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Union County, New Jersey (NJ)

County population in 2014: 552,939 (all urban); it was 522,541 in 2000
County owner-occupied with a mortgage or a loan houses and condos in 2010: 82,267
County owner-occupied free and clear houses and condos in 2010: 30,576
County owner-occupied houses and condos in 2000: 114,688
Renter-occupied apartments: 75,275 (it was 71,436 in 2000)
% of renters here:

38%
State:

35%

Land area: 103 sq. mi.

Water area: 2.2 sq. mi.

Population density: 5353 people per square mile   (very high).

Mar. 2016 cost of living index in Union County: 116.9 (more than average, U.S. average is 100)

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Industries providing employment: Professional, scientific, management, administrative, and waste management services (27.9%), Finance, insurance, real estate, and rental and leasing (15.2%), Educational, health and social services (14.8%).

Type of workers:

  • Private wage or salary: 77%
  • Government: 4%
  • Self-employed, not incorporated: 19%
  • Unpaid family work: 0%
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Based on 2000-2013 data
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Union County races chart

Races in Union County, New Jersey:

  • White Non-Hispanic Alone (45.4%)
  • Hispanic or Latino (27.3%)
  • Black Non-Hispanic Alone (20.8%)
  • Asian alone (4.6%)
  • Two or more races (1.4%)
Median resident age:  38.0 years
New Jersey median age:  39.0 years
Males: 267,897  (48.4%)
Females: 285,042  (51.6%)

Union County,NJ real estate house value trend

Average household size:
Union County:

2.0 people
New Jersey:

3 people
Estimated median household income in 2015: $71,163 ($55,339 in 1999)

This county:

$71,163
New Jersey:

$72,222

Median contract rent in 2015 for apartments: $1,054 (lower quartile is $854, upper quartile is $1,328)
This county:

$1054
State:

$1085


Estimated median house or condo value in 2015: $342,800 (it was $185,200 in 2000)
Union:

$342,800
New Jersey:

$322,600
Lower value quartile - upper value quartile: $246,300 - $508,000

Mean price in 2015:

Detached houses: $451,755
Here:

$451,755
State:

$413,839

Townhouses or other attached units: $317,382
Here:

$317,382
State:

$278,381

In 2-unit structures: $287,399
Here:

$287,399
State:

$336,678

In 3-to-4-unit structures: $238,178
Here:

$238,178
State:

$276,421

In 5-or-more-unit structures: $257,463
Here:

$257,463
State:

$278,632

Mobile homes: $255,547
Here:

$255,547
State:

$76,578
Median monthly housing costs for homes and condos with a mortgage: $2,570
Median monthly housing costs for units without a mortgage: $1,163

Institutionalized population: 4,209
Union County, NJ map from a distance

Health of residents in Union County based on CDC Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System Survey Questionnaires from 2003 to 2012:

General health status score of residents in this county from 1 (poor) to 5 (excellent) is 3.5. This is about average.
70.2% of residents exercised in the past month. This is less than average.
41.6% of residents smoked 100+ cigarettes in their lives. This is about average.
73.1% of adult residents drank alcohol in the past 30 days. This is about average.
75.6% of residents visited a dentist within the past year. This is about average.
Average weight of males is 190 pounds. This is about average.
Average weight of females is 163 pounds. This is about average.
8.9% of residents keep firearms around their homes. This is less than average.

Single-family new house construction building permits:

  • 2000: 387 buildings, average cost: $92,900
  • 2001: 196 buildings, average cost: $127,900
  • 2002: 247 buildings, average cost: $114,700
  • 2003: 213 buildings, average cost: $174,700
  • 2004: 411 buildings, average cost: $123,200
  • 2005: 599 buildings, average cost: $159,800
  • 2006: 549 buildings, average cost: $169,300
  • 2007: 350 buildings, average cost: $210,100
  • 2008: 323 buildings, average cost: $230,000
  • 2009: 234 buildings, average cost: $217,800
  • 2010: 228 buildings, average cost: $205,900
  • 2011: 198 buildings, average cost: $206,800
  • 2012: 256 buildings, average cost: $192,200
  • 2013: 418 buildings, average cost: $151,700
  • 2014: 406 buildings, average cost: $187,300

Number of permits per 10,000 residents

Average cost (in $1000s)

Presidential Elections Results

1996 2000 2004 2008 2012 2016

1996 Presidential Elections Results

2000 Presidential Elections Results

2004 Presidential Elections Results

2008 Presidential Elections Results

2012 Presidential Elections Results

2016 Presidential Elections Results

Graphs represent county-level data. Detailed 2008 Election Results

Median real estate property taxes paid for housing units with mortgages in 2015: $9,359 (2.7%)
Median real estate property taxes paid for housing units with no mortgage in 2015: $9,446 (2.7%)

Union County household income distribution in 2009 Union County home values distribution Union County contract rent distribution in 2009
Percentage of residents living in poverty in 2015: 10.6%
(5.0% for White Non-Hispanic residents, 13.1% for Black residents, 17.6% for Hispanic or Latino residents, 26.5% for American Indian residents, 23.5% for other race residents, 11.4% for two or more races residents)

Percentage of residents living in poverty in 2015: 10.6%
Union County:

10.6%
New Jersey:

10.8%
(5.0% for White Non-Hispanic residents, 13.1% for Black residents, 17.6% for Hispanic or Latino residents, 26.5% for American Indian residents, 23.5% for other race residents, 12.4% for two or more races residents)

Median age of residents in 2015: 38 years old
(Males: 36 years old, Females: 39 years old)
(Median age for: White residents: 45 years old, Black residents: 38 years old, American Indian residents: 31 years old, Asian residents: 38 years old, Hispanic or Latino residents: 32 years old, Other race residents: 31 years old)

Area name: Newark, NJ HUD Metro FMR Area
Fair market rent in 2006 for a 1-bedroom apartment in Union County is $879 a month.
Fair market rent for a 2-bedroom apartment is $1004 a month.
Fair market rent for a 3-bedroom apartment is $1202 a month.

