U.S. Cities - City-Data Homepage  
Hebo, Oregon forum City-Data.com Homepage

Hebo, Oregon



Jump to a detailed profile or search
site with Google Custom Search

Back to Hebo, OR housing info, Tillamook County, Oregon, OR smaller cities, OR small cities, All Cities.


Hebo: picture out in the country Hebo: picture out in the country Hebo: hebo, or Hebo: highway 101 through hebo
 

Submit your own pictures of this place and show them to the World

  • OSM Map
  • General Map
  • Google Map
  • MSN Map
Population in 2010: 232. Population change since 2000: +0.4%
Males: 135  (58.6%)
Females: 97  (41.4%)

Median resident age:  40.0 years
Oregon median age:  36.8 years

Zip codes: 97122.

Estimated median household income in 2012: $57,416 (it was $37,250 in 2000)
Hebo:

$57,416
OR:

$49,161
Estimated per capita income in 2012: $25,301

Hebo CDP income, earnings, and wages data

Estimated median house or condo value in 2012: $177,046 (it was $130,800 in 2000)
Hebo:

$177,046
OR:

$223,900
Mean prices in 2011: All housing units: $181,483; Detached houses: $254,054; Mobile homes: $14,869; Occupied boats, RVs, vans, etc.: $7,732

Median gross rent in 2012: $530.

Recent home sales, real estate maps, and home value estimator for zip code 97122

Hebo, OR residents, houses, and apartments details

Business Profiles
Profiles of local businesses
Put your B&M business profile right here for free. 30,000 businesses already created their profiles!
Business Search - 14 Million verified businesses
Search for: near:  
Options
X
Data:
Loading data...
Based on 2000-2011 data
Loading data...

123
Hide US histogram
Hebo races chart
  • White alone - 173 (74.6%)
  • Hispanic - 31 (13.4%)
  • Asian alone - 14 (6.0%)
  • Two or more races - 8 (3.4%)
  • American Indian alone - 6 (2.6%)

Races in Hebo detailed stats: ancestries, foreign born residents, place of birth


Mar. 2012 cost of living index in Hebo: 94.3 (less than average, U.S. average is 100)

Hebo, OR forum
Recent posts about Hebo, Oregon on our local forum with over 1,500,000 registered users. Hebo is mentioned 16 times on our forum:
Have you been to these Oregon Attractions?  (36 replies)
Cheap Places to Live in Oregon  (57 replies)
Day on the coast spots?  (15 replies)
What are some geographically isolated, small towns near Portland?  (11 replies)
Coastal Oregon: different priorities  (14 replies)
Camping and skiing for portlanders  (6 replies)

Latest news from Hebo, OR collected exclusively by city-data.com from local newspapers, TV, and radio stations

Ancestries: German (39.6%), English (8.5%), Irish (7.9%), Polish (7.5%), Dutch (6.3%), Swiss (2.4%).

Current Local Time: PST time zone

Elevation: 77 feet

Land area: 1.63 square miles.

Population density: 142 people per square mile 
 
 (very low).

Hebo,OR real estate house value index trend





Home Value Estimate
Address:
Unit (optional):
City
State
Zip


Recent Home Sales
Address:
City

State
Zip
Min Price (optional)

Max Price (optional)
Prioritization:



Hebo, Oregon map

For population 25 years and over in Hebo:

  • High school or higher: 98.9%
  • Bachelor's degree or higher: 6.3%
  • Graduate or professional degree: 2.9%
  • Unemployed: 0.4%
  • Mean travel time to work (commute): 37.1 minutes

For population 15 years and over in Hebo CDP:

  • Never married: 28.8%
  • Now married: 67.6%
  • Separated: 3.6%
  • Widowed: 0.0%
  • Divorced: 0.0%

20 residents are foreign born (2.2% Europe).

This place:  4.4%
Oregon:  9.6%

Median real estate property taxes paid for housing units with mortgages in 2012: $1,071 (0.7%)
Median real estate property taxes paid for housing units with no mortgage in 2012: $939 (0.4%)

Hebo satellite photo by USGS

Nearest city with pop. 50,000+: Salem, OR (45.4 miles , pop. 136,924).

Nearest city with pop. 200,000+: Portland, OR (62.6 miles , pop. 529,121).

