Zavala County, Texas (TX)

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County population in 2012: 11,961 (62% urban, 38% rural); it was 11,600 in 2000
County owner-occupied with a mortgage or a loan houses and condos in 2010: 651
County owner-occupied free and clear houses and condos in 2010: 1,884
County owner-occupied houses and condos in 2000: 2,502
Renter-occupied apartments: 1,038 (it was 926 in 2000)
% of renters here:

27%
State:

36%

Land area: 1298 sq. mi.

Water area: 3.2 sq. mi.

Population density: 9 people per square mile   (low).

Mar. 2013 cost of living index in Zavala County: 77.2 (low, U.S. average is 100)

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Industries providing employment: Transportation and warehousing,and utilities (28.8%), Arts, entertainment, recreation, accommodation and food services (19.7%), Agriculture,forestry,fishing and hunting, and mining (17.6%), Construction (13.7%), Educational, health and social services (13.3%).

Type of workers:

  • Private wage or salary: 80%
  • Government: 6%
  • Self-employed, not incorporated: 14%
  • Unpaid family work: 0%
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Zavala County races chart

Races in Zavala County, Texas:

  • Hispanic or Latino (93.9%)
  • White Non-Hispanic Alone (5.5%)
Median resident age:  30.0 years
Texas median age:  33.0 years
Males: 5,760  (49.1%)
Females: 5,917  (50.9%)
Average household size:
Zavala County:

3.0 people
Texas:

3 people
Estimated median household income in 2013: $25,528 ($16,844 in 1999)

This county:

$25528
Texas:

$51704

Median contract rent in 2013 for apartments: $220 (lower quartile is $158, upper quartile is $347)
This county:

$220
State:

$711


Estimated median house or condo value in 2013: $40,860 (it was $24,100 in 2000)
Zavala:

$40,860
Texas:

$132,000
Lower value quartile - upper value quartile: $22,599 - $72,100
Median monthly housing costs for homes and condos with a mortgage: $802
Median monthly housing costs for units without a mortgage: $284

Institutionalized population: 409

Crime in 2005 (reported by the sheriff's office or county police, not the county total):


Crime in 2004 (reported by the sheriff's office or county police, not the county total):

Zavala County, TX map from a distance

Single-family new house construction building permits:

  • 2007: 31 buildings, average cost: $60,000
  • 2008: 9 buildings, average cost: $32,100
  • 2009: 8 buildings, average cost: $58,400

Presidential Elections Results

1996 2000 2004 2008 2012

1996 Presidential Elections Results

2000 Presidential Elections Results

2004 Presidential Elections Results

2008 Presidential Elections Results

2012 Presidential Elections Results


Graphs represent county-level data. Detailed 2008 Election Results

Median real estate property taxes paid for housing units with mortgages in 2013: $778 (1.3%)
Median real estate property taxes paid for housing units with no mortgage in 2013: $303 (0.8%)

Zavala County household income distribution in 2009 Zavala County home values distribution Zavala County contract rent distribution in 2009
Percentage of residents living in poverty in 2013: 35.0%
(20.4% for White Non-Hispanic residents, 36.0% for Hispanic or Latino residents, 100.0% for American Indian residents, 31.1% for other race residents)

Percentage of residents living in poverty in 2013: 34.8%
Zavala County:

34.8%
Texas:

17.5%
(20.7% for White Non-Hispanic residents, 34.9% for Hispanic or Latino residents, 80.0% for American Indian residents, 29.3% for other race residents)

Median age of residents in 2013: 30 years old
(Males: 29 years old, Females: 32 years old)
(Median age for: White residents: 42 years old, Black residents: 34 years old, Hispanic or Latino residents: 30 years old, Other race residents: 31 years old)

Fair market rent in 2006 for a 1-bedroom apartment in Zavala County is $398 a month.
Fair market rent for a 2-bedroom apartment is $484 a month.
Fair market rent for a 3-bedroom apartment is $659 a month.

