Clay County, West Virginia (WV)

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County population in 2012: 9,297 (all rural); it was 10,330 in 2000
County owner-occupied with a mortgage or a loan houses and condos in 2010: 1,136
County owner-occupied free and clear houses and condos in 2010: 1,805
County owner-occupied houses and condos in 2000: 3,179
Renter-occupied apartments: 787 (it was 841 in 2000)
% of renters here:

21%
State:

27%

Land area: 342 sq. mi.

Water area: 1.4 sq. mi.

Population density: 27 people per square mile   (low).

Mar. 2013 cost of living index in Clay County: 85.0 (less than average, U.S. average is 100)

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Industries providing employment: Construction (53.3%), Educational, health and social services (22.7%), Manufacturing (13.3%), Professional, scientific, management, administrative, and waste management services (10.7%).

Type of workers:

  • Private wage or salary: 28%
  • Government: 0%
  • Self-employed, not incorporated: 72%
  • Unpaid family work: 0%
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Clay County races chart

Races in Clay County, West Virginia:

  • White Non-Hispanic Alone (98.5%)
  • Two or more races (0.8%)
Median resident age:  41.0 years
West Virginia median age:  41.0 years
Males: 4,664  (54.4%)
Females: 4,722  (45.6%)
Average household size:
Clay County:

2.0 people
West Virginia:

2 people
Estimated median household income in 2013: $31,774 ($22,120 in 1999)

This county:

$31774
West Virginia:

$41253

Median contract rent in 2013 for apartments: $348 (lower quartile is $238, upper quartile is $401)
This county:

$348
State:

$461


Estimated median house or condo value in 2013: $88,532 (it was $47,300 in 2000)
Clay:

$88,532
West Virginia:

$103,200
Lower value quartile - upper value quartile: $32,852 - $144,281

Mean price in 2013:

Detached houses: $115,177
Here:

$115,177
State:

$146,543

Townhouses or other attached units: $35,322
Here:

$35,322
State:

$136,766

Mobile homes: $73,325
Here:

$73,325
State:

$42,329
Median monthly housing costs for homes and condos with a mortgage: $866
Median monthly housing costs for units without a mortgage: $229

Institutionalized population: 56

Crime in 2004 (reported by the sheriff's office or county police, not the county total):

Clay County, WV map from a distance

Single-family new house construction building permits:

  • 2007: 14 buildings, average cost: $85,600
  • 2008: 20 buildings, average cost: $38,100
  • 2009: 34 buildings, average cost: $40,600

Presidential Elections Results

1996 2000 2004 2008 2012

1996 Presidential Elections Results

2000 Presidential Elections Results

2004 Presidential Elections Results

2008 Presidential Elections Results

2012 Presidential Elections Results


Graphs represent county-level data. Detailed 2008 Election Results

Median real estate property taxes paid for housing units with mortgages in 2013: $450 (0.4%)
Median real estate property taxes paid for housing units with no mortgage in 2013: $333 (0.5%)

Clay County household income distribution in 2009 Clay County home values distribution Clay County contract rent distribution in 2009
Percentage of residents living in poverty in 2013: 24.8%
(25.2% for White Non-Hispanic residents, 100.0% for other race residents)

Percentage of residents living in poverty in 2013: 25.7%
Clay County:

25.7%
West Virginia:

18.5%
(26.0% for White Non-Hispanic residents, 100.0% for other race residents)

Median age of residents in 2013: 42 years old
(Males: 42 years old, Females: 42 years old)
(Median age for: White residents: 42 years old, Black residents: 61 years old, Hispanic or Latino residents: 30 years old)

Area name: Charleston, WV HUD Metro FMR Area
Fair market rent in 2006 for a 1-bedroom apartment in Clay County is $432 a month.
Fair market rent for a 2-bedroom apartment is $540 a month.
Fair market rent for a 3-bedroom apartment is $688 a month.

Cities in this county include: Clay.

Clay County has a predicted average indoor radon screening level between 2 and 4 pCi/L (pico curies per liter) - Moderate Potential

Click to draw/clear Clay County borders

Notable locations in this county outside city limits:

Notable locations in Clay County: Pond Ridge Lookout Tower (A), Mountain Home (B), Big Otter Mountain (C), Big Sycamore (D), Birch Run (E), Standingrock (F), Big Otter Volunteer Fire Department (G), Lizemores Volunteer Fire Department (H). Display/hide their locations on the map

