State of Utah
ORIGIN OF STATE NAME: Named for the Ute Indians. NICKNAME: The Beehive State. CAPITAL: Salt Lake City. ENTERED UNION: 4 January 1896 (45th). SONG: "Utah, We Love Thee" and "Utah, This is the Place." MOTTO: Industry. COAT OF ARMS: In the center, a shield, flanked by American flags, shows a beehive with the state motto and six arrows above, sego lilies on either side, and the numerals "1847" (the year the Mormons settled in Utah) below. Perched atop the shield is an American eagle. FLAG: Inside a thin gold circle, the coat of arms and the year of statehood are centered on a blue field, fringed with gold. OFFICIAL SEAL: The coat of arms with the words "The Great Seal of the State of Utah 1896" surrounding. ANIMAL: Rocky Mountain elk. BIRD: California sea gull. FISH: Bonneville cutthroat trout. INSECT: Honeybee. FLOWER: Sego lily. TREE: Blue spruce. GEM: Topaz. EMBLEM: Beehive. LEGAL HOLIDAYS: New Year's Day, 1 January; Birthday of Martin Luther King, Jr., 3rd Monday in January; Lincoln's Birthday, 12 February; Washington's Birthday, 3rd Monday in February; Memorial Day, last Monday in May; Independence Day, 4 July; Pioneer Day, 24 July; Labor Day, 1st Monday in September; Columbus Day, 2nd Monday in October; Veterans Day, 11 November; Thanksgiving Day, 4th Thursday in November; Christmas Day, 25 December. TIME: 5 AM MST = noon GMT.
Alexander, Thomas. Mormons and Gentiles: A History of Salt Lake City. Boulder, Colo.: Pruett Publishing, 1984.
Alter, J. Cecil. Utah, the Storied Domain: A Documentary History. 3 vols. Chicago: American Historical Society, 1932.
Arrington, Leonard J., and Davis Bitton. The Mormon Experience: A History of the Latter-day Saints. 2nd ed. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1992.
Bagley, Will. Blood of the Prophets: Brigham Young and the Massacre at Mountain Meadows. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 2002.
Cuch, Forrest S., ed. A History of Utah's American Indians. Salt Lake City, Utah: Utah State University Press, 2000.
Smart, William B., and Donna T. Smart, eds. Over the Rim: the Parley P. Pratt Exploring Expedition to Southern Utah, 1849–50. Logan: Utah State University Press, 1999.
Till, Tom. Utah, Then & Now. Englewood, Colo.: Westcliffe, 2000.
Utah History Encyclopedia. Salt Lake City: University of Utah Press, 1994.
Verdoia, Ken. Utah: The Struggle for Statehood. Salt Lake City: University of Utah Press, 1996.
Watkins, Tom H. The Redrock Chronicles: Saving Wild Utah. Baltimore, Md.: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2000.