Cities in this county include: Crystal City, La Pryor, Batesville, Chula Vista-River Spur, Las Colonias, Loma Grande, Amaya.

Zavala County has a predicted average indoor radon screening level less than 2 pCi/L (pico curies per liter) - Low Potential

Click to draw/clear Zavala County borders

Notable locations in this county outside city limits:

Notable locations in Zavala County: Chaparrosa Ranch (A), Comstock Windmill (B), Dawson Windmill (C), Fourmile Windmill (D), Hensley Windmill (E), High Lonesome Camp (F), High Lonesome Windmill (G), Kieffer Windmill (H), Kieschnick Ranch (I), Kite Windmill (J), Lake Windmill (K), Loma Vista (L), Lyles Ranch (M), Maverick Creek Windmill (N), McNalley Windmill (O), Mesteño Windmill (P), Midway Camp (Q), North Windmill (R), Oliphant Ranch (S), Rancho Viejo Windmill (T). Display/hide their locations on the map

Cemeteries: Vivian Cemetery (1), Loma Vista Cemetery (2), La Pryor Cemetery (3), Cometa Cemetery (4). Display/hide their locations on the map

Lakes and reservoirs: Comanche Lake (A), Rocky Lake (B), Crooked Lake (C), Evans Lake (D), Mesteño Lake (E), Fishhook Lake (F), E O Johnson Lake Number 1 (G), E O Johnson Lake Number 2 (H). Display/hide their locations on the map

Streams, rivers, and creeks: Beef Hollow Creek (A), Alligator Slough (B), Windmill Creek (C), Spurler Creek (D), Peña Creek (E), Chaparrosa Creek (F), Palo Blanco Creek (G), Sugar Creek (H), Liveoak Creek (I). Display/hide their locations on the map

Park in Zavala County: Juan Garcia Park (1). Display/hide its location on the map

Neighboring counties: Dimmit County , Frio County , Kinney County , Maverick County , Medina County , Uvalde County .

Unemployment in July 2013:
Here:

12.9%
Texas:

5.5%

Unemployment by year (%)

County total employment by year

County average yearly wages by year ($)

Current college students: 460
People 25 years of age or older with a high school degree or higher: 43.4%
People 25 years of age or older with a bachelor's degree or higher: 7.6%

Number of foreign born residents: 1,598 (51% naturalized citizens)

Zavala County:

13.8%
Whole state:

13.9%

Year of entry for the foreign-born population

  • 1995 to March 2000: 249
  • 1990 to 1994: 147
  • 1985 to 1989: 116
  • 1980 to 1984: 167
  • 1975 to 1979: 96
  • 1970 to 1974: 155
  • 1970 to 1974: 156
  • 1965 to 1969: 512

Mean travel time to work (commute): 18.1 minutes

Percentage of county residents living and working in this county: 69.0%

Zavala County marital status for males Zavala County marital status for females

Housing units in structures:


Housing units in Zavala County with a mortgage: 349 (0 second mortgage, 0 home equity loan, 0 both second mortgage and home equity loan)
Houses without a mortgage: 1,509

Here:

0.0% with mortgage
State:

64.2% with mortgage

Religion statistics for Zavala County

ReligionAdherentsCongregations
Catholic3,4002
Evangelical Protestant1,35511
Mainline Protestant2402
Other2-
None6,680-
Zavala County Religion Details
Source: Clifford Grammich, Kirk Hadaway, Richard Houseal, Dale E.Jones, Alexei Krindatch, Richie Stanley and Richard H.Taylor. 2012. 2010 U.S.Religion Census: Religious Congregations & Membership Study. Association of Statisticians of American Religious Bodies. Jones, Dale E., et al. 2002. Congregations and Membership in the United States 2000. Nashville, TN: Glenmary Research Center.

Food Environment Statistics:

Number of grocery stores: 4
Zavala County:

3.44 / 10,000 pop.
State:

1.47 / 10,000 pop.


Number of convenience stores (no gas): 1
This county:

0.86 / 10,000 pop.
Texas:

1.11 / 10,000 pop.