Churches in Clay County include: Horners Fork Missionary Baptist Church (A), Walnut Grove United Methodist Church (B), Hyer Chapel (C), Ida Missionary Baptist Church (D), Valley Ridge United Methodist Church (E), Indore Chapel (F), Valley Chapel (G), Laurel Fork Missionary Baptist Church (H), Laurel Fork Church (I). Display/hide their locations on the map

Cemeteries: Hively Cemetery (1), White Cemetery (2), Duffield Cemetery (3), Kyle Cemetery (4), Turner Cemetery (5), Hinkle Cemetery (6), Eagle Cemetery (7). Display/hide their locations on the map

Reservoirs: Orchard Lake (A), Henderson Lake (B), Taylor Fork Refuse Disposal Lake (C), Deerpond (D). Display/hide their locations on the map

Streams, rivers, and creeks: Turkey Fork (A), Tent Branch (B), Taylor Creek (C), Sycamore Run (D), Sycamore Creek (E), Swimminghole Run (F), Sugarcamp Run (G), Strickland Run (H), Stinsonlick Fork (I). Display/hide their locations on the map

Neighboring counties: Braxton County , Calhoun County , Kanawha County , Nicholas County , Roane County .

Unemployment in July 2013:
Here:

8.1%
West Virginia:

5.9%

Unemployment by year (%)

County total employment by year

County average yearly wages by year ($)

Current college students: 258
People 25 years of age or older with a high school degree or higher: 63.7%
People 25 years of age or older with a bachelor's degree or higher: 7.3%

Number of foreign born residents: 7 (100% naturalized citizens)

Clay County:

0.1%
Whole state:

1.1%

Year of entry for the foreign-born population

  • 1995 to March 2000: 0
  • 1990 to 1994: 0
  • 1985 to 1989: 0
  • 1980 to 1984: 0
  • 1975 to 1979: 0
  • 1970 to 1974: 0
  • 1970 to 1974: 0
  • 1965 to 1969: 7

Mean travel time to work (commute): 45.0 minutes

Percentage of county residents living and working in this county: 47.2%

Clay County marital status for males Clay County marital status for females

Housing units in structures:


Housing units in Clay County with a mortgage: 631 (17 second mortgage, 36 home equity loan, 0 both second mortgage and home equity loan)
Houses without a mortgage: 819

Here:

0.0% with mortgage
State:

52.3% with mortgage

Religion statistics for Clay County

ReligionAdherentsCongregations
Mainline Protestant1,19018
Evangelical Protestant7018
Black Protestant6174
Catholic661
Other2-
None6,810-
Clay County Religion Details
Source: Clifford Grammich, Kirk Hadaway, Richard Houseal, Dale E.Jones, Alexei Krindatch, Richie Stanley and Richard H.Taylor. 2012. 2010 U.S.Religion Census: Religious Congregations & Membership Study. Association of Statisticians of American Religious Bodies. Jones, Dale E., et al. 2002. Congregations and Membership in the United States 2000. Nashville, TN: Glenmary Research Center.

Food Environment Statistics:

Number of grocery stores: 3
Clay County:

2.97 / 10,000 pop.
State:

2.41 / 10,000 pop.


Number of convenience stores (no gas): 1
This county:

0.99 / 10,000 pop.
West Virginia:

1.09 / 10,000 pop.

Number of convenience stores (with gas): 6
Clay County:

5.93 / 10,000 pop.
West Virginia:

5.38 / 10,000 pop.

Number of full-service restaurants: 5
This county:

4.95 / 10,000 pop.
State:

6.22 / 10,000 pop.

Adult diabetes rate:
Clay County:

13.1%
West Virginia:

12.2%

Adult obesity rate:
Clay County:

35.3%
State:

31.1%

Low-income preschool obesity rate:
Here:

11.0%
State:

13.1%

Agriculture in Clay County:

Average size of farms: 160 acres
Average value of agricultural products sold per farm: $3,094
Average value of crops sold per acre for harvested cropland: $26.80
The value of nursery, greenhouse, floriculture, and sod as a percentage of the total market value of agricultural products sold: 3.98%
The value of livestock, poultry, and their products as a percentage of the total market value of agricultural products sold: 85.80%
Average total farm production expenses per farm: $6,573
Harvested cropland as a percentage of land in farms: 10.25%
Average market value of all machinery and equipment per farm: $17,886
The percentage of farms operated by a family or individual: 99.15%
Average age of principal farm operators: 55 years
Average number of cattle and calves per 100 acres of all land in farms: 6.74
Milk cows as a percentage of all cattle and calves: 0.63%
Vegetables: 10 harvested acres
Land in orchards: 5 acres

Earthquake activity:

Clay County-area historical earthquake activity is near West Virginia state average. It is 81% smaller than the overall U.S. average.

On 7/27/1980 at 18:52:21, a magnitude 5.2 (5.1 MB, 4.7 MS, 5.0 UK, 5.2 UK, Class: Moderate, Intensity: VI - VII) earthquake occurred 156.4 miles away from Clay County center
On 9/25/1998 at 19:52:52, a magnitude 5.2 (4.8 MB, 4.3 MS, 5.2 LG, 4.5 MW, Depth: 3.1 mi) earthquake occurred 212.8 miles away from the county center
On 1/31/1986 at 16:46:43, a magnitude 5.0 (5.0 MB) earthquake occurred 217.4 miles away from the county center
On 9/7/1988 at 02:28:09, a magnitude 4.6 (4.5 MB, 4.6 LG, Class: Light, Intensity: IV - V) earthquake occurred 153.5 miles away from the county center
On 11/2/2006 at 17:53:02, a magnitude 4.3 (4.3 MB, Depth: 0.6 mi) earthquake occurred 98.5 miles away from Clay County center
On 11/23/2006 at 10:42:57, a magnitude 4.3 (4.3 MB, 4.3 LG) earthquake occurred 102.5 miles away from the county center
Magnitude types: regional Lg-wave magnitude (LG), body-wave magnitude (MB), surface-wave magnitude (MS), moment magnitude (MW)

Most recent natural disasters:


The number of natural disasters in Clay County (15) is greater than the US average (12).
Major Disasters (Presidential) Declared: 12
Emergencies Declared: 2

Causes of natural disasters: Floods: 9, Storms: 7, Landslides: 4, Winter Storms: 3, Tornadoes: 2, Blizzard: 1, Fire: 1, Hurricane: 1, Mudslide: 1, Snowfall: 1, Snowstorm: 1 (Note: Some incidents may be assigned to more than one category).

Class of Workers

Most common industries in 2013 (%)
Males Females
Most common occupations in 2013 (%)
Males Females

Most common places of birth for the foreign-born residents (%):

  • Philippines (100%)

Most common first ancestries reported in Clay County (%):

  • United States or American (49%)
  • Irish (12%)
  • English (9%)
  • German (7%)
  • Scotch-Irish (3%)
  • Dutch (3%)
  • Italian (1%)

Clay County mode of transportation to work chart

Means of transportation to work:

  • Drove a car alone: 2,414 (77%)
  • Carpooled: 608 (19%)
  • Bus or trolley bus: 7 (0%)
  • Walked: 37 (1%)
  • Other means: 14 (0%)
  • Worked at home: 48 (2%)

Owners and renters by unit type in %

Breakdown of mean house values by ages of householders


People in group quarters in Clay County, West Virginia in 2000:

  • 50 people in nursing homes
  • 15 people in mental (psychiatric) hospitals or wards
  • 5 people in other noninstitutional group quarters
56 people in nursing facilities/skilled-nursing facilities
18 people in group homes intended for adults
Average gross adjusted income of non-migrant taxpayers in this county in 2010 was $39,979.

5.55% of this county's 2011 resident taxpayers lived in other counties in 2010 ($31,144 average adjusted gross income)

Here:

5.55%
West Virginia average:

5.16%


10 or fewer of this county's residents moved from foreign countries.
3.92% relocated from other counties in West Virginia ($20,863 average AGI)
1.63% relocated from other states ($10,281 average AGI)
Clay County:

1.63%
West Virginia average:

2.69%

Percentage of residents relocating from other counties or countries


Top counties from which taxpayers relocated into this county between 2010 and 2011:
from Kanawha County, WV  1.08% ($27,065 average AGI)
from Nicholas County, WV  0.66% ($25,053)
from Braxton County, WV  0.49% ($16,500)
from Roane County, WV  0.42% ($32,750)


6.49% of this county's 2010 resident taxpayers moved to other counties in 2011 ($28,333 average adjusted gross income)

Here:

6.49%
West Virginia average:

5.13%


10 or fewer of this county's residents moved to foreign countries.
5.05% relocated to other counties in West Virginia ($22,899 average AGI)
1.44% relocated to other states ($5,434 average AGI)
Clay County:

1.44%
West Virginia average:

2.66%

Percentage of residents relocating to other counties or countries


Top counties to which taxpayers relocated from this county between 2010 and 2011:
to Kanawha County, WV  1.92% ($36,268 average AGI)
to Nicholas County, WV  0.76% ($23,045)
to Braxton County, WV  0.45% ($26,769)
to Calhoun County, WV  0.38% ($17,091)
to Roane County, WV  0.38% ($21,455)

Births per 1000 population from 1990 to 1999: 13.0
Births per 1000 population from 2000 to 2006: 12.9

Births per 1000 population in Clay County

Deaths per 1000 population from 1990 to 1999: 11.4
Deaths per 1000 population from 2000 to 2006: 11.8
Deaths per 1000 population from 2007 to 2013: 11.6

Deaths per 1000 population in Clay County

Infant deaths per 1000 live births from 1990 to 1999: 5.5
Infant deaths per 1000 live births from 2000 to 2006: 3.4

Infant deaths per 1000 live births in Clay County

Persons enrolled in hospital insurance and/or supplemental medical insurance (Medicare) in July 1, 2003: 1,993 (1,413 aged, 580 disabled)
Population without health insurance coverage in 2000: 18%
Children under 18 without health insurance coverage in 2000: 12%

General practice office based MDs per 100,000 population in 2005: 1313.250
Medical specialist MDs per 100,000 population in 2005: 1091.150

Total births per 100,000 population, July 2005 - July 2006 : 9.5
Total deaths per 100,000 population, July 2005 - July 2006: 9.66

Crimes per 100,000 population in 1996: 1

Household type by relationship:

Households: 9,312

Size of family households: 1,158 2-persons, 605 3-persons, 462 4-persons, 208 5-persons, 69 6-persons, 64 7-or-more-persons.

Size of nonfamily households: 978 1-person, 161 2-persons, 18 3-persons, 3 4-persons, 1 5-persons, 1 6-persons.

1,837 married couples with children.
597 single-parent households (170 men, 427 women).

97.8% of residents of Clay County speak English at home.
0.6% of residents speak Spanish at home (67% speak English very well, 22% speak English well, 11% speak English not well).
1.0% of residents speak other Indo-European language at home (85% speak English very well, 4% speak English well, 11% speak English not well).
0.1% of residents speak Asian or Pacific Island language at home (100% speak English very well).
0.5% of residents speak other language at home (37% speak English very well, 17% speak English well, 46% speak English not well).

In fiscal year 2004:

Federal Government expenditure: $72,971,000 ($7000 per capita)
Department of Defense expenditure: $548,000
Federal direct payments to individuals for retirement and disability: $30,829,000
Federal other direct payments to individuals: $14,752,000
Federal direct payments not to individuals: $40,000
Federal grants: $25,311,000
Federal procurement contracts: $406,000 ($0,000 Department of Defense)
Federal salaries and wages: $1,633,000 ($0,000 Department of Defense)
Federal Government direct loans: $21,000
Federal guaranteed/insured loans: $357,000
Federal Government insurance: $7,210,000

Population change from April 1, 2000 to July 1, 2005:

Births: 729
Here:

70 per 1000 residents
State:

60 per 1000 residents

Deaths: 601
Here:

58 per 1000 residents
State:

61 per 1000 residents

Net international migration: 0
Here:

0 per 1000 residents
State:

+2 per 1000 residents

Net internal migration: -86
Here -8 per 1000 residents
State +6 per 1000 residents

Population growth in Clay County

Total withdrawal of fresh water for public supply: 0.42 millions of gallons per day (all from surface)

Median number of rooms in houses and condos:
Here:

5.4
State:

5.9

Median number of rooms in apartments:
Here:

4.6
State:

4.5

Year house built

  • 2005 or later: 32
  • 2000 to 2004: 463
  • 1990 to 1999: 994
  • 1980 to 1989: 885
  • 1970 to 1979: 764
  • 1960 to 1969: 288
  • 1950 to 1959: 388
  • 1940 to 1949: 278
  • 1939 or earlier: 462
Rooms in houses/apartments in Clay County, West Virginia
Owner-occupied Renter-occupied
  • 1 room: 7
  • 2 rooms: 17
  • 3 rooms: 54
  • 4 rooms: 536
  • 5 rooms: 1,043
  • 6 rooms: 735
  • 7 rooms: 471
  • 8 rooms: 140
  • 9+ rooms: 176
  • 1 room: 22
  • 2 rooms: 6
  • 3 rooms: 115
  • 4 rooms: 249
  • 5 rooms: 192
  • 6 rooms: 148
  • 7 rooms: 51
  • 8 rooms: 33
  • 9+ rooms: 25
Bedrooms in houses/apartments in Clay County, West Virginia
Owner-occupied Renter-occupied
  • no bedroom: 15
  • 1 bedroom: 115
  • 2 bedrooms: 975
  • 3 bedrooms: 1,553
  • 4 bedrooms: 445
  • 5+ bedrooms: 76
  • no bedroom: 22
  • 1 bedroom: 115
  • 2 bedrooms: 399
  • 3 bedrooms: 229
  • 4 bedrooms: 65
  • 5+ bedrooms: 11
Cars and other vehicles available in Clay County, West Virginia in houses/condos/apartments
Owner-occupied Renter-occupied
  • no vehicle: 286
  • 1 vehicle: 916
  • 2 vehicles: 1,418
  • 3 vehicles: 449
  • 4 vehicles: 88
  • 5+ vehicles: 22
  • no vehicle: 209
  • 1 vehicle: 407
  • 2 vehicles: 180
  • 3 vehicles: 38
  • 4 vehicles: 7
  • 5+ vehicles: 0