Cities in this county include: Elizabeth, Union, Plainfield, Linden, Westfield, Rahway, Scotch Plains, Cranford, Hillside, Roselle.

Union County has a predicted average indoor radon screening level between 2 and 4 pCi/L (pico curies per liter) - Moderate Potential

2012 air pollution in Union County:

Carbon Monoxide: 0.387 ppm (standard limit: 9 ppm). Near U.S. average.
Particulate Matter (PM2.5) Annual: 10.7 µg/m3(standard limit: 15.0 µg/m3). Near U.S. average.
Sulfur Oxides Annual: 0.001 ppm (standard limit: 0.03 ppm). Near U.S. average.

Click to draw/clear Union County borders

Neighboring counties: Lee County, Iowa , Westchester County, New York .

Unemployment in September 2015:
Here:

5.7%
New Jersey:

5.4%

Unemployment by year (%)

County total employment by year

County average yearly wages by year ($)

Current college students: 28,216
People 25 years of age or older with a high school degree or higher: 79.3%
People 25 years of age or older with a bachelor's degree or higher: 28.5%

Number of foreign born residents: 130,916 (45% naturalized citizens)

Union County:

25.1%
Whole state:

17.5%

Year of entry for the foreign-born population

  • 1995 to March 2000: 28,435
  • 1990 to 1994: 23,458
  • 1985 to 1989: 22,251
  • 1980 to 1984: 15,483
  • 1975 to 1979: 9,987
  • 1970 to 1974: 11,374
  • 1970 to 1974: 7,909
  • 1965 to 1969: 12,019
Note: State values scaled to Union County population

Mean travel time to work (commute): 28.7 minutes

Percentage of county residents living and working in this county: 47.5%

Union County marital status for males Union County marital status for females

Housing units in structures:

  • One, detached: 102,794
  • One, attached: 7,951
  • Two: 29,415
  • 3 or 4: 16,704
  • 5 to 9: 7,785
  • 10 to 19: 7,754
  • 20 or more: 20,290
  • Mobile homes: 239
  • Boats, RVs, vans, etc.: 13

Housing units in Union County with a mortgage: 65,503 (6,827 second mortgage, 9,378 home equity loan, 372 both second mortgage and home equity loan)
Houses without a mortgage: 31,485

Here:

67.5% with mortgage
State:

71.5% with mortgage

Religion statistics for Union County

ReligionAdherentsCongregations
Catholic247,24044
Mainline Protestant35,313109
Evangelical Protestant30,123129
Other28,70752
Black Protestant7,85838
Orthodox5,71710
None181,541-
Union County Religion Details
Source: Clifford Grammich, Kirk Hadaway, Richard Houseal, Dale E.Jones, Alexei Krindatch, Richie Stanley and Richard H.Taylor. 2012. 2010 U.S.Religion Census: Religious Congregations & Membership Study. Association of Statisticians of American Religious Bodies. Jones, Dale E., et al. 2002. Congregations and Membership in the United States 2000. Nashville, TN: Glenmary Research Center.

Food Environment Statistics:

Number of grocery stores: 155
Union County:

2.97 / 10,000 pop.
State:

2.90 / 10,000 pop.

Number of supercenters and club stores: 2
Here:

0.04 / 10,000 pop.
New Jersey:

0.06 / 10,000 pop.

Number of convenience stores (no gas): 94
This county:

1.80 / 10,000 pop.
New Jersey:

1.76 / 10,000 pop.

Number of convenience stores (with gas): 39
Union County:

0.75 / 10,000 pop.
New Jersey:

0.81 / 10,000 pop.

Number of full-service restaurants: 385
This county:

7.38 / 10,000 pop.
State:

7.15 / 10,000 pop.

Adult diabetes rate:
Union County:

8.3%
New Jersey:

8.3%

Adult obesity rate:
Union County:

21.1%
State:

23.3%

Low-income preschool obesity rate:
Here:

21.4%
State:

18.0%

Agriculture in Union County:

Average size of farms: 10 acres
Average value of agricultural products sold per farm: $374,975
Average value of crops sold per acre for harvested cropland: $64684.33
The value of nursery, greenhouse, floriculture, and sod as a percentage of the total market value of agricultural products sold: 97.78%
The value of livestock, poultry, and their products as a percentage of the total market value of agricultural products sold: 0.33%
Average total farm production expenses per farm: $166,634
Harvested cropland as a percentage of land in farms: 57.14%
Irrigated harvested cropland as a percentage of land in farms: 43.27%
Average market value of all machinery and equipment per farm: $63,259
The percentage of farms operated by a family or individual: 66.67%
Average age of principal farm operators: 62 years
Average number of cattle and calves per 100 acres of all land in farms: 26.37

Earthquake activity:

Union County-area historical earthquake activity is near New Jersey state average. It is 87% smaller than the overall U.S. average.

On 10/7/1983 at 10:18:46, a magnitude 5.3 (5.1 MB, 5.3 LG, 5.1 ML, Class: Moderate, Intensity: VI - VII) earthquake occurred 227.9 miles away from Union County center
On 1/16/1994 at 01:49:16, a magnitude 4.6 (4.6 MB, 4.6 LG, Depth: 3.1 mi, Class: Light, Intensity: IV - V) earthquake occurred 94.1 miles away from the county center
On 4/20/2002 at 10:50:47, a magnitude 5.2 (5.2 MB, 4.2 MS, 5.2 MW, 5.0 MW, Depth: 6.8 mi) earthquake occurred 266.5 miles away from the county center
On 1/16/1994 at 00:42:43, a magnitude 4.2 (4.2 MB, 4.0 LG, Depth: 3.1 mi) earthquake occurred 92.6 miles away from the county center
On 8/22/1992 at 12:20:32, a magnitude 4.8 (4.8 MB, 3.8 MS, 4.7 LG, Depth: 6.2 mi) earthquake occurred 237.0 miles away from Union County center
On 8/26/2003 at 18:24:18, a magnitude 3.8 (3.8 LG, 3.5 ML, Depth: 1.9 mi, Class: Light, Intensity: II - III) earthquake occurred 42.4 miles away from the county center
Magnitude types: regional Lg-wave magnitude (LG), body-wave magnitude (MB), local magnitude (ML), surface-wave magnitude (MS), moment magnitude (MW)

Most recent natural disasters:

  • New Jersey Severe Winter Storm and Snowstorm, Incident Period: January 22, 2016 to January 24, 2016, Major Disaster (Presidential) Declared DR-4264: March 14, 2016, FEMA Id: 4264, Natural disaster type: Snowstorm, Winter Storm
  • New Jersey Hurricane Sandy, Incident Period: October 26, 2012 to November 08, 2012, Emergency Declared EM-3354: October 28, 2012, FEMA Id: 3354, Natural disaster type: Hurricane
  • New Jersey Hurricane Sandy, Incident Period: October 26, 2012 to November 08, 2012, Major Disaster (Presidential) Declared DR-4086: October 30, 2012, FEMA Id: 4086, Natural disaster type: Hurricane
  • New Jersey Severe Storm, Incident Period: October 29, 2011, Major Disaster (Presidential) Declared DR-4048: November 30, 2011, FEMA Id: 4048, Natural disaster type: Storm
  • New Jersey Hurricane Irene, Incident Period: August 27, 2011 to September 05, 2011, Major Disaster (Presidential) Declared DR-4021: August 31, 2011, FEMA Id: 4021, Natural disaster type: Hurricane
  • New Jersey Hurricane Irene, Incident Period: August 26, 2011 to September 05, 2011, Emergency Declared EM-3332: August 27, 2011, FEMA Id: 3332, Natural disaster type: Hurricane
  • New Jersey Severe Winter Storm and Snowstorm, Incident Period: December 26, 2010 to December 27, 2010, Major Disaster (Presidential) Declared DR-1954: February 04, 2011, FEMA Id: 1954, Natural disaster type: Snowstorm, Winter Storm
  • New Jersey Severe Storms and Flooding, Incident Period: March 12, 2010 to April 15, 2010, Major Disaster (Presidential) Declared DR-1897: April 02, 2010, FEMA Id: 1897, Natural disaster type: Storm, Flood
  • New Jersey Severe Storms and Inland and Coastal Flooding, Incident Period: April 14, 2007 to April 20, 2007, Major Disaster (Presidential) Declared DR-1694: April 26, 2007, FEMA Id: 1694, Natural disaster type: Storm, Flood
  • New Jersey Hurricane Katrina Evacuation, Incident Period: August 29, 2005 to October 01, 2005, Emergency Declared EM-3257: September 19, 2005, FEMA Id: 3257, Natural disaster type: Hurricane
  • 16 other natural disasters have been reported since 1953.

The number of natural disasters in Union County (26) is a lot greater than the US average (13).
Major Disasters (Presidential) Declared: 16
Emergencies Declared: 10

Causes of natural disasters: Floods: 7, Hurricanes: 7, Storms: 6, Heavy Rains: 4, Snowstorms: 3, Blizzards: 2, Water Shortages: 2, Winter Storms: 2, Power Outage: 1, Tornado: 1, Wind: 1, Other: 2 (Note: Some incidents may be assigned to more than one category).

Class of Workers

Most common industries in 2015 (%)
Males Females
  • Health care and social assistance (20%)
  • Educational services (12%)
  • Retail trade (10%)
  • Manufacturing (7%)
  • Professional, scientific, and technical services (6%)
  • Finance and insurance (5%)
  • Accommodation and food services (5%)
  • Health care and social assistance (23%)
  • Educational services (14%)
  • Retail trade (11%)
  • Manufacturing (8%)
  • Professional, scientific, and technical services (7%)
  • Finance and insurance (6%)
  • Accommodation and food services (6%)
Most common occupations in 2015 (%)
Males Females
  • Management occupations (11%)
  • Sales and related occupations (10%)
  • Construction and extraction occupations (9%)
  • Transportation occupations (9%)
  • Office and administrative support occupations (7%)
  • Production occupations (7%)
  • Material moving occupations (6%)
  • Office and administrative support occupations (22%)
  • Sales and related occupations (10%)
  • Education, training, and library occupations (10%)
  • Management occupations (7%)
  • Personal care and service occupations (6%)
  • Health diagnosing and treating practitioners and other technical occupations (6%)
  • Healthcare support occupations (6%)

Most common places of birth for the foreign-born residents (%):

  • Colombia (10%)
  • Portugal (8%)
  • Cuba (6%)
  • Poland (5%)
  • Haiti (5%)
  • El Salvador (5%)
  • Peru (4%)

Most common first ancestries reported in Union County (%):

  • Italian (13%)
  • Irish (9%)
  • Polish (7%)
  • German (6%)
  • Portuguese (3%)
  • United States or American (3%)
  • English (3%)

Union County mode of transportation to work chart

Means of transportation to work:

  • Drove a car alone: 169,325 (71%)
  • Carpooled: 27,686 (12%)
  • Bus or trolley bus: 10,837 (5%)
  • Streetcar or trolley car: 133 (0%)
  • Subway or elevated: 1,302 (1%)
  • Railroad: 12,523 (5%)
  • Ferryboat: 44 (0%)
  • Taxi: 455 (0%)
  • Motorcycle: 134 (0%)
  • Bicycle: 731 (0%)
  • Walked: 7,729 (3%)
  • Other means: 2,015 (1%)
  • Worked at home: 5,692 (2%)

Owners and renters by unit type in %

Breakdown of mean house values by ages of householders ($)


People in group quarters in Union County, New Jersey in 2000:

  • 2,705 people in nursing homes
  • 1,445 people in local jails and other confinement facilities (including police lockups)
  • 1,105 people in college dormitories (includes college quarters off campus)
  • 939 people in other noninstitutional group quarters
  • 299 people in wards in general hospitals for patients who have no usual home elsewhere
  • 272 people in other types of correctional institutions
  • 245 people in religious group quarters
  • 210 people in other nonhousehold living situations
  • 151 people in mental (psychiatric) hospitals or wards
  • 145 people in homes for the mentally retarded
  • 72 people in homes or halfway houses for drug/alcohol abuse
  • 60 people in short-term care, detention or diagnostic centers for delinquent children
  • 43 people in homes for the mentally ill
  • 41 people in other group homes
  • 36 people in unknown juvenile institutions
  • 32 people in hospitals/wards and hospices for chronically ill
  • 28 people in hospices or homes for chronically ill
  • 7 people in homes for abused, dependent, and neglected children
  • 4 people in other hospitals or wards for chronically ill

People in group quarters in Union County, New Jersey in 2010:

  • 2,591 people in nursing facilities/skilled-nursing facilities
  • 1,266 people in college/university student housing
  • 866 people in local jails and other municipal confinement facilities
  • 493 people in other noninstitutional facilities
  • 365 people in emergency and transitional shelters (with sleeping facilities) for people experiencing homelessness
  • 267 people in hospitals with patients who have no usual home elsewhere
  • 231 people in federal detention centers
  • 216 people in group homes intended for adults
  • 215 people in residential treatment centers for adults
  • 125 people in mental (psychiatric) hospitals and psychiatric units in other hospitals
  • 59 people in residential treatment centers for juveniles (non-correctional)
  • 36 people in workers' group living quarters and job corps centers
  • 29 people in correctional facilities intended for juveniles
  • 21 people in in-patient hospice facilities
  • 19 people in group homes for juveniles (non-correctional)
  • 4 people in maritime/merchant vessels
Average gross adjusted income of non-migrant taxpayers in this county in 2010 was $75,312.

5.32% of this county's 2011 resident taxpayers lived in other counties in 2010 ($60,482 average adjusted gross income)

Here:

5.32%
New Jersey average:

5.08%


0.05% of residents moved from foreign countries ($751 average AGI)
Union County:

0.05%
New Jersey average:

0.06%

3.53% relocated from other counties in New Jersey ($38,871 average AGI)
1.74% relocated from other states ($20,861 average AGI)
Union County:

1.74%
New Jersey average:

2.19%

Percentage of residents relocating from other counties or countries


Top counties from which taxpayers relocated into this county between 2010 and 2011:
from Essex County, NJ  1.27% ($45,825 average AGI)
from Middlesex County, NJ  0.71% ($49,757)
from Hudson County, NJ  0.50% ($87,134)
from Somerset County, NJ  0.33% ($54,267)
from Morris County, NJ  0.15% ($89,745)
from New York County, NY  0.15% ($132,994)
from Kings County, NY  0.14% ($65,678)


5.94% of this county's 2010 resident taxpayers moved to other counties in 2011 ($59,152 average adjusted gross income)

Here:

5.94%
New Jersey average:

5.65%


0.08% of residents moved to foreign countries ($1,304 average AGI)
Union County:

0.08%
New Jersey average:

0.09%

3.65% relocated to other counties in New Jersey ($34,323 average AGI)
2.21% relocated to other states ($23,524 average AGI)
Union County:

2.21%
New Jersey average:

2.75%

Percentage of residents relocating to other counties or countries


Top counties to which taxpayers relocated from this county between 2010 and 2011:
to Essex County, NJ  0.93% ($43,744 average AGI)
to Middlesex County, NJ  0.86% ($46,633)
to Somerset County, NJ  0.48% ($69,150)
to Hudson County, NJ  0.36% ($52,974)
to Morris County, NJ  0.24% ($86,067)
to New York County, NY  0.20% ($94,024)
to Monmouth County, NJ  0.18% ($75,676)

Births per 1000 population from 1990 to 1999: 14.8
Births per 1000 population from 2000 to 2006: 14.4
Births per 1000 population from 2007 to 2014: 13.2

Births per 1000 population in Union County

Deaths per 1000 population from 1990 to 1999: 9.4
Deaths per 1000 population from 2000 to 2006: 8.4
Deaths per 1000 population from 2007 to 2014: 7.3

Deaths per 1000 population in Union County

Infant deaths per 1000 live births from 1990 to 1999: 7.2
Infant deaths per 1000 live births from 2000 to 2006: 5.8
Infant deaths per 1000 live births from 2007 to 2013: 5.0