Number of convenience stores (with gas): 6
Zavala County:

5.16 / 10,000 pop.
Texas:

3.95 / 10,000 pop.

Number of full-service restaurants: 4
This county:

3.44 / 10,000 pop.
State:

6.13 / 10,000 pop.

Adult diabetes rate:
Zavala County:

8.7%
Texas:

8.9%

Adult obesity rate:
Zavala County:

27.8%
State:

26.6%

Low-income preschool obesity rate:
Here:

21.9%
State:

15.7%

Agriculture in Zavala County:

Average size of farms: 2752 acres
Average value of agricultural products sold per farm: $189,471
Average value of crops sold per acre for harvested cropland: $336.59
The value of nursery, greenhouse, floriculture, and sod as a percentage of the total market value of agricultural products sold: 0.00%
The value of livestock, poultry, and their products as a percentage of the total market value of agricultural products sold: 77.79%
Average total farm production expenses per farm: $194,949
Harvested cropland as a percentage of land in farms: 4.54%
Irrigated harvested cropland as a percentage of land in farms: 57.03%
Average market value of all machinery and equipment per farm: $72,504
The percentage of farms operated by a family or individual: 78.99%
Average age of principal farm operators: 59 years
Average number of cattle and calves per 100 acres of all land in farms: 7.78
Corn for grain: 5084 harvested acres
All wheat for grain: 8002 harvested acres
Upland cotton: 4322 harvested acres
Vegetables: 3,406 harvested acres
Land in orchards: 1,860 acres

Tornado activity:

Zavala County historical area-adjusted tornado activity is significantly below Texas state average. It is 18416902.7 times below overall U.S. average.
Tornadoes in this county have caused one injury recorded between 1950 and 2004.
On 3/18/1964, a category 1 (max. wind speeds 73-112 mph) tornado injured one person and caused between $5000 and $50,000 in damages.

Earthquake activity:

Zavala County-area historical earthquake activity is near Texas state average. It is 76% smaller than the overall U.S. average.

On 4/14/1995 at 00:32:56, a magnitude 5.7 (5.6 MB, 5.7 MS, 5.7 MW, Depth: 11.1 mi, Class: Moderate, Intensity: VI - VII) earthquake occurred 238.2 miles away from Zavala County center
On 4/9/1993 at 12:29:19, a magnitude 4.3 (4.1 MB, 4.3 LG, Depth: 3.1 mi, Class: Light, Intensity: IV - V) earthquake occurred 99.2 miles away from the county center
On 6/16/1978 at 11:46:54, a magnitude 5.3 (4.4 MB, 4.6 UK, 5.3 ML) earthquake occurred 294.7 miles away from the county center
On 4/7/2008 at 09:51:12, a magnitude 3.9 (3.9 MB, 3.9 MW, 3.8 LG, Depth: 3.1 mi, Class: Light, Intensity: II - III) earthquake occurred 104.6 miles away from the county center
On 1/2/1992 at 11:45:35, a magnitude 5.0 (4.6 MB, 5.0 LG, Depth: 3.1 mi) earthquake occurred 312.1 miles away from Zavala County center
On 4/3/2005 at 14:39:16, a magnitude 3.5 (3.5 LG, Depth: 3.1 mi) earthquake occurred 46.0 miles away from the county center
Magnitude types: regional Lg-wave magnitude (LG), body-wave magnitude (MB), local magnitude (ML), surface-wave magnitude (MS), moment magnitude (MW)

Most recent natural disasters:


The number of natural disasters in Zavala County (9) is smaller than the US average (12).
Major Disasters (Presidential) Declared: 5
Emergencies Declared: 4

Class of Workers

Most common industries in 2013 (%)
Males Females
Most common occupations in 2013 (%)
Males Females

Most common places of birth for the foreign-born residents (%):

  • Mexico (98%)
  • Korea (1%)
  • Honduras (1%)
  • El Salvador (1%)
  • India (0%)

Most common first ancestries reported in Zavala County (%):

  • German (2%)
  • United States or American (2%)
  • English (1%)
  • Irish (0%)
  • Swedish (0%)
  • Scotch-Irish (0%)
  • Scottish (0%)

Zavala County mode of transportation to work chart

Means of transportation to work:

  • Drove a car alone: 2,010 (68%)
  • Carpooled: 649 (22%)
  • Bus or trolley bus: 21 (1%)
  • Walked: 79 (3%)
  • Other means: 138 (5%)
  • Worked at home: 75 (3%)

Owners and renters by unit type in %

Breakdown of mean house values by ages of householders


People in group quarters in Zavala County, Texas in 2000:

  • 260 people in other types of correctional institutions
  • 80 people in local jails and other confinement facilities (including police lockups)
  • 22 people in homes for the mentally ill
348 people in federal detention centers
61 people in local jails and other municipal confinement facilities
Average gross adjusted income of non-migrant taxpayers in this county in 2010 was $35,281.

5.88% of this county's 2011 resident taxpayers lived in other counties in 2010 ($28,789 average adjusted gross income)

Here:

5.88%
Texas average:

7.14%


10 or fewer of this county's residents moved from foreign countries.
4.50% relocated from other counties in Texas ($20,902 average AGI)
1.38% relocated from other states ($7,882 average AGI)
Zavala County:

1.38%
Texas average:

2.49%

Percentage of residents relocating from other counties or countries


Top counties from which taxpayers relocated into this county between 2010 and 2011:
from Dimmit County, TX  0.84% ($18,724 average AGI)
from Uvalde County, TX  0.78% ($29,815)
from Bexar County, TX  0.49% ($25,059)


5.91% of this county's 2010 resident taxpayers moved to other counties in 2011 ($24,844 average adjusted gross income)

Here:

5.91%
Texas average:

6.69%


10 or fewer of this county's residents moved to foreign countries.
4.99% relocated to other counties in Texas ($21,893 average AGI)
0.92% relocated to other states ($2,951 average AGI)
Zavala County:

0.92%
Texas average:

2.01%

Percentage of residents relocating to other counties or countries


Top counties to which taxpayers relocated from this county between 2010 and 2011:
to Bexar County, TX  1.27% ($20,182 average AGI)
to Uvalde County, TX  0.92% ($21,094)
to Dimmit County, TX  0.72% ($24,560)
to Maverick County, TX  0.37% ($38,231)

Births per 1000 population from 1990 to 1999: 19.8
Births per 1000 population from 2000 to 2006: 18.6

Births per 1000 population in Zavala County

Deaths per 1000 population from 1990 to 1999: 7.5
Deaths per 1000 population from 2000 to 2006: 8.0
Deaths per 1000 population from 2007 to 2013: 7.0

Deaths per 1000 population in Zavala County

Infant deaths per 1000 live births from 1990 to 1999: 5.4
Infant deaths per 1000 live births from 2000 to 2006: 5.3

Infant deaths per 1000 live births in Zavala County

Persons enrolled in hospital insurance and/or supplemental medical insurance (Medicare) in July 1, 2003: 1,622 (1,335 aged, 287 disabled)
Population without health insurance coverage in 2000: 37%
Children under 18 without health insurance coverage in 2000: 38%

General practice office based MDs per 100,000 population in 2005: 2356.730
Medical specialist MDs per 100,000 population in 2005: 601.9

Total deaths per 100,000 population, July 2005 - July 2006: 33.91

EPA green book nonattainment status in 2004-2006: 1
Crimes per 100,000 population in 1996: 1

Household type by relationship:

Households: 11,268

Size of family households: 812 2-persons, 606 3-persons, 543 4-persons, 413 5-persons, 221 6-persons, 169 7-or-more-persons.

Size of nonfamily households: 708 1-person, 92 2-persons, 3 3-persons, 1 4-persons, 4 5-persons, 1 6-persons.