Nearest city with pop. 1,000,000+: Los Angeles, CA (823.5 miles , pop. 3,694,820).

Nearest cities: Cloverdale, OR (1.5 miles ), Beaver, OR (1.9 miles) , Pacific City, OR (2.3 miles ), Neskowin, OR (3.2 miles) , Netarts, OR (3.8 miles ), Rose Lodge, OR (3.9 miles ), Tillamook, OR (4.0 miles ), Grand Ronde, OR (4.1 miles ).

Latitude: 45.23 N, Longitude: 123.86 W

Area code commonly used in this area: 503

Hebo household income distribution Hebo home values distribution

This place's Wikipedia profile

Unemployment in July 2013:
Here:

7.1%
Oregon:

8.1%

Unemployment by year (%)

Most common industries in 2008-2012 (%)
Males Females
  • Accommodation and food services (56%)
  • Public administration (18%)
  • Transportation and warehousing (15%)
  • Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting (10%)
  • Manufacturing (1%)
  • Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction (0%)
  • Construction (0%)
  • Arts, entertainment, and recreation (98%)
  • Manufacturing (2%)
  • Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting (0%)
  • Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction (0%)
  • Construction (0%)
  • Wholesale trade (0%)
  • Retail trade (0%)

Work and jobs in Hebo: detailed stats about occupations, industries, unemployment, workers, commute

Average climate in Hebo, Oregon

Based on data reported by over 4,000 weather stations

Hebo, Oregon average temperatures Hebo, Oregon average precipitation
 
Hebo, Oregon humidity
 
Hebo, Oregon wind speed
 
Hebo, Oregon snowfall
 
Hebo, Oregon sunshine
 
Hebo, Oregon clear and cloudy days
 

Back to the top

Earthquake activity:

Hebo-area historical earthquake activity is significantly below Oregon state average. It is 53% smaller than the overall U.S. average.

On 3/25/1993 at 13:34:35, a magnitude 5.7 (5.5 MB, 5.4 MS, 5.6 MW, 5.7 ML, Depth: 12.8 mi, Class: Moderate, Intensity: VI - VII) earthquake occurred 64.6 miles away from the city center
On 7/12/2004 at 16:45:00, a magnitude 4.9 (4.9 MB, 4.1 MS, 4.9 MW, 4.8 MW, Depth: 18.0 mi, Class: Light, Intensity: IV - V) earthquake occurred 69.4 miles away from Hebo center
On 8/19/2004 at 06:06:03, a magnitude 4.7 (4.7 MB, 4.5 MS, 4.7 MW, 4.6 MW, Depth: 17.3 mi) earthquake occurred 44.5 miles away from the city center
On 4/4/1992 at 22:29:40, a magnitude 4.2 (4.2 MB, Depth: 6.2 mi) earthquake occurred 89.2 miles away from the city center
On 4/24/2003 at 19:26:30, a magnitude 3.9 (3.9 MD, Depth: 10.9 mi, Class: Light, Intensity: II - III) earthquake occurred 60.9 miles away from Hebo center
On 9/24/2007 at 06:20:54, a magnitude 3.7 (3.7 MW, 3.6 ML, Depth: 14.6 mi) earthquake occurred 41.3 miles away from the city center
Magnitude types: body-wave magnitude (MB), duration magnitude (MD), local magnitude (ML), surface-wave magnitude (MS), moment magnitude (MW)

Natural disasters:

The number of natural disasters in Tillamook County (15) is greater than the US average (12).
Major Disasters (Presidential) Declared: 14
Emergencies Declared: 1

Causes of natural disasters: Floods: 10, Storms: 9, Landslides: 5, Mudslides: 5, Winter Storms: 4, Snows: 2, Heavy Rain: 1, Wind: 1, Flood: 1, Hurricane: 1 (Note: Some incidents may be assigned to more than one category).
Hebo topographic map

Hospitals/medical centers near Hebo:

  • TILLAMOOK CARE CENTER (Nursing Home, about 15 miles away; TILLAMOOK, OR)
  • ADVENTIST HEALTH TILLAMOOK HOME CARE SERVICES (Home Health Center, about 16 miles away; TILLAMOOK, OR)

Colleges/universities with over 2000 students nearest to Hebo:

