Hollow County Park (5), Julia A Henderson Pioneer Park (6), H H Wheeler Historical Marker (7), Pioneer Park (8). Display/hide their locations on the map

Neighboring counties: Crook County , Gilliam County , Grant County , Jefferson County , Morrow County , Wasco County .

Unemployment in July 2013:
Here:

6.8%
Oregon:

6.6%

Unemployment by year (%)

County total employment by year

County average yearly wages by year ($)

Current college students: 31
People 25 years of age or older with a high school degree or higher: 79.4%
People 25 years of age or older with a bachelor's degree or higher: 14.3%

Number of foreign born residents: 32 (19% naturalized citizens)

Wheeler County:

2.1%
Whole state:

8.5%

Year of entry for the foreign-born population

  • 1995 to March 2000: 9
  • 1990 to 1994: 3
  • 1985 to 1989: 4
  • 1980 to 1984: 2
  • 1975 to 1979: 5
  • 1970 to 1974: 5
  • 1970 to 1974: 2
  • 1965 to 1969: 2

Mean travel time to work (commute): 30.8 minutes

Percentage of county residents living and working in this county: 79.6%

Wheeler County marital status for males Wheeler County marital status for females

Housing units in structures:


Housing units in Wheeler County with a mortgage: 96 (12 second mortgage, 7 home equity loan, 0 both second mortgage and home equity loan)
Houses without a mortgage: 129

Here:

0.0% with mortgage
State:

74.3% with mortgage

Religion statistics for Wheeler County

ReligionAdherentsCongregations
Evangelical Protestant1663
Mainline Protestant851
Other492
Catholic401
None1,101-
Wheeler County Religion Details
Source: Clifford Grammich, Kirk Hadaway, Richard Houseal, Dale E.Jones, Alexei Krindatch, Richie Stanley and Richard H.Taylor. 2012. 2010 U.S.Religion Census: Religious Congregations & Membership Study. Association of Statisticians of American Religious Bodies. Jones, Dale E., et al. 2002. Congregations and Membership in the United States 2000. Nashville, TN: Glenmary Research Center.

Food Environment Statistics:

Number of grocery stores: 1
Wheeler County:

7.37 / 10,000 pop.
State:

2.03 / 10,000 pop.



Number of convenience stores (with gas): 1
Wheeler County:

7.37 / 10,000 pop.
Oregon:

1.69 / 10,000 pop.

Number of full-service restaurants: 3
This county:

22.11 / 10,000 pop.
State:

9.93 / 10,000 pop.

Adult diabetes rate:
Wheeler County:

8.5%
Oregon:

7.4%

Adult obesity rate:
Wheeler County:

24.9%
State:

25.6%

Agriculture in Wheeler County:

Average size of farms: 4501 acres
Average value of agricultural products sold per farm: $38,152
Average value of crops sold per acre for harvested cropland: $48.17
The value of livestock, poultry, and their products as a percentage of the total market value of agricultural products sold: 90.09%
Average total farm production expenses per farm: $43,371
Harvested cropland as a percentage of land in farms: 1.74%
Irrigated harvested cropland as a percentage of land in farms: 63.87%
Average market value of all machinery and equipment per farm: $54,371
The percentage of farms operated by a family or individual: 87.20%
Average age of principal farm operators: 60 years
Average number of cattle and calves per 100 acres of all land in farms: 2.78
Milk cows as a percentage of all cattle and calves: 0.06%
Vegetables: 8 harvested acres
Land in orchards: 25 acres

Earthquake activity:

Wheeler County-area historical earthquake activity is slightly below Oregon state average. It is 177% greater than the overall U.S. average.

On 10/3/1915 at 06:52:48, a magnitude 7.6 (7.6 UK, Class: Major, Intensity: VIII - XII) earthquake occurred 318.9 miles away from Wheeler County center
On 4/13/1949 at 19:55:42, a magnitude 7.0 (7.0 UK) earthquake occurred 211.9 miles away from the county center, causing $80,000,000 total damage
On 10/28/1983 at 14:06:06, a magnitude 7.3 (6.2 MB, 7.3 MS, 7.0 MW) earthquake occurred 309.1 miles away from the county center, causing 2 deaths (2 shaking deaths) and 3 injuries, causing $15,000,000 total damage
On 2/28/2001 at 18:54:32, a magnitude 6.8 (6.5 MB, 6.6 MS, 6.8 MW, Depth: 32.2 mi, Class: Strong, Intensity: VII - IX) earthquake occurred 205.3 miles away from the county center, causing $2,000,000,000 total damage and $305,000,000 insured losses
On 1/31/1922 at 13:17:28, a magnitude 7.6 (7.6 UK) earthquake occurred 396.8 miles away from Wheeler County center
On 11/8/1980 at 10:27:34, a magnitude 7.2 (6.2 MB, 7.2 MS, 7.2 MW, 7.0 ML) earthquake occurred 332.1 miles away from the county center
Magnitude types: body-wave magnitude (MB), local magnitude (ML), surface-wave magnitude (MS), moment magnitude (MW)

Most recent natural disasters:


The number of natural disasters in Wheeler County (8) is smaller than the US average (12).
Major Disasters (Presidential) Declared: 6
Emergencies Declared: 2

Class of Workers

Most common industries in 2013 (%)
Males Females
Most common occupations in 2013 (%)
Males Females

Most common places of birth for the foreign-born residents (%):

  • Mexico (47%)
  • Russia (22%)
  • United Kingdom (13%)
  • Germany (13%)
  • Canada (6%)

Most common first ancestries reported in Wheeler County (%):

  • German (21%)
  • English (18%)
  • United States or American (14%)
  • Irish (8%)
  • Scottish (7%)
  • Scotch-Irish (4%)
  • Italian (3%)

Wheeler County mode of transportation to work chart

Means of transportation to work:

  • Drove a car alone: 332 (55%)
  • Carpooled: 98 (16%)
  • Bus or trolley bus: 6 (1%)
  • Motorcycle: 3 (0%)
  • Walked: 53 (9%)
  • Other means: 1 (0%)
  • Worked at home: 115 (19%)

Owners and renters by unit type in %

Breakdown of mean house values by ages of householders


People in group quarters in Wheeler County, Oregon in 2000:

  • 17 people in other noninstitutional group quarters
  • 8 people in other nonhousehold living situations
  • 6 people in college dormitories (includes college quarters off campus)
17 people in nursing facilities/skilled-nursing facilities
7 people in college/university student housing
Average gross adjusted income of non-migrant taxpayers in this county in 2010 was $26,585.

8.32% of this county's 2011 resident taxpayers lived in other counties in 2010 ($37,825 average adjusted gross income)

Here:

8.32%
Oregon average:

7.22%


10 or fewer of this county's residents moved from foreign countries.
6.03% relocated from other counties in Oregon ($21,975 average AGI)
2.29% relocated from other states ($15,850 average AGI)
Wheeler County:

2.29%
Oregon average:

3.49%

Percentage of residents relocating from other counties or countries



6.57% of this county's 2010 resident taxpayers moved to other counties in 2011 ($21,774 average adjusted gross income)

Here:

6.57%
Oregon average:

6.82%


10 or fewer of this county's residents moved to foreign countries.
10 or fewer of this county's residents relocated to other counties in Oregon.
10 or fewer of this county's residents relocated to other states.

Percentage of residents relocating to other counties or countries

Births per 1000 population from 1990 to 1999: 8.5
Births per 1000 population from 2000 to 2006: 5.7

Births per 1000 population in Wheeler County

Deaths per 1000 population from 1990 to 1999: 12.3
Deaths per 1000 population from 2000 to 2006: 13.5
Deaths per 1000 population from 2007 to 2013: 4.6

Deaths per 1000 population in Wheeler County

Infant deaths per 1000 live births from 1990 to 1999: 10.0

Infant deaths per 1000 live births in Wheeler County

Persons enrolled in hospital insurance and/or supplemental medical insurance (Medicare) in July 1, 2003: 384 (350 aged, 34 disabled)
Population without health insurance coverage in 2000: 28%
Children under 18 without health insurance coverage in 2000: 31%

General practice office based MDs per 100,000 population in 2005: 549.830
Medical specialist MDs per 100,000 population in 2005: 2199.310

Household type by relationship:

Households: 1,416

Size of family households: 257 2-persons, 60 3-persons, 47 4-persons, 26 5-persons, 12 6-persons, 6 7-or-more-persons.

Size of nonfamily households: 211 1-person, 30 2-persons, 2 3-persons.

253 married couples with children.
37 single-parent households (10 men, 27 women).

95.8% of residents of Wheeler County speak English at home.
3.5% of residents speak Spanish at home (58% speak English very well, 8% speak English well, 29% speak English not well, 6% don't speak English at all).
0.7% of residents speak other Indo-European language at home (40% speak English very well, 60% speak English not well).

In fiscal year 2004:

Federal Government expenditure: $10,566,000 ($7125 per capita)
Department of Defense expenditure: $232,000
Federal direct payments to individuals for retirement and disability: $5,469,000
Federal other direct payments to individuals: $2,307,000
Federal direct payments not to individuals: $379,000
Federal grants: $1,796,000
Federal procurement contracts: $155,000 ($0,000 Department of Defense)
Federal salaries and wages: $459,000 ($0,000 Department of Defense)
Federal Government direct loans: $625,000
Federal guaranteed/insured loans: $88,000
Federal Government insurance: $1,540,000

Population change from April 1, 2000 to July 1, 2005:

Births: 44
Here:

30 per 1000 residents
State:

65 per 1000 residents

Deaths: 90
Here:

62 per 1000 residents
State:

44 per 1000 residents

Net international migration: +5
Here:

+3 per 1000 residents
State:

+20 per 1000 residents

Net internal migration: -49
Here -34 per 1000 residents
State +21 per 1000 residents

Population growth in Wheeler County

Total withdrawal of fresh water for public supply: 0.36 millions of gallons per day (64% from ground, 36% from surface)

Median number of rooms in houses and condos:
Here:

5.8
State:

6.1

Median number of rooms in apartments:
Here:

5.0
State:

4.0

Year house built

  • 2005 or later: 3
  • 2000 to 2004: 87
  • 1990 to 1999: 99
  • 1980 to 1989: 73
  • 1970 to 1979: 134
  • 1960 to 1969: 38
  • 1950 to 1959: 83
  • 1940 to 1949: 72
  • 1939 or earlier: 302
Rooms in houses/apartments in Wheeler County, Oregon
Owner-occupied Renter-occupied
  • 1 room: 6
  • 2 rooms: 7
  • 3 rooms: 13
  • 4 rooms: 81
  • 5 rooms: 98
  • 6 rooms: 117
  • 7 rooms: 71
  • 8 rooms: 45
  • 9+ rooms: 33
  • 1 room: 2
  • 2 rooms: 4
  • 3 rooms: 25
  • 4 rooms: 37
  • 5 rooms: 43
  • 6 rooms: 25
  • 7 rooms: 26
  • 8 rooms: 5
  • 9+ rooms: 15
Bedrooms in houses/apartments in Wheeler County, Oregon
Owner-occupied Renter-occupied
  • no bedroom: 8
  • 1 bedroom: 19
  • 2 bedrooms: 168
  • 3 bedrooms: 208
  • 4 bedrooms: 52
  • 5+ bedrooms: 16
  • no bedroom: 2
  • 1 bedroom: 17
  • 2 bedrooms: 74
  • 3 bedrooms: 52
  • 4 bedrooms: 28
  • 5+ bedrooms: 9
Cars and other vehicles available in Wheeler County, Oregon in houses/condos/apartments
Owner-occupied Renter-occupied
  • no vehicle: 11
  • 1 vehicle: 111
  • 2 vehicles: 188
  • 3 vehicles: 106
  • 4 vehicles: 39
  • 5+ vehicles: 16
  • no vehicle: 6
  • 1 vehicle: 78
  • 2 vehicles: 76
  • 3 vehicles: 16
  • 4 vehicles: 4
  • 5+ vehicles: 2

57% of Wheeler County residents lived in the same house 5 years ago.
   Out of people who lived in different houses, 28% lived in this county.
   Out of people who lived in different counties, 66% lived in Oregon.