2,297 married couples with children.
1,035 single-parent households (151 men, 884 women).

15.2% of residents of Zavala County speak English at home.
84.5% of residents speak Spanish at home (51% speak English very well, 30% speak English well, 12% speak English not well, 7% don't speak English at all).
0.1% of residents speak other Indo-European language at home (100% speak English very well).
0.2% of residents speak Asian or Pacific Island language at home (18% speak English very well, 82% speak English well).

In fiscal year 2004:

Federal Government expenditure: $75,522,000 ($6455 per capita)
Department of Defense expenditure: $307,000
Federal direct payments to individuals for retirement and disability: $18,458,000
Federal other direct payments to individuals: $17,129,000
Federal direct payments not to individuals: $3,984,000
Federal grants: $34,842,000
Federal procurement contracts: $292,000 ($112,000 Department of Defense)
Federal salaries and wages: $818,000 ($0,000 Department of Defense)
Federal Government direct loans: $504,000
Federal guaranteed/insured loans: $213,000
Federal Government insurance: $9,235,000

Population change from April 1, 2000 to July 1, 2005:

Births: 1,026
Here:

87 per 1000 residents
State:

85 per 1000 residents

Deaths: 414
Here:

35 per 1000 residents
State:

35 per 1000 residents

Net international migration: +170
Here:

+14 per 1000 residents
State:

+29 per 1000 residents

Net internal migration: -573
Here -49 per 1000 residents
State +10 per 1000 residents

Population growth in Zavala County

Total withdrawal of fresh water for public supply: 2.23 millions of gallons per day (all from ground)

Median number of rooms in houses and condos:
Here:

4.6
State:

5.8

Median number of rooms in apartments:
Here:

3.5
State:

3.8

Year house built

  • 2005 or later: 62
  • 2000 to 2004: 443
  • 1990 to 1999: 676
  • 1980 to 1989: 527
  • 1970 to 1979: 964
  • 1960 to 1969: 646
  • 1950 to 1959: 491
  • 1940 to 1949: 217
  • 1939 or earlier: 269
Rooms in houses/apartments in Zavala County, Texas
Owner-occupied Renter-occupied
  • 1 room: 17
  • 2 rooms: 298
  • 3 rooms: 491
  • 4 rooms: 371
  • 5 rooms: 577
  • 6 rooms: 388
  • 7 rooms: 178
  • 8 rooms: 96
  • 9+ rooms: 86
  • 1 room: 62
  • 2 rooms: 166
  • 3 rooms: 239
  • 4 rooms: 159
  • 5 rooms: 134
  • 6 rooms: 125
  • 7 rooms: 27
  • 8 rooms: 10
  • 9+ rooms: 4
Bedrooms in houses/apartments in Zavala County, Texas
Owner-occupied Renter-occupied
  • no bedroom: 91
  • 1 bedroom: 369
  • 2 bedrooms: 854
  • 3 bedrooms: 873
  • 4 bedrooms: 243
  • 5+ bedrooms: 72
  • no bedroom: 82
  • 1 bedroom: 290
  • 2 bedrooms: 264
  • 3 bedrooms: 217
  • 4 bedrooms: 73
  • 5+ bedrooms: 0
Cars and other vehicles available in Zavala County, Texas in houses/condos/apartments
Owner-occupied Renter-occupied
  • no vehicle: 351
  • 1 vehicle: 993
  • 2 vehicles: 840
  • 3 vehicles: 219
  • 4 vehicles: 72
  • 5+ vehicles: 27
  • no vehicle: 211
  • 1 vehicle: 448
  • 2 vehicles: 209
  • 3 vehicles: 50
  • 4 vehicles: 2
  • 5+ vehicles: 6

69% of Zavala County residents lived in the same house 5 years ago.
   Out of people who lived in different houses, 70% lived in this county.
   Out of people who lived in different counties, 59% lived in Texas.

Zavala County:

69.4%
State average:

51.6%

Place of birth for U.S.-born residents:

Median price asked for vacant for-sale houses in 2000: $12,500


Housing units lacking complete plumbing facilities: 9%

Housing units lacking complete kitchen facilities: 7%

Year Householders Moved Into Unit

Most commonly used house heating fuel in Zavala County
Houses and condos Apartments
  • Electricity (45.1%)
  • Bottled, tank, or LP gas (44.9%)
  • Utility gas (6.1%)
  • Wood (1.4%)
  • Fuel oil, kerosene, etc. (0.9%)
  • Other fuel (0.9%)
  • Electricity (62.5%)
  • Bottled, tank, or LP gas (33.5%)
  • Utility gas (2.4%)
  • Fuel oil, kerosene, etc. (1.0%)

Private vs. public school enrollment:


Students in private schools in grades 1 to 8 (elementary and middle school): 58
Here:

3.1%
Texas:

6.8%

Students in private schools in grades 9 to 12 (high school): 8
Here:

0.8%
Texas:

6.2%

Students in private undergraduate colleges: 8
Here:

1.9%
Texas:

15.4%

Educational Attainment (%)

School Enrollment by Level of School (%)

Age and Sex of Sensory-Disabled Residents (Noninstitutionalized)

Age and Sex of Physically-Disabled Residents (Noninstitutionalized)

Age and Sex of Mentally-Disabled Residents (Noninstitutionalized)

Age and Sex of Self-Care Disabled Residents (Noninstitutionalized)

Age and Sex of Go-Outside-Home Disabled Residents (Noninstitutionalized)

Age and Sex of Residents with Employment Disability (Noninstitutionalized)

Zavala County government finances - Expenditure in 2002:

  • Construction - Solid Waste Management: $44,000
    Housing & Community Development: $2,000
  • Current Operations - Police Protection: $819,000
    Financial Administration: $755,000
    Water Utilities: $468,000
    Judicial and Legal Services: $325,000
    Health Services - Other: $241,000
    Central Staff Services: $172,000
    General Public Buildings: $125,000
    Solid Waste Management: $107,000
    Housing & Community Development: $51,000
    Parks & Recreation: $39,000
  • Total Salaries & Wages: $619,000

Zavala County government finances - Revenue in 2002:

  • Charges - Solid Waste Management: $83,000
  • Local Intergovernmental - All Other: $309,000
  • Miscellaneous - Rents: $709,000
    General Revenue, NEC: $124,000
  • State Intergovernmental - All Other: $133,000
    Water Utilities: $51,000
  • Tax - Property: $1,385,000
    Motor Vehicle License: $286,000

Zavala County government finances - Debt in 2002:

  • Short Term Debt Outstanding - Beginning: $648,000
    End of Fiscal Year: $482,000

Supplemental Security Income (SSI) in 2006:

Zavala County Fatal accident statistics for 1975 - 1993
Count Vehicles DUI Fatalities Persons

Fatal accident count (per 100,000 population)

Zavala County Fatal accident statistics for 1994 - 2013
Count Vehicles DUI Fatalities Persons Pedestrians

Fatal accident count (per 100,000 population)

Most common first names in Zavala County, TX among deceased individuals
NameCountLived (average)
Maria9374.9 years
Jose8269.8 years
Juan6570.5 years
Jesus5067.8 years
Manuel4472.4 years
Guadalupe3974.7 years
Francisco3174.3 years
Pedro2873.7 years
Antonio2575.0 years
Mary2480.4 years
Most common last names in Zavala County, TX among deceased individuals
Last nameCountLived (average)
Rodriguez8475.0 years
Martinez6973.2 years
Garcia5274.9 years
Flores4578.2 years
Perez4568.8 years
Hernandez4274.2 years
Lopez4270.6 years
Rios3671.8 years
Ramirez3171.7 years
Torres2870.4 years
Businesses in Zavala County, TX
NameCountNameCount
Ace Hardware1FedEx1
Church's Chicken1H&R Block1
Cricket Wireless1Pizza Hut1

Zavala County on our top lists: