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Jefferson County, Texas (TX)

County population in 2014: 252,235 (92% urban, 8% rural); it was 252,051 in 2000
County owner-occupied with a mortgage or a loan houses and condos in 2010: 29,910
County owner-occupied free and clear houses and condos in 2010: 29,156
County owner-occupied houses and condos in 2000: 61,253
Renter-occupied apartments: 34,375 (it was 31,627 in 2000)
% of renters here:

34%
State:

36%

Land area: 904 sq. mi.

Water area: 207.7 sq. mi.

Population density: 279 people per square mile   (high).

Mar. 2016 cost of living index in Jefferson County: 83.0 (low, U.S. average is 100)

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Industries providing employment: Educational, health and social services (23.5%), Professional, scientific, management, administrative, and waste management services (21.7%), Manufacturing (11.5%).

Type of workers:

  • Private wage or salary: 60%
  • Government: 8%
  • Self-employed, not incorporated: 29%
  • Unpaid family work: 2%
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Jefferson County races chart

Races in Jefferson County, Texas:

  • White Non-Hispanic Alone (44.6%)
  • Black Non-Hispanic Alone (33.5%)
  • Hispanic or Latino (17.0%)
  • Asian alone (3.4%)
  • Two or more races (1.1%)
Median resident age:  36.0 years
Texas median age:  33.0 years
Males: 128,926  (51.1%)
Females: 123,309  (48.9%)
Jefferson County, TX forum
Recent posts about Jefferson County, Texas on our local forum with over 2,000,000 registered users. Jefferson County is mentioned 151 times on our forum:
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I've never been so proud of this city  (144 replies)
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New courthouse bond  (67 replies)
Is Beaumont TX like Stockton CA?  (74 replies)
killing squirrels in Austin  (41 replies)

Jefferson County,TX real estate house value trend

Average household size:
Jefferson County:

2.0 people
Texas:

3 people
Estimated median household income in 2015: $48,005 ($34,706 in 1999)

This county:

$48,005
Texas:

$55,653

Median contract rent in 2015 for apartments: $660 (lower quartile is $512, upper quartile is $808)
This county:

$660
State:

$774


Estimated median house or condo value in 2015: $101,000 (it was $58,300 in 2000)
Jefferson:

$101,000
Texas:

$152,000
Lower value quartile - upper value quartile: $60,900 - $172,500

Mean price in 2015:

Detached houses: $143,869
Here:

$143,869
State:

$217,477

Townhouses or other attached units: $157,957
Here:

$157,957
State:

$208,380

In 2-unit structures: $92,624
Here:

$92,624
State:

$165,849

In 3-to-4-unit structures: $194,413
Here:

$194,413
State:

$176,439

In 5-or-more-unit structures: $119,209
Here:

$119,209
State:

$269,486

Mobile homes: $78,565
Here:

$78,565
State:

$76,318

Occupied boats, RVs, vans, etc.: $104,469
Here:

$104,469
State:

$56,787
Median monthly housing costs for homes and condos with a mortgage: $1,206
Median monthly housing costs for units without a mortgage: $392

Institutionalized population: 13,291

Crime in 2005 (reported by the sheriff's office or county police, not the county total):

  • Murders: 1
  • Rapes: 5
  • Robberies: 10
  • Assaults: 24
  • Burglaries: 190
  • Thefts: 263
  • Auto thefts: 47

Crime in 2004 (reported by the sheriff's office or county police, not the county total):

  • Murders: 0
  • Rapes: 0
  • Robberies: 6
  • Assaults: 25
  • Burglaries: 137
  • Thefts: 310
  • Auto thefts: 47
Jefferson County, TX map from a distance

Single-family new house construction building permits:

  • 2007: 678 buildings, average cost: $139,800
  • 2008: 532 buildings, average cost: $150,600
  • 2009: 1205 buildings, average cost: $95,700
  • 2010: 959 buildings, average cost: $98,900
  • 2011: 581 buildings, average cost: $135,000
  • 2012: 539 buildings, average cost: $145,800
  • 2013: 360 buildings, average cost: $194,300
  • 2014: 743 buildings, average cost: $137,800

Number of permits per 10,000 residents

Average cost (in $1000s)

Presidential Elections Results

1996 2000 2004 2008 2012 2016

1996 Presidential Elections Results

2000 Presidential Elections Results

2004 Presidential Elections Results

2008 Presidential Elections Results

2012 Presidential Elections Results

2016 Presidential Elections Results

Graphs represent county-level data. Detailed 2008 Election Results

Median real estate property taxes paid for housing units with mortgages in 2015: $2,425 (1.9%)
Median real estate property taxes paid for housing units with no mortgage in 2015: $1,255 (1.4%)

Jefferson County household income distribution in 2009 Jefferson County home values distribution Jefferson County contract rent distribution in 2009
Percentage of residents living in poverty in 2015: 16.1%
(7.4% for White Non-Hispanic residents, 24.9% for Black residents, 15.2% for Hispanic or Latino residents, 19.3% for American Indian residents, 30.6% for Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander residents, 24.4% for other race residents, 24.9% for two or more races residents)

Percentage of residents living in poverty in 2015: 16.1%
Jefferson County:

16.1%
Texas:

15.9%
(7.4% for White Non-Hispanic residents, 24.9% for Black residents, 15.2% for Hispanic or Latino residents, 18.2% for American Indian residents, 30.6% for Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander residents, 20.7% for other race residents, 22.4% for two or more races residents)

Median age of residents in 2015: 35 years old
(Males: 35 years old, Females: 36 years old)
(Median age for: White residents: 44 years old, Black residents: 33 years old, American Indian residents: 35 years old, Asian residents: 34 years old, Hispanic or Latino residents: 27 years old, Other race residents: 31 years old)

Area name: Beaumont-Port Arthur, TX MSA
Fair market rent in 2006 for a 1-bedroom apartment in Jefferson County is $477 a month.
Fair market rent for a 2-bedroom apartment is $570 a month.
Fair market rent for a 3-bedroom apartment is $707 a month.

Cities in this county include: East Jefferson, Beaumont, Port Arthur, Nederland, Groves, Port Neches, Labelle, Central Gardens, Sabine Pass, Fannett.

Jefferson County has a predicted average indoor radon screening level less than 2 pCi/L (pico curies per liter) - Low Potential

2012 air pollution in Jefferson County:

Carbon Monoxide: 0.115 ppm (standard limit: 9 ppm). Below U.S. average.
Nitrogen Dioxide: 0.01 ppm (standard limit: 0.053 ppm). Near U.S. average.
Ozone (1-hour): 0.029 ppm (standard limit: 0.12 ppm). Near U.S. average.

Click to draw/clear Jefferson County borders

Notable locations in this county outside city limits:

Notable locations in Jefferson County: Deepwater Power Plant (A), Warren Ranch (B), Sheldon Fish Hatchery (C), Baytown Fairgrounds (D), Baytown Youth Fair (E), Cypress Plaza (F), Cypress Station (G), Great Southwest Equestrian Center (H), Houston Port Authority (I), Inverness Forest (J), Tealbrook (K), Willow Dell (L), Cedar Bayou (M), East River Lookout (N), Peter and Sophie Wunderlich Farm (O), Letter M Ranch (P), Luce (Q), Boheman Hall (R), Camp Holden (S), Cy - Fair Volunteer Fire Department Station 11 (T). Display/hide their locations on the map

Shopping Centers: North Oaks Shopping Center (1), Beechnut Village Shopping Center (2), Camden Oaks Shopping Center (3), Champion Forest Shopping Center (4), Champions Forest Plaza Shopping Center (5), Champions Village I Shopping Center (6), Chasewood Village Shopping Center (7), Clay Hill Plaza Shopping Center (8), Copperfield Village Shopping Center (9). Display/hide their locations on the map

Churches in Jefferson County include: Cy Fair Baptist Church (A), Cornerstone Baptist Church (B), Coady Baptist Church (C), Champion Forest Baptist Church (D), Central Baptist Church Northwest (E), Calvary Baptist Church Tomball (F), Calvary Baptist Chapel Church (G), Brookhollow Baptist Church (H), First Baptist West Houston Church (I). Display/hide their locations on the map

Cemeteries: Evergreen Cemetery (1), Baker Cemetery (2), Baytown Memorial Cemetery (3), Mueschkle Cemetery (4), Bonin Cemetery (5), Budde Cemetery (6), Houston National Cemetery (7). Display/hide their locations on the map

Lakes, reservoirs, and swamps: Bakers Lake (A), Tank Lake (B), West Camp Lake (C), Black Lake (D), McCracken Lake (E), Isabell Lake (F), Taylor Pond (G), Copeland Lake (H). Display/hide their locations on the map

Streams, rivers, and creeks: Walnut Creek (A), Vince Bayou (B), Tucker Bayou (C), Sugar Creek (D), Patrick Bayou (E), Panther Branch (F), Turkey Creek (G), Kickapoo Creek (H), Little Mound Creek (I). Display/hide their locations on the map

Parks in Jefferson County include: Lake Houston State Park (1), Kiein Park (2), L T May Park (3), Katy Park (4), Jesse H Jones County Park (5), Spring Creek Park (6), Spring Klein Park (7), Northwood Park (8), Mercer Paril Park (9). Display/hide their locations on the map

Neighboring counties: Dixie County, Florida , Hamilton County, Florida , Iberville Parish, Louisiana , Harrison County, Mississippi , Levy County, Florida , Plaquemines Parish, Louisiana , Kinney County .

Unemployment in September 2015:
Here:

6.6%
Texas:

4.4%

Unemployment by year (%)

County total employment by year

County average yearly wages by year ($)

Current college students: 11,596
People 25 years of age or older with a high school degree or higher: 78.5%
People 25 years of age or older with a bachelor's degree or higher: 16.3%

Number of foreign born residents: 15,608 (37% naturalized citizens)

Jefferson County:

6.2%
Whole state:

13.9%

Year of entry for the foreign-born population

  • 1995 to March 2000: 3,537
  • 1990 to 1994: 3,434
  • 1985 to 1989: 2,003
  • 1980 to 1984: 2,149
  • 1975 to 1979: 2,252
  • 1970 to 1974: 850
  • 1970 to 1974: 344
  • 1965 to 1969: 1,039
Note: State values scaled to Jefferson County population

Mean travel time to work (commute): 20.3 minutes

Percentage of county residents living and working in this county: 90.8%

Jefferson County marital status for males Jefferson County marital status for females

Housing units in structures:

  • One, detached: 75,161
  • One, attached: 3,324
  • Two: 2,272
  • 3 or 4: 2,791
  • 5 to 9: 3,780
  • 10 to 19: 3,407
  • 20 or more: 7,495
  • Mobile homes: 3,576
  • Boats, RVs, vans, etc.: 274

Housing units in Jefferson County with a mortgage: 27,613 (760 second mortgage, 1,698 home equity loan, 5 both second mortgage and home equity loan)
Houses without a mortgage: 28,873

Here:

48.9% with mortgage
State:

64.2% with mortgage

Religion statistics for Jefferson County

ReligionAdherentsCongregations
Evangelical Protestant76,088240
Catholic71,21125
Black Protestant22,46859
Mainline Protestant14,18739
Other11,59423
Orthodox4152
None56,310-
Jefferson County Religion Details
Source: Clifford Grammich, Kirk Hadaway, Richard Houseal, Dale E.Jones, Alexei Krindatch, Richie Stanley and Richard H.Taylor. 2012. 2010 U.S.Religion Census: Religious Congregations & Membership Study. Association of Statisticians of American Religious Bodies. Jones, Dale E., et al. 2002. Congregations and Membership in the United States 2000. Nashville, TN: Glenmary Research Center.

Food Environment Statistics:

Number of grocery stores: 47
Jefferson County:

1.94 / 10,000 pop.
State:

1.47 / 10,000 pop.

Number of supercenters and club stores: 4
Here:

0.17 / 10,000 pop.
Texas:

0.14 / 10,000 pop.

Number of convenience stores (no gas): 38
This county:

1.57 / 10,000 pop.
Texas:

1.11 / 10,000 pop.

Number of convenience stores (with gas): 137
Jefferson County:

5.65 / 10,000 pop.
Texas:

3.95 / 10,000 pop.

Number of full-service restaurants: 133
This county:

5.49 / 10,000 pop.
State:

6.13 / 10,000 pop.

Adult diabetes rate:
Jefferson County:

12.3%
Texas:

8.9%

Adult obesity rate:
Jefferson County:

30.3%
State:

26.6%

Low-income preschool obesity rate:
Here:

15.1%
State:

15.7%

Agriculture in Jefferson County:

Average size of farms: 501 acres
Average value of agricultural products sold per farm: $21,772
Average value of crops sold per acre for harvested cropland: $206.46
The value of nursery, greenhouse, floriculture, and sod as a percentage of the total market value of agricultural products sold: 10.97%
The value of livestock, poultry, and their products as a percentage of the total market value of agricultural products sold: 54.77%
Average total farm production expenses per farm: $37,711
Harvested cropland as a percentage of land in farms: 9.52%
Irrigated harvested cropland as a percentage of land in farms: 53.68%
Average market value of all machinery and equipment per farm: $42,318
The percentage of farms operated by a family or individual: 89.68%
Average age of principal farm operators: 56 years
Average number of cattle and calves per 100 acres of all land in farms: 13.91
All wheat for grain: 578 harvested acres
Vegetables: 14 harvested acres
Land in orchards: 225 acres

Tornado activity:

Jefferson County historical area-adjusted tornado activity is significantly below Texas state average. It is 636159.3 times below overall U.S. average.
Tornadoes in this county have caused 11 fatalities and 317 injuries recorded between 1950 and 2004.
On 12/31/1984, a category 2 (max. wind speeds 113-157 mph) tornado injured 53 people and caused between $5,000,000 and $50,000,000 in damages.

Earthquake activity:

Jefferson County-area historical earthquake activity is significantly below Texas state average. It is 92% smaller than the overall U.S. average.

On 2/10/2006 at 04:14:22, a magnitude 5.3 (4.2 MB, 5.3 MS, Depth: 3.1 mi, Class: Moderate, Intensity: VI - VII) earthquake occurred 276.8 miles away from Jefferson County center
On 4/9/1993 at 12:29:19, a magnitude 4.3 (4.1 MB, 4.3 LG, Depth: 3.1 mi, Class: Light, Intensity: IV - V) earthquake occurred 257.9 miles away from the county center
On 9/10/2006 at 14:56:08, a magnitude 5.9 (5.9 MB, 5.5 MS, 5.8 MW, Depth: 8.7 mi) earthquake occurred 521.6 miles away from the county center
On 12/9/2000 at 06:46:09, a magnitude 4.3 (4.2 MB, 4.3 MS, Depth: 6.2 mi) earthquake occurred 271.5 miles away from the county center
On 6/16/1978 at 11:46:54, a magnitude 5.3 (4.4 MB, 4.6 UK, 5.3 ML) earthquake occurred 447.8 miles away from Jefferson County center
On 5/27/2002 at 00:28:16, a magnitude 3.8 (3.8 MB, Depth: 6.2 mi, Class: Light, Intensity: II - III) earthquake occurred 199.7 miles away from the county center
Magnitude types: regional Lg-wave magnitude (LG), body-wave magnitude (MB), local magnitude (ML), surface-wave magnitude (MS), moment magnitude (MW)

Most recent natural disasters:

  • Texas Hurricane Ike, Incident Period: September 07, 2008 to October 02, 2008, Major Disaster (Presidential) Declared DR-1791: September 13, 2008, FEMA Id: 1791, Natural disaster type: Hurricane
  • Texas Hurricane Ike, Incident Period: September 07, 2008 to September 26, 2008, Emergency Declared EM-3294: September 10, 2008, FEMA Id: 3294, Natural disaster type: Hurricane
  • Texas Hurricane Gustav, Incident Period: August 27, 2008 to September 07, 2008, Emergency Declared EM-3290: August 29, 2008, FEMA Id: 3290, Natural disaster type: Hurricane
  • Texas Hurricane Rita, Incident Period: September 23, 2005 to October 14, 2005, Major Disaster (Presidential) Declared DR-1606: September 24, 2005, FEMA Id: 1606, Natural disaster type: Hurricane
  • Texas Hurricane Rita, Incident Period: September 20, 2005 to October 14, 2005, Emergency Declared EM-3261: September 21, 2005, FEMA Id: 3261, Natural disaster type: Hurricane
  • Texas Hurricane Katrina, Incident Period: August 29, 2005 to October 01, 2005, Emergency Declared EM-3216: September 02, 2005, FEMA Id: 3216, Natural disaster type: Hurricane
  • Texas Loss of the Space Shuttle Columbia, Incident Period: February 01, 2003, Emergency Declared EM-3171: February 01, 2003, FEMA Id: 3171, Natural disaster type: Other
  • Texas Severe Storms, Tornadoes, and Flooding, Incident Period: October 24, 2002 to November 15, 2002, Major Disaster (Presidential) Declared DR-1439: November 05, 2002, FEMA Id: 1439, Natural disaster type: Storm, Tornado, Flood
  • Texas Severe Storms and Flooding, Incident Period: June 05, 2001 to June 20, 2001, Major Disaster (Presidential) Declared DR-1379: June 09, 2001, FEMA Id: 1379, Natural disaster type: Storm, Flood
  • Texas Extreme Fire Hazards, Incident Period: August 01, 1999 to December 10, 1999, Emergency Declared EM-3142: September 01, 1999, FEMA Id: 3142, Natural disaster type: Fire
  • 9 other natural disasters have been reported since 1953.

The number of natural disasters in Jefferson County (19) is greater than the US average (13).
Major Disasters (Presidential) Declared: 13
Emergencies Declared: 6

Causes of natural disasters: Storms: 8, Floods: 7, Hurricanes: 6, Tornadoes: 4, Tropical Storms: 3, Fire: 1, Flash Flood: 1, Other: 1 (Note: Some incidents may be assigned to more than one category).

Class of Workers

Most common industries in 2015 (%)
Males Females
  • Health care and social assistance (22%)
  • Retail trade (13%)
  • Educational services (10%)
  • Accommodation and food services (6%)
  • Public administration (5%)
  • Other services, except public administration (4%)
  • Manufacturing (4%)
  • Health care and social assistance (28%)
  • Retail trade (16%)
  • Educational services (13%)
  • Accommodation and food services (8%)
  • Public administration (6%)
  • Other services, except public administration (5%)
  • Manufacturing (5%)
Most common occupations in 2015 (%)
Males Females
  • Construction and extraction occupations (17%)
  • Production occupations (15%)
  • Sales and related occupations (10%)
  • Management occupations (8%)
  • Installation, maintenance, and repair occupations (7%)
  • Transportation occupations (6%)
  • Office and administrative support occupations (5%)
  • Office and administrative support occupations (22%)
  • Sales and related occupations (15%)
  • Health diagnosing and treating practitioners and other technical occupations (9%)
  • Education, training, and library occupations (7%)
  • Healthcare support occupations (7%)
  • Management occupations (6%)
  • Personal care and service occupations (5%)

Most common places of birth for the foreign-born residents (%):

  • Mexico (51%)
  • Vietnam (15%)
  • Philippines (4%)
  • India (4%)
  • Nicaragua (3%)
  • Germany (2%)
  • United Kingdom (2%)

Most common first ancestries reported in Jefferson County (%):

  • United States or American (8%)
  • French (except Basque) (7%)
  • German (6%)
  • English (6%)
  • Irish (5%)
  • Italian (3%)
  • French Canadian (3%)

Jefferson County mode of transportation to work chart

Means of transportation to work:

  • Drove a car alone: 80,219 (82%)
  • Carpooled: 12,034 (12%)
  • Bus or trolley bus: 750 (1%)
  • Streetcar or trolley car: 16 (0%)
  • Subway or elevated: 24 (0%)
  • Ferryboat: 18 (0%)
  • Taxi: 107 (0%)
  • Motorcycle: 162 (0%)
  • Bicycle: 208 (0%)
  • Walked: 1,474 (2%)
  • Other means: 825 (1%)
  • Worked at home: 1,600 (2%)

Owners and renters by unit type in %

Breakdown of mean house values by ages of householders ($)


People in group quarters in Jefferson County, Texas in 2000:

  • 5,587 people in federal prisons and detention centers
  • 5,456 people in state prisons
  • 1,450 people in nursing homes
  • 847 people in local jails and other confinement facilities (including police lockups)
  • 596 people in college dormitories (includes college quarters off campus)
  • 331 people in halfway houses
  • 292 people in other noninstitutional group quarters
  • 161 people in other group homes
  • 103 people in other nonhousehold living situations
  • 77 people in homes or halfway houses for drug/alcohol abuse
  • 55 people in religious group quarters
  • 29 people in unknown juvenile institutions
  • 27 people in short-term care, detention or diagnostic centers for delinquent children
  • 20 people in hospitals or wards for drug/alcohol abuse
  • 20 people in schools, hospitals, or wards for the mentally retarded
  • 19 people in mental (psychiatric) hospitals or wards
  • 8 people in other workers' dormitories
  • 8 people in crews of maritime vessels
  • 6 people in wards in general hospitals for patients who have no usual home elsewhere
  • 6 people in homes for the mentally retarded

People in group quarters in Jefferson County, Texas in 2010:

  • 6,045 people in state prisons
  • 4,772 people in federal prisons
  • 1,949 people in college/university student housing
  • 1,161 people in nursing facilities/skilled-nursing facilities
  • 871 people in local jails and other municipal confinement facilities
  • 284 people in group homes intended for adults
  • 221 people in other noninstitutional facilities
  • 217 people in correctional facilities intended for juveniles
  • 175 people in correctional residential facilities
  • 154 people in emergency and transitional shelters (with sleeping facilities) for people experiencing homelessness
  • 39 people in residential treatment centers for adults
  • 32 people in group homes for juveniles (non-correctional)
  • 30 people in workers' group living quarters and job corps centers
  • 11 people in residential treatment centers for juveniles (non-correctional)
  • 11 people in maritime/merchant vessels
  • 7 people in in-patient hospice facilities
  • 4 people in military barracks and dormitories (nondisciplinary)
Average gross adjusted income of non-migrant taxpayers in this county in 2010 was $53,301.

5.47% of this county's 2011 resident taxpayers lived in other counties in 2010 ($39,513 average adjusted gross income)

Here:

5.47%
Texas average:

7.14%


0.05% of residents moved from foreign countries ($406 average AGI)
Jefferson County:

0.05%
Texas average:

0.08%

3.63% relocated from other counties in Texas ($24,895 average AGI)
1.78% relocated from other states ($14,212 average AGI)
Jefferson County:

1.78%
Texas average:

2.49%

Percentage of residents relocating from other counties or countries


Top counties from which taxpayers relocated into this county between 2010 and 2011:
from Harris County, TX  0.91% ($34,791 average AGI)
from Orange County, TX  0.58% ($33,484)
from Hardin County, TX  0.49% ($37,772)
from Jasper County, TX  0.10% ($61,686)
from Calcasieu Parish, LA  0.09% ($40,138)
from Dallas County, TX  0.09% ($28,573)
from Chambers County, TX  0.09% ($36,920)


6.03% of this county's 2010 resident taxpayers moved to other counties in 2011 ($42,510 average adjusted gross income)

Here:

6.03%
Texas average:

6.69%


0.04% of residents moved to foreign countries ($466 average AGI)
Jefferson County:

0.04%
Texas average:

0.10%

4.38% relocated to other counties in Texas ($31,423 average AGI)
1.61% relocated to other states ($10,621 average AGI)
Jefferson County:

1.61%
Texas average:

2.01%

Percentage of residents relocating to other counties or countries


Top counties to which taxpayers relocated from this county between 2010 and 2011:
to Harris County, TX  1.11% ($39,673 average AGI)
to Orange County, TX  0.69% ($46,252)
to Hardin County, TX  0.61% ($48,853)
to Travis County, TX  0.15% ($44,721)
to Jasper County, TX  0.14% ($34,403)
to Tarrant County, TX  0.11% ($32,832)
to Galveston County, TX  0.11% ($42,956)

Births per 1000 population from 1990 to 1999: 14.7
Births per 1000 population from 2000 to 2006: 13.8
Births per 1000 population from 2007 to 2014: 14.1

Births per 1000 population in Jefferson County

Deaths per 1000 population from 1990 to 1999: 10.1
Deaths per 1000 population from 2000 to 2006: 10.4
Deaths per 1000 population from 2007 to 2014: 9.7

Deaths per 1000 population in Jefferson County

Infant deaths per 1000 live births from 1990 to 1999: 9.8
Infant deaths per 1000 live births from 2000 to 2006: 8.1
Infant deaths per 1000 live births from 2007 to 2013: 7.6

Infant deaths per 1000 live births in Jefferson County

Population without health insurance coverage in 2013: 23.8%
Persons under 19 years old without health insurance coverage in 2013: 11.6%
Percentage of population without health insurance coverage in Jefferson County
All 18-64 40-64 50-64 Under 19

Percentage of population without health insurance coverage in Jefferson County


Persons enrolled in hospital insurance and/or supplemental medical insurance (Medicare) in July 1, 2007: 37,696 (30,728 aged, 6,968 disabled)
Children under 18 without health insurance coverage in 2007: 7,545 (12%)

Persons enrolled in hospital insurance and/or supplemental medical insurance (Medicare)

Aged persons enrolled in hospital insurance and/or supplemental medical insurance (Medicare)

Disabled persons enrolled in hospital insurance and/or supplemental medical insurance (Medicare)

Most common underlying causes of death in Jefferson County, Texas in 1999 - 2014:

  • Atherosclerotic heart disease (3,389)
  • Acute myocardial infarction, unspecified (2,466)
  • Bronchus or lung, unspecified - Malignant neoplasms (2,354)
  • Stroke, not specified as haemorrhage or infarction (1,546)
  • Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, unspecified (1,518)
  • Alzheimer's disease, unspecified (1,514)
  • Unspecified dementia (1,201)
  • Congestive heart failure (965)
  • Pneumonia, unspecified (835)
  • Unspecified diabetes mellitus, without complications (739)

Population without health insurance coverage in 2000: 18%
Children under 18 without health insurance coverage in 2000: 17%

Short term general hospitals per 100,000 population in 2004: 2.42
Short term general hospital admissions per 100,000 population in 2004: 22,034
Short term general hospital beds per 100,000 population in 2004: 539
Emergency room visits per 100,000 population in 2004: 54,314

General practice office based MDs per 100,000 population in 2005: 1,459
Medical specialist MDs per 100,000 population in 2005: 1,064
Dentists per 100,000 population in 1998: 6

Total births per 100,000 population, July 2005 - July 2006 : 50
Total deaths per 100,000 population, July 2005 - July 2006: 69

Limited-service eating places per 100,000 population in 2005 : 6
Beer, wine & liquor stores per 100,000 population in 2005: 1

Homicides per 1,000,000 population from 2000 to 2006: 85.5. This is more than state average.

Mechanisms of homicide:

Deaths per 1,000,000 population:
  • Firearm - 50.3
  • Cut/Pierce - 12.1
  • Other - 23.1

Suicides per 1,000,000 population from 2000 to 2006: 113.9. This is more than state average.

Mechanisms of suicide:

Deaths per 1,000,000 population:
  • Firearm - 71.7
  • Suffocation - 20.8
  • Poisoning - 14.5
  • Other - 6.9

Household type by relationship:

Households: 236,290
  • In family households: 198,045 (39,440 male householders, 22,372 female householders)
    40,897 spouses, 72,084 children (66,502 natural, 1,499 adopted, 4,083 stepchildren), 7,614 grandchildren, 3,005 brothers or sisters, 2,000 parents, 3,968 other relatives, 5,153 non-relatives
  • In nonfamily households: 38,245 (15,508 male householders (12,452 living alone)), 16,121 female householders (14,263 living alone)), 6,616 nonrelatives
  • In group quarters: 15,983 (13,291 institutionalized population)

Size of family households: 25,416 2-persons, 14,979 3-persons, 11,555 4-persons, 5,900 5-persons, 2,397 6-persons, 1,565 7-or-more-persons.

Size of nonfamily households: 26,715 1-person, 3,908 2-persons, 596 3-persons, 282 4-persons, 83 5-persons, 29 6-persons, 16 7-or-more-persons.

37,587 married couples with children.
19,203 single-parent households (2,897 men, 16,306 women).

86.8% of residents of Jefferson County speak English at home.
8.4% of residents speak Spanish at home (53% speak English very well, 21% speak English well, 18% speak English not well, 8% don't speak English at all).
2.4% of residents speak other Indo-European language at home (73% speak English very well, 21% speak English well, 6% speak English not well).
2.3% of residents speak Asian or Pacific Island language at home (47% speak English very well, 26% speak English well, 23% speak English not well, 4% don't speak English at all).
0.2% of residents speak other language at home (68% speak English very well, 23% speak English well, 6% speak English not well, 2% don't speak English at all).

In fiscal year 2004:

Federal Government expenditure: $2,429,523,000 ($9,788 per capita)
Department of Defense expenditure: $820,510,000
Federal direct payments to individuals for retirement and disability: $594,174,000
Federal other direct payments to individuals: $457,437,000
Federal direct payments not to individuals: $15,869,000
Federal grants: $309,810,000
Federal procurement contracts: $846,412,000 ($784,593,000 Department of Defense)
Federal salaries and wages: $205,821,000 ($18,357,000 Department of Defense)
Federal Government direct loans: $267,000
Federal guaranteed/insured loans: $62,048,000
Federal Government insurance: $3,055,783,000

Population change from April 1, 2000 to July 1, 2005:

Births: 18,175
Here:

73 per 1000 residents
State:

85 per 1000 residents

Deaths: 13,656
Here:

55 per 1000 residents
State:

35 per 1000 residents

Net international migration: +2,865
Here:

+12 per 1000 residents
State:

+29 per 1000 residents

Net internal migration: -11,547
Here -47 per 1000 residents
State +10 per 1000 residents

Population growth in Jefferson County

Total withdrawal of fresh water for public supply: 22.21 millions of gallons per day (3% from ground, 97% from surface)

Median number of rooms in houses and condos:
Here:

5.7
State:

5.8

Median number of rooms in apartments:
Here:

4.1
State:

3.8

Year house built

  • 2014 or later: 1,182
  • 2010 to 2013: 4,574
  • 2000 to 2009: 12,256
  • 1990 to 1999: 14,762
  • 1980 to 1989: 10,685
  • 1970 to 1979: 17,282
  • 1960 to 1969: 20,738
  • 1950 to 1959: 16,941
  • 1940 to 1949: 3,739
  • 1939 or earlier: 5,971
Note: State values scaled to Jefferson population
Rooms in houses/apartments in Jefferson County, Texas
Owner-occupied Renter-occupied
Note: State values scaled to Jefferson County population
  • 1 room: 71
  • 2 rooms: 970
  • 3 rooms: 2,433
  • 4 rooms: 5,529
  • 5 rooms: 17,409
  • 6 rooms: 17,409
  • 7 rooms: 9,241
  • 8 rooms: 4,722
  • 9+ rooms: 3,469
  • 1 room: 1,488
  • 2 rooms: 3,495
  • 3 rooms: 6,362
  • 4 rooms: 7,637
  • 5 rooms: 6,940
  • 6 rooms: 3,687
  • 7 rooms: 1,223
  • 8 rooms: 570
  • 9+ rooms: 225
Bedrooms in houses/apartments in Jefferson County, Texas
Owner-occupied Renter-occupied
Note: State values scaled to Jefferson County population
  • no bedroom: 339
  • 1 bedroom: 2,294
  • 2 bedrooms: 14,704
  • 3 bedrooms: 35,069
  • 4 bedrooms: 7,910
  • 5+ bedrooms: 937
  • no bedroom: 1,882
  • 1 bedroom: 9,606
  • 2 bedrooms: 12,438
  • 3 bedrooms: 6,703
  • 4 bedrooms: 897
  • 5+ bedrooms: 101
Cars and other vehicles available in Jefferson County, Texas in houses/condos/apartments
Owner-occupied Renter-occupied
Note: State values scaled to Jefferson County population
  • no vehicle: 3,190
  • 1 vehicle: 19,649
  • 2 vehicles: 27,413
  • 3 vehicles: 8,569
  • 4 vehicles: 1,869
  • 5+ vehicles: 563
  • no vehicle: 6,820
  • 1 vehicle: 16,471
  • 2 vehicles: 7,158
  • 3 vehicles: 924
  • 4 vehicles: 174
  • 5+ vehicles: 80

58% of Jefferson County residents lived in the same house 5 years ago.
   Out of people who lived in different houses, 64% lived in this county.
   Out of people who lived in different counties, 70% lived in Texas.

Jefferson County:

58.3%
State average:

51.6%

Place of birth for U.S.-born residents:

  • This state: 179,254
  • Northeast: 3,989
  • Midwest: 9,343
  • South: 37,382
  • West: 5,062

Median price asked for vacant for-sale houses in 2000: $53,300


Housing units lacking complete plumbing facilities: 1%

Housing units lacking complete kitchen facilities: 1%

Year Householders Moved Into Unit

Most commonly used house heating fuel in Jefferson County
Houses and condos Apartments
  • Utility gas (61.1%)
  • Electricity (36.7%)
  • Bottled, tank, or LP gas (1.9%)
  • Electricity (60.2%)
  • Utility gas (37.7%)
  • Bottled, tank, or LP gas (1.5%)

Private vs. public school enrollment:


Students in private schools in grades 1 to 8 (elementary and middle school): 2,501
Here:

8.2%
Texas:

6.8%

Students in private schools in grades 9 to 12 (high school): 1,090
Here:

6.4%
Texas:

6.2%

Students in private undergraduate colleges: 777
Here:

7.6%
Texas:

15.4%

Educational Attainment (%)

School Enrollment by Level of School (%)

Age and Sex of Sensory-Disabled Residents (Noninstitutionalized)

Age and Sex of Physically-Disabled Residents (Noninstitutionalized)

Age and Sex of Mentally-Disabled Residents (Noninstitutionalized)

Age and Sex of Self-Care Disabled Residents (Noninstitutionalized)

Age and Sex of Go-Outside-Home Disabled Residents (Noninstitutionalized)

Age and Sex of Residents with Employment Disability (Noninstitutionalized)

Jefferson County government finances - Expenditure in 2006:

  • Construction - General - Other: $1,008,000
    Regular Highways: $845,000
    Natural Resources - Other: $841,000
    Parks and Recreation: $557,000
    Judicial and Legal Services: $182,000
    Sewerage: $76,000
  • Current Operations - Correctional Institutions: $19,194,000
    Judicial and Legal Services: $13,040,000
    Police Protection: $11,536,000
    Corrections - Other: $8,063,000
    General - Other: $5,960,000
    Financial Administration: $5,520,000
    Regular Highways: $5,490,000
    Parks and Recreation: $5,050,000
    Health - Other: $3,997,000
    Air Transportation: $3,585,000
    Central Staff Services: $3,346,000
    General Public Buildings: $3,075,000
    Public Welfare, Vendor Payments for Medical Care: $2,925,000
    Public Welfare - Other: $989,000
    Solid Waste Management: $884,000
    Elementary and Secondary Education: $262,000
    Libraries: $220,000
  • General - Interest on Debt: $4,057,000
  • Other Capital Outlay - Police Protection: $1,651,000
    Public Welfare - Other: $519,000
    Regular Highways: $284,000
    Financial Administration: $149,000
    Corrections - Other: $133,000
    Central Staff Services: $119,000
    General Public Building: $92,000
    Health - Other: $89,000
    Libraries: $75,000
    Correctional Institutions: $53,000
    Judicial and Legal Services: $51,000
    Air Transportation: $31,000
    General - Other: $19,000
    Elementary and Secondary Education: $2,000
  • Total Salaries and Wages: $47,212,000

Jefferson County government finances - Revenue in 2006:

  • Charges - All Other: $8,684,000
    Parks and Recreation: $3,486,000
    Air Transportation: $2,436,000
    Regular Highways: $2,270,000
    Natural Resources - Other: $95,000
  • Federal Intergovernmental - All Other: $965,000
    Air Transportation: $553,000
  • Local Intergovernmental - All Other: $1,020,000
    Education: $274,000
    Public Welfare: $91,000
    Highways: $14,000
    General Local Government Support: $13,000
  • Miscellaneous - Fines and Forfeits: $3,896,000
    Interest Earnings: $1,183,000
    General Revenue, NEC: $738,000
    Rents: $508,000
    Donations From Private Sources: $26,000
  • State Intergovernmental - All Other: $6,786,000
    Public Welfare: $2,320,000
    Highways: $2,086,000
    Housing and Community Development: $975,000
    Health and Hospitals: $291,000
    General Local Government Support: $217,000
    Education: $106,000
    Sewerage: $76,000
  • Tax - Property: $57,344,000
    General Sales and Gross Receipts: $14,743,000
    Other Selective Sales: $710,000
    Alcoholic Beverage Sales: $432,000
    Motor Vehicle License: $339,000
    Alcoholic Beverage License: $72,000
    Other License: $33,000
    Amusements License: $17,000
    Occupation and Business License, NEC: $1,000

Jefferson County government finances - Debt in 2006:

  • Long Term Debt - Beginning Outstanding - Unspecified Public Purpose: $83,765,000
    Outstanding Unspecified Public Purpose: $83,430,000
    Beginning Outstanding - Public Debt for Private Purpose: $16,313,000
    Outstanding Nonguaranteed - Industrial Revenue: $14,435,000
    Retired Unspecified Public Purpose: $3,335,000
    Issue, Unspecified Public Purpose: $3,000,000
    Retired Nonguaranteed - Public Debt for Private Purpose: $1,878,000

Jefferson County government finances - Cash and Securities in 2006:

  • Bond Funds - Cash and Securities: $4,222,000
  • Other Funds - Cash and Securities: $21,266,000
  • Sinking Funds - Cash and Securities: $14,933,000

Supplemental Security Income (SSI) in 2006:

  • Total number of recipients: 7,793
  • Number of aged recipients: 839
  • Number of blind and disabled recipients: 6,954
  • Number of recipients under 18: 1,624
  • Number of recipients between 18 and 64: 4,678
  • Number of recipients older than 64: 1,491
  • Number of recipients also receiving OASDI: 2,601
  • Amount of payments (thousands of dollars): 3,509
Jefferson County Fatal accident statistics for 1975 - 1994
Count Vehicles DUI Fatalities Persons Pedestrians

Fatal accident count (per 100,000 population)

Jefferson County Fatal accident statistics for 1995 - 2014
Count Vehicles DUI Fatalities Persons Pedestrians

Fatal accident count (per 100,000 population)

