County population in 2012: 37,025 (31% urban, 69% rural); it was 34,233 in 2000 County owner-occupied with a mortgage or a loan houses and condos in 2010: 5,921 County owner-occupied free and clear houses and condos in 2010: 4,359 County owner-occupied houses and condos in 2000: 10,018 Renter-occupied apartments: 4,111 (it was 3,449 in 2000)
% of renters here:
Land area: 764 sq. mi. Water area: 7.8 sq. mi.
Population density: 48 people per square mile
Mar. 2012 cost of living index in Independence County: 80.5 (low, U.S. average is 100)
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Industries providing employment: Educational,health and social services (22.6%), Manufacturing (20.2%), Retail trade (13.9%).
Median real estate property taxes paid for housing units with mortgages in 2009: $465 (0.5%) Median real estate property taxes paid for housing units with no mortgage in 2009: $378 (0.5%)
Percentage of residents living in poverty in 2009: 17.7%
(16.5% for White Non-Hispanic residents, 45.3% for Black residents, 41.8% for Hispanic or Latino residents, 27.3% for American Indian residents, 0.0% for Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander residents, 2.2% for other race residents, 16.0% for two or more races residents) Median age of residents in 2010: 39 years old
(Males: 37 years old, Females: 40 years old)
(Median age for: White residents: 40 years old, Black residents: 29 years old, American Indian residents: 32 years old, Asian residents: 33 years old, Hispanic or Latino residents: 23 years old, Other race residents: 25 years old)
Residents with income below the poverty level in 2009:
Residents with income below 50% of the poverty level in 2009:
Fair market rent in 2006 for a 1-bedroom apartment in Independence County is $378 a month. Fair market rent for a 2-bedroom apartment is $456 a month. Fair market rent for a 3-bedroom apartment is $590 a month.
Notable locations in this county outside city limits:
Notable locations in Independence County: University of Arkansas Agricultural Station (A), Camp Crossed Arrows (B), Camp Tahkodah (C), Biltmore Siding (D), Grady Camp (E), Kenyon Lodge (F), Point Ferry (G), James Switch (H), Arkansas Sheriffs Boys Ranch (I), Independence Church Camp (J), Aydelotte Washer (K), University of Arkansas Experimental Farm (L), Walls Ferry (M), Van Winkle Lodge (N), Strawberry Ferry (O), Pfeiffer Junction (P), Rutledge Camp (Q), Ruddell Hill Volunteer Fire Department (R), Southside Fire Station 1 (S), Southside Fire Department Station 2 (T). Display/hide their locations on the map
Churches in Independence County include: Union Church (A), White Church (B), Williams Church (C), Spring Mill Church (D), Cave Creek Church of God (E), Weavers Chapel (F), Liberty Temple (G), Landmark Baptist Church (H), Friendship Baptist Church (I). Display/hide their locations on the map
Cemeteries: Kyler Cemetery (1), Akron Cemetery (2), Alderbrook Cemetery (3), Landers Cemetery (4), Austin Cemetery (5), Bailey Cemetery (6), Baker Cemetery (7). Display/hide their locations on the map
Lakes, reservoirs, and swamps: Cow Pond (A), Yoncopin Lake (B), Wall Lake (C), Brown Lake (D), Round Lake (E), Lower Curia Lake (F), Meadow Lake (G), Grunnel Slough (H). Display/hide their locations on the map
Streams, rivers, and creeks: Muddy Branch (A), Mud Creek (B), Montgomery Branch (C), Mitchell Branch (D), Miller Creek (E), McCoy Branch (F), M R Branch (G), Little Creek (H), Lick Creek (I). Display/hide their locations on the map
Average size of farms: 258 acres Average value of agricultural products sold per farm: $80,259 Average value of crops sold per acre for harvested cropland: $130.75 The value of nursery, greenhouse, floriculture, and sod as a percentage of the total market value of agricultural products sold: 0.08% The value of livestock, poultry, and their products as a percentage of the total market value of agricultural products sold: 87.34% Average total farm production expenses per farm: $57,299 Harvested cropland as a percentage of land in farms: 30.15% Irrigated harvested cropland as a percentage of land in farms: 22.18% Average market value of all machinery and equipment per farm: $39,562 The percentage of farms operated by a family or individual: 94.54% Average age of principal farm operators: 54 years Average number of cattle and calves per 100 acres of all land in farms: 16.03 Milk cows as a percentage of all cattle and calves: 0.30% Corn for grain: 6330 harvested acres All wheat for grain: 9449 harvested acres Soybeans for beans: 32972 harvested acres Vegetables: 31 harvested acres Land in orchards: 157 acres
Independence County historical area-adjusted tornado activity is significantly above Arkansas state average. It is 5.4 times above overall U.S. average. Tornadoes in this county have caused 14 fatalities and 128 injuries recorded between 1950 and 2004. On 5/15/1968, a category 4 (max. wind speeds 207-260 mph) tornado killed 7 people and injured 24 people and caused between $500,000 and $5,000,000 in damages.
Independence County-area historical earthquake activity is slightly above Arkansas state average. It is 66% smaller than the overall U.S. average.
On 3/25/1976 at 00:41:20, a magnitude 5.0 (4.9 MB, 5.0 LG, Class: Moderate, Intensity: VI - VII) earthquake occurred 71.3 miles away from the county center On 5/4/2001 at 06:42:12, a magnitude 4.7 (4.2 MB, 4.7 LG, 4.5 LG, Depth: 6.2 mi, Class: Light, Intensity: IV - V) earthquake occurred 51.3 miles away from the county center On 1/21/1982 at 00:33:54, a magnitude 4.7 (4.5 MB, 4.7 LG, 4.5 LG) earthquake occurred 53.6 miles away from the county center On 3/25/1976 at 01:00:11, a magnitude 4.5 (4.1 MB, 4.5 LG) earthquake occurred 63.0 miles away from Independence County center On 11/29/1996 at 05:41:33, a magnitude 4.3 (4.3 LG, 4.1 LG, Depth: 12.6 mi) earthquake occurred 93.7 miles away from the county center On 5/1/2005 at 12:37:32, a magnitude 4.2 (4.1 MB, 4.2 MW, Depth: 6.0 mi) earthquake occurred 80.8 miles away from the county center Magnitude types: regional Lg-wave magnitude (LG), body-wave magnitude (MB), moment magnitude (MW)
Most recent natural disasters:
ArkansasáSevere Winter Storm, Incident Period: January 26, 2009 to January 30, 2009, Emergency Declared (EM-3301): January 28, 2009, FEMA Id: FEMA-EM-3301, Natural disaster type: Winter Storm
ArkansasáSevere Winter Storm, Incident Period: January 26, 2009 to January 30, 2009, Major Disaster (Presidential) Declared (DR-1819): February 6, 2009, FEMA Id: FEMA-DR-1819, Natural disaster type: Winter Storm
ArkansasáSevere Storms, Tornadoes, and Flooding, Incident Period: March 18, 2008 to April 28, 2008, Major Disaster (Presidential) Declared (DR-1751): March 26, 2008, FEMA Id: FEMA-DR-1751, Natural disaster type: Storm, Tornado, Flood
ArkansasáHurricane Katrina, Incident Period: August 29, 2005 to October 1, 2005, Emergency Declared (EM-3215): September 2, 2005, FEMA Id: FEMA-EM-3215, Natural disaster type: Hurricane
ArkansasáSevere Storms, Flooding and Landslides, Incident Period: April 19, 2004 to May 18, 2004, Major Disaster (Presidential) Declared (DR-1516): May 7, 2004, FEMA Id: FEMA-DR-1516, Natural disaster type: Storm, Landslide, Flood
ArkansasáSevere Storms, Tornadoes, and Flooding, Incident Period: May 2, 2003 to June 10, 2003, Major Disaster (Presidential) Declared (DR-1472): June 6, 2003, FEMA Id: FEMA-DR-1472, Natural disaster type: Storm, Tornado, Flood
ArkansasáSevere Ice Storm, Incident Period: December 3, 2002 to December 4, 2002, Major Disaster (Presidential) Declared (DR-1450): January 6, 2003, FEMA Id: FEMA-DR-1450, Natural disaster type: Ice Storm
ArkansasáSevere Storms and Flooding, Incident Period: December 15, 2001 to January 30, 2002, Major Disaster (Presidential) Declared (DR-1400): January 24, 2002, FEMA Id: FEMA-DR-1400, Natural disaster type: Storm, Flood
ArkansasáSevere Winter Storm, Incident Period: December 12, 2000 to January 8, 2001, Major Disaster (Presidential) Declared (DR-1354): December 29, 2000, FEMA Id: FEMA-DR-1354, Natural disaster type: Winter Storm
ArkansasáSevere Storms, Tornadoes, High Winds and Flooding, Incident Period: January 21, 1999 to January 31, 1999, Major Disaster (Presidential) Declared (DR-1266): January 23, 1999, FEMA Id: FEMA-DR-1266, Natural disaster type: Storm, Tornado, Flood, Wind
8 other natural disasters have been reported since 1953.
The number of natural disasters in Independence County (18) is greater than the US average (12). Major Disasters (Presidential) Declared: 15 Emergencies Declared: 3
Causes of natural disasters: Storms: 11, Floods: 9, Tornadoes: 7, Winter Storms: 3, Heavy Rain: 1, Landslide: 1, Wind: 1, Drought: 1, Flood: 1, Hurricane: 1, Ice Storm: 1 (Note: Some incidents may be assigned to more than one category).
Births per 1000 population from 1990 to 1999: 12.7 Births per 1000 population from 2000 to 2006: 13.4
Births per 1000 population in Independence County
Deaths per 1000 population from 1990 to 1999: 10.6 Deaths per 1000 population from 2000 to 2006: 11.1
Deaths per 1000 population in Independence County
Infant deaths per 1000 live births from 1990 to 1999: 8.0 Infant deaths per 1000 live births from 2000 to 2006: 6.1
Infant deaths per 1000 live births in Independence County
Persons enrolled in hospital insurance and/or supplemental medical insurance (Medicare) in July 1, 2003: 6,317 (4,880 aged, 1,437 disabled) Population without health insurance coverage in 2000: 14% Children under 18 without health insurance coverage in 2000: 11%
Suicides per 1,000,000 population from 2000 to 2006: 150.3. This is less than state average.
Mechanisms of suicide:
Deaths per 1,000,000 population:
Firearm - 112.7
Other - 37.6
Household type by relationship:
In family households: 30,469 (7,439 male householders, 2,570 female householders)
7,734 spouses, 9,647 children (8,503 natural, 271 adopted, 873 stepchildren), 1,035 grandchildren, 294 brothers or sisters, 285 parents, 406 other relatives, 848 non-relatives
In nonfamily households: 5,278 (2,037 male householders (1,628 living alone)), 2,345 female householders (2,104 living alone)), 896 nonrelatives
In group quarters: 900 (459 institutionalized population)
Size of family households: 4,652 2-persons, 2,302 3-persons, 1,794 4-persons, 800 5-persons, 291 6-persons, 170 7-or-more-persons.
97.0% of residents of Independence County speak English at home.
1.4% of residents speak Spanish at home (73% speak English very well, 5% speak English well, 16% speak English not well, 6% don't speak English at all).
0.9% of residents speak other Indo-European language at home (85% speak English very well, 3% speak English well, 5% speak English not well, 7% don't speak English at all).
0.7% of residents speak Asian or Pacific Island language at home (31% speak English very well, 20% speak English well, 14% speak English not well, 35% don't speak English at all).
In fiscal year 2004:
Federal Government expenditure: $209,627,000 ($6050 per capita) Department of Defense expenditure: $6,282,000 Federal direct payments to individuals for retirement and disability: $93,911,000 Federal other direct payments to individuals: $47,151,000 Federal direct payments not to individuals: $8,655,000 Federal grants: $47,672,000 Federal procurement contracts: $2,088,000 ($169,000 Department of Defense) Federal salaries and wages: $10,150,000 ($215,000 Department of Defense) Federal Government direct loans: $10,261,000 Federal guaranteed/insured loans: $10,193,000 Federal Government insurance: $14,364,000
Population change from April 1, 2000 to July 1, 2005:
68 per 1000 residents
72 per 1000 residents
59 per 1000 residents
53 per 1000 residents
Net international migration: +145
+4 per 1000 residents
+8 per 1000 residents
Net internal migration: +104
+3 per 1000 residents
+13 per 1000 residents
Population growth in Independence County
Total withdrawal of fresh water for public supply: 6.32 millions of gallons per day (13% from ground, 87% from surface)
Median number of rooms in houses and condos:
Median number of rooms in apartments:
Year house built
2005 or later: 229
2000 to 2004: 1,193
1990 to 1999: 2,805
1980 to 1989: 3,181
1970 to 1979: 3,259
1960 to 1969: 1,683
1950 to 1959: 1,317
1940 to 1949: 810
1939 or earlier: 1,111
Rooms in houses/apartments in Independence County, Arkansas
58% of Independence County residents lived in the same house 5 years ago. Out of people who lived in different houses, 59% lived in this county. Out of people who lived in different counties, 59% lived in Arkansas.
Place of birth for U.S.-born residents:
This state: 24119
Median price asked for vacant for-sale houses in 2000: $36,300
Housing units lacking complete plumbing facilities: 2%
Housing units lacking complete kitchen facilities: 2%
Year Householders Moved Into Unit:
Most commonly used house heating fuel in Independence County