Infant deaths per 1000 live births in Union County

Population without health insurance coverage in 2013: 18.5%
Persons under 19 years old without health insurance coverage in 2013: 6.1%
Percentage of population without health insurance coverage in Union County
All 18-64 40-64 50-64 Under 19

Percentage of population without health insurance coverage in Union County


Persons enrolled in hospital insurance and/or supplemental medical insurance (Medicare) in July 1, 2007: 72,856 (63,423 aged, 9,433 disabled)
Children under 18 without health insurance coverage in 2007: 21,809 (16%)

Persons enrolled in hospital insurance and/or supplemental medical insurance (Medicare)

Aged persons enrolled in hospital insurance and/or supplemental medical insurance (Medicare)

Disabled persons enrolled in hospital insurance and/or supplemental medical insurance (Medicare)

Most common underlying causes of death in Union County, New Jersey in 1999 - 2014:

  • Atherosclerotic heart disease (5,756)
  • Acute myocardial infarction, unspecified (4,980)
  • Bronchus or lung, unspecified - Malignant neoplasms (3,688)
  • Stroke, not specified as haemorrhage or infarction (2,143)
  • Septicaemia, unspecified (1,889)
  • Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, unspecified (1,822)
  • Unspecified dementia (1,606)
  • Unspecified diabetes mellitus, without complications (1,530)
  • Pneumonia, unspecified (1,529)
  • Colon, unspecified - Malignant neoplasms (1,400)

Population without health insurance coverage in 2000: 13%
Children under 18 without health insurance coverage in 2000: 9%

Short term general hospitals per 100,000 population in 2004: 0.75
Short term general hospital admissions per 100,000 population in 2004: 8,885
Short term general hospital beds per 100,000 population in 2004: 212
Emergency room visits per 100,000 population in 2004: 30,703

General practice office based MDs per 100,000 population in 2005: 1,369
Medical specialist MDs per 100,000 population in 2005: 770
Dentists per 100,000 population in 1998: 23

Total births per 100,000 population, July 2005 - July 2006 : 73
Total deaths per 100,000 population, July 2005 - July 2006: 86

Limited-service eating places per 100,000 population in 2005 : 14
Beer, wine & liquor stores per 100,000 population in 2005: 1

EPA green book nonattainment status in 2004-2006: 1

Suicides per 1,000,000 population from 2000 to 2006: 53.5. This is less than state average.

Mechanisms of suicide:

Deaths per 1,000,000 population:
  • Suffocation - 20.7
  • Firearm - 15.0
  • Poisoning - 10.4
  • Other - 7.4

Household type by relationship:

Households: 529,695
  • In family households: 464,085 (87,269 male householders, 47,405 female householders)
    94,325 spouses, 171,221 children (162,243 natural, 3,299 adopted, 5,679 stepchildren), 11,365 grandchildren, 8,963 brothers or sisters, 8,956 parents, 13,013 other relatives, 16,322 non-relatives
  • In nonfamily households: 65,610 (23,484 male householders (18,363 living alone)), 29,960 female householders (26,038 living alone)), 12,166 nonrelatives
  • In group quarters: 6,804 (4,209 institutionalized population)

Size of family households: 43,749 2-persons, 33,304 3-persons, 31,501 4-persons, 15,375 5-persons, 6,067 6-persons, 4,678 7-or-more-persons.

Size of nonfamily households: 44,401 1-person, 7,380 2-persons, 937 3-persons, 372 4-persons, 176 5-persons, 86 6-persons, 92 7-or-more-persons.

88,023 married couples with children.
26,686 single-parent households (5,364 men, 21,322 women).

64.8% of residents of Union County speak English at home.
19.1% of residents speak Spanish at home (46% speak English very well, 22% speak English well, 21% speak English not well, 11% don't speak English at all).
12.8% of residents speak other Indo-European language at home (59% speak English very well, 24% speak English well, 14% speak English not well, 3% don't speak English at all).
2.2% of residents speak Asian or Pacific Island language at home (62% speak English very well, 25% speak English well, 11% speak English not well, 2% don't speak English at all).
1.2% of residents speak other language at home (72% speak English very well, 22% speak English well, 5% speak English not well, 1% don't speak English at all).

In fiscal year 2004:

Federal Government expenditure: $2,745,978,000 ($5,162 per capita)
Department of Defense expenditure: $111,887,000
Federal direct payments to individuals for retirement and disability: $1,120,102,000
Federal other direct payments to individuals: $730,403,000
Federal direct payments not to individuals: $9,176,000
Federal grants: $515,329,000
Federal procurement contracts: $172,711,000 ($96,786,000 Department of Defense)
Federal salaries and wages: $198,258,000 ($3,713,000 Department of Defense)
Federal Government direct loans: $39,665,000
Federal guaranteed/insured loans: $501,722,000
Federal Government insurance: $743,554,000

Population change from April 1, 2000 to July 1, 2005:

Births: 40,075
Here:

75 per 1000 residents
State:

69 per 1000 residents

Deaths: 23,434
Here:

44 per 1000 residents
State:

44 per 1000 residents

Net international migration: +24,019
Here:

+45 per 1000 residents
State:

+33 per 1000 residents

Net internal migration: -30,692
Here -58 per 1000 residents
State -22 per 1000 residents

Population growth in Union County

Total withdrawal of fresh water for public supply: 17.76 millions of gallons per day (72% from ground, 28% from surface)

Median number of rooms in houses and condos:
Here:

6.7
State:

6.6

Median number of rooms in apartments:
Here:

3.8
State:

3.8

Year house built

  • 2014 or later: 526
  • 2010 to 2013: 1,931
  • 2000 to 2009: 15,285
  • 1990 to 1999: 9,105
  • 1980 to 1989: 11,364
  • 1970 to 1979: 17,235
  • 1960 to 1969: 25,068
  • 1950 to 1959: 45,235
  • 1940 to 1949: 27,712
  • 1939 or earlier: 48,020
Note: State values scaled to Union population
Rooms in houses/apartments in Union County, New Jersey
Owner-occupied Renter-occupied
Note: State values scaled to Union County population
  • 1 room: 82
  • 2 rooms: 564
  • 3 rooms: 2,327
  • 4 rooms: 6,534
  • 5 rooms: 15,499
  • 6 rooms: 27,195
  • 7 rooms: 26,381
  • 8 rooms: 18,940
  • 9+ rooms: 17,166
  • 1 room: 4,647
  • 2 rooms: 7,489
  • 3 rooms: 17,783
  • 4 rooms: 18,557
  • 5 rooms: 12,915
  • 6 rooms: 6,531
  • 7 rooms: 1,976
  • 8 rooms: 897
  • 9+ rooms: 641
Bedrooms in houses/apartments in Union County, New Jersey
Owner-occupied Renter-occupied
Note: State values scaled to Union County population
  • no bedroom: 195
  • 1 bedroom: 3,442
  • 2 bedrooms: 19,239
  • 3 bedrooms: 54,654
  • 4 bedrooms: 29,236
  • 5+ bedrooms: 7,922
  • no bedroom: 5,414
  • 1 bedroom: 27,066
  • 2 bedrooms: 25,259
  • 3 bedrooms: 11,507
  • 4 bedrooms: 1,789
  • 5+ bedrooms: 401
Cars and other vehicles available in Union County, New Jersey in houses/condos/apartments
Owner-occupied Renter-occupied
Note: State values scaled to Union County population
  • no vehicle: 6,355
  • 1 vehicle: 32,038
  • 2 vehicles: 52,450
  • 3 vehicles: 17,383
  • 4 vehicles: 5,041
  • 5+ vehicles: 1,421
  • no vehicle: 17,298
  • 1 vehicle: 33,597
  • 2 vehicles: 16,803
  • 3 vehicles: 2,704
  • 4 vehicles: 613
  • 5+ vehicles: 421

64% of Union County residents lived in the same house 5 years ago.
   Out of people who lived in different houses, 58% lived in this county.
   Out of people who lived in different counties, 66% lived in New Jersey.

Union County:

64.0%
State average:

62.3%

Place of birth for U.S.-born residents:

  • This state: 276,897
  • Northeast: 62,492
  • Midwest: 8,086
  • South: 27,607
  • West: 3,464

Median price asked for vacant for-sale houses in 2000: $157,200


Housing units lacking complete plumbing facilities: 1%

Housing units lacking complete kitchen facilities: 1%

Year Householders Moved Into Unit

Most commonly used house heating fuel in Union County
Houses and condos Apartments
  • Utility gas (74.6%)
  • Fuel oil, kerosene, etc. (22.4%)
  • Electricity (2.0%)
  • Bottled, tank, or LP gas (0.7%)
  • Utility gas (67.6%)
  • Fuel oil, kerosene, etc. (17.5%)
  • Electricity (10.5%)
  • Bottled, tank, or LP gas (3.1%)
  • Other fuel (0.7%)
  • No fuel used (0.7%)

Private vs. public school enrollment:


Students in private schools in grades 1 to 8 (elementary and middle school): 7,803
Here:

13.0%
New Jersey:

13.2%

Students in private schools in grades 9 to 12 (high school): 4,172
Here:

14.5%
New Jersey:

13.0%

Students in private undergraduate colleges: 6,809
Here:

30.2%
New Jersey:

30.1%

Educational Attainment (%)

School Enrollment by Level of School (%)

Age and Sex of Sensory-Disabled Residents (Noninstitutionalized)

Age and Sex of Physically-Disabled Residents (Noninstitutionalized)

Age and Sex of Mentally-Disabled Residents (Noninstitutionalized)

Age and Sex of Self-Care Disabled Residents (Noninstitutionalized)

Age and Sex of Go-Outside-Home Disabled Residents (Noninstitutionalized)

Age and Sex of Residents with Employment Disability (Noninstitutionalized)

Union County government finances - Expenditure in 2006:

  • Assistance and Subsidies - Public Welfare, Federal Categorical Assistance Programs: $13,500,000
    Public Welfare, Cash Assistance Programs - Other: $5,100,000
  • Construction - Elementary and Secondary Education: $37,817,000
    Regular Highways: $17,495,000
    Other Higher Education: $8,122,000
    Miscellaneous Commercial Activities, NEC: $2,935,000
    General Public Buildings: $2,778,000
    Parks and Recreation: $1,664,000
    General - Other: $1,154,000
    Natural Resources - Other: $991,000
    Police Protection: $50,000
    Correctional Institutions: $5,000
  • Current Operations - General - Other: $104,258,000
    Other Higher Education: $60,508,000
    Elementary and Secondary Education: $43,234,000
    Correctional Institutions: $35,817,000
    Hospitals: $33,306,000
    Public Welfare - Other: $28,095,000
    Police Protection: $23,585,000
    Judicial and Legal Services: $19,460,000
    General Public Buildings: $11,465,000
    Parks and Recreation: $10,718,000
    Central Staff Services: $6,451,000
    Housing and Community Development: $5,999,000
    Financial Administration: $5,593,000
    Health - Other: $5,478,000
    Public Welfare, Vendor Payments for Other Purposes: $1,050,000
    Natural Resources - Other: $480,000
    Solid Waste Management: $337,000
    Regular Highways: $201,000
    Protective Inspection and Regulation, NEC: $128,000
    Miscellaneous Commercial Activities, NEC: $100,000
  • General - Interest on Debt: $10,868,000
  • Intergovernmental to Local NEC - General - Other: $124,000
    Other Higher Education: $0
  • Other Capital Outlay - Regular Highways: $3,101,000
    Miscellaneous Commercial Activities, NEC: $1,466,000
    Elementary and Secondary Education: $1,425,000
    General - Other: $1,214,000
    Other Higher Education: $873,000
    Judicial and Legal Services: $331,000
    Police Protection: $260,000
    Parks and Recreation: $252,000
    General Public Building: $236,000
    Hospitals: $46,000
    Correctional Institutions: $33,000
    Public Welfare - Other: $28,000
    Financial Administration: $20,000
    Natural Resources - Other: $19,000
    Central Staff Services: $7,000
  • Total Salaries and Wages: $178,626,000

Union County government finances - Revenue in 2006:

  • Charges - Hospital Public: $40,747,000
    Higher Education - Other: $29,417,000
    All Other: $9,550,000
    Elementary and Secondary Education - Other: $8,188,000
    Parks and Recreation: $4,433,000
    Elementary and Secondary Education School Tuition and Transportation: $592,000
    Elementary and Secondary Education School Lunch: $590,000
  • Federal Intergovernmental - Housing and Community Development: $5,999,000
    Education: $3,564,000
  • Local Intergovernmental - Education: $39,916,000
  • Miscellaneous - General Revenue, NEC: $3,027,000
    Interest Earnings: $2,295,000
    Sale of Property: $934,000
    Fines and Forfeits: $592,000
    Rents: $386,000
  • State Intergovernmental - All Other: $63,348,000
    Public Welfare: $34,675,000
    Health and Hospitals: $29,849,000
    Education: $21,732,000
    Highways: $12,600,000
  • Tax - Property: $216,333,000
    Documentary and Stock Transfer: $6,568,000
    Public Utilities Sales: $560,000

Union County government finances - Debt in 2006:

  • Long Term Debt - Beginning Outstanding - Unspecified Public Purpose: $249,011,000
    Outstanding Unspecified Public Purpose: $231,690,000
    Beginning Outstanding - Public Debt for Private Purpose: $62,150,000
    Outstanding Nonguaranteed - Industrial Revenue: $62,150,000
    Retired Unspecified Public Purpose: $17,321,000
  • Short Term Debt Outstanding - End of Fiscal Year: $55,000,000

Union County government finances - Cash and Securities in 2006:

  • Bond Funds - Cash and Securities: $34,616,000
  • Other Funds - Cash and Securities: $52,524,000
  • Sinking Funds - Cash and Securities: $62,150,000

Supplemental Security Income (SSI) in 2006:

  • Total number of recipients: 9,110
  • Number of aged recipients: 2,253
  • Number of blind and disabled recipients: 6,857
  • Number of recipients under 18: 1,397
  • Number of recipients between 18 and 64: 4,340
  • Number of recipients older than 64: 3,373
  • Number of recipients also receiving OASDI: 2,844
  • Amount of payments (thousands of dollars): 4,144
Union County Fatal accident statistics for 1975 - 1994
Count Vehicles DUI Fatalities Persons Pedestrians

Fatal accident count (per 100,000 population)

Union County Fatal accident statistics for 1995 - 2014
Count Vehicles DUI Fatalities Persons Pedestrians

Fatal accident count (per 100,000 population)

Home Mortgage Disclosure Act Aggregated Statistics For Year 2009
(Based on 106 full tracts)
A) FHA, FSA/RHS & VA
Home Purchase Loans
B) Conventional
Home Purchase Loans
C) Refinancings
D) Home Improvement Loans
E) Loans on Dwellings For 5+ Families
F) Non-occupant Loans on
< 5 Family Dwellings (A B C & D)
G) Loans On Manufactured
Home Dwelling (A B C & D)
NumberAverage ValueNumberAverage ValueNumberAverage ValueNumberAverage ValueNumberAverage ValueNumberAverage ValueNumberAverage Value
LOANS ORIGINATED1,678$267,0422,035$338,5499,418$303,400433$150,22946$2,933,609281$203,6301$165,000
APPLICATIONS APPROVED, NOT ACCEPTED177$254,531238$326,6551,020$277,00682$98,2204$1,881,25044$217,9091$10,000
APPLICATIONS DENIED463$254,462401$288,1353,901$289,841491$90,1559$573,222231$204,1266$161,500
APPLICATIONS WITHDRAWN375$244,232300$307,6502,348$287,45897$149,3207$1,354,714107$227,6360$0
FILES CLOSED FOR INCOMPLETENESS207$251,11683$274,554743$305,56042$120,7621$500,00027$211,4810$0
Private Mortgage Insurance Companies Aggregated Statistics For Year 2009
(Based on 98 full tracts)
A) Conventional
Home Purchase Loans
B) Refinancings
C) Non-occupant Loans on
< 5 Family Dwellings (A & B)
NumberAverage ValueNumberAverage ValueNumberAverage Value
LOANS ORIGINATED314$315,401134$345,1790$0
APPLICATIONS APPROVED, NOT ACCEPTED121$302,92676$342,6055$243,400
APPLICATIONS DENIED52$301,25061$326,7540$0
APPLICATIONS WITHDRAWN37$300,62224$330,5420$0
FILES CLOSED FOR INCOMPLETENESS15$303,4677$291,4291$203,000

Conventional Home Purchase Loans

Conventional Home Purchase Loans - Value

Most common first names in Union County, NJ among deceased individuals
NameCountLived (average)
John5,79874.5 years
Mary5,47480.7 years
Joseph4,11574.8 years
William3,71674.2 years
Anna3,17082.2 years
Helen2,85479.6 years
George2,34275.2 years
Frank2,25975.5 years
Charles2,23574.9 years
James2,22372.0 years
Most common last names in Union County, NJ among deceased individuals
Last nameCountLived (average)
Smith97975.3 years
Brown65072.9 years
Williams65072.0 years
Johnson63472.5 years
Miller59177.1 years
Jones53171.9 years
Davis39472.7 years
Taylor32174.6 years
Wilson29274.8 years
Thomas27772.5 years
Businesses in Union County, NJ
NameCountNameCount
7-Eleven23Jones New York6
A&P4Journeys1
ALDI2Justice2
ALDO1KFC5
AT&T7Knights Inn2
Ace Hardware1Kohl's1
Advance Auto Parts5Lane Bryant1
Aeropostale1Lane Furniture1
Aerosoles2LensCrafters1
American Eagle Outfitters1Levi Strauss & Co.1
Ann Taylor2Lowe's1
Applebee's3Macy's1
Ashley Furniture1Marriott3
AutoZone2Marshalls3
Avenue2MasterBrand Cabinets25
BMW1McDonald's15
Bally Total Fitness2Men's Wearhouse1
Banana Republic2Motherhood Maternity2
Barnes & Noble2New Balance8
Baskin-Robbins6New York & Co1
Bath & Body Works1Nike4
Bed Bath & Beyond2Nissan2
Best Western3Office Depot1
Blockbuster4Old Navy2
Brooks Brothers2Olive Garden1
Burger King13Outback1
CVS17Outback Steakhouse1
Casual Male XL2Panera Bread2
Catherines1Papa John's Pizza2
Charlotte Russe1Pathmark3
Chevrolet1Payless7
Chico's1Penske2
Chipotle1PetSmart1
Cinnabon 1Pier 1 Imports1
Circle K2Pizza Hut5
Clarks1Popeyes4
Cold Stone Creamery2Qdoba Mexican Grill1
Coldwater Creek1Quiznos5
Costco1RadioShack9
Curves6Red Lobster1
DHL4Rite Aid6
Dairy Queen5Rodeway Inn1
Deb1Ruby Tuesday2
Domino's Pizza11SONIC Drive-In1
DressBarn4Sam's Club1
Dressbarn4Sears4
Dunkin Donuts45Skechers USA2
Econo Lodge1Sprint Nextel5
Extended Stay America1Staples2
Famous Footwear2Starbucks7
Fashion Bug1Stop & Shop4
FedEx90Subaru1
Finish Line1Subway18
Firestone Complete Auto Care3T-Mobile1
Foot Locker3T.G.I. Driday's2
Ford1T.J.Maxx1
Forever 211Taco Bell5
GNC8Target3
GameStop10The Room Place5
Gap3Toyota2
Goodwill4Toys"R"Us4
Gymboree1Trader Joe's1
H&M1Travelodge1
H&R Block11True Value6
Harmon Face Values1U-Haul17
Haworth2UPS97
Hilton4Verizon Wireless6
Holiday Inn3Victoria's Secret2
Home Depot4Volkswagen3
Honda2Walgreens9
Hot Topic1Walmart2
Hyundai1Wendy's8
IHOP3White Castle4
IKEA1Wine & Spirits1
JoS. A. Bank2YMCA14
Johnny Rockets1

Union County on our top lists:

  • #15 on the list of "Top 101 counties with the lowest percentage of residents that keep firearms around their homes"
  • #17 on the list of "Top 101 counties with the largest decrease in the number of deaths per 1000 residents 2000-2006 to 2007-2013 (pop. 50,000+)"
  • #47 on the list of "Top 101 counties with the most Orthodox adherents"
  • #47 on the list of "Top 101 counties with the most Orthodox adherents (pop. 50,000+)"
  • #53 on the list of "Top 101 counties with the most Catholic adherents"
  • #53 on the list of "Top 101 counties with the most Catholic adherents (pop. 50,000+)"
  • #58 on the list of "Top 101 counties with the lowest percentage of residents that drank alcohol in the past 30 days"
  • #63 on the list of "Top 101 counties with the lowest percentage of residents that smoked 100+ cigarettes in their lives"
  • #65 on the list of "Top 101 counties with the most Orthodox congregations"
  • #65 on the list of "Top 101 counties with the most Orthodox congregations (pop. 50,000+)"
  • #73 on the list of "Top 101 counties with the lowest number of infant deaths per 1000 residents 2007-2013 (pop. 50,000+)"
  • #75 on the list of "Top 101 counties with highest percentage of residents voting for Obama (Democrat) in the 2012 Presidential Election (pop. 50,000+)"
  • #79 on the list of "Top 101 counties with the highest average weight of females"
  • #81 on the list of "Top 101 counties with the most Catholic congregations (pop. 50,000+)"
  • #82 on the list of "Top 101 counties with the most Catholic congregations"
  • #86 on the list of "Top 101 counties with the highest percentage of residents that visited a dentist within the past year"
  • #88 on the list of "Top 101 counties with the lowest percentage of residents that exercised in the past month"
  • #90 on the list of "Top 101 counties with the highest carbon monoxide air pollution readings in 2012 (ppm)"
  • #93 on the list of "Top 101 counties with the most Black Protestant congregations (pop. 50,000+)"
  • #95 on the list of "Top 101 counties with the largest decrease in the number of infant deaths per 1000 residents 2000-2006 to 2007-2013 (pop. 50,000+)"