The first farmers of New Mexico were the Pueblo Indians, who raised corn, beans, and squash. Wheat and barley were introduced from Europe, and indigo and chiles came from Mexico.
In 2001, New Mexico's total farm marketings were $2.2 billion. About 25% came from crops and 75% from livestock products. Leading crops included hay and wheat. In 2002, hay production was 1,684,000 tons, valued at $233,200,000, and wheat production was 3,740,000 bushels, valued at $12,903,000. The state also produced 8,820,000 bushels of corn for grain, and 660,000 hundredweight of potatoes in 2002.