Wheeler County:

56.8%
State average:

48.0%

Place of birth for U.S.-born residents:

Median price asked for vacant for-sale houses in 2000: $56,700


Housing units lacking complete plumbing facilities: 3%

Housing units lacking complete kitchen facilities: 4%

Year Householders Moved Into Unit

Most commonly used house heating fuel in Wheeler County
Houses and condos Apartments
  • Wood (49.3%)
  • Fuel oil, kerosene, etc. (23.6%)
  • Electricity (21.2%)
  • Bottled, tank, or LP gas (5.5%)
  • Wood (47.8%)
  • Fuel oil, kerosene, etc. (26.9%)
  • Electricity (18.7%)
  • Bottled, tank, or LP gas (6.6%)

Private vs. public school enrollment:


Students in private schools in grades 1 to 8 (elementary and middle school): 40
Here:

25.2%
Oregon:

9.7%

Students in private schools in grades 9 to 12 (high school): 6
Here:

5.1%
Oregon:

7.6%

Students in private undergraduate colleges: 3
Here:

11.1%
Oregon:

16.1%

Educational Attainment (%)

School Enrollment by Level of School (%)

Age and Sex of Sensory-Disabled Residents (Noninstitutionalized)

Age and Sex of Physically-Disabled Residents (Noninstitutionalized)

Age and Sex of Mentally-Disabled Residents (Noninstitutionalized)

Age and Sex of Self-Care Disabled Residents (Noninstitutionalized)

Age and Sex of Go-Outside-Home Disabled Residents (Noninstitutionalized)

Age and Sex of Residents with Employment Disability (Noninstitutionalized)

Wheeler County government finances - Expenditure in 2002:

  • Current Operations - Regular Highways: $637,000
    Central Staff Services: $237,000
    Financial Administration: $191,000
    Police Protection: $188,000
    Solid Waste Management: $95,000
    Judicial and Legal Services: $73,000
    General Public Buildings: $35,000
  • Other Capital Outlay - Regular Highways: $119,000
    General Public Building: $20,000
    Central Staff: $19,000
    Financial Administration: $9,000
    Judicial: $4,000
    Police Protection: $3,000
  • Total Salaries & Wages: $545,000

Wheeler County government finances - Revenue in 2002:

  • Charges - All Other: $6,000
  • Federal Intergovernmental - Highways: $716,000
    All Other: $259,000
    General Support: $100,000
  • Miscellaneous - General Revenue, NEC: $133,000
    Interest Earnings: $127,000
  • State Intergovernmental - General Support: $920,000
  • Tax - Property: $558,000

Wheeler County government finances - Cash and Securities in 2002:

  • Other Funds - Cash & Deposits: $4,894,000

Supplemental Security Income (SSI) in 2006:

Wheeler County Fatal accident statistics for 1975 - 1993
Count Vehicles DUI Fatalities Persons

Fatal accident count (per 100,000 population)

Wheeler County Fatal accident statistics for 1994 - 2013
Count Vehicles DUI Fatalities Persons

Fatal accident count (per 100,000 population)

Most common first names in Wheeler County, OR among deceased individuals
NameCountLived (average)
Robert1770.7 years
Mary1084.4 years
William879.2 years
Donald774.1 years
George779.7 years
Charles779.0 years
Helen677.8 years
Margaret673.2 years
James580.2 years
Frank575.6 years
Most common last names in Wheeler County, OR among deceased individuals
Last nameCountLived (average)
Dyer676.9 years
Williams689.8 years
Luther580.8 years
Steiwer577.0 years
Conlee474.8 years
Humphrey477.0 years
Asher481.2 years
Dunn477.2 years
Miller474.8 years
Wright483.0 years

Businesses in Wheeler County, OR

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