Home Mortgage Disclosure Act Aggregated Statistics For Year 2009
(Based on 67 full tracts)
A) FHA, FSA/RHS & VA
Home Purchase Loans
B) Conventional
Home Purchase Loans
C) Refinancings
D) Home Improvement Loans
E) Loans on Dwellings For 5+ Families
F) Non-occupant Loans on
< 5 Family Dwellings (A B C & D)
G) Loans On Manufactured
Home Dwelling (A B C & D)
NumberAverage ValueNumberAverage ValueNumberAverage ValueNumberAverage ValueNumberAverage ValueNumberAverage ValueNumberAverage Value
LOANS ORIGINATED742$122,084795$145,8351,411$121,486322$48,9918$1,474,750134$70,26925$47,120
APPLICATIONS APPROVED, NOT ACCEPTED36$126,05672$133,597157$114,42758$40,0860$011$104,90917$60,059
APPLICATIONS DENIED150$115,400210$113,395695$108,620443$28,8240$084$73,16740$53,475
APPLICATIONS WITHDRAWN64$125,84484$135,429332$116,16357$55,4910$021$88,6672$70,500
FILES CLOSED FOR INCOMPLETENESS28$126,89325$147,12095$126,16825$54,7200$011$81,4557$57,143
Private Mortgage Insurance Companies Aggregated Statistics For Year 2009
(Based on 46 full tracts)
A) Conventional
Home Purchase Loans
B) Refinancings
C) Non-occupant Loans on
< 5 Family Dwellings (A & B)
NumberAverage ValueNumberAverage ValueNumberAverage Value
LOANS ORIGINATED194$158,18050$192,4801$84,000
APPLICATIONS APPROVED, NOT ACCEPTED56$155,92920$201,7500$0
APPLICATIONS DENIED20$178,85013$234,9231$46,000
APPLICATIONS WITHDRAWN13$160,3855$184,8000$0
FILES CLOSED FOR INCOMPLETENESS5$130,2002$195,5001$89,000

Conventional Home Purchase Loans

Conventional Home Purchase Loans - Value

Most common first names in Jefferson County, TX among deceased individuals
NameCountLived (average)
Mary1,81777.5 years
John1,62773.2 years
James1,51170.9 years
William1,25073.6 years
Robert1,00570.6 years
Joseph98372.3 years
Charles77070.8 years
George71274.7 years
Willie71273.8 years
Henry50674.4 years
Most common last names in Jefferson County, TX among deceased individuals
Last nameCountLived (average)
Smith89874.5 years
Jones79671.6 years
Johnson77772.4 years
Williams77173.6 years
Davis52573.9 years
Brown50973.9 years
Broussard45173.9 years
Thomas39171.8 years
Hebert35075.7 years
Miller31975.4 years
Businesses in Jefferson County, TX
NameCountNameCount
AT&T4La-Z-Boy1
Abercrombie & Fitch1Lane Bryant1
Abercrombie Kids1Lane Furniture6
Academy Sports + Outdoors2LensCrafters1
Ace Hardware4Little Caesars Pizza4
Advance Auto Parts5Lowe's2
Aeropostale1Macy's1
American Eagle Outfitters1Marriott2
Applebee's2Marshalls1
Arby's1MasterBrand Cabinets3
Ashley Furniture1Mazda1
AutoZone5McDonald's13
BMW1Men's Wearhouse1
Barnes & Noble1Microtel1
Baskin-Robbins2Motel 62
Bath & Body Works2Motherhood Maternity2
Baymont Inn1New Balance4
Bed Bath & Beyond2New York & Co1
Best Western1Nike9
Blockbuster2Nissan2
Budget Car Rental2Office Depot3
Burger King4Old Navy1
CVS6Olive Garden1
Carl\s Jr.2Outback1
Catherines1Outback Steakhouse1
Chevrolet2Pac Sun2
Chick-Fil-A3Papa John's Pizza2
Chico's1Payless5
Chuck E. Cheese's1Penske1
Church's Chicken9PetSmart1
Cinnabon 1Pier 1 Imports1
Cracker Barrel1Pizza Hut3
Cricket Wireless12Plato's Closet1
Curves3Popeyes6
Dairy Queen4Quality1
Days Inn1Quiznos2
Discount Tire4RadioShack5
Domino's Pizza1Ramada1
DressBarn1Red Lobster1
Dressbarn1Red Roof Inn1
Dunkin Donuts2Rodeway Inn1
Econo Lodge2Rue212
Ethan Allen1Ryan's Grill1
Express1Ryder Rental & Truck Leasing1
FedEx25SAS Shoes1
Finish Line2SONIC Drive-In14
Firestone Complete Auto Care3Sam's Club1
Foot Locker1Sears5
Forever 211Shoe Carnival1
Fredericks Of Hollywood1Sleep Inn1
GNC2Spencer Gifts2
GameStop5Sprint Nextel2
Gap1Starbucks5
Goodwill4Studio 62
Gymboree1Subaru1
H&R Block7Subway23
Hobby Lobby1Super 83
Holiday Inn6T-Mobile10
Hollister Co.1Taco Bell5
Home Depot1Talbots1
Honda2Target2
Hot Topic1The Room Place1
Howard Johnson2Toys"R"Us2
Hyatt1U-Haul10
IHOP3UPS24
JCPenney2Vans3
Jack In The Box6Verizon Wireless5
JoS. A. Bank1Victoria's Secret1
Jones New York4Volkswagen1
Journeys2Waffle House6
Justice1Walgreens8
KFC4Walmart3
Kincaid1Wendy's4
Knights Inn1Wet Seal1
Kohl's1World Gym3
Kroger2YMCA1
La Quinta3

Jefferson County on our top lists:

  • #27 on the list of "Top 101 counties with the largest increase in the number of births per 1000 residents 2000-2006 to 2007-2013 (pop 50,000+)"
  • #41 on the list of "Top 101 counties with the most Black Protestant adherents"
  • #41 on the list of "Top 101 counties with the most Black Protestant adherents (pop. 50,000+)"
  • #43 on the list of "Top 101 counties with the most Black Protestant congregations"
  • #43 on the list of "Top 101 counties with the most Black Protestant congregations (pop. 50,000+)"
  • #49 on the list of "Top 101 counties with the highest number of infant deaths per 1000 residents 2007-2013 (pop. 50,000+)"
  • #76 on the list of "Top 101 counties with the lowest Nitrogen Dioxide air pollution readings in 2012 (ppm)"
  • #94 on the list of "Top 101 counties with the largest increase in the number of infant deaths per 1000 residents 2000-2006 to 2007-2013 (pop. 50,000+)"