  • Western Oregon University (about 41 miles; Monmouth, OR; Full-time enrollment: 4,490)
  • Pacific University (about 42 miles; Forest Grove, OR; FT enrollment: 2,905)
  • George Fox University (about 44 miles; Newberg, OR; FT enrollment: 2,097)
  • Willamette University (about 46 miles; Salem, OR; FT enrollment: 2,618)
  • Chemeketa Community College (about 47 miles; Salem, OR; FT enrollment: 5,853)
  • Oregon State University (about 54 miles; Corvallis, OR; FT enrollment: 17,858)
  • Portland Community College (about 57 miles; Portland, OR; FT enrollment: 12,103)

Click to draw/clear place borders

Notable locations in Hebo: United States Forest Service Hebo Ranger District (A), Hebo Ranger Station (B). Display/hide their locations on the map

Cemetery: Nestucca Valley Community Cemetery (1). Display/hide its location on the map

Creek: Spring Creek (A). Display/hide its location on the map

 
Tillamook County has a predicted average indoor radon screening level less than 2 pCi/L (pico curies per liter) - Low Potential

Drinking water stations with addresses in Hebo and their reported violations in the past:

HEBO JOINT WATER & SANITARY AUTH. (Population served: 220, Groundwater):
Past health violations:
  • OCCT Installation/Demonstration - Between JAN-01-1998 and JUN-15-2001, Contaminant: Lead & Copper Rule. Follow-up actions: St AO (w/penalty) issued (MAY-26-1998), St Compliance achieved (JUN-15-2001)
Past monitoring violations:
  • Follow-up and Routine Tap Sampling - Between JAN-2005 and DEC-2025, Contaminant: Lead & Copper Rule
  • Initial, Follow-up, or Routine SOWT M&R - Between JUN-01-1994 and JUN-15-2001, Contaminant: Lead & Copper Rule. Follow-up actions: St AO (w/penalty) issued (MAY-26-1998), St Compliance achieved (JUN-15-2001)
  • One routine major monitoring violation
  • 52 regular monitoring violations

Percentage of residents living in poverty in 2012: 3.5%
(0.0% for White Non-Hispanic residents, 0.0% for Hispanic or Latino residents, 34.0% for American Indian residents)

Average household size:
This place:  2.6 people
Oregon:  2.5 people

Percentage of family households:
This place:  68.5%
Whole state:  63.4%

Percentage of households with unmarried partners:
This place:  5.6%
Whole state:  8.0%

Likely homosexual households (counted as self-reported same-sex unmarried-partner households)
  • Lesbian couples: 1.1% of all households
  • Gay men: 1.1% of all households

Detailed information about poverty and poor residents in Hebo, OR

Hebo compared to Oregon state average:

  • Unemployed percentage significantly below state average.
  • Black race population percentage significantly below state average.
  • Length of stay since moving in significantly below state average.
  • Number of rooms per house below state average.
  • Number of college students significantly below state average.
  • Percentage of population with a bachelor's degree or higher significantly below state average.


Back to the top

Educational Attainment (%) in 2012

School Enrollment by Level of School (%) in 2012


Hebo travel time to work - commute


Hebo mode of transportation to work chart

Most commonly used house heating fuel:

  • Electricity (94%)
  • Wood (6%)

Presidential Elections Results

2000 2004 2008 2012

2000 Presidential Elections Results

2004 Presidential Elections Results

2008 Presidential Elections Results

2012 Presidential Elections Results

Graphs represent county-level data. Detailed 2008 Election Results



Religion statistics for Hebo CDP (based on Tillamook County data)

Percentage of population affiliated with a religious congregations: 25.96%
Here26.0%
USA50.2%

Adherents


Breakdown of population affiliated with a religious congregations

NameCatholic ChurchSeventh-Day Adventist ChurchLDS (Mormon) ChurchUnited Methodist ChurchChristian Churches and Churches of Christ
Adherents21.8%12.2%10.3%9.3%8.7%
Congregations8.3%5.6%5.6%8.3%5.6%
NameChurch of the NazareneEpiscopal ChurchAssemblies of GodFriends (Quakers)Other
Adherents7.6%6.8%6.2%3.2%14.1%
Congregations5.6%5.6%8.3%5.6%41.7%
Source: Jones, Dale E., et al. 2002. Congregations and Membership in the United States 2000. Nashville, TN: Glenmary Research Center.
Tables represent county-level data.

Food Environment Statistics:

Number of grocery stores: 11
Tillamook County:

4.41 / 10,000 pop.
Oregon:

2.03 / 10,000 pop.
Number of supercenters and club stores: 1
This county:

0.40 / 10,000 pop.
State:

0.33 / 10,000 pop.
Number of convenience stores (no gas): 12
Tillamook County:

4.81 / 10,000 pop.
Oregon:

2.01 / 10,000 pop.
Number of convenience stores (with gas): 11
Tillamook County:

4.41 / 10,000 pop.
State:

1.69 / 10,000 pop.
Number of full-service restaurants: 50
Here:

20.03 / 10,000 pop.
State:

9.93 / 10,000 pop.
Adult diabetes rate:
This county:

7.5%
Oregon:

7.4%
Adult obesity rate:
Tillamook County:

26.1%
Oregon:

25.6%
Low-income preschool obesity rate:
This county:

21.0%
State:

14.2%

8.80% of this county's 2006 resident taxpayers lived in other counties in 2005 ($54,585 average adjusted gross income)

Here:

8.80%
Oregon average:

8.89%

10 or fewer of this county's residents moved from foreign countries between 2005 and 2006.


Top counties from which taxpayers relocated into this county between 2005 and 2006:
from Washington County, OR  0.86% ($73,727 average AGI)
from Multnomah County, OR  0.84% ($80,147)
from Clackamas County, OR  0.55% ($44,612)


8.09% of this county's 2005 resident taxpayers moved to other counties in 2006 ($37,040 average adjusted gross income)

Here:

8.09%
Oregon average:

7.91%

10 or fewer of this county's residents moved to foreign countries between 2005 and 2006.


Top counties to which taxpayers relocated from this county between 2005 and 2006:
to Washington County, OR  0.80% ($41,056 average AGI)
to Multnomah County, OR  0.77% ($45,941)
to Clackamas County, OR  0.37% ($27,667)

Strongest AM radio stations in Hebo:

  • KPOJ (620 AM; 50 kW; PORTLAND, OR; Owner: CITICASTERS LICENSES, L.P.)
  • KXL (750 AM; 50 kW; PORTLAND, OR; Owner: ROSE CITY RADIO CORPORATION)
  • KMBD (1590 AM; 5 kW; TILLAMOOK, OR; Owner: OREGON EAGLE, INC.)
  • KPAM (860 AM; 50 kW; TROUTDALE, OR; Owner: PAMPLIN BROADCASTING-OREGON, INC.)
  • KEX (1190 AM; 50 kW; PORTLAND, OR; Owner: CITICASTERS LICENSES, L.P.)
  • KOTK (1080 AM; 50 kW; PORTLAND, OR; Owner: FISHER BROADCASTING - PORTLAND RADIO, L.L.C.)
  • KKSN (1520 AM; 50 kW; OREGON CITY, OR; Owner: ENTERCOM PORTLAND LICENSE, LLC)
  • KKAD (1550 AM; 50 kW; VANCOUVER, WA; Owner: PAMPLIN BROADCASTING-WASHINGTON, INC)
  • KPNW (1120 AM; 50 kW; EUGENE, OR; Owner: CAPSTAR TX LIMITED PARTNERSHIP)
  • KWIP (880 AM; 5 kW; DALLAS, OR; Owner: JUPITER COMMUNICATIONS CORPORATION)
  • KDUN (1030 AM; 50 kW; REEDSPORT, OR; Owner: PAMPLIN BROADCASTING-OREGON, INC.)
  • KSLM (1390 AM; 10 kW; SALEM, OR)
  • KOAC (550 AM; 5 kW; CORVALLIS, OR; Owner: OREGON PUBLIC BROADCASTING)

Strongest FM radio stations in Hebo:

  • K228DT (93.5 FM; HAPPY HOLLOW, OR; Owner: OREGON PUBLIC BROADCASTING)
  • KTIL-FM (94.1 FM; TILLAMOOK, OR; Owner: OREGON EAGLE, INC.)
  • KDEP (105.5 FM; DEPOE BAY, OR; Owner: ALEXANDRA COMMUNICATIONS, INC.)
  • KSND (95.1 FM; LINCOLN CITY, OR; Owner: RADIO BEAM, LLC)
  • K289AC (105.7 FM; NEDONNA BEACH, OR; Owner: OREGON PUBLIC BROADCASTING)
  • K207BO (89.3 FM; NEWPORT, OR; Owner: FAMILY STATIONS, INC.)
  • KDUK-FM (104.7 FM; FLORENCE, OR; Owner: CAPSTAR TX LIMITED PARTNERSHIP)
  • KFLY (101.5 FM; CORVALLIS, OR; Owner: CITICASTERS LICENSES, L.P.)
  • K216DH (91.1 FM; CATHLAMET, WA; Owner: TILLICUM FOUNDATION)
  • KYTE (102.7 FM; NEWPORT, OR; Owner: YAQUINA BAY COMMUNICATIONS, INC.)
  • KCRF-FM (96.7 FM; LINCOLN CITY, OR; Owner: PACIFIC WEST BROADCASTING, INC.)
  • KSHL (97.5 FM; GLENEDEN BEACH, OR; Owner: STEPHANIE LINN)
  • KLCO (90.5 FM; NEWPORT, OR; Owner: LANE COMMUNITY COLLEGE)
  • KNCU (92.7 FM; NEWPORT, OR; Owner: PACIFIC WEST BROADCASTING, INC.)
  • KPPT-FM (100.7 FM; TOLEDO, OR; Owner: AGPAL BROADCASTING INC.)
  • KINK (101.9 FM; PORTLAND, OR; Owner: INFINITY RADIO OPERATIONS INC.)
  • K225AI (92.9 FM; PORTLAND, OR; Owner: EDUCATIONAL MEDIA FOUNDATION)

TV broadcast stations around Hebo:

  • K19EI (Channel 19; PACIFIC C/CLOVERDALE, OR; Owner: OREGON PUBLIC BROADCASTING)
  • K35CR (Channel 35; TILLAMOOK, ETC., OR; Owner: MEREDITH CORPORATION)
  • K40EG (Channel 40; TILLAMOOK, OR; Owner: KING BROADCASTING COMPANY)
  • K43EJ (Channel 43; TILLAMOOK, OR; Owner: FISHER BROADCASTING - PORTLAND TV, L.L.C.)
  • K52ET (Channel 52; TILLAMOOK, OR; Owner: EMMIS TELEVISION LICENSE CORPORATION)


FCC Registered Cell Phone Towers:

2
  • Mt. Hebo Peak, Siuslaw National Forest (Lat: 45.214000 Lon: -123.754833), Type: Tower, Structure height: 18.3 m, Overall height: 22 m, Call Sign: KNKN411
    Assigned Frequencies: 880.020 MHz, 880.020 MHz, 880.020 MHz, 835.020 MHz, 835.020 MHz, 835.020 MHz, 891.510 MHz, 891.510 MHz, 891.510 MHz, 846.510 MHz, 846.510 MHz, 846.510 MHz
    Grant Date: 08/31/2010, Expiration Date: 10/01/2020, Certifier: Erik Young
    Registrant: Verizon Wireless, 1120 Sanctuary Pkwy, #150 Gasa5reg, Alpharetta, GA 30009-7630, Phone: (770) 797-1070, Fax: (770) 797-1036, Email:
  • Mt Hebo (Dl) Site S23 T4s R9w 3 Miles E Of Hebo (Lat: 45.214000 Lon: -123.754833), Type: Tower, Structure height: 18.3 m, Overall height: 22 m, Call Sign: KNKA446, Licensee ID: L00129894
    Assigned Frequencies: 880.020 MHz, 880.020 MHz, 880.020 MHz, 835.020 MHz, 835.020 MHz, 835.020 MHz, 891.510 MHz, 891.510 MHz, 891.510 MHz, 846.510 MHz, 846.510 MHz, 846.510 MHz
    Grant Date: 01/04/2007, Expiration Date: 11/29/2016, Certifier: Erik Young
    Registrant: Verizon Wireless (Vaw) LLC

FCC Registered Commercial Land Mobile Towers:

1
  • Mount Hebo 6 Mi E (Lat: 45.210389 Lon: -123.758167), Structure height: 27 m, Call Sign: WNVG806, Licensee ID: L00122632
    Assigned Frequencies: 462.775 MHz
    Grant Date: 02/16/2001, Expiration Date: 01/23/2011, Cancellation Date: 02/15/2006
    Registrant: Cook Telecom Inc, 2960 Kerner Blvd, San Rafael, CA 94901, Phone: (503) 223-2337

FCC Registered Private Land Mobile Towers:

4
  • Cedar Creek Hatchery 1.2 Mi Se (Lat: 45.213722 Lon: -123.850111), Type: Pole, Structure height: 7 m, Overall height: 8 m, Call Sign: KNDL373
    Assigned Frequencies: 151.175 MHz, 151.190 MHz, 151.445 MHz, 151.460 MHz
    Grant Date: 05/30/2012, Expiration Date: 08/10/2022
    Registrant: Reg4 Fcca, 1104 1st Street, Steilacoom, WA 98388, Phone: (253) 831-3017, Email:
  • Hebo Ranger Station (Lat: 45.226500 Lon: -123.858722), Call Sign: WQJ891
    Assigned Frequencies: 151.175 MHz, 151.445 MHz
    Grant Date: 04/18/2012, Expiration Date: 07/15/2022
    Registrant: Oregon Department Of Forestry, 2600 State St., Salem, OR 97310, Phone: (503) 945-7326, Fax: (503) 945-7320
  • Mt Hebo (Lat: 45.200389 Lon: -123.767889), Call Sign: KRT853
    Assigned Frequencies: 154.725 MHz, 154.725 MHz
    Grant Date: 12/13/1996, Expiration Date: 02/24/2002, Cancellation Date: 05/05/2002
    Registrant: County Of Tillamook, 201 Laurel Ave, Tillamook, OR 97141, Phone: (503) 842-3420
  • Lat: 45.200667 Lon: -123.766778, Call Sign: WXY382
    Assigned Frequencies: 158.970 MHz
    Grant Date: 07/07/2005, Expiration Date: 09/21/2015, Certifier: David Krebs
    Registrant: Radio Licensing Services, 4700 Se International Way, Milwaukie, OR 97222, Phone: (503) 794-3787, Fax: (503) 794-3759, Email:

FCC Registered Microwave Towers:

13 (See the full list of FCC Registered Microwave Towers in this town)

FCC Registered Paging Towers:

2 (See the full list of FCC Registered Paging Towers)

FCC Registered Amateur Radio Licenses:

3
  • Call Sign: KC7TAF, Licensee ID: L01426792
    Grant Date: 08/26/2008, Expiration Date: 10/17/2017, Certifier: Shannon E Ellis
    Registrant: Shannon E Ellis, 36400 Big Trout Rd, Hebo, OR 97122
  • Call Sign: N7VYS, Previous Call Sign: KB7MRC
    Grant Date: 01/21/1992, Expiration Date: 01/21/2002, Cancellation Date: 01/22/2004
    Registrant: Sheila M Buckley, Hebo, OR 97122
  • Call Sign: KF7OUR, Licensee ID: L01628029
    Grant Date: 03/30/2011, Expiration Date: 03/30/2021, Certifier: Travis J Love
    Registrant: Travis J Love, Hebo, OR 97122


2006 National Fire Incident Reporting System Incidents:

  • Fire: 2


Most common first names in Hebo, OR among deceased individuals
NameCountLived (average)
George472.8 years
Helen478.2 years
William484.3 years
Roy471.8 years
Charles372.0 years
Arthur374.3 years
Bertha278.5 years
James269.0 years
Anna292.5 years
Frank277.0 years
Most common last names in Hebo, OR among deceased individuals
Last nameCountLived (average)
Anderson461.0 years
Long467.0 years
Davis372.0 years
Brown363.3 years
Gann382.0 years
Lane382.3 years
Allen275.0 years
Hansen292.0 years
Edwards285.1 years
Call273.5 years
Cost of Living Calculator

Back to Hebo, OR housing info, Tillamook County, Oregon, OR smaller cities, OR small cities, All Cities.

 

Back to the top




Recent home sales, price trends, and home value evaluator powered by Onboard Informatics
© 2013 Onboard Informatics. Information is deemed reliable but not guaranteed.
 
City-data.com does not guarantee the accuracy or timeliness of any information on this site.  Use at your own risk.
Website © 2003-2014 Advameg, Inc.