Originally Posted by justamere10
Below is a link to the Book of Abraham that is being discussed in this and other threads. Why not read it online (it's short) and decide it's value for yourself
Fig. 1. The Angel of the Lord. ("The soul of Osiris (which should have a human head - Smith altered it. It is missing in the rediscovered fragment )"
Fig. 2. Abraham fastened upon an altar. ("Osiris coming to life on his couch, which is in the shape of a lion")
Fig. 3. The idolatrous priest of Elkenah attempting to offer up Abraham as a sacrifice. ("The God Anubis (who should have a jackal's head) effecting the resurrection of Osiris" - again, Smith altered this? - it is missing in the rediscovered fragment and the head is pencilled in.)
Fig. 4. The altar for sacrifice by the idolatrous priests, standing before the gods of Elkenah, Libnah, Mahmackrah, Korash, and Pharaoh. ("The funeral bed of Osiris")
Fig. 5. The idolatrous god of Elkenah. (Canopic jar portraying Qebehsenuf with a falcon's head - one of the four sons of Horus - these are found with many Egyptian burials. They contain human organs)
Fig. 6. The idolatrous god of Libnah. (Canopic jar portraying Duamutef with a jackal's head - one of the four sons of Horus)
Fig. 7. The idolatrous god of Mahmackrah. (Canopic jar portraying Hapy with an ape's head - one of the four sons of Horus)
Fig. 8. The idolatrous god of Korash. (Canopic jar portraying Imsety with a human head - one of the four sons of Horus)
Fig. 9. The idolatrous god of Pharaoh. ("The sacred crocodile, symbolic of the god Sedet"
Fig. 10. Abraham in Egypt. ("Altar laden with offerings")
Fig. 11. Designed to represent the pillars of heaven, as understood by the Egyptians. ("An ornament peculiar to Egyptian art")
Fig. 12. Raukeeyang, signifying expanse, or the firmament over our heads; but in this case, in relation to this subject, the Egyptians meant it to signify Shaumau, to be high, or the heavens, answering to the Hebrew word, Shaumahyeem.
("Customary representation of ground in Egyptian paintings (The word Shauman is not Egyptian, and the Hebrew word is badly copied)"
Fig. 1. Kolob, signifying the first creation, nearest to the celestial, or the residence of God. First in government, the last pertaining to the measurement of time. The measurement according to celestial time, which celestial time signifies one day to a cubit. One day in Kolob is equal to a thousand years according to the measurement of this earth, which is called by the Egyptians Jah-oh-eh.
(The spirit of the four elements (according to Champollion), or rather of the four winds, or the four cardinal points; the soul of the terrestrial world. This god is always represented with four rams' heads, and his image has certainly been altered here. — They have also evidently made a very clumsy attempt at copying the double human head of the god figured above, fig. 2, instead of the four rams' heads. The word Jah-oh-eh has
nothing Egyptian in it; it resembles the Hebrew word [redacted] badly transcribed." (emphasis in original) The name hieroglyph above the central figure is Chnm-Re, the Egyptian "First Creator" god who organized
everything out of the primordial chaos.)
Fig. 2. Stands next to Kolob, called by the Egyptians Oliblish, which is the next grand governing creation near to the celestial or the place where God resides; holding the key of power also, pertaining to other
planets; as revealed from God to Abraham, as he offered sacrifice upon an altar, which he had built unto the Lord.
("Ammon-Ra, with two human heads, meant probably to represent both the invisible or mysterious principle of Ammon, and the visible or luminous principle of Ra, the sun; or else the double and simultaneous principle of father and son; which characterizes divinity in the religion of ancient Egypt. — The word Oliblish is no more Egyptian than those already met with, nor than those which are to be found in the Mormon
Fig. 3. Is made to represent God, sitting upon his throne, clothed with power and authority; with a crown of eternal light upon his head; representing also the grand Key-words of the Holy Priesthood, as revealed to Adam in the Garden of Eden, as also to Seth, Noah, Melchizedek, Abraham, and all to whom the Priesthood was revealed.
("The sun god Ra, with a hawk's head, seated in his boat. In the field the two symbolical figuring, according to M. de Rougé, the fixed points of an astronomical period.")
Fig. 4. Answers to the Hebrew word Raukeeyang, signifying expanse, or the firmament of the heavens; also a numerical figure, in Egyptian signifying one thousand; answering to the measuring of the time of Oliblish, which is equal with Kolob in its revolution and in its measuring of time.
(Deveria commented; "The Hebrew word [redacted], Roki'a, expansum, solidum, ecclum, firmamentum, besides being badly described, has no relation whatever to this figure, which represents a mummified hawk,
called in Egyptian Ah'em. It is the symbol of the divine repose of death; its extended wings have reference to the resurrection.")
Fig. 5. Is called in Egyptian Enish-go-on-dosh; this is one of the governing planets also, and is said by the Egyptians to be the Sun, and to borrow its light from Kolob through the medium of Kae-e-vanrash, which is
the grand Key, or, in other words, the governing power, which governs fifteen other fixed planets or stars, as also Floeese or the Moon, the Earth and the Sun in their annual revolutions. This planet receives its power
through the medium of Kli-flos-is-es, or Hah-ko-kau-beam, the stars represented by numbers 22 and 23, receiving light from the revolutions of Kolob.
("The mystic cow, the great cow, symbolizing the inferior hemisphere of the heavens. It is called the virgin cow at ch. 162 of the funerary ritual, which particularly enjoins that its image be painted on the hypocephalus, and another image of it in gold on the throat of the defunct. It is the form of Hathor, who figures on several monuments under the name of noub, gold. Behind the cow is a goddess, whose head, represented by a mystic eye in a disk, is incorrectly copied." (emphasis in original)
Fig. 6. Represents this earth in its four quarters.
("The four funerary genii, the sons of [Horus], Amset, Hapy, Tioumautew, and Kebhsoniw.")
Fig. 7. Represents God sitting upon his throne, revealing through the heavens the grand Key-words of the Priesthood; as, also, the sign of the Holy Ghost unto Abraham, in the form of a dove.
("The form of Ammon, with a bird's tail, or Horammon (?). An ithyphallic serpent, with human legs, offers him a symbolical eye. This last figure has certainly been altered in the hypocephalus of the Mormons.")
Fig. 8. Contains writings that cannot be revealed unto the world; but is to be had in the Holy Temple of God.
Fig. 9. Ought not to be revealed at the present time.
(Four lines of the linear heiroglyphic text, which are numbered from bottom to top, instead of top to bottom. The meaning is: O great god in Sekhem, O great God, Lord of heaven, earth, and hell...Osiris S'es'esq...")
Fig. 10. Also.
Fig. 11. Also. If the world can find out these numbers, so let it be. Amen.
Figures 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, and 21 will be given in the own due time of the Lord.
("Four lines of writing similar to the former, of which they are the pendant. They appear to be numbered upside down, and are illegibly copied."
"Two more lines which cannot be deciphered in the copy. It begins above the god with two human heads, fig. 2 ; and there is in it twice mention made of a sacred dwelling-place in Heliopolis. "
"These columns of writing, illegible in the copy. It is evident to me that several of the figures to be found in these various MSS. have been intentionally altered.")
The above translation is given as far as we have any right to give at the present time.
Fig. 1. Abraham sitting upon Pharaoh’s throne, by the politeness of the king, with a crown upon his head, representing the Priesthood, as emblematical of the grand Presidency in Heaven; with the scepter of justice and judgment in his hand.
("Invocation (text at bottom line below the illustration): O gods of the necropolis, gods of the caverns, gods of the south, north, west, and east grant salvation to the Osiris Hor, the justified, born by Taikhibit.")
Fig. 2. King Pharaoh, whose name is given in the characters above his head. [This is clearly a female
("Label for Osiris (text to the right of figure 1 of facsimile 3): Recitation by Osiris, Foremost of the Westerners, Lord of Abydos(?), the great god forever and ever(?).")
Fig. 3. Signifies Abraham in Egypt as given also in Figure 10 of Facsimile No. 1.
("Altar, with the offering of the deceased, surrounded with lotus flowers, signifying the offering of the defunct." --Theodule Deveria)
("Label for Isis (text to the right of figure 2 of facsimile 3): Isis the great, the god's mother.")
Fig. 4. Prince of Pharaoh, King of Egypt, as written above the hand. [again, a clearly female
figure Arq] ("Label for Maat (text to the left of figure 4 of facsimile 3): Maat, mistress of the gods.")
Fig. 5. Shulem, one of the king’s principal waiters, as represented by the characters above his hand. ("Label for Hor the deceased (text in front of figure 5 of facsimile 3): The Osiris Hor, justified forever.")
Fig. 6. Olimlah, a slave belonging to the prince.
("Label for Anubis (text in front of figure 6 of facsimile 3): Recitation by Anubis, who makes protection(?), foremost of the embalming booth,...")
Abraham is reasoning upon the principles of Astronomy, in the king’s court.
(The translation by both Mormon and non-Mormon Egyptologists bears no resemblance to the text of the Book of Abraham as purportedly translated by Joseph Smith. Several excerpts of these modern translations are shown below.
BYU scholar Michael Rhodes summarized the content of the papyri as follows:
"The Hor Book of Breathings is a part of eleven papyri fragments... from three separate papyri scrolls. Joseph Smith Papyri I, X, and XI are from the Book of Breathings belonging to Hor (Hr) the son of Usirwer. Joseph
Smith Papyri II, IV, V, VI, VII, and IX all came from a Book of the Dead belonging to Tshemmim (Ts-sri.t Min.), the daughter of Eskhons (Ns-Hnsw). Finally, Joseph Smith Papyrus III is part of Chapter 125 of the Book of the Dead belonging to Neferirtnub (Nfr-ir(.t)-nbw).[Wiki]
Wiki...sorry, but it is so useful. However, nobody with any familiarity with Egyptian funerary texts, let alone those who can read the characters, could possibly take Smith's translations seriously.
Please, please, do understand that there is no way that Smith's 'Abraham' papyrus (as we see, from two different papyri) is anything to do with Abraham.