66% of Clay County residents lived in the same house 5 years ago.
   Out of people who lived in different houses, 55% lived in this county.
   Out of people who lived in different counties, 58% lived in West Virginia.

Clay County:

66.1%
State average:

63.6%

Place of birth for U.S.-born residents:

Median price asked for vacant for-sale houses in 2000: $50,700


Housing units lacking complete plumbing facilities: 5%

Housing units lacking complete kitchen facilities: 4%

Year Householders Moved Into Unit

Most commonly used house heating fuel in Clay County
Houses and condos Apartments
  • Utility gas (47.3%)
  • Electricity (24.3%)
  • Bottled, tank, or LP gas (14.9%)
  • Wood (12.1%)
  • Fuel oil, kerosene, etc. (0.7%)
  • Utility gas (46.4%)
  • Electricity (22.9%)
  • Bottled, tank, or LP gas (16.2%)
  • Wood (12.7%)
  • Fuel oil, kerosene, etc. (0.8%)
  • Coal or coke (0.6%)

Private vs. public school enrollment:


Students in private schools in grades 1 to 8 (elementary and middle school): 31
Here:

2.5%
West Virginia:

5.5%

Students in private schools in grades 9 to 12 (high school): 0
Here:

0.0%
West Virginia:

4.8%

Students in private undergraduate colleges: 31
Here:

14.7%
West Virginia:

15.4%

Educational Attainment (%)

School Enrollment by Level of School (%)

Age and Sex of Sensory-Disabled Residents (Noninstitutionalized)

Age and Sex of Physically-Disabled Residents (Noninstitutionalized)

Age and Sex of Mentally-Disabled Residents (Noninstitutionalized)

Age and Sex of Self-Care Disabled Residents (Noninstitutionalized)

Age and Sex of Go-Outside-Home Disabled Residents (Noninstitutionalized)

Age and Sex of Residents with Employment Disability (Noninstitutionalized)

Clay County government finances - Expenditure in 2004:

  • Current Operations - Central Staff Services: $520,000
    Financial Administration: $463,000
    Police Protection: $437,000
    Health Services - Other: $393,000
    Judicial and Legal Services: $261,000
    General - Other: $186,000
    General Public Buildings: $86,000
    Parks & Recreation: $46,000
    Fire Protection: $18,000
    Corrections - Other: $10,000
  • Total Salaries & Wages: $3,107,000

Clay County government finances - Revenue in 2004:

  • Charges - All Other: $83,000
  • Local Intergovernmental - All Other: $8,000
  • Miscellaneous - General Revenue, NEC: $847,000
    Interest Earnings: $19,000
  • State Intergovernmental - All Other: $169,000
    General Support: $151,000
  • Tax - NEC: $2,448,000
    Property: $1,010,000
    Other Selective Sales: $64,000

Clay County government finances - Cash and Securities in 2004:

  • Other Funds - Cash & Deposits: $927,000

Supplemental Security Income (SSI) in 2006:

Clay County Fatal accident statistics for 1975 - 1993
Count Vehicles DUI Fatalities Persons

Fatal accident count (per 100,000 population)

Clay County Fatal accident statistics for 1994 - 2013
Count Vehicles DUI Fatalities Persons Pedestrians

Fatal accident count (per 100,000 population)

Most common first names in Clay County, WV among deceased individuals
NameCountLived (average)
William2274.8 years
James1969.5 years
John1574.1 years
Mary1282.9 years
Russell965.7 years
Arthur775.7 years
Cecil772.3 years
Roy782.5 years
Alice767.4 years
Ethel782.8 years
Most common last names in Clay County, WV among deceased individuals
Last nameCountLived (average)
Davis1676.6 years
Mullins1676.3 years
Williams1567.9 years
Salisbury1467.9 years
Adkins1468.9 years
Butcher1365.1 years
Wilson1378.4 years
Moore1370.2 years
Hamrick1270.9 years
Ramsey1268.8 years

Businesses in Clay County, WV

Clay County on our top lists: