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Industries providing employment: Educational,health and social services (18.4%), Manufacturing (15.0%), Professional,scientific,management,administrative,and waste management services (11.4%), Retail trade (10.2%).
Detached houses: $488,705Here:$488,705State:$429,197
Townhouses or other attached units: $329,972Here:$329,972State:$286,566
In 2-unit structures: $343,507Here:$343,507State:$397,697
In 3-to-4-unit structures: $271,141Here:$271,141State:$336,988
In 5-or-more-unit structures: $308,600Here:$308,600State:$292,192
Mobile homes: $58,758Here:$58,758State:$53,584
Number of permits per 10,000 residents
Average cost (in $1000s)
Kerry/Edwards (Democratic): 58.7%
Bush/Cheney (Republican): 40.6%
Obama (Democratic): 64.0%
McCain (Republican): 35.6%
Median real estate property taxes paid for housing units with mortgages in 2009: $7,912 (2.0%)
Median real estate property taxes paid for housing units with no mortgage in 2009: $7,548 (2.1%)
Area name: Newark, NJ HUD Metro FMR Area
Fair market rent in 2006 for a 1-bedroom apartment in Union County is $879 a month.
Fair market rent for a 2-bedroom apartment is $1004 a month.
Fair market rent for a 3-bedroom apartment is $1202 a month.
Cities in this county include: Elizabeth, Union, Plainfield, Linden, Westfield, Rahway, Scotch Plains, Cranford, Hillside, Roselle.
Carbon Monoxide: 3 ppm (standard limit: 9 ppm). Near U.S. average.
Nitrogen Dioxide: 0.032 ppm (standard limit: 0.053 ppm). Significanly above U.S. average.
Particulate Matter (PM2.5) Annual: 15.3 µg/m3(standard limit: 15.0 µg/m3). Near U.S. average.
Particulate Matter (PM2.5) 24-hour: 44 µg/m3(standard limit: 35 µg/m3). Above U.S. average.
Sulfur Oxides Annual: 0.007 ppm (standard limit: 0.03 ppm). Above U.S. average.
Sulfur Oxides 24-hour: 0.027 ppm (standard limit: 0.14 ppm). Near U.S. average.
Click to draw/clear Union County borders
Neighboring counties: Essex County , Hudson County , Middlesex County , Morris County , Somerset County .
Unemployment by year (%)
County total employment by year
County average yearly wages by year ($)
Current college students: 28,216
People 25 years of age or older with a high school degree or higher: 79.3%
People 25 years of age or older with a bachelor's degree or higher: 28.5%
Number of foreign born residents: 130,916 (45% naturalized citizens)
Year of entry for the foreign-born population
Mean travel time to work (commute): 28.7 minutes
Percentage of county residents living and working in this county: 47.5%
Housing units in Union County with a mortgage: 65,503 (6,827 second mortgage, 9,378 home equity loan, 372 both second mortgage and home equity loan)
Houses without a mortgage: 31,485
Class of Workers
Most common places of birth for the foreign-born residents (%):
Most common first ancestries reported in Union County (%):
6.21% of this county's 2006 resident taxpayers lived in other counties in 2005 ($55,931 average adjusted gross income)
0.09% of residents moved from foreign countries ($1,193 average AGI)Union County:0.09%New Jersey average:0.14%
4.26% relocated from other counties in New Jersey ($35,701 average AGI)
1.86% relocated from other states ($19,037 average AGI)Union County:1.86%New Jersey average:2.46%
7.47% of this county's 2005 resident taxpayers moved to other counties in 2006 ($58,861 average adjusted gross income)
0.06% of residents moved to foreign countries ($727 average AGI)Union County:0.06%New Jersey average:0.09%
4.49% relocated to other counties in New Jersey ($34,379 average AGI)
2.91% relocated to other states ($23,754 average AGI)Union County:2.91%New Jersey average:3.32%
Births per 1000 population from 1990 to 1999: 14.8
Births per 1000 population from 2000 to 2006: 14.4
Deaths per 1000 population from 1990 to 1999: 9.4
Deaths per 1000 population from 2000 to 2006: 8.4
Infant deaths per 1000 live births from 1990 to 1999: 7.2
Infant deaths per 1000 live births from 2000 to 2006: 5.8
Persons enrolled in hospital insurance and/or supplemental medical insurance (Medicare) in July 1, 2003: 76,708 (67,841 aged, 8,867 disabled)
Population without health insurance coverage in 2000: 13%
Children under 18 without health insurance coverage in 2000: 9%
Suicides per 1,000,000 population from 2000 to 2006: 53.5. This is less than state average.
Mechanisms of suicide:
100,547 spouses, 164,827 children (156,053 natural, 3,332 adopted, 5,442 stepchildren), 11,518 grandchildren, 8,118 brothers or sisters, 7,096 parents, 13,658 other relatives, 12,339 non-relatives
Size of family households: 46,208 2-persons, 32,560 3-persons, 30,523 4-persons, 15,148 5-persons, 5,887 6-persons, 3,814 7-or-more-persons.
Size of nonfamily households: 43,846 1-person, 6,725 2-persons, 830 3-persons, 330 4-persons, 106 5-persons, 61 6-persons, 55 7-or-more-persons.
64.8% of residents of Union County speak English at home.
19.1% of residents speak Spanish at home (46% speak English very well, 22% speak English well, 21% speak English not well, 11% don't speak English at all).
12.8% of residents speak other Indo-European language at home (59% speak English very well, 24% speak English well, 14% speak English not well, 3% don't speak English at all).
2.2% of residents speak Asian or Pacific Island language at home (62% speak English very well, 25% speak English well, 11% speak English not well, 2% don't speak English at all).
1.2% of residents speak other language at home (72% speak English very well, 22% speak English well, 5% speak English not well, 1% don't speak English at all).
Population growth in Union County
Total withdrawal of fresh water for public supply: 17.76 millions of gallons per day (72% from ground, 28% from surface)
Year house built
64% of Union County residents lived in the same house 5 years ago.
Out of people who lived in different houses, 58% lived in this county.
Out of people who lived in different counties, 66% lived in New Jersey.
Median price asked for vacant for-sale houses in 2000: $157,200
Year Householders Moved Into Unit:
Educational Attainment (%)
School Enrollment by Level of School (%)
Age and Sex of Sensory-Disabled Residents (Noninstitutionalized)
Age and Sex of Physically-Disabled Residents (Noninstitutionalized)
Age and Sex of Mentally-Disabled Residents (Noninstitutionalized)
Age and Sex of Self-Care Disabled Residents (Noninstitutionalized)
Age and Sex of Go-Outside-Home Disabled Residents (Noninstitutionalized)
Age and Sex of Residents with Employment Disability (Noninst.)
Higher Education - Other: $29,417,000
All Other: $9,550,000
Elementary and Secondary Education - Other: $8,188,000
Parks and Recreation: $4,433,000
Elementary and Secondary Education School Tuition and Transportation: $592,000
Elementary and Secondary Education School Lunch: $590,000
Regular Highways: $17,495,000
Other Higher Education: $8,122,000
Miscellaneous Commercial Activities, NEC: $2,935,000
General Public Buildings: $2,778,000
Parks and Recreation: $1,664,000
General - Other: $1,154,000
Natural Resources - Other: $991,000
Police Protection: $50,000
Correctional Institutions: $5,000
Other Higher Education: $60,508,000
Elementary and Secondary Education: $43,234,000
Correctional Institutions: $35,817,000
Public Welfare - Other: $28,095,000
Police Protection: $23,585,000
Judicial and Legal Services: $19,460,000
General Public Buildings: $11,465,000
Parks and Recreation: $10,718,000
Central Staff Services: $6,451,000
Housing and Community Development: $5,999,000
Financial Administration: $5,593,000
Health - Other: $5,478,000
Public Welfare, Vendor Payments for Other Purposes: $1,050,000
Natural Resources - Other: $480,000
Solid Waste Management: $337,000
Regular Highways: $201,000
Protective Inspection and Regulation, NEC: $128,000
Miscellaneous Commercial Activities, NEC: $100,000
Other Higher Education: $0
Interest Earnings: $2,295,000
Sale of Property: $934,000
Fines and Forfeits: $592,000
Long Term Debt Outstanding Unspecified Public Purpose: $231,690,000
Assistance and Subsidies – Public Welfare, Federal Categorical Assistance Programs: $13,500,000
Assistance and Subsidies – Public Welfare, Cash Assistance Programs – Other: $5,100,000
Miscellaneous Commercial Activities, NEC: $1,466,000
Elementary and Secondary Education: $1,425,000
General - Other: $1,214,000
Other Higher Education: $873,000
Judicial and Legal Services: $331,000
Police Protection: $260,000
Parks and Recreation: $252,000
General Public Building: $236,000
Correctional Institutions: $33,000
Public Welfare - Other: $28,000
Financial Administration: $20,000
Natural Resources - Other: $19,000
Central Staff Services: $7,000
Public Welfare: $34,675,000
Health and Hospitals: $29,849,000
Documentary and Stock Transfer: $6,568,000
Public Utilities Sales: $560,000
Fatal accident count (per 100,000 population)
Conventional Home Purchase Loans
Conventional Home Purchase Loans - Value
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